Christina Christina
Jurusan Teknologi Pangan, Universitas Pelita Harapan Jl. M. H. Thamrin Boulevard 1100, Lippo Karawaci, Tangerang

Published : 7 Documents
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Determinants of Capital Structure across Industries at Jakarta Stock Exchange Christina, Christina; Halim, Johan
Journal of Applied Finance and Accounting Vol 1, No 1 (2008): Published on November 2008
Publisher : Bina Nusantara University

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Abstract

There are several objectives to be accomplished in this study. The main purpose of this research is to determine the nature of capital structure across non-finance industries in Indonesia, whether they prefer to use debt or equity as their source of financing. Subsequently, factors that influenced the capital structure of a company are then identified. In this study, the company’s profitability, size, and dividend payout are considered as those factors that have relationship with leverage. Finally, this research also conducted to examine whether a company’s capital structure decision affects its growth of shares price. In doing so, multiple regression analysis is used in order to determine whether there is relationship between variables tested. The sample of analysis includes 230 companies listed in Jakarta Stock Exchange from all industries, except finance, in 2006. The findings of this research confirm that, first of all, capital structure varies across industries. Each industry would have different decisions regarding its optimal capital structure, depends on several factors. This leads to the second findings, in which it proves that there is negative significant relationship between profitability and leverage, positive significant relationship between company’s size and leverage, and negative relationship between dividend payout and leverage. Finally, this research also verifies that there is no relationship between leverage and company’s growth of shares price, which means that the growth of shares price is not influenced by the company’s capital structure decision. Capital structure decision plays an important role in maximizing the firm’s value. By having the most optimal capital structure, firms might be able to push its cost to the minimum point, which then assist them in dealing with the competitive environment. Consequently, it is important to determine the factors that influence the capital structure of companies.
The Americanization of Confucian Filial Piety in Disney’s Mulan (1998) Christina, Christina; Suprajitno, Setefanus
K@ta Kita Vol 2, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : K@ta Kita

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Abstract

This study is concerned with the Americanized exposure of Confucian filial piety expressed in one of Disney’s animated features, Mulan. I intend to analyze how Disney reframes the original concept of Confucian filial piety to meet the global understanding of Disney’s audience and how Disney’s fundamental motives affect Disney’s decision on combining Confucian filial piety with American values. In the analysis, I use three main theories, namely americanization, disneyfication, and cultural hybridity related to cultural imperialism.  In my analysis, I find that Disney reframes the original concept of Confucian filialness in a more Americanized manner, by injecting some classic American notions such as individualism and equality of opportunity in order to preserve Disney’s standardized formula. And yet, the most significant motive is Disney’s marketing purpose related to the acceptance of Disney’s audience and Disney’s reputation as a showbiz industry.
Pengaruh Penambahan Pati Bengkoang T erhadap Karakteristik Fisik dan Mekanik Edible Film Cornelia, Melanie; Anugrahati, Nuri Arum; Christina, Christina
Jurnal Kimia dan Kemasan Vol. 34 No. 2 Oktober 2012
Publisher : Balai Besar Kimia dan Kemasan

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Abstract

Kegunaan edible film sebagai kemasan primer makanan semakin meningkat. Pati bengkoang dan tapioka dapat digunakan sebagai sumber pati dalam pembuatan edible film. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menentukan konsentrasi tapioka dan gliserol dan menentukan jenis asam lemak yang menghasilkan karakteristik fisik dan mekanik terbaik dari edible film dengan penambahan pati bengkoang. Pembuatan edible film dilakukan dengan menambahkan variasi konsentrasi tapioka dan gliserol dan dengan menambahkan 1% pati bengkoang. Pati bengkoang dapat menghasilkan edible film dengan elongasi yang cukup baik karena kandungan amilosa yang cukup tinggi yaitu 23%. Pengaruh variasi konsentrasi tapioka dan gliserol terhadap ketebalan, lightness, kuat tarik, persen pemanjangan, dan laju transmisi uap air diamati. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa konsentrasi tapioka dan gliserol berpengaruh signifikan terhadap ketebalan, kuat tarik, persen pemanjangan, dan laju transmisi uap air. Peningkatan konsentrasi tapioka hingga 2% dan konsentrasi gliserol dari 0,5% hingga 1% dapat meningkatkan ketebalan dan persen pemanjangan. Peningkatan konsentrasi tapioka dan gliserol juga meningkatkan kuat tarik dan laju transmisi uap air. Edible film terbaik dihasilkan dari konsentrasi tapioka 2% dan gliserol 0.5%, dalam penelitian ini jenis asam lemak yang digunakan adalah asam lemak stearat dan asam lemak oleat. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa jenis asam lemak juga berpengaruh signifikan terhadap lightness, kuat tarik, persen pemanjangan, dan laju transmisi uap air. Asam lemak stearat memberi pengaruh lebih baik pada karakteristik edible film dibandingkan dengan asam lemak oleat. Asam lemak stearat meningkatkan kuat tarik seiring dengan penurunan elongasi. Penambahan asam lemak stearat dapat menurunkan laju transmisi uap air edible film dari pati bengkoang walaupun dengan penurunan persen pemanjangan. 
Powerpoint Controller using Speech Recognition Christina, Christina; Rosalina, Rosalina; Wahyu, Raden Bagus; Roestam, Rusdianto
Jurnal Teknik Informatika dan Sistem Informasi Vol 3 No 2 (2017): JuTISI
Publisher : Maranatha University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1148.669 KB) | DOI: 10.28932/jutisi.v3i2.670

Abstract

During presentation, it is hard to maintain the slide because we need to stand in front of the room and often not able to touch the computer. The presenters need to take attention at both their voice, and body language such eye contact, facial expression, posture, gesture, and body orientation. Microsoft PowerPoint is a simple but very useful tool to create digital presentation. Even though it is simple to use, but this application required the presenter to take control while using it, such as to star the slide show or moving it to the next slide. The purpose of this research is to minimize physical contact between user and the computer during the presentation by controlling the move of the slide using voice. This research will implement the Hidden Markov Model algorithm and Sphinx-4 library.
Doclang, Makanan Tradisional Yang Mulai Tersisihkan Lestari, Nurul Sukma; Christina, Christina
Khasanah Ilmu - Jurnal Pariwisata Dan Budaya Vol 9, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Khasanah Ilmu - September 2018
Publisher : Universitas Bina Sarana Informatika

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Abstract

Abstract – Doclang is a typical traditional Bogor food found in Indonesia. The composition contained in doclang, are: lontong or pesor in Sundanese, fried tofu, boiled eggs and fried steamed potatoes and bean spices as an aditional. The uniqueness found in doclang is from rice cake made using patat leaves and cooked for a long time. This study aims to obtain an overview of the existence of Doclang in the Bogor community. This research was conducted using qualitative methods by directly collecting data by conducting observations and interviews. The results of the study show that there are two versions of the origin of Doclang, namely the influence of the Chinese community and artisans of diamonds. In making Doclang, Pesor and potatoes are used as a differentiator from kupat tahu. And at this time in the city of Bogor has provided a place for culinary tourism such as Doclang, which is on Jalan Jembatan Merah or Jalan Veteran which is sold by street vendors. Keywords: Doclang, Lontong, Patat leaves, Preserving Abstrak - Doclang merupakan makanan tradisional Khas Bogor yang terdapat di Indonesia. Komposisi yang terdapat pada doclang yaitu: lontong atau pesor dalam Bahasa Sunda, tahu goreng, telor rebus dan kentang kukus yang digoreng serta bumbu kacang sebagai pelengkap. Keunikan yang terdapat pada doclang adalah dari lontong yang dibuat menggunakan daun patat dan dimasak dalam waktu yang lama. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh gambaran tentang keberadaan Doclang di masyarakat Bogor khususnya. Penelitian ini dilakukan menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan langsung mengumpulkan data dengan melakukan observasi dan wawancara. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa terdapat dua versi asal usul Doclang, yaitu pengaruh dari masyarakat Tionghoa dan pengrajin ketupat. Dalam pembuatan Doclang dipergunakan Pesor dan kentang sebagai pembeda dari kupat tahu. Serta pada saat ini di Kota Bogor sudah menyediakan tempat untuk wisata kuliner seperti Doclang, yaitu di Jalan Jembatan Merah atau Jalan Veteran yang dijual oleh para pedagang kaki lima. Kata Kunci: Doclang, Lontong, Daun Patat, Pelestarian
Cognitive Trust di Dalam Bisnis Keluarga (Studi Kasus pada PT Dharma Samudera Fishing Industries tbk.) Christina, Christina; Paulina, Paulina; Saputra, Teddy
Jurnal Bisnis dan Keuangan Vol 1 No 2 (2016): October
Publisher : UNUSA Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33086/bfj.v1i2.436

Abstract

Family business experts suggested that family business is a cyclical cycle of trust that must be kept and maintained by all members of the family in order to maintain the harmonization of relations between the company and the family. The family business is certainly not immune from the variety of issues that are sometimes difficult to solve. One problem is the mistrust among the members of the family. As a result, it is often family business in decline, even forced to close as a result of the ongoing conflict. This study aims to explore the beliefs, especially cognitive trust of first and second generation at PT Dharma Samudera Fishing Industries Tbk. The method used in this research is qualitative descriptive. Results showed that inter-personal trust and confidence of competence has awakened among first and second generation, but the first generation not yet demonstrated their confidence in the system that strives to be built and run by the secondgeneration. They deepened the distrust their generation gap that occurred and led to the second generation chose to leave the company. 
The Americanization of Confucian Filial Piety in Disney’s Mulan (1998) Christina, Christina; Suprajitno, Setefanus
Kata Kita Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Institute of Research and Community Outreach - Petra Christian University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (395.972 KB) | DOI: 10.9744/katakita.2.1.%p

Abstract

This study is concerned with the Americanized exposure of Confucian filial piety expressed in one of Disney?s animated features, Mulan. I intend to analyze how Disney reframes the original concept of Confucian filial piety to meet the global understanding of Disney?s audience and how Disney?s fundamental motives affect Disney?s decision on combining Confucian filial piety with American values. In the analysis, I use three main theories, namely americanization, disneyfication, and cultural hybridity related to cultural imperialism.  In my analysis, I find that Disney reframes the original concept of Confucian filialness in a more Americanized manner, by injecting some classic American notions such as individualism and equality of opportunity in order to preserve Disney?s standardized formula. And yet, the most significant motive is Disney?s marketing purpose related to the acceptance of Disney?s audience and Disney?s reputation as a showbiz industry.