I Wayan Cika
Jurusan Sastra Jawa Kuna, Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Udayana Jalan Pulau Nias 13, Denpasar

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DHARMAYATRA IN THE DWIJENDRA TATTWA TEXT ANALYSIS OF RECEPTION Rai Putra, Ida Bagus; Weda Kesuma, I Nyoman; Cika, I Wayan; Suastika, I Made
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol. 5. Januari 2011 No. 2
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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The object of the study is Dwijendra Text (hereinafter abbreviated to DT). It containsinteresting narrations and is importantly related to the dharmayatra, the holy religious journeymade by Dang Hyang Nirartha, the charismatic figure, in Bali, Lombok and Sumbawa. Beforethe analysis of reception was conducted, the corpus text of the DT texts completely andstructurally telling the religious journey made by Dang Hyang Nirartha was successfullydetermined. The analysis in this study was made to answer the following questions: what is thenarrative structure of the DT text; what are the enlightenment image entities of the dharmayatraof the DT text; how do people appreciate the dharmayatra of the DT text? The answers to thenarrative structure of the DT text; the image entities and the appreciation provided by people arethe main objectives of this study.The theories adopted in this study are the theory of reception introduced by Jauss, thetheory of semiotics introduced by Pierce and the theory of mythology introduced by Barthes. Asa qualitative study, the data needed were collected by the methods of observation, note taking,documentation and interview supported with a sound recorder and pictures. The results of theanalysis are informally presented, meaning that they are verbally described in the form of wordswhich are systematically composed based on the problems formulated in this study.The analysis of the narrative structure of the DT text contains narrative units which are inthe forms of theme, characters and plots. They all unite to form stories which are mythological,legendary, symbolic, hagiographic and suggestive in nature. Based on the analysis ofenlightenment image entities, it can be concluded that there are three basic entities leading to thecreation of the DT text. They are first enlightenment; second protection of Hinduism; and thirdconstruction of temple institutions. Based on the reception analysis, it can be concluded thatpeople, through their literary works, books, articles and websites, appreciate the discourse of thedharmayatra performed in Bali, Lombok and Sumbawa.The ten essential findings in this study can be described as follows. (1) The corpus text ofthe DT, which is in the form palm-leaf manuscript (lontar) and was obtained from GriyaBaturening Mambal, is kept as a collection at the Perpustakaan Lontar Fakultas SastraUniversitas Udayana (the Library of Palm-leaf Manuscripts of the Faculty of Letters, UdayanaUniversity). It is coded under no. 1514, kropak (box) no. 293. The DT text describes the real journey of Dang Hyang Nirarta, the great holy Hindu teacher, concretely, completely andstructurally. (2) As a literary text of history, the DT text has a highly narrative structure formedby theme, characters and plots which are unified in the forms of mythologies, legends,hagiographies, symbolisms and suggestive. (3) The dharmayatra made by Dang Hyang Nirartha,as described in the DT text, gave enlightenment and welfare to the kingdom and its people. (4)The teacher-learner (guru-sisya) teaching contained in the DT text may inspire a harmonious andethic relationship as far as teaching-learning process and priesthood are concerned. (5) Theconcern about the principle of unity in diversity taught by him may give relevant multiculturalperception of the current and upcoming way of life and Indonesianization. (6) The DT textreveals that those who belong to the Brahmin caste (Brahmana) have been descended from him.However, if viewed from the spiritual and priesthood points of view, he has been the source ofspirituality for Hindus, Buddhists, Moslems and those who do not belong to any religion (kapir).(7) The DT text shows that he is also called Pedanda/Bhatara Sakti Wawu Rawuh as he washighly powerful (sakti) and has symbolized the complete mastery of material and spiritualknowledge. (8) The religious journey (dharmayatra) made by him from Java to Bali, Lombokand Sumbawa aimed at protecting Majapahit Hinduism from being suppressed by Islam whichhad already spread all over the Archipelago. The protection of Hinduism and the construction ofthe temple institutions referred to the religious meaningfulness implemented by him. (9) Thisstudy explains that in Lombok he spread three religious teachings such as Gama Siki GamaThirtha, Gama Kalih Budha Paksa, and Gama Tiga Selame Metu Telu. (10) High appreciation isprovided to the dharmayatra he made in Bali, Lombok and Sumbawa. Such an appreciation orreception highly varies; in other words, it is expressed in the forms of literary works, books,articles and websites.
THE DISCOURSE OF THE THEMES “PAYUK PRUNGPUNG” AND “RAREANGON’ IN THE DANCE DRAMA OF ARJA RRI DENPASAR PERFORMED AT BALI ARTS FESTIVAL Suarta, I Made; Weda, I Nyoman; Kuta Ratna, Nyoman; Cika, I Wayan
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol. 3. Juli 2009 No. 2
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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The discourse of the themes ?Payuk Prungpung? (abbreviated into PP) and?Rareangon? (abbreviated into RA) of the dance drama of Arja RRI (RRI stands for theRadio of the Republic of Indonesia) of Denpasar performed at Bali Arts Festival(abbreviated into PKB) was chosen as the object of the study for the following threereasons: (1) it is interesting; (2) nobody has investigated it; and (3) it is unique. In thisstudy the history of the development and existence of the dance drama of Arja RRI aswell as its forms, functions and meanings were analyzed. This study aimed at (1)justifying empirically the dynamism of the dance drama of Arja RRI Depasar; (2)objectively explaining its ontology; (3) formulating the form of the discourse of thethemes of PP and RA performed at PKB; (4) explaining the axiological and conceptualfunctions of the themes of PP and RA performed at PKB; (5) revealing the values of thediscourse of the themes of PP and RA performed at PKB.The structural theory combined with the semiotic theory was referred to as thetheoretical framework in this study. In addition, the theories of narrative discourse,literary reception, and esthetics were also referred to. The data needed were collected by(1) observation; (2) interview; (3) documentation and library research. The method andtechnique of analysis applied included (1) transcription; (2) translation; (3) data analysis.The methods of (1) descriptive analytic and (2) hermeneutic were used to analyze thedata. The research findings were (1) formally and (2) informally presented.In general, the form of the discourse of the themes of PP and RA is made up of(1) intrinsic elements; (2) discourse of songs; and (3) discourse of non songs. Thefunctions include (1) educational function; (2) amusement function; (3) informativefunction. The meanings revealed include (1) religious meaning; (2) magic meaning; (3)ruabhineda (positive and negative) meaning; (4) trihita karana (the relationship betweenman and his God, the relationship between man and his environment and the relationshipbetween man and his fellow beings) meaning.
TIKUS KRITIKUS DALAM GEGURITAN YADNYA RING KURUKSETRA KARYA DOKTER IDA BAGUS RAI Juliana, I Wayan; Cika, I Wayan; Mas Triadnyani, I.G.A.A
JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE AND TRANSLATION STUDIES Vol 3 No 5 (2017) (march 2017)
Publisher : S2 Ilmu Linguistik Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Udayana

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Geguritan Yadnya Ring Kuruksetra (GYRK) karya Dokter Ida Bagus Rai merupakan karya abad ke-20. Tulisan ini menerapkan teori naratif Tzvetan Todorov yang menekankan pragmatika khususnya isotopi. Gagasan sebuah cerita tersebar dalam teks dan muncul secara berulang-ulang. Pengulangan dimaksudkan untuk menekankan gagasan yang terdapat di dalam karya. Sebab makna karya sastra dapat diperkuat dengan menelisik redundansi kata yang kerap muncul dalam karya. Studi ini menggambarkan isotopi penyadaran dan isotopi perasaan. Penyadaran dalam GYRK diungkapkan melalui kritikan oleh tokoh tikus, sedangkan isotopi perasaan termanifestasikan dalam rasa sedih, senang, bahagia, dll. Dengan melihat tingkat kehadiran kata dalam isotopi makna GYRK adalah penyadaran perasaan dalam pelaksanaan upacara keagamaan.AbstractGeguritan Yadnya Ring Kuruksetra (GYRK) by Doctor Ida Bagus Rai is literary work of 20th century. This research applies the narrative theory of Tzetevan Todorov which focuses on pragmatic especially isotopy. The concept of story is propagated in the text and appears repeatedly. The repetition is tended to concern the concepts found in the text. The meaning of literary work can be certainned by analyzing redundancy of words which appears frequently in the text. Awareness in GYRK is expressed through critics that delivered by mouse. While isotopy of feelingis manifested by the feelings of sad, happy, comfortable, etc. Investigating the level of words appearing in the isotopy of GYRK meaning is awareness feeling in implementation of ritual ceremony.
DAYAK LAWANGAN BALIAN BAWO IN CENTRAL DUSUN, EAST BARITO, CENTRAL KALIMANTAN Sigai, Ervanta Restulita Liber; Kumbara, Anak Agung Ngurah Anom; Cika, I Wayan; Arsana, I Gusti Ketut Gde
E-Jurnal Kajian Budaya (Online Journal of Cultural Studies) Vol 9, No 1 (2016): February 2016
Publisher : E-Jurnal Kajian Budaya (Online Journal of Cultural Studies)

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Globalization with all its implications has affected the life of Dayak Lawangan living in Central Dusun. Modernization has caused balian bawo to be getting scarce. The number of the speakers of balian bawo is decreasing, and it seems that no young generation is interested in it, although its existence still functions in various aspects of the Dayak Lawangan community?s life. In addition, the young generation is less interested in becoming balian bawo. This will affect the process of the regeneration of balian bawo. The result of the present study shows that the practice of balian waho is obtained through the myth and process of becoming balian bawo. This causes balian bawo to be the central position in the practice of balian bawo ritual. Balian waho plays an important role in the healing and purifying processes. It functions to prevent both manifest and latent misfortunes. It is the socio-cultural supporting life regulation for Dayak Lawangan. It is made up of religiosity, culture conservation, social life, and aesthetics. The formal education, the discontinuity of the internationalization process in families, the low income earned by those who work as balian bawo, their risky responsibility, the spiritual and physical abilities they need, and their religious and psychological ideologies have caused those who are interested in becoming balian bawo to decrease. The impacts are that the dimensions of time and magic formula as part of the ritual practice will change. In addition, the ideological struggle for the ritual practice of balian bawo, and the change in the population of balian waho will also result from the scarcity of the population of balian waho. As well, the social and solidarity ties will be getting weaker and the funds needed for the ritual will be high enough.
THE DISCOURSE OF PADANG RESTAURANTS IN GUS TF SAKAI’S NOVEL ULAR KEEMPAT Fadlillah, Fadlillah; Wirawan, AA Bagus; Cika, I Wayan
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Volume 11, Number 3, August 2018
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/cs.2018.v11.i03.p02

Abstract

The topic of the research is the novel titled Ular Keempat (the Fourth Snake) by Gus tf Sakai. It is focused on the text of Rumah Makan Padang (Padang restaurants) in the novel based on the study of cultural studies literature. In the final part of the story of Ular Keempat, there is a side text of Rumah Makan Padang. The main point of the research is the archeology of Rumah Makan Padang. The approaches used are the Foucault?s discourse and Derrida?s deconstruction. The result of the study shows that the essence of  the story of Hajj trip in the articulation of Minangkabau people?s view of life can be revealed in some texts. First, text of Padang was the episteme discourse built by the Dutch East Indies goverment. Second, the discourse of Minangkabau Sufistic culture systemically was demolished by the Dutch East Indies government. Third, the discourse of Minangkabau culture was systemically controlled by the Dutch East Indies government. Fourth, the discourse of Dutch colonial?s liberal culture is actually continued by the Indonesian government towards Minangkabau culture. Fifth, the literary approach can be applied by studying the metaphors and cultural hospitality. Through this research it can be argued that the text of Hajj trip, in the novel of Ular Keempat, is a manifestation of the essence of merantau text empirically. Life for Minangkabau people is actually migration and after life is the true home; this is theirlife view. Thus, Minangkabau culture is actually a sufistic culture, and surau is the center of Minangkabau culture.
REPRESENTASI KEKERASAN SIMBOLIK DALAM KOMIK BOKU DAKE GA INAI MACHI Made Dianti Putri, I Gusti Agung Ayu; Cika, I Wayan; Sudewa, I Ketut
Linguistika: Buletin Ilmiah Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana Vol 25 No 2 (2018): September
Publisher : Program Magister Linguistik Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/ling.2018.v25.i02.p06

Abstract

Komik sebagai salah satu karya sastra menggunakan teks dan gambar sebagai senjata untuk menampilkan konflik cerita secara nyata. Salah satu komik yang menampilkan kekerasan di setiap ceritanya adalah komik Boku dake ga Inai Machi karya Kei Sanbe. Komik yang terdiri atas delapan volume ini menceritakan kekerasan fisik serta kekerasan simbolik yang terjadi pada tokoh-tokoh di dalam komik. Kekerasan fisik merupakan kekerasan yang langsung mengenai raga, sedangkan kekerasan simbolik merupakan kekerasan yang melukai psikis korbannya. Pada penelitian ini, analisis difokuskan pada kekerasan simbolik. Teori yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah teori semiotika oleh Ferdinand de Saussure mengenai penanda dan petanda serta teori semiotika oleh Marcel Danesi. Kekerasan simbolik yang ditemukan adalah kekerasan simbolik berdasarkan tindak tutur, kekerasan simbolik berdasarkan media perantara, dan kekerasan simbolik berdasarkan gestur
THE DECONSTRUCTIVE SEMIOTICS OF FISHING MANTRA DICTION IN THE BAJO ETHNICS Rita Lindayani, Lilik; Suarka, I Nyoman; Cika, I Wayan; Kebayantini, Ni Luh Nyoman; Putra, Ansor; Samsul, Samsul; Maliudin, Maliudin
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Volume 11, Number 4, November 2018
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/cs.2018.v11.i04.p02

Abstract

Language is a form of human emergency sensitivity to the situation around it. If observed, if the linguistic position is in the semiotic point pattern, then natural signs can be a form of verbal power. Accompanying Nietzsche's thoughts on a strategy he calls "geneology" in historicism, in order to observe the traditions of creativity that exist in society, Nietzsche believes that every creation has a special set of interests for a particular location or context. The Bajo people as a sea tribe in general, including ethnic Bajo who inhabit Katela Island in West Muna Regency, Southeast Sulawesi also establish this creative process in the copyright mantra, which is in the form of sea spells arranged in diction and symbols on signs and codes given by nature. The significant process occurs when spells as something that is believed by the Bajo people in fishing activities have many functions. This study adopts Derrida's Deconstruction theory, in Derrida's view, the core location of deconstruction is deconstruction related to language. If conventional semiotics emphasizes the signification process, namely the functioning of the sign as a reflection of established social codes, then in the poststructuralist semiotics which is emphasized is a significant process, namely a creative creation of signs and codes without and without limited. Keywords: Deconstructive Semiotics, Sea Mantra Dictation, and Bajo Ethnicity
ANALISIS PSIKOLOGI SASTRA TOKOH LIAN DALAM NOVEL NYAWAKARYA VINCA CALLISTA Rita Sutiari, Ni Wayan; Cika, I Wayan; Soreyana, I Made
Humanis Vol 17 No 3 (2016)
Publisher : Udayana University

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This study analyzed the novel Nyawa by Vinca Callista using psychology approach that focuses on the study of psychology of literature and psychological conflict. The issues that were analyzed in the study are (1) How is the structure of novel Nyawa including its characterization, plot, and setting (2) How is the psychological aspect of Lian in novel Nyawa by Vinca Callista (3) How is the psychological conflict of Lian in novel Nyawa by Vinca Callista. The theories used in this study were the structural theory, psychology of literature theory, and conflict theory. Structural theory was used to analyzed the intrinsic elements, while the psychology theory of literature was employed to assess the psychological aspect of Lian in novel Nyawa. To analyzed instrinsic elements, a theory proposed by Nurgiyantoro was used, while on the other hand, a theory proposed by Minderop, Atmaja, Kartono, Endraswara, Teeuw was used to analyzed the psychological aspect of Lian. Also a theory proposed by Minderop and Emzir was used to analyzed the psychological conflict of Lian.
BANGKA MBULE-MBULE TRADITION AS A CULTURAL TOURIST ATTRACTION IN WAKATOBI, SOUTH EAST SULAWESI Yusuf, La Ode; Cika, I Wayan; Arsana, I Gusti Ketut Gde
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Volume 10, Number 3, August 2017
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24843/cs.2017.v10.i03.p03

Abstract

Globalization has caused tradition to change, meaning that globalization has caused the sacred tradition to change into the propane tradition as it has been used as a tourist attraction. This present study discusses the Bangka mbule-mbule tradition used as a tourist attraction in Wakatobi Regency, South East Sulawesi. The study is intended to inform the public that the Bangka mbule-mbule has been performed as a cultural tourist destination. The study uses the descriptive qualitative method. The data which were obtained from the field were qualitatively described. The social theory combined with the theory of cultural tourism department was used to analyze the data. The result of the study shows that Tradition can be defined as a right heritage or a heritage from the past which is still currently found in society. One of the traditions which is still performed is the bangka mbule-mbule tradition. It is still performed by Mandati people in Wakatobi Regency, South East Sulawesi. The owners of the tradition still believe in it. It has been performed to support the cultural tradition in Wakatobi. The implication is that it has increased the number of tourists visiting Wakatobi, South East Sulawesi.
CEPUNG SASAK: ORAL TRADITION IN LOMBOK WEST NUSA TENGGARA Kade Gunayasa, Ida Bagus; Weda Kusuma, I Nyoman; Cika, I Wayan; Suarka2, I Nyoman
e-Journal of Linguistics Vol. 5. Januari 2011 No. 2
Publisher : Doctoral Studies Program of Linguistics of Udayana University Postgraduate Program

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The problems discussed in this study are the process of the creation of CepungSasak (abbreviated to CS), its structure, its context of image, its function and meaning.The data needed was collected by ethnographic method and library research. Four maintheories were adopted for analyzing the data; they are the structural theory, the Lord?sformula, the theory of literary semiotics and the functional theory. The objectives wereachieved by analyzing the process of the CS creation, its textual structure, its context ofimage, its function and meaning in the middle of Sasaknese community.Based on the results of the data analysis, it can be inferred that the elementsforming the CS structure are form, formula, theme, sound and style. One of the culturalcontextual elements which does not play any role is the particular event underlying theimage. The process of its creation takes place within and outside the plots. Its plotsfunction to recall the past, to educate, to amuse, to express interethnic group solidarity, tocontrol social matters, to resist social matters and to give religious teachings. Themeanings of the CS are love and affection, acknowledgement of social stratification andcollective awareness.The novelties in this study are the formula and theme are different from thoseintroduced in the Lord? theory. The Lord?s theory of formula is not entirely applicable tothe CS. The reason is that the process how the CS is created is not based on formula buton the pattern of rhyme and stimulus such as flute, rebab (two-stringed musicalinstrument), music produced by the mouth and pengeriong ?penurut? (another musical instrument). The process of how it is created is not the same as that stated by Lord. It issimilar to that stated by Finnegan, that is, it takes place within and outside the plots.However, Finnegan does not include the element of stimulus. In this case, the mainfunction of the CS is as amusement. Its meaning is to stimulate social solidarity in allaspects of Sasaknese community life.