Articles

EFEK INTERVENSI BUAH TAKOKAK (Solanum torvum Swartz) TERHADAP KADAR SUPEROKSIDA DISMUTASE ERITROSIT DAN 8-ISOPROSTAN SERUM PADA WANITA DEWASA GEMUK Novitasari, Putri; Marliyati, Sri Anna; Damayanthi, Evy
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 11 No. 2 (2016)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (381.19 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2016.11.2.%p

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This study aimed to assess the effect of polyphenols in turkey berry fruits on level of antioxidant enzyme (erythrocyte superoxide dismutation [SOD]) and oxidative stress marker (serum 8-isoprostane) in obese adult women. The study was quasi experimental trial with cross-over design. Eight obese women subjects in Benteng Village-Ciampea, Bogor District, West Java were randomly assigned to a control group (n=4), and a turkey berry group (n=4) for 2 x 1 week daily treatment with a one week wash-out period between treatment periods. Turkey berry group consumed home diet and ±160 g of cooked turkey berry (as a side dish or snack) while the control group consumed only home diet. A food record consumption data was collected twice each week. Blood samples were obtained in the morning at day 1, 8, 15, and 22 of interventions and analyzed for the level of erythrocyte SOD and serum 8-isoprostane. The results showed that the different levels of erythrocyte SOD between post and pre intervention on turkey berry groups was not significantly different compared to the control group (p=0.607). Whereas, the different level of serum 8-isoprostane between post and pre intervention on turkey berry group in which decreasing was significantly different from the level on control group which was increasing (p<0.05). It seems that daily consumption of cooked turkey berry fruits can improve oxidative stress condition.
EVALUASI KESEPADANAN MUTU GIZI TEMPE KEDELAI PANGAN REKAYASA GENETIK (PRG) DAN NON-PRG SERTA DAMPAK KONSUMSINYA PADA TIKUS PERCOBAAN Maskar, Dadi Hidayat; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Damayanthi, Evy; Astawan, Made; Wresdiyati, Tutik
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 3 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (496.768 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.3.%p

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ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to evaluate the effect of tempe that were made from Genetically Modified (GM) and non-GM soybean on protein quality, malondialdehide (MDA) levels, intracellular antioxidant superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the liver and kidneys, as well as spermatozoa profile of experimental rats. Fourty five Sprague Dawley rats divided into eight treatment grups and one control, fed with tempe and soybean from GM and non-GM at 10% and 20% concentrations for 90 days. The results showed that there was no significant difference in term of protein quality, tempe made from GM soybean is substantially equivalent with tempe made from non-GM soybean. Results showed that group which was given ration of 10% protein from conventional soybean had lower liver and kidney MDA levels as compared to GM tempe 10% and 20% groups, but was not significant compared to conventional soybean 20% and casein 10% groups. While the value of liver and kidney SOD activity were not significantly different (p>0.05) between the groups of rats. There was no significant differences among the spermatozoa profiles treatment groups and control and they were within normal condition. Results of protein quality, MDA, SOD, and spermatozoa profile showed that tempe made from GM soybean was substantially equivalent with the non-GM soybean.Keywords: GM soybean, MDA, non-GM tempe, SOD, spermatozoa profileABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh tempe Pangan Rekayasa Genetik (PRG) dan non-PRG meliputi kualitas protein, kadar malondialdehida (MDA) hati dan ginjal, aktivitas superoksida dismutase (SOD) hati dan ginjal, dan profil spermatozoa pada tikus percobaan. Sebanyak 45 tikus terbagi ke dalam delapan perlakuan dan satu kontrol yang diberikan perlakuan dengan ransum tempe dan kedelai, baik PRG maupun non-PRG, dengan konsentrasi 10% dan 20% selama 90 hari. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan dalam kualitas protein, tempe PRG memiliki nilai yang sama dengan tempe non-PRG. Tikus yang diberi ransum 10% protein kedelai non-PRG mempunyai nilai MDA hati dan ginjal yang lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan tempe PRG 10% dan 20%, tetapi tidak signifikan dengan kelompok kedelai non-PRG 20% dan kasein 10%. Sementara itu, nilai SOD hati dan ginjal tidak signifikan antar grup perlakuan (p>0,05). Tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan pada profil spermatozoa antar perlakuan. Hasil dari kualitas protein, MDA, SOD, dan profil spermatozoa menunjukkan bahwa kedelai dan tempe PRG memiliki kesamaan substansial dengan kedelai dan tempe non-PRG.Kata kunci: MDA, profil spermatozoa, SOD, tempe kedelai PRG, tempe kedelai non-PRG
PENAMBAHAN PEGAGAN (Centella asiatica) DENGAN BERBAGAI KONSENTRASI DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP SIFAT FISIKO-KIMIA COOKIES SAGU Saputri, Imelda; Damayanthi, Evy
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 2 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (375.445 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.2.%p

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ABSTRACTThe objective of this research was to study antioxidant activity in pegagan sago cookies with various concentrations of pegagan powder. This research was conducted in two stages which was preliminary and main research. Preliminary research included making of pegagan powder, cookies formula, and organoleptic test. Primary research included formulation and making cookies with various concentrations of pegagan powder, physico-chemical properties observations, antioxidant activity and organoleptic test. The method used in this research was Complete Randomized Design with the factor was pegagan powder concentration. Pegagan powder concentration used in this research were 0%, 5.5%, 6.5%, and 7.5%. The determination of selected products made by considering the results of organoleptic test, antioxidant activity, and total amount of phenol. The selected cookies was the 7.5% cookies which had antioxidant activity as much as 15.2% and equivalent to 140 mg of vitamin C and 905.4 mg phenols in 100 g of cookies. The result of variance analysis showed that addition of pegagan with various concentrations did not significantly affect the antioxidant activity and total phenol of cookies (p<0.05).Keywords: antioxidant, cookies, pegagan, sago, total phenolABSTRAKTujuan penelitian adalah mempelajari aktivitas antioksidan cookies sagu pegagan dengan berbagai konsentrasi serbuk pegagan. Penelitian dilakukan dalam dua tahapan, yaitu penelitian pendahuluan dan utama. Penelitian pendahuluan mencakup pembuatan serbuk pegagan, formula cookies dan uji organoleptik. Penelitian utama terdiri atas formulasi dan pembuatan cookies dengan berbagai konsentrasi serbuk pegagan, pengamatan sifat fisiko-kimia, aktivitas antioksidan, dan uji organoleptik. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap dengan faktor konsentrasi serbuk pegagan pada pembuatan cookies dengan empat taraf yaitu 0%, 5,5%, 6,5%, dan 7,5%. Penentuan produk terpilih dilakukan dengan mempertimbangkan hasil uji organoleptik, aktivitas antioksidan, dan total fenol cookies. Cookies sagu pegagan yang terpilih adalah cookies 7,5% yang memiliki aktivitas antioksidan sebanyak 15,2% dan kekuatannya setara dengan 140 mg vitamin C/100 g cookies serta mengandung 905,4 mg total fenol dalam 100 g cookies. Hasil sidik ragam menunjukkan bahwa penambahan pegagan dengan berbagai konsentrasi tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap aktivitas antioksidan dan total fenol cookies (p>0,05).Kata kunci: antioksidan, cookies, pegagan, sagu, total fenol
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STATUS GIZI ANAK BALITA DI KABUPATEN TIMOR TENGAH UTARA, PROVINSI NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR Riyadi, Hadi; Martianto, Drajat; Hastuti, Dwi; Damayanthi, Evy; Murtilaksono, Kukuh
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 6 No. 1 (2011)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (244.203 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.66-73

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This research aims to analyze underlying factors affecting child malnutrition at Timor Tengah Utara district, NTT. The design was a cross-sectional study. Sample of this study was household that have underfive years old children residing in the areas of Plan International. Data was collected by using structured questionnaire, focus group discussion and in-depth interview. Nutritional status was measured using anthropometric measurement with weight and height indicators and child consumption was recorded using 24 hours food’s recall. Result showed that in three villages prevalence of malnourished children was high, which were 6.0% classified as severe underweight, 15.3% severe stunting and 0.7% severe wasting. There was no significant difference in term of nutritional status. Child malnutrition was influenced by low access to nutrition and health information, low nutrition knowledge and practices, and low family income.
KAJIAN KINERJA PEMBANGUNAN KETAHANAN PANGAN PADA BERBAGAI INSTITUSI TERKAIT DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT Hamid, Busran; Martianto, Drajat; Damayanthi, Evy
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 3 No. 3 (2008)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (48.106 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.180-184

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The limitation in both human and natural resources lead the Local Government of West Lampung to make a priority in budget allocation. The study was aimed to: 1) identify the policy, programs, and activities related to food security at each government institution,2) evaluate the performance among related institution in food security program and activities implementation, and 3) to develop recommendation for food security program and activities improvement. Secondary data were used to address the mentioned objectives. Role of each institution in food security improvement have been defined including the budget allocation. Content analysis from the regional strategic plan shows that there were programs and activities for each sector directed to improve food and nutrition security. However parts of the written plan haven’t been implemented yet. Performance analysis from those which have been implemented indicates that most of the program and activities were achieving the target. Rice production exceeded the target, infrastructure improved, and food prices stable. Intake of animal food and tubers are lower than nutrition norms of desirable dietary pattern (PPH). The prevalence of under-nutrition was considered low.
Effect of Biscuits Enriched with Bilih Fish (Mystacoleucus padangensis) on Growth of Experimental Rats Diana, Fivi Melva; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Damayanthi, Evy; Dewi, Mira; Juniantito, Vetnizah; Lipoeto, Nur Indrawaty
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 15 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (311.198 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2020.15.1.11-18

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The research aimed to produce biscuits formulated with Bilih fish and to analyse the effect of Bilih-fish-based biscuits on the growth of experimental rats. Six biscuit formulas were developed using three different amounts of Bilih fish flour (0 g, 20 g, and 30 g added to one formula dough) and two flavors (chocolate and vanilla). One biscuit formula was selected based on the best organoleptic test. Four treatments were applied to 24 male growing rats (21 day olds of the Spraque Dawley strain) for 28 days using a completely randomized design study. The treatments used were P1 (standard feed), P2 (standard feed + standard biscuits), P3 (standard feed + standard biscuits + pure omega-3 oil) and P4 (standard feed + the best formula biscuit). The parameters measured on rats were weight and tail length. The best formula biscuit based on the organoleptic test was the chocolate-flavor biscuits prepared with 20 g Bilih fish flour. The longest tail length was found in the P4 treatment (2,257±0.52 cm), which was significantly longer than the P2 (1.46±0.34 cm) and P1 (1.34±0.29 cm) treatments. No significant weight differences were found among the rats in all treatments. Hence, the chocolate-flavor biscuits formulated with the addition of 20 g Bilih fish flour increased the linear growth in experimental rats as shown by the significant difference in the tail lengths found in the treatment group.
Snack bar berbahan pati sagu (Metroxylon sp.), tempe, dan beras hitam sebagai pangan fungsional berindeks glikemik rendah Puspita, Winny; Sulaeman, Ahmad; Damayanthi, Evy
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia (The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition) Vol 8, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Nutrition Science, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (382.234 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jgi.8.1.11-23

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Background: High calories intake from snacks with low nutritional value will contribute to increase the prevalence of obesity and diabetes. Nutritional strategies to prevent hyperglycemia are controlling blood glucose levels, restrict calories and carbohydrate intake. Sago starch (Metroxylon sp.), tempe and black rice contains ingredients such as dietary fiber, resistant starch, amylose and low glycemic index. Modified snack bar using these ingredients can produce attractive products and provide the beneficial nutrients.Objectives: To determine a snack bar formulation made from sago starch, tempe and black rice and analyze physicochemical characteristics and glycemic index value of the product.Methods: This study used a completely randomized design analyzing three different proportions of sago starch and tempe, namely F1 (2:1), F2 (1.5:1), and F3 (1:1) with two replications for each formula. The Selected formula was determined based on consumer acceptability by semi-trained panelists using 9-point hedonic scale, physicochemical properties, nutrient content, and glycemic index value. Results: The Selected formula (F3) was potentially used as functional food as indicated by high level of dietary fiber (11.05%), 8.8 % resistant starch, in vitro starch digestibility (14.02%), the highest amylose-amylopectin ratio (60.1% : 39.9%), low glycemic index (40) and low glycemic load (5.4). The F3 formula produced a slow increase and peak point of blood glucose response of 107.5 mg/dl at minute 30th lower than the administration of anhydrous glucose with peak point of blood glucose levels of 143.4 mg/dl.Conclusion: The F3 formula with the proportion of sago starch and tempe (1:1) had low glycemic index and was categorized as high-fiber food with high level of resistant starch. Therefore, this product has the potency as functional snack alternative for diabetes patients.
FOOD HABIT AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN URBAN BOGOR Damayanthi, Evy; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Kustiyah, Lilik; Briawan, Dodik
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.625 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.158-163

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Food habit strongly predicts individual nutritional status. It is largely influenced by family food habit and family socioeconomic, partly by nutrition education learning in the school.  Objectives of this study were to analyze elementary school children eating habit and examine whether it relates to family socioeconomic and nutritional status.One hundred elementary school children, and their mother, from one school in urban Bogor were chosen purposively according to SIBERMAS Program criteria (i.e. grade 4th and 5th, morning school, having UKS program and not havingcanteen). Self administered, structured pre-coded questionnaire were used to collect the data. Nutritional status was assessed using weight and height, and body mass index for age (BAZ) and height for age (HAZ) were then calculated using AnthroPlus software developed by WHO (2009). School children were 8-11 years old (mean 9.37 + 0.66 years), more girls (54%), and mostly had normal nutritional status using both indexes (72% for BAZ and 95% for HAZ). School children were commonly from middle class as indicated by father education (sarjana) and mother (senior high school).  Almost all school children (99%) knew breakfast was important and 81% of them ate breakfast. Only 32% school children brought lunch box everyday although 92% stated their habit to bring lunch box to school. Buying snack in school was also common among school children. Generally school children ate rice 3 times a day (2.95 + 0.97) with fish, meat, chicken (2.47 + 1.14), tempe and tofu (2.22 + 1.10), vegetables (2.25 + 0.76) and fruits (2.37 + 1.31). There was a tendency overweight and obese school children eat more rice although statistically not significant.  On average, school children drank milk more than twice daily (2.34 + 0.98), plain water more than 7 glasses daily (7.34 + 4.10), exercise 3 times weekly (3.02 + 2.16) and no difference were observed between nutritional status and family socioeconomics. School children food habit were strongly supported by mother behavior especially in providing breakfast, lunch box and guiding their children in choosing snack food. School children from middle class in urban Bogor had relatively good food habits which weresupported by mother behavior. This study found no relationship between family socioeconomic and nutritional status on school children food habit.
Total phenolic content, quercetin, and antioxidant activity of gandaria (Bouea Macrophylla Griff.) leaf extract at two stages of maturity Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Windardi, Ika Puspa; Aries, Muhammad; Damayanthi, Evy
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 14 No. 2 (2019)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (405.056 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2019.14.2.61-68

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The aim of this study was to determine the effect of leaf maturity stage and extraction solvents on Total Phenolic Content (TPC), quercetin, and antioxidant activity of gandaria leaves as well as the relationship of TPC and quercetin content to antioxidant activity. In this study, leaves were extracted using maceration method with three different solvents (96% ethanol, ethyl acetate, and hexane) followed by evaporation using rotary evaporator to obtain Crude Extracts (CE). Tender and mature gandaria leaves from Indonesian Institute of Science were examined for TPC and quercetin content. Measurement of antioxidant activity were performed by Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) method. The antioxidant compound analysis indicated that hexane extract of mature gandaria leaves contained the highest TPC and quercetin content (30.84±0.54 mg GAE/g and 4.36±0.23 mg QE/g, respectively). Meanwhile, the ethanol extract of mature gandaria leaves demonstrated the highest reducing power (5.62±0.38 mg FeSO4 equivalent/g). These findings showed positive correlation between TPC and reducing power as well as quercetin and reducing power from gandaria leaf extracts depending on their maturity stage and extraction solvents. In addition, mature gandaria leaves had better extraction yield, making it potential for development of functional food.
AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN BEKATUL LEBIH TINGGI DARIPADA JUS TOMAT DAN PENURUNAN AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN SERUM SETELAH INTERVENSI MINUMAN KAYA ANTIOKSIDAN Damayanthi, Evy; Kustiyah, Lilik; Khalid, Mahani; Farizal, Henry
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (113.137 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.205-210

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Recently, many foods were identified contain high antioxidant substances such as tomatoes and rice bran. The objectives of this research were to observe their total antioxidant activity values and the effect of intervention of high-antioxidant beverages (tomato juice and rice bran beverage) to total antioxidant activity on breast cyst women patient’s blood serum. Subject consumed each of the beverages for 14 days. Blood samples were taken before the intervention, at the end of tomato juice intervention period and at the end of rice bran beverage intervention period. Total antioxidant activity on serum was determined by DPPH method. The ascorbic acid equivalent antioxidant capacity (AEAC) of rice bran greater than tomato juice is 28.74 mg/100g and 1.87 mg/100g respectively. The total antioxidant activity on serum was decreasing after tomato juice intervention (p>0.05) but the decreasing of it was significantly shown after rice bran intervention (p<0.05).