Articles

Found 8 Documents
Search

VALIDATION OF DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENT BEHAVIOR QUESTIONNAIRE IN PRIMARY HEALTH CARE SERVICE Saputri, Ginanjar Zukhruf; Akrom, Akrom; Dania, Haafizah; S, Okta Muthia
International Journal of Public Health Science (IJPHS) Vol 8, No 4: December 2019
Publisher : Institute of Advanced Engineering and Science

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.11591/ijphs.v8i4.18348

Abstract

This study aimed to develop and validation a questionnaire as measurement instrument for knowledge and adherence behavior of DM patients in primary health care. Cross sectional study design was conducted in diabetes mellitus patient. Inclusion criteria were patients in the age group 18-65 years, diagnosed with DM, receiving at least one oral antidiabetic medication. Questionnaire questions for behavioral item were developed based on Diabetes Mellitus management guidelines and references to previous studies. Evaluation and validation by expert was carried out on diabetes mellitus experts and clinical psychologists. The pilot study was conducted on 10 healthy patients and 10 patients with diabetes who enrolled inclusion criteria. Questionnaire validation test was conducted with 41 DM outpatient at PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital in Yogyakarta. Collecting data by interviewing patients based on questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS with Pearson correlation coefficients for validation test and Cronbach alpha coefficients for reliability test of the questionnaire. Adherence behavior questionnaire consists of 12 question items, which are divided into three domains: cognitive, affective, and psychomotor domains. Validation results showed 12 valid items where the pearson correlation value was>0.308 (n=41). Cronbach alpha as reliability test results showed 0.78. This result showed a questionnaire were valid and reliable in Diabetes Mellitus patients. This instrument would be use in primary health care for measuring adherence behavior of DM patients.
EVALUASI PENGGUNAAN ANTIBIOTIK PADA PASIEN BEDAH SESAR DI RUMAH SAKIT PKU MUHAMMADIYAH BANTUL YOGYAKARTA Dania, Haafizah; Baroroh, Faridah; Bachri, Moch Saiful
PHARMACY: Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia (Pharmaceutical Journal of Indonesia) Jurnal Pharmacy, Vol. 13 No. 02 Desember 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Farmasi, Universitas Muhammadiyah Purwokerto

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Penggunaan antibiotika pada pasien bedah sesar perlu dicermati untuk memperkecil adanya resiko infeksi luka operasi. Antibiotika yang diresepkan seharusnya dipilih secara bijaksana, dengan tepat dosis, cara pemberian dan lama pemberian yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan pasien, dan efek samping yang minimal. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui gambaran penggunaan antibiotika dan mengevaluasi penggunaan antibiotik pasien bedah sesar di Rumah Sakit PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif dengan data retrospektif. Subyek penelitian adalah semua pasien bedah sesar pada periode 1 Januari–31 Maret 2014. Data diperoleh dari rekam medik dan catatan medik lain secara restrospektif di RS PKU Muhammadiyah Bantul Yogyakarta. Data pasien yang dianalisis meliputi ketepatan pemilihan antibiotik, dosis, dan lama pemberian. Analisis ketepatan pemilihan antibiotik dengan perhitungan persentase berdasarkan pada guideline dan pedoman terapi di rumah sakit sedangkan analisis dosis, frekuensi, dan lama pemberian berdasarkan pada Drug Information Handbook edisi 19 tahun 2010-2011. Total pasien yang masuk dalam kriteria inklusi adalah sejumlah 59 orang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan antibiotik profilaksis sejumlah 3 pasien (5,08%), antibiotik terapi pascabedah sesar sejumlah 10 pasien (16,95%), dan antibiotik kombinasi profilaksis dan terapi sejumlah 46 pasien (77,97%). Antibiotik profilaksis yang digunakan adalah ceftriaxone sejumlah 48 pasien dan ferotam (sulbactam Na 500 mg, cefoperazone Na 500 mg) sejumlah 1 pasien. Jenis antibiotik terapi pascabedah yang paling banyak digunakan adalah amoxicillin sejumlah 25 pasien (44,64%) kemudian diikuti dengan kombinasi ceftriaxone dan amoxicillin sejumlah 20 pasien (35,71%). Kesesuaian jenis antibiotik yang digunakan berdasarkan pada pedoman terapi di rumah sakit adalah 100%, sedangkan kesesuaian jenis antibiotik berdasarkan pada Guideline Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Obstetric Procedures tahun 2010 adalah 0%. Kesesuaian dosis dan frekuensi antibiotik berdasarkan Drug Information Handbook edisi 19 tahun 2010-2011 adalah 100%. Antibiotic usage for cesarean section have to be observed to minimize the risk of wound infections. The prescribed antibiotics should be selected correctly, with exact doses, appropriate method and term of administration regarding patient needs, and with minimum side effect. This research was intended to find a description of antibiotic usage and evaluate the use of antibiotics for caesarean patients at PKU Muhammadiyah hospital in Bantul Yogyakarta. The type of this research was a descriptive research using retrospective data. The subject of this research were all caesarean patients within the period of 1 January-31 March 2014. The data were collected from medical records and other medical history retrospectively at PKU Muhammadiyah hospital, Bantul Yogyakarta. Patients data were analyzed including appropriate antibiotics choice, doses, and term of administration. Analysis on correct antibiotics choice was based on guidelines and therapy handbook at the hospital, while the analysis on doses, frequency dan term of administration was based on Drug Information Handbook edition 19th. The amount of patient included in inclusion criteria is 59 patients. The results of the research showed that the use of antibiotic prophylaxis involved 3 patients (5.08%), post-caesarean therapy antibiotics involved 10 patients (16.95%), and combined prophylaxis and therapy antibiotics involved 46 patients (77.97%). Prophylaxis antibiotics used were ceftriaxone for 48 patients and ferotam (sulbactam Na 500 mg, cefoperazone Na 500 mg) for 1 patient. The most used antibiotic for therapy was amoxycillin for 25 patient (44.64%) and then combination of ceftriaxone+amoxicillin for 20 patients (35.71%). The appropriateness of antibiotics usage based on hospital therapy handbook was 100%, while the correctness of antibiotics type based on Guideline Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Obstetric Procedures was 0%. The appropriateness of antibiotic doses and frequency based on Drug Information Handbook edition 19th was 100%.
OPTIMALISASI PEMANFAATAN JAHE (ZINGIBER OFFICINALE) DAN ROSELLA (HIBISCUS SABDARIFA) SEBAGAI MINUMAN KESEHATAN DI MADRASAH MUALLIMIN MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA Saputri, Ginanjar Zukhruf; Dania, Haafizah; Putranti, Widyasari
Jurnal Pemberdayaan: Publikasi Hasil Pengabdian Kepada Masyarakat Vol 2, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.12928/jp.v2i2.383

Abstract

Sekolah berbasis asrama memiliki beberapa permaslahan terutama di bidang kesehatan. Hasil survey dan skrining kesehatan yang telah dilakukan menunjukkan tingginya prevalensi penyakit menular seperti flu, batuk pilek (16.5%) dan penyakit kulit seperti jamur, gatal, scabies (11.2%). Adanya pos kesehatan pesantren di lingkungan sekolah tersebut diharapkan dapat mengoptimalkan promosi kesehatan dalam upaya pencegahan penyakit. Hal tersebut didukung pula dengan optimalisasi pemanfaatan TOGA (tanaman obat keluarga) yang ada di setiap asrama sekolah. Lahan yang cukup luas dan tempat tinggal (asrama) siswa yang terpisah menjadi peluang dalam pengembangan penanaman TOGA, di dukung dengan pemanfaatan TOGA dalam bentuk sediaan minuman kesehatan dirasa lebih menarik dan penting untuk diupayakan sebagai salah satu kegiatan edukasi dan promosi kesehatan di lingkungan sekolah berasis asrama. Kegiatan pemberdayaan masyarakat ini bertujuan untuk melakukan pendampingan pemanfaatan TOGA dan pelatihan pemanfaatan tanaman Jahe (Zingiber officinale) dan tanaman rosella (Hibiscus sabdarifa) sebagai minuman kesehatan (syrup). Kegiatan ini meliputi dua sesi, yaitu sosialisasi hasil skrining kesehatan siswa dan edukasi kesehatan diri “swamedikasi” yang diikuti oleh pengelola madrasah, staf poskestren (perawat dan dokter), serta ibu pamong asrama (ummahat). Adapun kegiatan kedua adalah pelatihan pemanfaatan TOGA  Jahe (Zingiber officinale) dan Rosella (Hibiscus sabdarifa) sebagai minuman kesehatan yang diikuti oleh 44 siswa Madrasah Mu’allimin Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Pengetahuan siswa sebelum dan sesudah pelatihan menunjukkan peningkatan skor rerata dari 5.56 menjadi 9.18 dengan nilai signifikansi P=0.000 (P<0.05). Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa pelatihan ini efektif dan dapat meingkatkan pengetahuan siswa Madrasah Mu’allimin Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Melalui pelatihan ini diharapkan siswa mampu mengaplikasikan terutama saat progam Mubaligh Hijrah yang menjadi salah satu program rutin Madrasah dalam praktek di masyarakat sekitar. Kegiatan ini diharapkan pula dapat ditindak lanjuti oleh poskestren untuk bersinergi dengan ibu pamong ataupun kantin untuk dapat mengoptimalkan TOGA di lingkungan asrama dan memulai produksi sediaan syrup kesehatan Jahe dan Rosella.
The validation of patient knowledge questionnaire for patients with diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia Saputri, Ginanjar Zukhruf; Dania, Haafizah; Faridah, Imaniar Noor; A, Faiza Chusnuni
Pharmaciana Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Pharmaciana
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (290.694 KB) | DOI: 10.12928/pharmaciana.v8i2.7508

Abstract

Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus (DM) with Hyperlipidemia increased in Indonesia, where both diseases have a risk of complications towards cardiovascular disease. DM patients with hyperlipidemia require proper management to control blood sugar, total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol. Knowledge is one of the important factors in improving adherence therapy and quality of life of DM-hyperlipidemia patients, especially in controlling blood glucose level and total cholesterol levels. This study aims to develop a patient questionnaire of DM-hyperlipidemia.The study used cross sectional method. Inclusion criteria were patients aged 18 – 70 years old, diagnosed DM-Hyperlipidemia, getting at least 1 oral antidiabetic and oral anti-cholesterol. The questionnaire item of knowledge was developed based on gudeline therapy and previous research reference. Expert validation is done on Doctor who had expert in DM and clinical psychologist. The pilot test was performed on 10 healthy patients and 10 patients of DM-hyperlipidemia who had eligible inclusion criteria. Validation of questionnaire was done on 30 patients of DM-Hyperlipidemia who undergoing therapy at outpatient clinic of PKU Muhammadiyah Hospital Yogyakarta. Data collection was done by interviewing questionnaires in patients. Analysis of data using SPSS with product moment validation test and cronbach alpha to see the reliability of questionnaire.Validation results show there are some invalid items that are in questions 9, 11, 12, 15, 16 and 17, the range of questions about knowledge about hyperlipidemia, medication and general health. Re-validation without invalid item was done and obtained value r&gt; 0.3, with value of Cronbach alpha 0,715.The DM-Hyperlipidemia patient questionnaire was valid and reliable to measure the level of knowledge of DM patients with Dysipidemia.  
Evaluasi terapi erytropoetin pada pasien hemodialisa di rumah sakit PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Adnan, Adnan; Dania, Haafizah; Supadmi, Woro
Pharmaciana Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Pharmaciana
Publisher : Universitas Ahmad Dahlan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (45.535 KB) | DOI: 10.12928/pharmaciana.v8i2.7725

Abstract

Most of the patients with end-stage renal disease who undergoing hemodialysis received erythropoietin (EPO) therapy for the anemia treatment. Deficiency anemia erythropoietin is a common complication of chronic kidney disease (CKD). EPO therapy is expected to improve the anemia and can improve the quality of life of patients.This study was conducted in an analytic observational with Cross Secsional design. The purpose of this study was to know there was a difference of red blood cell profile involve hemoglobin (Hb), Mean Corpusculair Volume (MCV), Mean Corpusculair Haemoglobin (MCH), Mean Corpusculair Haemoglobin Concentration (MCHC) and quality of life of CKD patients who received EPO and non EPO therapy in PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Hospital. Inclusion criteria in this study were PGK ICD N18.9 patients who were undergoing hemodialysis therapy at RS PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta, outpatient, can read and understand the questionnaire, and accept to be a respondent.The results of this study showed no significant difference (p&gt;0,05) in red blood cell (Hb, MCV, MCH, MCHC) between EPO and non EPO therapy groups. The associated of EPO with the quality of life of patients in all of KDQOL domains was p&gt; 0.05.The conclusions of this study showed that there was no significant difference between EPO and Non EPO therapy and there was no correlation between EPO and non EPO therapy with quality of life of hemodialysis patients.
Hubungan Pemberian Terapi Antipsikotik terhadap Kejadian Efek Samping Sindrom Ekstrapiramidal pada Pasien Rawat Jalan di Salah Satu Rumah Sakit di Bantul, Yogyakarta Dania, Haafizah; Faridah, Imaniar N.; Rahmah, Khansa F.; Abdulah, Rizky; Barliana, Melisa I.; Perwitasari, Dyah A.
Indonesian Journal of Clinical Pharmacy Vol 8, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (539.777 KB) | DOI: 10.15416/ijcp.2019.8.1.19

Abstract

Skizofrenia merupakan penyakit gangguan jiwa terbanyak yang memiliki prognosis yang buruk, dengan remisi total hanya dialami oleh sekitar 20% penderitanya, sedangkan sisanya akan mengalami berbagai tingkat kesulitan dan kemunduran secara klinis dan sosial. Antipsikotik merupakan terapi utama pada skizofrenia, namun pemberian terapi ini terkadang dapat menimbulkan efek samping, salah satunya adalah sindrom ekstrapiramidal yang dapat menyebabkan pasien enggan untuk minum obat secara rutin, akibatnya frekuensi kekambuhan menjadi meningkat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis hubungan terapi antipsikotik terhadap kejadian sindrom ekstrapiramidal pada pasien skizofrenia rawat jalan di salah satu rumah sakit di wilayah Bantul, Yogyakarta. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain penelitian cross-sectional dengan pengambilan data secara retrospektif menggunakan data rekam medis pasien skizofrenia yang menjalani rawat jalan di salah satu rumah sakit di wilayah Bantul, Yogyakarta pada periode Januari–Desember 2017. Jumlah sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 100 orang pasien dengan kriteria inklusi yaitu pasien skizofrenia dengan usia >15 tahun dan mendapatkan terapi antipsikotik selama minimal 4 minggu, sedangkan kriteria ekslusi yaitu pasien yang mendapatkan terapi metoklopramid dan mempunyao riwayat sindrom ekstrapiramidal sebelumnya. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan menggunakan teknik purposive sampling. Analisis data menggunakan uji Chi–Square dengan menggunakan program SPSS versi 16.0. Diperoleh bahwa sebagian besar pasien mendapat risperidon sebesar 27%, risperidon+klozapin 17%, dan haloperidol+klozapin 10%. Pada pasien yang memperoleh terapi antipsikotik tunggal, sebanyak 5 orang mengalami efek samping sindrom ekstrapiramidal, sedangkan pada pasien yang memperoleh terapi antipsikotik kombinasi, 7 orang mengalami efek samping sindrom ekstrapiramidal. Hasil analisis uji Chi-Square menunjukkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan baik itu antara penggunaan terapi antipsikotik (tunggal maupun kombinasi) (p=1,000), antara terapi antipsikotik tunggal (tipikal maupun atipikal) (p=0,467), dan antara terapi antipsikotik kombinasi (atipikal-atipikal, tipikal-tipikal, dan tipikal-atipikal) (p=0,269), dengan kejadian efek samping sindrom ekstrapiramidal.Kata kunci: Antipsikotik, sindrom ekstrapiramidal, skizofrenia Relationship between the Use of Antipsychotic and Incident of Extrapyramidal Syndrome on Schizophrenic Outpatients at One of Hospitals in Bantul, YogyakartaAbstractSchizophrenia is the most kind of psychiatric diseases which has bad prognosis with total remision only around 20%, otherwise social and clinical difficulties will be faced by the rest. Antipsychotic is a first line therapy for schizophrenic patients, however it has some side effects such as extrapyramidal syndrome that make people reluctant to take the medication regularly. Furthermore, the number of recurrence is increasing. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the use of antipsychotic and the incident of extrapyramidal syndrome in outpatient schizophrenia in one of hospitals in Bantul region, Yogyakarta. This study was observational study, using cross-sectional design. Data was taken retrospectively using patients’ medical records who were outpatients in one of hospitals in Bantul region, Yogyakarta, in the period of January–December 2017. The sample of this research was 100 patients. The inclusion criteria was schizophrenic patients aged >15 years old who took an antipsychotic therapy for a minimum of 4 weeks, while the exclusion criteria was patients who took metoclopramide as a therapy and had a history of extrapyramidal syndrome previously. Purposive sampling was used as a technique for sampling. Data analysis was conducted using Chi-Square by SPSS ver. 16.0. Results of this study is most patients took risperidon e (27%), risperidone+clozapine 17%, and haloperidol+clozapine 10%. The incident of extrapyramidal syndrome happened in 5 patients who took single antipsychotic and in 7 patients who took combination antipsychotic. However, the Chi-Square analysis showed that there was no relationship between the use of antipsychotic (single or combination) and the incident of extrapyramidal syndrome (p-value=1.000). Likewise, there was no relationship between the use of single (both typical and atypical) antipsychotic therapy (p-value=0.467), also no relationship between the use of combination (atypical-atypical, typical-typical and atypical) antipsychotic therapy (p-value=0.269) and the incident of extrapyramidal syndrome side-effects.Keywords: Antipsychotics, extrapyramidal syndrome, schizophrenia
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PATIENT INFORMATION LEAFLET (PIL) DAN SMS MOTIVASI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN DAN KEPATUHAN PASIEN DM DENGAN DISLIPIDEMIA Dania, Haafizah; Saputri, Ginanjar Zukhruf; Faridah, Imaniar Noor
Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia Vol 11, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Jurnal Farmasi Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1389.016 KB) | DOI: 10.35617/jfi.v11i1.590

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus(DM) and dyslipidemia are high prevalence diseases which also as one of risk factors for coronary heart disease. Knowledge and adherence are important factors in the treatment of DM-dyslipidemia either to control blood glucose and cholesterol or to prevent from complications. Education is one of the ways to increase knowledge and adherence. The aim of this research is to determine the impact of intervention (Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) and motivation messages by SMS) to knowledge and adherence of DM-dyslipidemia patients in PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Hospital. This research is a quasi experimental study with analytical quantitative. The data taken from February 2016 to April 2017 at PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Hospital. Inclusion criterias in this research are patient with age more than 18 years old, with diagnosed by DM-dyslipidemia, using 1 or more of DM and dyslipidemia medicine, not deaf, and cooperative. Interventions that given to the patients are Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) and motivation messages by SMS which routinely given in a week after first we met. Knowledge is assessed using questionnaire and adherence is assesed using pill count method. The data that need analyzed are characteristic patients and the impact of intervention using Wilcoxon and paired t-test. The result of intervention in 56 patients showed the increasing number of patient that have good knowledge after intervention, from 58,9% to 71,4%, otherwise it not differ significantly (p 0.071). Other than that, the adherence also increased that showed from the patients who have adhere category after intervention, from 58,93% to 91.07% and it differ significantly with p 0.001 (p<0.05). Diabetes mellitus(DM) and dyslipidemia are high prevalence diseases which also as one of risk factors for coronary heart disease. Knowledge and adherence are important factors in the treatment of DM-dyslipidemia either to control blood glucose and cholesterol or to prevent from complications. Education is one of the ways to increase knowledge and adherence. The aim of this research is to determine the impact of intervention (Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) and motivation messages by SMS) to knowledge and adherence of DM-dyslipidemia patients in PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Hospital. This research is a quasi experimental study with analytical quantitative. The data taken from February 2016 to April 2017 at PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Hospital. Inclusion criterias in this research are patient with age more than 18 years old, with diagnosed by DM-dyslipidemia, using 1 or more of DM and dyslipidemia medicine, not deaf, and cooperative. Interventions that given to the patients are Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) and motivation messages by SMS which routinely given in a week after first we met. Knowledge is assessed using questionnaire and adherence is assesed using pill count method. The data that need analyzed are characteristic patients and the impact of intervention using Wilcoxon and paired t-test. The result of intervention in 56 patients showed the increasing number of patient that have good knowledge after intervention, from 58,9% to 71,4%, otherwise it not differ significantly (p 0.071). Other than that, the adherence also increased that showed from the patients who have adhere category after intervention, from 58,93% to 91.07% and it differ significantly with p 0.001 (p<0.05). Diabetes mellitus(DM) and dyslipidemia are high prevalence diseases which also as one of risk factors for coronary heart disease. Knowledge and adherence are important factors in the treatment of DM-dyslipidemia either to control blood glucose and cholesterol or to prevent from complications. Education is one of the ways to increase knowledge and adherence. The aim of this research is to determine the impact of intervention (Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) and motivation messages by SMS) to knowledge and adherence of DM-dyslipidemia patients in PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Hospital. This research is a quasi experimental study with analytical quantitative. The data taken from February 2016 to April 2017 at PKU Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta Hospital. Inclusion criterias in this research are patient with age more than 18 years old, with diagnosed by DM-dyslipidemia, using 1 or more of DM and dyslipidemia medicine, not deaf, and cooperative. Interventions that given to the patients are Patient Information Leaflet (PIL) and motivation messages by SMS which routinely given in a week after first we met. Knowledge is assessed using questionnaire and adherence is assesed using pill count method. The data that need analyzed are characteristic patients and the impact of intervention using Wilcoxon and paired t-test. The result of intervention in 56 patients showed the increasing number of patient that have good knowledge after intervention, from 58,9% to 71,4%, otherwise it not differ significantly (p 0.071). Other than that, the adherence also increased that showed from the patients who have adhere category after intervention, from 58,93% to 91.07% and it differ significantly with p 0.001 (p<0.05).
TINGKAT PENGETAHUAN PENGGUNAAN OBAT BEBAS DAN OBAT BEBAS TERBATAS UNTUK SWAMEDIKASI PADA MASYARAKAT RW 8 MOROBANGUN JOGOTIRTO BERBAH SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA Hidayati, Ana; Dania, Haafizah; Puspitasari, Murtyk Dyahajeng
Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung Vol 3 No 2 (2017): Jurnal Ilmiah Manuntung
Publisher : jurnal ilmiah manuntung akademi farmasi samarinda

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (325.577 KB)

Abstract

Currently, there are developed illnesses that encourage humans to do their own alternative medication. In 2002, an estimated shows that 92% of people in the world choose the alternative medication namely self medication, by using over the counter medicine including free and limited, however the level of knowledge in using this medication is still poor, then it is possible to make a mistake. Therefore, this research aims to find out the level of knowledge in using over the counter medicine including free and limited for self medication of society in RW 08, Morobangun, Jogotirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta. This study belongs to descriptive observational to find out the subject characteristic, the level of knowledge and the description of the kind of medicine used by society of RW 08 Morobangun. The sample used in this study is the people who lived in Rw 08 Morobangun, Jogotirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta. The data was taken from the interview with the patient by using the questionnaire. The sample collecting technique was nonrandom sampling and the method was accidental sampling with the number of the respondents were 175. The result showed that 175 respondents in RW 08 Morobangun, Jogotirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta used self medication of over the counter medicine including free and limited only for their ailment. The level of knowledge in using over the counter medicine including free and limited for self medication of society in RW 08 Morobangun, Jogotirto, Berbah, Sleman, Yogyakarta showed that 42.9% reached the good category and 57,1% reached the sufficient category of 175 respondents. The conclusion of this study is the level of knowledge in using over the counter medicine including free and limited for self medication of society in RW 08 showed that most of the respondents achieved the sufficient category with 100 respondents (57,1%).