I Dewa Putu Darma
UPT-BKT Kebun Raya “Eka Karya” Bali, Candikuning, Baturiti, Tabanan, Bali 82191

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UPACARA AGAMA HINDU DI BALI DALAM PERSPEKTIF PENDIDIKAN KONSERVASI TUMBUHAN. ( SUATU KAJIAN PUSTAKA) Darma, I Dewa Putu
Buletin Udayana Mengabdi Vol 7 No 1 (2008): Volume 7 No.1 ? April 2008
Publisher : Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat

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ABSTRACT The activity of Hindus religion in Bali is based on the philosophy of Tri Hita Karana. The used of the ?banten? in the ceremony can`t loose from plants. In general most of the Hindus people in Bali can make and do this ceremony but they don`t understand what the purpose of the ceremony is. The Tumpek pengatag, Nangluk merana, Tibe baya, Ngentegang woh pepayonan ceremonies and it`s conection of the rice in the rice field as strategy component in conservation plants of education in Bali. Whereas the function of the plants ceremonies that remembering the human being to take care of the plants, so the ceremony can be continuously.
PENGGUNAAN CITRA SATELIT UNTUK MENGETAHUI PERSEBARAN DACRYCARPUS IMBRICATUS (BLUME) DE LAUB. DI BUKIT TAPAK, CAGAR ALAM BATUKAHU BALI Iryadi, Rajif; Priyadi, Arief; Darma, I Dewa Putu
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 11, No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (642.476 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jik.28277

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Citra Pleaides merupakan aset penting untuk memperoleh data dan informasi tentang struktur vegetasi di hutan yang sulit untuk diukur langsung karena wilayah yang tidak dapat diakses dan memiliki cakupan luas. Dacrycarpus imbricatus (Blume) de Laub. merupakan salah satu tanaman khas di Bukit Tapak yang memiliki nilai konservasi dan nilai ekonomi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui persebaran D. imbricatus menggunakan data citra satelit Pleaides yang memiliki resolusi spasial tinggi. Penelitian dilakukan dengan interpretasi visual pada citra satelit Pleaides tahun 2014 dan data spasial elevasi. Akurasi citra Pleaides dalam identifikasi tutupan D. imbricatus mencapai 96,83% dan ketelitian total pemetaan mencapai 93,38% dengan koefisien kappa 88,64%. Persebaran D. imbricatus di Bukit Tapak memiliki range habitat aktual lebih sempit dibandingkan dengan range potensialnya yakni pada elevasi 1.321-1.800 mdpl dengan persentase tutupan 89,52% dari total tutupannya. Lereng Bukit Tapak dengan kemiringan 25,1-55% memiliki lingkup tutupan D. imbricatus sebesar 79,29% dari total tutupannya dan sisanya pada lereng>25%. Informasi tersebut penting terkait dengan kelestarian dan usaha konservasi salah satu jenis tumbuhan berbiji terbuka ini di Bukit Tapak.Kata kunci: akurasi; interpretasi; kanopi; konservasi; pleaides Usage of Satellite Imagery to Determine Distribution of Dacrycarpus imbricatus (Blume) De Laub. on The Tapak Hill, Batukahu Natural Reserve BaliAbstractPleaides image is an important asset to obtain data and information with regard to the structure of the vegetation in the forest that are difficult to measure directly as the area is inaccessible and has a large coverage. Dacrycarpus imbricatus (Blume) de Laub. is the one of typical plants on the Tapak Hill which has the conservation and economic values. This study aimed to determine the location and distribution of D. imbricatus using Pleaides satellite image that had a high spatial resolution. The determination of site characteristics was conducted by visual interpretation of high resolution satellite imagery Pleiades 2014 and elevation spatial data. Pleaides accuracy in the identification cover of D. imbricatus reached 96.83% and total accuracy mapping reached 93.38% with kappa coefficient of 88.64%. The distribution of D. imbricatus in Tapak Hill showed actual habitat range narrower than of its potential, which was distributed on the elevation of 1,321 ? 1,800 m asl with a percentage of 89,52% from its total cover. About 79.29% of the coverage laid on the slope of 25.1 to 55%, whereas the rest on the slope of >25%. This information is important related to sustainability and conservation efforts for this gymnosperm plant in Tapak Hill. 
ANALISIS VEGETASI DAN PENDUGAAN KARBON TERSIMPAN PADA POHON DI KAWASAN SEKITAR GUNUNG DAN DANAU BATUR KINTAMANI BALI Sujarwo, Wawan; Darma, I Dewa Putu
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 11 No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Environmental Research Center (PPLH) of Udayana University

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Reforestation program of bare land with planting several species of trees has been done on several areas around Mountain and Lake Batur. So that, the study of trees vegetation analysis and estimating of carbon stock needs to be done as well. A total 2400 m2 Sampling Plot with 6 plots (20 x 20 m) in four areas has been established to determine trees structure, composition, and carbon stock (above ground) in around Mountain and Lake Batur Kintamani. Enumeration of all tree species revealed that there were 11 species and 10 families with Eucalyptus urophylla (Myrtaceae) was the most abundant species and family in the Sampling Plot with INP was 97.24%. Shannon Index (Hâ??) revealed that tree species composition was 0,8. It means the diversity of trees is low. The amount of carbon stock (above ground) was 28.0669 ton per 0.24 Ha. It means, total carbon stock in 400 Ha secondary forest around Mountain and Lake Batur was 46,778.17 ton.
ANALISIS VEGETASI DI KAWASAN HUTAN DANAU BUYAN TAMBLINGAN BALI SEBAGAI DASAR UNTUK MANAJEMEN KELESTARIAN KAWASAN Sutomo, Sutomo; Darma, I Dewa Putu
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 11 No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Environmental Research Center (PPLH) of Udayana University

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Vegetation analysis in Buyan-Tamblingan Nature Recreation Area aimed to identified whether there were differences between the two communities in terms of vegetation structure and composition. NMDS ordination revealed data that support the hypotheses that the two communities were different (RANOSIM=0.7 p<0,001). Species diversity was also different between these communities. Buyan area had higher diversity index (Shannon 2,00) compare to Tamblingan (1,60). Differences in tourism activities and impacts were proposed to be one of the reason behind the results. Restoration in a form of reintroduction, to reintroduce and re-planting native or local species is proposed to be conducted in the Buyan Lake areas to conserve the ecosystem and prevent exotic species to become invasives and dominates the area.
STUDY AUTEKOLOGI PRANAJIWA (Euchresta horsfieldii (Lesch.) Benn.) DI BUKIT PENGELENGAN, DESA PANCASARI, KECAMATAN SUKASADA, KABUPATEN BULELENG, BALI Darma, I Dewa Putu; Tirta, I Gede; Ardaka, I Made
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 14, No 1 (2011): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 14 (1) January 2011
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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Pranajiwa (Euchresta horsfieldii (Lesch.) Benn) is a medicinal plant, which is growing wild and it is regarded as a rare plant. Currently, its existence in the wild increasingly threatened. Pengelengan Hill is one of the natural habitats of E. horsfieldii in Bali. Study of autecology aims to describe the ecology of E. horsfieldii in their natural habitat. E. horsfieldii was found abundant in plots II with 16.02% relative density, 9.68% of relative frequency and 25.69 of Important Value, grow clumped together with other plants (Idk 2.72).
HABITAT ALAMI TUMBUHAN PAKU KIDANG (Dicksonia blumei (Kunze) Moore) DI KAWASAN HUTAN BUKIT TAPAK PULAU BALI Darma, I Dewa Putu; Lestari, Wenni Setyo; Priyadi, Arief
Buletin Kebun Raya Vol 18, No 1 (2015): Buletin Kebun Raya Vol. 18 (1) January 2015
Publisher : Center for Plant Conservation Bogor Botanic Garden, Indonesian Institute of Sciences

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Dicksonia blumei (Paku Kidang) termasuk dalam spesies prioritas konservasi Indonesia kategori B. Studi ekologi habitat alaminya di kawasan hutan Bukit Tapak, Bedugul Bali dilakukan dengan metode purposive sampling. Plot dapat dibuat sebanyak 3 (tiga) buah dengan ukuran 20 x 20 m untuk jenis tumbuhan pohon dan 2 x 2 m untuk jenis tumbuhan bawah. Berdasarkan hasil pengamatan Dicksonia blumei (Paku Kidang) pada habitat alaminya di kawasan hutan Bukit Tapak. Jenis paku ini tumbuh pada kondisi lingkungan fisik dengan kisaran ketinggian tempat antara 1.754–1.794 m dpl., kemiringan tanah berkisar antara 7–10%, pH tanah 6,4–7, kelembaban tanah 50–75%, temperatur 20,5–22,3°C, kelembaban udara 83,2–87,5% dan intensitas cahaya 618–10.030 Lux. Karakteristik komponen lingkungan biotiknya ditentukan berdasar Indek Nilai Penting (INP). Lima jenis tumbuhan pohon dengan INP tertinggi adalah Cyathea latebrosa (INP 98,7) kemudian diikuti oleh Saurauia bracteosa (INP 51,9), Astronia spectabilis (INP 42,7), Dicksonia blumei (INP 39,6) dan Homalantus giganteus (INP 35,3). Karakteristik jenis tumbuhan bawah untuk lima jenis tertinggi diduduki oleh Pillea sp. (INP 61,91), kemudian diikuti oleh Selaginella sp. (INP 40,6), Athyrium asperum (INP 27,5), Pteris tripartita (INP 18,3) dan Rubus sp. (INP 15,0). Kebersamaan tumbuhnya D. blumei dengan Cyathea latebrosa, tampaknya terkait dengan peran batangnya sebagai substrat spora D. blumei pada tahap perkecambahan dan pertumbuhan selanjutnya. Pada fase gametofit dan sporofit muda D. blumei tumbuh secara epifit pada batang Cyathea latebrosa setinggi 0,5–1,5 m dari permukaan tanah. Seiring dengan pertumbuhan akarnya yang berlahan-lahan mencari tanah, kemudian sporofit dewasa D. blumei akan tumbuh secara teresterial (hemi–epifit).
PENATAAN TAMAN DALAM KAJIAN BALI SEBAGAI PULAU TAMAN YANG BERBUDAYA Darma, I Dewa Putu
Bumi Lestari Journal of Environment Vol 5 No 1
Publisher : Environmental Research Center (PPLH) of Udayana University

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Bali is one of famous tourism object in the world. To realize Bali as a park island ofculture, it is necessary to be attention in improvement Bali itself. Between human being andnature are interlocked to make Bali as a park island. In fact at the field that the arrangementof park in Bali has not reflected life culture of Balinese people, where the used of plants hasnot referenced for the kinds of the plats which is used to religion ceremony, holy building,medicines an so on, According to the result of the research the selection of the kinds of theplants is used to arrange the park in Bali, have inventarization as 105 kinds. To realize Balias park island of culture so government, private and people to needed.
PAKU EPIFIT DAN POHON INANGNYA DI BUKIT PENGELENGAN, TAPAK DAN LESUNG, BEDUGUL, BALI Darma, I Dewa Putu; Lestari, Wenni Setyo; Priyadi, Arief; Iryadi, Rajif
Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam Vol 15, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Penelitian Hutan dan Konservasi Alam
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Hutan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20886/jphka.2018.15.1.41-50

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ABSTRACTEpiphytic ferns grow attached to the phorophyte tree or rocks. This study aims to determine the diversity, distribution of epiphytic ferns and its phorophyte trees in the forests of Bedugul, Bali. The method used in this study was purposive random sampling. The study recorded 24 species of epiphytic ferns in the forest of Bedugul Bali (16 species in Bukit Pengelengan, 12 species in Bukit Tapak and 12 species in Bukit Lesung). Epiphytic ferns found limited in one study area are Arthropteris palisotii, Goniophlebium subauriculatum, Loxogramme avenia, Oleandra pistillaris, Asplenium caudatum, Belvisia mucronata, Ctenopteris obliquata, Davallia pentaphylla, Davallia solida, Drynaria sp., Hymenophyllum sp., Monogramma trichoidea and Nephrolepis sp1. Epiphytic ferns found spread over in more than one study areas are Asplenium nidus, Belvisia spicata, Davallia denticulata, Goniophlebium percisifolium, Pyrrosia varia and Selliguea enervis. The highest-distributed species of epiphytic ferns are occupied by Belvisia spicata and Davallia denticulate. There are 33 species of phorophyte trees recorded (22 species in Bukit Pengelengan, 21 species in Bukit Tapak and 11 species in Bukit Lesung). The favorite phorophyte trees are Platea latifolia in Bukit Pangelangan, Syzygium zollingerianum. in Bukit Tapak and Engelhardia spicata in Bukit Lesung.Key words: Bedugul, distribution, diversity, epiphytes fern.ABSTRAKPaku epifit merupakan tumbuhan paku yang tumbuh menempel pada pohon inang (phoropyte) atau bebatuan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui keanekaragaman serta persebaran paku epifit dan pohon inangnya di kawasan hutan Bedugul Bali. Kegiatan ini dilakukan dengan metode purposive random sampling. Hasil penelitian mencatat 24 jenis tumbuhan paku epifit yang teramati di kawasan hutan Bedugul Bali. Jumlah tersebut tersebar di Bukit Pengelengan 16 jenis, di Bukit Tapak 12 jenis dan di Bukit Lesung 12 jenis. Jenis paku epifit yang persebaranya terbatas hanya di satu area studi adalah Arthropteris palisotii, Goniophlebium subauriculatum, Loxogramme avenia, Oleandra pistillaris, Asplenium caudatum, Belvisia mucronata, Ctenopteris obliquata, Davallia pentaphylla, Davallia solida, Drynaria sp., Hymenophyllum sp., Monogramma trichoidea dan Neprolepis sp1. Sedangkan jenis yang tersebar di lebih dari satu area studi adalah Asplenium nidus, Belvisia spicata, Davallia denticulata, Goniophlebium percisifolium, Pyrrosia varia dan Selliguea enervis. Jenis paku epifit yang berdistribusi paling luas adalah Belvisia spicata dan Davallia denticulata. Keanekaragaman pohon inang tercatat 33 jenis (Bukit Pengelengan 22 jenis, Bukit Tapak 21 jenis dan Bukit Lesung 11 jenis). Jenis pohon inang yang disenangi oleh jenis tumbuhan paku epifit bervariasi, di Bukit Pengelengan adalah Platea latifolia, di Bukit Tapak adalah Syzygium zollingerianum dan di Bukit Lesung adalah Engelhardia spicata.Kata kunci: Bedugul, epifit, keanekaragaman, persebaran.
KOMUNITAS TUMBUHAN BAWAH DI KAWASAN HUTAN BUKIT TAPAK, LESUNG DAN MANGU BEDUGUL BALI Sutomo, Sutomo; Darma, I Dewa Putu
ULIN: Jurnal Hutan Tropis Vol 3, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Mulawarman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.32522/u-jht.v3i1.1644

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????? Penelitian dilakukan di kawasan? hutan Bk. Tapak, Lesung dan Mangu dengan metode transek.? Transek dibuat secara sistematik? disebelah kiri dan kanan pada lajur atau punggung bukit yang menuju arah puncak. Hasil penelitian secara umum di kawasan hutan Bedugul Bali,Cypholopus lutescens? merupakan jenis ?tumbuhan bawah yang paling melimpah dan mempunyai peranan tertinggi ?dalam?? ekosistem komunitas tumbuhan bawah ?pada ketiga lokasi penlitian.?
Studi Etnobotani Masyarakat di Sekitar Kawasan Hutan Bedugul Bali Darma, I Dewa Putu; Priyadi, Arief; Iryadi, Rajif
Biotropic : The Journal of Tropical Biology Vol 3 No 2 (2019): Biotropic, Volume 3 Nomor 2, 2019
Publisher : Program Studi Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Teknologi, Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (764.107 KB) | DOI: 10.29080/biotropic.2019.3.2.96-104

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The Ethnobotany study of society advantage knowing plant species that be used and this usefulness. This study purpose identification plant?s utilization and local wisdom in Bedugul area. This method is purposive sampling that based profession with interview to Dukun, Baten, housewife, Farmer, craftsmen and builder. Filed data were processed with quantitative to get the benefit index (BI) on 181 species. Top ten species have been the highest of BI such as: Musa paradisiaca (0.026718), Arenga pinnata (0.022901), Artocarpus integer (0.015267), Cocos nucifera (0.015267), Colocasia esculenta (0.015267), Curcuma domestica (0.015267), Schizostachyum brachyckadum (0.015267), Moringa oleifera (0.01145), Aleurites moluccanus (0.01145) & Allium sativum (0.01145). Four of them have rare status i. e: Borassus flabellifer, Alstonia scholaris, Eeucresta horsfieldii & Saurauia bracteosa. Bali culture which has reserved with conservation education (Tumpek Wariga ceremony, Wana Kertih & Danau Kertih) makes the environment sustainability.