Yusniar Hanani Darundiati
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Published : 59 Documents
Articles

HUBUNGAN ANTARA KUALITAS UDARA DALAM RUANG DENGAN KEJADIAN PNEUMONIA PADA BAYI DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS BANDARHARJO KOTA SEMARANG Sari, Devina Andan; Budiyono, Budiyono; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani
MEDIA KESEHATAN MASYARAKAT INDONESIA Vol 18, No 3 (2019): MKMI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Di Indonesia, prevalensi pneumonia pada bayi hampir 2 kali lebih banyak dibandingkan dengan pneumonia dengan balita. Kematian bayi yang disebabkan oleh pneumonia di Puskesmas Bandarharjo adalah 2 diantara 11 kematian bayi di Kota Semarang.Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan antara kualitas fisik udara dalam ruang dengan kejadian pneumonia pada bayi di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bandarharjo Semarang.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan studi observasional analitik dengan desain cross-sectional.  Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah bayi yang tinggal di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bandarharjo. Sampel dalam penelitian sebanyak 61 bayi. Sampel diambil dengan menggunakan teknik proportionate stratified random sampling. Data berasal dari hasil  wawancara terkait karakteristik bayi dan orang tua, status merokok anggota keluarga serta penggunaan anti nyamuk bakar. Data PM10, suhu, kelembaban dan intensitas cahaya diukur dengan menggunakan Personal Dust Sampler, thermo-hygrometer dan lux meter. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat chi-square.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa rata-rata kadar debu terhirup sebesar 165?g/m3, suhu udara 30,3°C, kelembaban udara 69,3% dan intensitas cahaya 58,3 lux. Terdapat hubungan antara kadar debu terhirup (p=0,039), kelembaban udara (p=0,041), status merokok anggota keluarga (p=0,030), dan penggunaan anti nyamuk bakar (p=0,008) dengan kejadian pneumonia, sedangkan suhu udara (p=0,371), intensitas cahaya (p=0,295) tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian pneumonia.Simpulan: Kesimpulan dalam penelitian ini adalah  terdapat hubungan antara kualitas fisik udara dalam ruang rumah dengan kejadian pneumonia pada bayi di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Bandarharjo Kota Semarang.
ANALISIS RISIKO KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN PAPARAN NITROGEN DIOKSIDA (NO2) PADA PEDAGANG KAKI LIMA DI TERMINAL PULOGADUNG JAKARTA TIMUR Amaliana, Annisa; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani; Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Pulogadung bus station is one terminal with a solid transport activity and potentially contribute a lot of air pollution. Motorized transport will produce a variety of gases including NO2 which can cause  bad effect on health for example respiratory problems, throat irritation and eye irritation, especially for street vendors who almost 24 hours in the bus station.The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk of exposure to NO2 in Pulogadung Bus Station to transportation activities. The design study is an cross sectional approach of Environmental Health Risk Assessment (ARKL). The population of subject is140 street vendors in Pulogadung Bus Station and a population of object  is ambient air in Pulogadung Bus Station. Sample subjects were 60 vendors in Pulogadung Terminal and sample objects  the ambient air at four points around the Pulogadung Bus Station. Analysis of data using the steps in ARKL namely hazard identification, dose-response analysis, exposure analysis and risk characteristics.The results showed an average of NO2 concentration measurement results in Pulogadung Terminal in East Jakarta is 0.07141 mg / m3. While the average weight of street vendors in Pulogadung terminal in East Jakarta is 58.32 kg, with an average daily exposure time street vendors is 13 hours per day, the average frequency of exposure per year is 329 days per year and the average duration of exposure street vendors is 15 years old. The conclusion is the concentration of NO2 in Pulogadung Terminal is still below the quality standards established and the average exposure in real time and lifetime of street vendors in Pulogadung Bus Station is still under 1 and otherwise still safe. The calculation of risk estimates in Pulogadung Terminal vendors be at risk of non-cancer due to exposure to NO2 in the next 40 years. The suggestions in this study is street vendor should using PPE when working and reducing working hours.
THE ASSOSIATION BETWEEN THE LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES, AND AVAILABILITY OF FACILITIES WITH THE PRACTICE OF NURSES AND CLEANING SERVICES HOSPITALIZATION UNIT IN MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT X KUDUS HOSPITAL Yulianti, Risma Dwi; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani; Dangiran, Hanan Lanang
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The activities in hospital produce many kinds of medical waste. If medical waste is not managed well, it can cause a bad impact for health and environmental. Good knowledge, attitudes and practices for nurses and cleaning services as well as adequate facilities are required in the management of hospital medical waste. Hospitalization is the unit that contributes the most medical waste compared other units. The purpose of this research is to know the assosiation of knowledge level, attitude and availability of facility with practice of nurses and cleaning services hospitalization unit in medical waste management RS X Kudus. This research is a quantitative research with cross-sectional approach. The population in this study is 52 nurses and 12 cleaning services in RS X Kudus. The sample in this study consisted of 35 nurses counted using Slovin formula and cleaning services as much as 12 people. Data collection using questionnaires. Data analysis using Chi-Square test. The results showed that the knowledge and attitude variable of the nurses was related to the nurse's practice of knowledge (p-value = 0,022) and attitude (p-value = 0,004). While the variables of knowledge related to cleaning service practice (p-value = 0,001). Variable attitude is not related to cleaning services practice (p-value = 0,081), availability of facilities is not related to nursing  and cleaning service practice. The conclusion of this research is there is correlation between knowledge, attitude nurses and knowledge cleaning services with practice of nurses and cleaning services in medical waste management RS X Kudus.
ANALISIS RISIKO KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN PAJANAN PARTICULATE MATTER (PM10) PADA PEDAGANG KAKI LIMA AKIBAT AKTIVITAS TRANSPORTASI (STUDI KASUS : JALAN KALIGAWE KOTA SEMARANG) Wulandari, Astri; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani; Raharjo, Mursid
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Kaligawe Street has the highest traffic density according to traffic survey on 2014 which is 6.819,35 passenger car unit/hour. This leading to the amount of emission particularly particulate matter. PM10 is a hazardous particulate which can cause various health problems to death. The estimates concentration of PM10 in 2014 has exceeded the threshold. Thus, it can leading to risk of health problems. The aim of this research is to ascertain the risk of health problems to cadger in Kaligawe Street due to PM10 exposure. This research is an analytical observational research with cross sectional plan and using the method of Environmental Health Risk Assessment. Population on this research are women cadger working in Kaligawe street totaling 53 person. Result obtained, the minimum concentration of PM10 is 41,97µg/Nm3, maximum 104.05 µg/Nm3, and the average 72,42 µg/Nm3. The result of univariate analysis showed 67,9% respondent have time exposure>8 hours/day, 94,3% have frequency exposure 350 days/year, and 73,6% have duration of time?10 years. The calculation of RQ indicate the average of RQ in minimum concentration is 0,294, maximum concentration 0,728, and average concentration is 0,507. This value is less than 1 (RQ<1), thus, level of risk for women cadger is still safe. The value of RQ > 1 found in maximum concentration are 20,7% of respondent and 9,4% in average concentration. Estimates level of risk in average concentration is no longer safe in the following 15 years, and for maximum concentration is no longer safe in the following 5 years.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEBERADAAN ZAT PEWARNA DAN PENGAWET TERLARANG PADA MAKANAN JAJANAN DI PASAR-PASAR TRADISIONAL KOTA SEMARANG Pramastuti, Lailya Indha; Rahardjo, Mursid; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Foods that contain substances harmful to the body will have a negative impact for people who consume them. Hazardous substances are often found in the banned dyes and preservatives. The National Food and Drug Agency?s investigation in 2015, from 7,806 food samples found 295 samples contained rhodamine B, 216 samples contained formalin, 164 samples contained borax and 5 samples contained methanyl yellow. This study aimed to determine the factors that influence the presence of banned dyes and preservatives in snacks at traditional markets in Semarang. This type of research was explanatory research with cross sectional approach. The study subjects were 49 snack vendors. The results showed the contamination rhodamine B 22.4%, borax 12.2% and formalin 0%. Snack food contaminated is cenil, mutiara, kerupuk gado-gado, and gendar. Snacks that contained banned dyes and preservatives are cenil, mutiara, kerupuk gado-gado, and gendar. Chi-Square test results showed that there was a relation between the level of education (p = 0.005), knowledge (p = 0.001), and attitude (p = 0.001) with the presence of banned dyes and preservatives snacks. The results of descriptive analysis showed that the practice of making snacks is bad. Access of food vendors to get dyes and preservatives fairly easy, dyes and preservatives prices affordable. The government control to the used of banned dyes and preservatives on snacks was still uneven. The conclusion from this study is there is a relationship between the level of education, knowledge, attitudes, and practices with the presence of dyes and preservatives banned on street food. The use of banned dyes and preservatives is carried out by the snack vendors at traditional markets in Semarang. It is necessary to have guidance and control are more evenly to the snack vendors.
HUBUNGAN HIGIENE SANITASI DENGAN KUALITAS BAKTERIOLOGIS PADA ALAT MAKAN PEDAGANG DI WILAYAH SEKITAR KAMPUS UNDIP TEMBALANG Fadhila, Mayvika Farah; Wahyunigsih, Nur Endah; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Wilayah sekitar kampus Undip Tembalang meliputi 4 kelurahan yakni Ngesrep, Sumurboto, Tembalang dan Bulusan dengan jumlah penduduk 35.573 jiwa dan jumlah pedagang makanan sekitar 506 pedagang. Kebersihan peralatan makan merupakan salah satu aspek dalam higiene sanitasi makanan. Kepmenkes no.1908 tahun 2003 menyebutkan peralatan yang kontak langsung dengan makanan tidak boleh mengandung jumlah kuman >100 koloni/cm2 dan tidak boleh mengandung E.coli. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui faktor ? faktor yang berhubungan dengan jumlah koloni bakteri dan keberadaan E.coli pada alat makan pedagang makanan di wilayah Undip Tembalang.  Jenis penelitian adalah explanatory research dengan pendekatan cross sectional.Subjek penelitian 46 pedagang makanan di wilayah Undip Tembalang. Hasil penelitian karakteristik penjamah menunjukkan responden terbanyak adalah perempuan, dengan tingkat pendidikan ? SMP, dan mayoritas belum pernah mengikuti pelatihan hygiene sanitasi makanan. Kesimpulan penelitian adalahada hubungan teknik pengeringan peralatan dengan jumlah koloni bakteri pada peralatan makan (p=0,007), ada hubungan kondisi personal hygiene penjamah dengan jumlah koloni bakteri pada peralatan makan (p=0,002), tidak ada hubungan teknik pencucian dengan jumlah koloni bakteri pada peralatan makan (p=1,000), dan tidak ada hubungan kondisi penyimpanan peralatan dengan jumlah koloni bakteri pada peralatan makan (p=0,473). Dari semua sampel penelitian tidak ditemukan E.coli pada peralatan makan. Saran penelitian adalah perlu dilakukan sosialisasi dan perbaikan praktek higiene sanitasi makanan terhadap penjamah makanan serta.
ANALISIS RISIKO KESEHATAN LINGKUNGAN KANDUNGAN KADMIUM (CD) DALAM IKAN BANDENG DI KAWASAN TAMBAK LOROK SEMARANG Angelina, Maria Sylvia; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani; Dangiran, Hanan Lanang
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Tambak Lorok area is an area around the waters of Tanjung Mas and widely used to embank fish. The abundance of industry and the existence of the harbor caused the polluted waters of cadmium metal. The community always eat milkfish from Tambak Lorok this would pose a risk of health problems. The purpose of this study was to analyze the non-carcinogenic health risk of cadmium contained in milkfish consumed by the people in Tambak Lorok. The type of this study is observational with Environmental Health Risk Assessment (EHRA) approach. The sample in this research are 65 housewives who consumed milkfish from Tambak Lorok area. The results of this research showed that the concentration of cadmium in pond water is < 0,001 mg/L and cadmium concentration in milkfish is 0,01 mg/kg. The average  body weight of respondents is 59.8, the average intake rate is 276 gr/day, the average frequency of exposure  is 92.8 days/year, and the average duration of exposure was 23.45 years. The average realtime intake result is 0,0000105 mg/kg/day; 0,0000129 mg/kg/day for lifetime for 30 years; 0,0000215 mg/kg/day for lifetime for 50 years; and 0,0000302 mg/kg/day for lifetime for 70 years. The average RQ at realtime exposure was 0.01056, for 30 years lifetime exposure is 0.01296, for 50 years lifetime exposure is 0.02159, andfor 70 years lifetime exposure is 0,0302. The conclusion is that milkfish in Tambak Lorok area safety consumed until 70 years to go and housewives asrespondent have categories not yet risk of non carcinogenic health by exposure of cadmium through ingestion path to milkfish.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PAPARAN TIMBAL (PB) DENGAN LAJU ENDAP DARAH PADA PEKERJA BAGIAN PENGECATAN INDUSTRI KAROSERI DI SEMARANG Setyoningsih, Oktavia Suci; Setiani, Onny; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 3 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The workers painting in karoseri industry, risked to exposure lead (Pb) that contained inside the paint. Lead (Pb) was cause the deficiency of the enzyme G-6PD and inhibit the enzyme pyrimidine-5'-nukleotidase. This caused decreased erythrocyte life span and increased the fragility of erythrocyte membranes, resulted in the number of erythrocytes decreased. It greatly affected the erythrocyte sedimentation rate of the workers. This study aimed to determine the correlation between exposure to lead (Pb) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate on the workers painting in karoseri industry in Semarang. This type of research was an analytic observational study with cross sectional approach. The population in this study was the workers painting in karoseri industry in Semarang as many as 53 workers. Samples used as many as 34 workers used purposive sampling technique. The result of the study by Spearman rank correlation test showed that there was no correlation between the levels of lead in the blood and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in 1 hour (p-value = 0.534) even to the erythrocyte sedimentation rate in 2 hours (p-value = 0.436). The conclusion of this study was there was no correlation between the levels of lead in the blood and erythrocyte sedimentation rate in 1 hour even to the erythrocyte sedimentation rate in 2 hours. The suggestions in this study should the company develop policies to reduced the risk of lead exposure to workers and struggled to cope with high levels of lead in the blood of workers.
GAMBARAN KEJADIAN GANGGUAN FUNGSI PARU PADA PEKERJA PENGASAPAN IKAN DI BANDARHARJO SEMARANG Rachmawati, Annisa; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani; Dewanti, Nikie Astorina Yunita
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 6 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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The smoking fish center in Bandarharjo is the largest center in Semarang city and it still uses traditional smoking method. The fuel used is coconut shell, coconut husk and corncob which is one of activity of burning biomass. Biomass burning has the risk of respiratory infections and obstructive pulmonary disease. The factors that can affect the impaired lung function are age, sex, work period, long exposure, nutritional status, smoking habits, exercise habits, and history of respiratory diseases. The aim of this study is to determine the description of the incidence of impaired lung function in smoking fish workers. This research is descriptive research with cross sectional study. The unit of analysis in this study is the workers in the smoking fish. Determination of sample is using purposive sampling method, so that got sampel as many as 36 respondents. In this study, most of the workers were ?30 years old (96.7%), female (93.3%), medium-term (30%), long service period (70%), long exposure ? 8 hours per day (93.3%). Most of them have more nutritional status (73.3%) All workers do not use masks (100%), have no smoking habit (93,3%) and no sport habit (93,3). Most of the workers had impaired lung function, with restriction disorder (26.7%), moderate restriction disturbance (26.7%), mild restriction disorder (16.7%), severe restriction disorder (6.7%) and mixed disorder (16.7%).The conclusion of this research is that most of the working of fish curing have impaired lung function.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN FISIK RUMAH YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN KEJADIAN PNEUMONIA PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS PANGANDARAN KABUPATEN CIAMIS Yulianti, Lina; Setiani, Onny; Darundiati, Yusniar Hanani
Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Indonesia Vol 11, No 2 (2012): Oktober 2012
Publisher : Master of Environmental Health Study Program, Faculry of Public Health, Faculty of Public

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (110.654 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.187 - 193

Abstract

Background : Based on the Profile of Ciamis District Health Department in 2010, pneumococcal disease is asequence of infectious disease in children is quite hight, still in the top ten of outpatient clinicmost diseases,whereas in the working area of Pangandaran health center in 2011 there were 61 cases of pneumococcal disease(1.56%). The case is suspected to the condition of the physical environment of the house where children live.Therefore, the research was done in order to analyze factors of house physical environment on pneumoniaoccurrence in children under 5 years.Methods : This study was an observational research with a case control design. The research subjects consistedof case groups and control groups, with each sample of 46 people. Research variables consisted of wall type, floortype, ventilation condition of the house, ventilation condition of the bedrooms, house occupancy density, theseparation of a toddler?s bedroom, bedroom occupancy density, the location of the kitchen, the lighting conditionsin the house, temperature, humidity kind of, cooking fuel, the dangers rank of smoking, the practice of using ofmosquito coils. Data were collected through interviews and observation. The research data were analyzed byunivariate, bivariate and multivariate logistic regression.Result : Bivariate analysis results obtained information that there were three variables that have an associationwith the occurrence of pneumonia in toddlers, but according to a multivariate analysis known that there was adominant variable that was lighting conditions in the house with Odds Rasio 21,875; 95% CI 4,353 to109,933.Conclusion : . This study concluded that the physical condition of the house still needs improvements, especiallyto achieve that required condition needs, ventilation improvement both in house and in the bedroom.Key words : Pneumonia, toddler, house?s physical environment, Ciamis.
Co-Authors Amalia Jamil, Amalia Andriani, Fitria Angelina, Maria Sylvia Annisa Amaliana, Annisa Annisa Rachmawati Ardias Ardias Arifin, Nur Fitriana astri wulandari Ayu Larasati Azhari, Achmad Rizki Bariyadi Rifai, Bariyadi Benedikta Familia Santcawarti, Benedikta Familia Budiyono Budiyono Chesaria Candra Cahyani, Chesaria Candra Chintya Pangestika, Chintya Cresti Dwitiya Murti, Cresti Dwitiya Devega, Linda Dewi, Poppi Nastasia Diah Ayu Pusparini, Diah Ayu Dian Indriyani Dwiyanti, Fitrisya Lucki Eka Wahyuni Fatikha Firdausi, Fatikha Fatimah, Choirul Luluk Foeh, Charles foeh Galuh Candra Dewi, Galuh Candra Hanan Lanang Dangiran, Hanan Lanang Hapsari, Titi Hari Ismanto HPS, Karunia Dwi Ika Fitriati, Ika Islamawati, Diana Istikomah, Maysaroh Nur Kunti Wijiarti, Kunti Lina Yulianti Mayvika Farah Fadhila, Mayvika Farah Mursid Rahardjo Mursid Raharjo Niki Astorina Yunita Darundiati, Niki Astorina Yunita Niki Astorina Yunita Dewanti, Niki Astorina Yunita Nikie Astorina Yunita Dewanti Novianti, Sukma Dewi Nur Endah Wahyunigsih, Nur Endah Nur Endah Wahyuningsih Nurjazuli Nurjazuli Nurkholis Puteri, Tika Adelia Oktavia Suci Setyoningsih, Oktavia Suci Onni Setiani, Onni Onny Setiani Pramastuti, Lailya Indha Pratadina, Azzahra Pudjaningrum Pudjaningrum, Pudjaningrum Putri, Risa Kartika Qodariyah, Nurul Rahmadayanti, Rahmadayanti Rainy Rifta, Rainy Raisha Selviastuti, Raisha Regita Damayanti Saputri, Regita Damayanti Rifka Fuazia Bilqis, Rifka Fuazia Rivyantanti, Riyani Dwi Rizka Laila Rachmawati, Rizka Laila Sari, Devina Andan Suhartono Suhartono Sulistyani Sulistyani Tri Joko Utami, Desi Putri Vitasari, Marliana Wahida Inayatun Nikmah, Wahida Inayatun Wahyu Sekar Harjanti, Wahyu Sekar Wicheisa, Fransiska Vony Widya Kristiani Dory Purba, Widya Kristiani Dory Winnoto Winnoto, Winnoto Yulianti, Risma Dwi