Articles

TATA KELOLA KELOMPOK TANI SEBAGAI PENDUKUNG PENGEMBANGAN SEKTOR PERTANIAN Santosa, Purbayu Budi; Roessali, Wiludjeng; Fuadi, Ariza; Darwanto, Darwanto
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2017: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Publikasi Hasil-Hasil Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

The agricultural sector is a sector that has a very strategic role in economic development in Indonesia. Nevertheless, the agricultural sector is still faced with several problems such as the unenforceability of farmers' welfare, lack of access to capital and marketing problems of crops. Kehadrian farmer groups and Sharia Micro Finance Institutions (LKMS) have not been able to optimize the potential of the agricultural sector. The purpose of this research is to analyze the institutional structure and network of local farmers and to analyze the institutional of local farmer groups. This research uses qualitative approach and collects data through indepth interview, focus group discussion (FGD) and obervation which involves participation of local agricultural sector actors by using qualitative analysis approach of case study with Analytical Network Process (ANP) analysis method. The results show that not all farmers in Central Java Province are incorporated in farmer groups and implement sharia financing system. Sharia financing system implemented by farmer groups through BMT and Savings and Loans Cooperative (KSP) has a positive impact on the development of farmers' farming in Central Java Keywords: inst itutional, farmer group, syariah financial inst itution, ANP.
CENTRAL BANK INDEPENDENCE AND INFLATION: THE MATTERS OF FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND INSTITUTIONAL QUALITY Kunaedi, Agung; Darwanto, Darwanto
Signifikan: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Vol 9, No 1 (2020): (Forthcoming Issue)
Publisher : Faculty of Economic and Business Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University of Jakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (315.293 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/sjie.v9i1.12899

Abstract

The inverse relationship between the independence of the central bank (CBI) and inflation became a consensus that trusted throughout the world. However, there is no conclusive explanation of why and how central bank independence has succeeded in suppressing inflation. The purpose of this study is to examine the influence of financial development and institutional quality on the relationship between central bank independence and inflation. Using 20 Countries of Asia with institutional diversity, this study analyzed through a dynamic panel approach (GMM-Arellano and Bond Estimator). The result indicates that the inverse relationship between central bank independence and inflation depends on the development of the financial sector and also the institutional quality of each country. In other words, to make the central bank's independence work effectively in order to solve bias inflation, the improvement of the financial sector and also the institutional quality is needed.JEL Classification : E580, E310, E020 How to Cite:Kunaedi, A., & Darwanto. (2020). Central Bank Independence and Inflation: The Matters of Financial Development and Institutional Quality. Signifikan: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi, Vol. 9(1), xx-xx. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15408/sjie.v9i1.12899.
PEMBERDAYAAN EKONONMI LOKAL MELALUI PELESTARIAN HUTAN RAKYAT (Studi Kasus Hutan Rakyat Desa Regunung Kabupaten Semarang) Darwanto, Darwanto
MEDIA EKONOMI & TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI Vol 17, No 2 (2011): Media Ekonomi dan Teknologi Informasi
Publisher : MEDIA EKONOMI & TEKNOLOGI INFORMASI

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Abstract

Regunung  village is one of village in Semarang regency that poses hutan rakyat (a forest that belong to society or people around the forest environment). Hutan rakyat is a result of sengonisasi program on society land. Society will  replace the land function and change the plant because sengon plant has high economic value.  Result of this study shows that Sengonisasi program of  hutan rakyat in  Regunung can increase welfare and decrease erosion degrees. Although in another village this program has not succeed already caused of nature condition that is not appropriate for sengon plant.Keyword: hutan rakyat  economy empowerment, sengon.
KONTRIBUSI DAN DAYA SAING EKSPOR SEKTOR UNGGULAN DALAM PEREKONOMIAN JAWA TENGAH Soleh, Achmad; Darwanto, Darwanto
Diponegoro Journal of Economics Volume 1, Nomor 1, Tahun 2012
Publisher : Diponegoro Journal of Economics

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Leading sectors in Central Java provides a large multiplier effect on regional economies, but in the development of this sector requires the ability to grow and become the locomotive of growth for other sectors. High market a boost, especially in export demand will encourage sectors to be able to grow taller and encourages other sectors to grow. This study aims to analyze the contribution and the competitiveness of export sectors in Central Java. Input-output analysis is used to look at linkages between sectors that may ultimately be determined to be the key sector. Based on the key sector contribution can be seen later multiplier can also be shown from these sectors. Analysis of RCA (Revealed comparative advantage) is used to look at the competitiveness of export sectors. Estimation of linkage in this study using input-output tables of Central Java in 2008 with a classification of 88 sectors are aggregated into 87 sectors. The analysis based on linkages between sectors of economic sectors in Central Java shows there are 16 sectors in Central Java. Of the 16 sectors in the economy of Central Java are in almost all sectors of manufacturing industry sectors. This indicated that Central Java was instrumental in the development of processing industry in Indonesia. The results of the analysis of contribution (share) note that the sectors that contributed most to the total output is the sector of oil and fat industry, wood industry and building materials of wood, and electricity and gas sectors. Based on the analysis of export competitiveness (Revealed Comparative Advantage) shows the dominant sector in Central Java with the export competitiveness of the timber and building materials of wood, non-metallic mineral products industry, spinning mill industry, cement industry, and the lime industry. RCA values ??indicates that the leading sectors have export competitiveness.
PEMBERDAYAAN EKONONMI LOKAL MELALUI PELESTARIAN HUTAN RAKYAT (Studi Kasus Hutan Rakyat Desa Regunung Kabupaten Semarang) Darwanto, Darwanto
JURNAL PENELITIAN EKONOMI DAN BISNIS Vol 17, No 2 (2011): Media Ekonomi dan Teknologi Informasi
Publisher : JURNAL PENELITIAN EKONOMI DAN BISNIS

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Abstract

Regunung  village is one of village in Semarang regency that poses hutan rakyat (a forest that belong to society or people around the forest environment). Hutan rakyat is a result of sengonisasi program on society land. Society will  replace the land function and change the plant because sengon plant has high economic value.  Result of this study shows that Sengonisasi program of  hutan rakyat in  Regunung can increase welfare and decrease erosion degrees. Although in another village this program has not succeed already caused of nature condition that is not appropriate for sengon plant.Keyword: hutan rakyat  economy empowerment, sengon.
Konstruksi Sosial dan Ekonomi Tataniaga Beras: Fenomenologi Tataniaga Beras Dari Kabupaten Demak ke Kota Semarang Viona, Margaretha Astri; Darwanto, Darwanto
MEDIA Vol 22, No 1 (2014): MEDIA Ekonomi & Teknologi Informasi
Publisher : MEDIA

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Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the distribution of rice from Demak to Semarang. Analysis of distribution and profit relationship contained prices, costs and benefits of each of distribution agencies. This study used qualitative analysis. Primary data were obtained from an informant interviews with snowball sampling method. Furthermore, the data processed by adopting Miles and Huberman analysis model, which consisted of three stages: data reduction, display / presentation of data and verification / conclusions. Results of this research were the rice trade system was not only seen economically, but it could be seen from the social side. From the social side, rice trading system was the result of social construction processes who involved in rice trading system from Demak district to Semarang city. The highest margin trading system was in the longest line that was 62.96 percent. There were transaction costs of the cost component in the line of rice trading system. Transaction costs in this study were the costs incurred by traders and milling grain to seek information and negotiate or bargain in the purchase of grain.
Strategy for Strengthening Farmer Groups by Institutional Strengthening Santoso, Purbayu Budi; Darwanto, Darwanto
Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Vol 16, No 1 (2015): JEP Juni 2015
Publisher : Universitas Muhammdaiyah Surakarta

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Abstract

Agriculture sector becomes a spotlight because this sector will be full of potential but the welfare of farmers who become the leading actor is not guaranteed and has a poor tendency. The purpose of this study is to formulate strategies to strengthen farmers groups in order to create the marketing of the agricultural sector that benefit farmers. The method used to achieve this goal is to use a qualitative approach and Analytical Network Process. In addition to the secondary data obtained from several agencies, this study also uses primary data obtained by in-depth interviews and observations. This research results a priority of aspects of the institutional strengthening of farmer groups as well as priority issues and priorities of the solution of each aspect. In addition, the priority of alternative strategies resulted based on the problems and solutions that have been analyzed in order to solve the problems in the institutional strengthening of farmer groups in Demak.
TATA KELOLA KELOMPOK TANI SEBAGAI PENDUKUNG PENGEMBANGAN SEKTOR Santosa, Purbayu Budi; Roessali, Wiludjeng; Fuadi, Ariza; Darwanto, Darwanto
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2017: Prosiding Seminar Nasional Publikasi Hasil-Hasil Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Abstract

Sektor pertanian merupakan sektor yang berperan sangat strategis dalam pembangunan ekonomi di Indonesia. Namun demikian, sektor pertanian masih dihadapkan dengan beberapa permasalahan seperti tidak terjaminnya kesejahteraan petani, kurangnya akses untuk memperoleh permodalan danmasalah pemasaran hasil panen. Kehadiran kelompok tani dan Lembaga Keuangan Mikro Syariah (LKMS) belum mampu mengoptimalkan potensi dari sektor pertanian. Tujuan penelitian adalah untuk menganalisis stuktur dan jaringan kelembagaan pada pelaku usaha tani setempat serta menganalisis kelembagaan kelompok tani setempat. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan menghimpun data melalui indepth interview, focus group discussion (FGD) dan observasi yangmelibatkan partisipasi dari pelaku sektor pertanian setempat dengan menggunakan pendekatan analisis kualitatif studi kasus dengan metode analisis Analytical Network Process (ANP). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tidak seluruh petani di Provinsi Jawa Tengah tergabung dalam kelompok tani dan menerapkan sistem pembiayaan syariah. Sistem pembiayaan syariah yang diterapkan oleh kelompok tani melalui BMT maupun Koperasi Simpan Pinjam (KSP) memberikan dampak positif terhadap perkembangan usaha pertanian kelompok tani di Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Keywords: kelembagaan, kelompok tani, lembaga keuangan syariah, ANP.
Pengembangan Produksi Usaha Mikro, Kecil dan Menengah (UMKM) Sektor Pertanian Berbasis Potensi Lokal Darwanto, Darwanto; Raharjo, Susilo Toto; Hendra, Achma
Jurnal Riset Ekonomi Manajemen (REKOMEN) Vol 1, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Tidar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.31002/rn.v1i2.710

Abstract

Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah UMKM merupakan salah satu sektor unggulan yang memberikan kontribusi terhadap perkembangan perekonomian nasional. UMKM bergerak di berbagai sektor ekonomi salah satunya adalah sektor pertanian. Penelitian bertujuan untuk pengembangan UMKM sektor pertanian Provinsi Jawa Tengah khususnya subsektor tanaman pangan melalui pemetaan potensi produksi tanaman pangan kabupaten/kota Provinsi Jawa Tengah dan kelembagaan UMKM sektor pertanian. Metode penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif. Data analisis data menggunakan metode location quotient (LQ). Data penelitian adalah data sekunder subsektor tanaman pangan tahun 2011 hingga tahun 2016. Data diperoleh dari dokumentasi Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Tengah dan Kementerian Pertanian. Pemetaan potensi komoditas tanaman pangan menjadi basis di kabupaten/kota Provinsi Jawa Tengah merupakan dasar pembentukan pola kelembagaan distribusi produk/bahan baku komoditas pangan bagi UMKM sektor pertanian khususnya subsektor tanaman pangan yang berlokasi di Provinsi Jawa Tengah. 
Empowerment of Fruits Management through the Increasing Economic Value of Local Product on the Red Guava Cluster Hoyyi, Abdul; Darwanto, Darwanto
EKO-REGIONAL Vol 12, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Ekonomi dan Studi Pembangunan Universitas Jenderal Soedirman

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20884/1.erjpe.2017.12.1.990

Abstract

Kendal is one of the regencies in Central Java province, which has superior horticultural products, especially in the production of fruits. Kendal has some types of fruits including “Jambu biji Getas Merah” or red guava. Local communities, especially farmer community established Joint Farmer Group (Gapoktan) of red guava to process it into processed products. The purpose of this research was to analyze issues related to processing of guava in Tambahrejo village. The research used descriptive qualitative analysis with Participatory Rural Appraisal, PRA method. Data were obtained from in-depth interviews with key persons associated with the research. The results showed that based on the analysis of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP), processing of red guava could improve quality assurance and food safety of red guava processed product in order to keep developing the product and fulfill the requirements of consumers. Problems associated with the processing of red guava can be minimized or resolved by the establishment of institution in the community to process guava and cooperation between Gapoktan of red guava and the government, local communities and external parties such as educational institutions, investors and others.Keywords: Red Guava, Gapoktan, HACCP, Institution.