Endah Kumala Dewi
Fakultas Psikologi Universitas Diponegoro Jl. Prof. Soedarto, SH, Tembalang, Semarang

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PENGARUH TERAPI MUSIK DAN GERAK TERHADAP PENURUNAN KESULITAN PERILAKU SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR DENGAN GANGGUAN ADHD Rusmawati, Diana; Dewi, Endah Kumala
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 9, No 1 (2011): April 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (248.295 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpu.9.1.

Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah melihat pengaruh terapi musik dan gerak terhadap penurunan kesulitan berperilaku pada siswa sekolah dasar dengan gangguan ADHD. Kesulitan berperilaku ditunjukkan melalui perilaku berlari dan melompat tanpa tujuan yang pasti merupakan salah satu gejala yang spesifik dari gangguan pemusatan perhatian dan hiperaktifitas atau gangguan hiperkinetik atau ?attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder? (ADHD). Seorang ahli dari hasil penelitiannya memberikan rekomendasi bahwa terapi musik dapat dikembangkan untuk formulasi strategi treatmen untuk anak-anak dengan ADHD (Jackson, Nancy 2003).Yudarwanto, W (2006) mengatakan, terapi yang diberikan terhadap penderita ADHD haruslah bersifat holistic dan menyeluruh. Ada beberapa terapi okupasi untuk memperbaiki gangguan perkembangan dan perilaku pada penderita ADHD diantaranya adalah terapi musik dan gerak. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian dengan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan mempergunakan metode eksperimen. Disain eksperimen yang dipilih adalah disain subjek tunggal dengan disain A-B-A. Dengan variabel tergantung (target behavior) kesulitan berperilaku dan varibel bebas yaitu terapi music dan gerak. Alat yang digunakan untuk melakukan tritmen adalah lagu-lagu Serenade dengan alat musik angklung, lagu Satu-satu aku sayang ibu karangan AT Mahmud , berbagai alat musik anak-anak dan bantal aneka warna. Pemilihan subjek penelitian dilakukan berdasarkan kriteria: usia, skor Skala Penilaian Perilaku Anak Hiperaktif Indonesia. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan mempergunakan observasi langsung, video kamera dan behavioral check list. Waktu yang dipergunakan untuk fase baseline I dilakukan selama enam hari (6) dengan durasi waktu 50 menit, waktu diberikannya tritmen adalah lima belas (15) menit dan selama dua belas (12) hari yang dilanjutkan dengan observasi di kelas selama lima puluh menit (50) menit, dan fase baseline II yaitu observasi di kelas setelah tritmen tidak lagi diberikan masing-masing lima puluh (50) menit. Analisis data menggunakan teknik analisis grafik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan terapi musik dan gerak dapat menurunkan frekuensi kesulitan berperilaku pada siswa sekolah dasar dengan gangguan ADHD.Kata kunci: terapi musik dan gerak, kesulitan berperilaku, ADHD.
LONELINESS SMARTPHONE USERS IN TERM OF GENDER DIFFERENCES IN CLASS XI STUDENTS OF SMA N 9 SEMARANG Triwidodo, Yuli; Dewi, Endah Kumala
Empati Vol.1, No.1 (2012): Empati Fak. Psikologi
Publisher : Empati

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Abstract

Lonely teenager who access the smartphone is an individual's attempt to cope with their anxiety by accessing the Internet, especially social media to connect with others who are far away through smarphone that individuals have the result they ignore direct communication or face-to-face with people who are near the individual. It could be said that they are not lonely online but offline they feel lonely. This study aims to describe differences lonely teenager who access social media via smartphones. In addition, this study also aims to determine the differences lonely teenager who access social media via smartphones views of gender on students' high school N 9 Semarang. The study sample used by researchers is a class XI student of Semarang SMA N 9, 150 samples consisting of 75 boys and 75 girls Testing this hypothesis using the Mann-Whitney test. The results of testing the validity of the items in this study moves from 0.302 to 0.792 with a reliability of 0.964. Based on the data analysis using the Mann-Whitney test. The results of hypothesis testing produces a significance value of 0.550 (p> 0.05). Based on these results we can conclude that there is no difference lonely teenager who access social media via smartphones in terms of gender.
MEMAHAMI REKONSTRUKSI KEBAHAGIAAN PADA ORANG DENGAN HIV/AIDS (ODHA) Arriza, Beta Kurnia; Dewi, Endah Kumala; Kaloeti, Dian Veronika Sakti
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 10, No 2 (2011): Oktober 2011
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (282.956 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpu.10.2.153-162

Abstract

This qualitative study aims to explore how the happiness reconstruction of the people living with HIV/AIDS. Data was collected by in-depth interview and narrative types observation into the three subject of this. People living with HIV/AIDS experienced a big life changes, including changes in health status, changes in emotional and their social. Given the complexity of this disease and its widespread effects on individuals? lives, it might lead to significant psychological distress. When life is difficult, finding a way to be happy may be agreat challenge. That search for happiness may well involve rewriting goals and revisiting priorities. Findings indicated that to reconstruct their happiness, people living with HIV/AIDS experienced several things such as positive interpretation of their conditions and their lives; turning point; self-acceptance, also remeaning of the illness and happiness. Result showed that two of three subjects did the happiness reconstruction, nevertheless the other one did not do the happiness reconstruction because of the existence of negative interpretation of her illness and life. By happiness reconstruction they passed through, they feel happy with their lives, with their activity to be a caregiver and an activist. They have a high level of positive affect and a low level of negative affect. This study also revealed factor that contribute to happiness reconstruction, including maturity, personality, needs, family and social support, and religiousity.Keywords : happiness reconstruction, people living with HIV/AIDSPermalink : http://www.ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/psikologi/article/view/2889
ACADEMIC PROCRASTINATION REVIEWED FROM SEX DISTINCTION ON KEMENKES POLYTECHNIC STUDENT SEMARANG Kristiandani, Roy Hendra; Dewi, Endah Kumala
Empati Vol 2, No 4 (2013): Empati Fak. Psikologi
Publisher : Empati

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Abstract

Academic procrastination is delay which performed on the formal tasks related to academic assignments or academic performance. Procrastination which is done by the students is influenced by two factors, namely internal and external factors. Academic procrastination from the standpoint of gender isn?t escape from the factors that influence subjectdevelopment, i.e. student developments, covering the physical, psychological, social roles, gender roles, and religious developments.This research aimed to determine differences in the level of academic procrastination based on gender male and female in the Kemenkes Health Polytechnic Semarang students. Subjects in this research amounted 60 male and 60 female students.Sampling was done using proportional random sampling method. Data in this research were collected using psychological scales, i.e. scale of academic procrastination. Hypothesis test used T - test analysismethod.Based on the analysis of data obtained from t ? test, result of t value = -3.718 at a significance level of 0.00 (p < 0.05). Based on the meanof difference level of academic procrastinationshowed the mean value of female students was 53.38 and male was 58.98 that is in the range of 47.25 to 67.5. This indicated that the hypothesis can be accepted, namely that male students have higher level of academic procrastination compared with female students.
MAKNA PERILAKU MINUM OBAT PADA PASIEN HIV/AIDS RAWAT JALAN DI VCT RSUP DR.KARIADI SEMARANG Sari, Faradilla; Dewi, Endah Kumala; Kahija, Yohanis F. La
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 13, No 2 (2014): Oktober 2014
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (185.451 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpu.13.2.190-195

Abstract

AbstractFor individuals with HIV/AIDS, making a decision to take a pill brings huge consequences. Taking medicine brings not only physical and psychological consequences, but also various social reactions, particularly those from family members and community. Individuals with HIV/AIDS also encountered social pressure and conflict with their environment. One might consider the pressure on the affected individuals as a challenge to continue their lives as well as resources to support them. The impact of taking medicines led individuals to give meaning to their behavior of pill taking. This qualitative study was conducted with phenomenological approach. Two women who were patients at Dr. Kariadi Hospital Semarang participated in this study. In collecting data, in-depth interview and observation were used. The meaning of taking medicines for patients with HIV was obtained from the subjective experience of participants in coping with pain. The results showed that participants gave meaning to taking medicines as a life saving due to her wish to see her children achieve their dreams.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PERSEPSI TERHADAP HARAPAN ORANGTUA DENGAN MOTIVASI BERPRESTASI PADA SISWA SMP NEGERI 31 SEMARANG Kusumaningtyas, Wahyu; Dewi, Endah Kumala; Ariati, Jati
Empati Vol 2, No 4 (2013): Empati Fak. Psikologi
Publisher : Empati

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Abstract

The successful of student in education showed with academic achievement. Achievement motivation is needed to be able to inspire students in achieving performance targets or desired standards. Expectation of every parent develop their children. The parents hope will be perceived by the students. Students will assess parental expectations, the results of which are owned interpretation will affect students achievement motivation. The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between perception of parental expectations and achievement motivation in students of SMP Negeri 31 Semarang and to determine the effective contribution of the variable perceptions of parental expectations on achievement motivation.            The population in this study were 495 students seventh grade and eighth grade SMP Negeri 31 Semarang. Sampling technique using cluster random sampling technique. Methods of data collection using two scales psychology, namely Achievement Motivation Scale with ? = 0.865 and Perceptions of Parents Expectations scale with ? = 0.886. The results were analyzed using simple regression analysis.            The results of study showed coefficients rxy = 0.448 with a significance level of correlation p=0.000 (p <0.05), which means that hypothesis is accepted. Effective contribution to the perception of parents expectations are for 20% of the students achievement motivation and 80% are other factors that also contribute to achievement motivation affects not revealed in this study.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA KONTROL DIRI DENGAN PENGUNGKAPAN DIRI DI JEJARING SOSIAL PADA SISWA SMA KESATRIAN 1 SEMARANG Paramithasari, Pranayu Pramatyarati; Dewi, Endah Kumala
Empati Vol 2, No 4 (2013): Empati Fak. Psikologi
Publisher : Empati

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.037 KB)

Abstract

Seiring dengan perkembangan jaman, pengungkapan informasi diri tidak hanya terbatas melalui komunikasi tatap muka saja, tetapi sudah merambah melalui jejaring sosial. Fenomena yang terjadi saat ini adalah pemanfaatan fitur jejaring sosial oleh remaja untuk ?mengumbar? berbagai pendapat, pikiran, foto, dan video yang beresiko serta tidak pantas dimuat di ranah publik. Rendahnya kontrol diri diduga menjadi salah satu faktor munculnya fenomena tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara kontrol diri dengan pengungkapan diri siswa SMA Kesatrian 1 Semarang dan seberapa besar peran kontrol diri terhadap perilaku pengungkapan diri di jejaring sosial.Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah remaja kelas X dan XI SMA Kesatrian 1 Semarang yang memiliki akun jejaring sosial. Sampel penelitian ini berjumlah 152 siswa, yang diperoleh melalui teknik simple random sampling. Alat pengumpul data dalam penelitian ini adalah Skala Kontrol Diri (33 aitem ? = 0,924) dan Skala Pengungkapan Diri di Jejaring Sosial (39 aitem ? = 0,917) yang telah diujicobakan terhadap 43 siswa SMA Kesatrian 1 Semarang.Hasil analisis data dengan metode analisis regresi sederhana menghasilkan koefisien korelasi (rxy) sebesar -0, 399 dengan p = 0,000 (p<0,05). Hasil tersebut menunjukkan arah hubungan negatif yang signifikan antara kontrol diri dengan  pengungkapan diri di jejaring sosial pada siswa SMA Kesatrian 1 Semarang. Kontrol diri memberikan sumbangan efektif sebesar 15,9% pada pengungkapan diri di jejaring sosial siswa SMA Kesatrian 1 Semarang.
HUBUNGAN ANTARA PERSEPSI TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN MATEMATIKA ANAK DENGAN SIKAP TERHADAP PROGRAM ”I MATHS” PADA IBU DARI PESERTA PROGRAM BELAJAR MATEMATIKA ”I MATHS” DI TK KRISTEN TRI TUNGGAL SEMARANG Effendy, Emmy; Ediati, Annastasia; Dewi, Endah Kumala
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 7, No 1 (2010): April 2010
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (298.163 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpu.7.1.50-56

Abstract

Therefore the aim of this study was to determine whether there is a relationship between the perception of the child's mathematical ability and attitude of course I Maths in the mother of program participants learn Maths at First TK Kristen Tri Tunggal Semarang. The population of this research is the mother of program participants learn Maths at First TK Kristen Tri Tunggal Semarang. This study population of 51 mothers and 44 based on table Krecjie samples obtained with Simple Random Sampling technique. Scale used is Mother Attitude Scale of the program I Maths (26 aitems, ? = 0,947) and Perceptions Scale for Math Ability Children (21 aitems, ? = 0,881). Simple linear regression analysis showed the correlation coefficient = 0.674 and p = 0.000 (p <0.05). Rxy values indicate the direction of positive relations between the two variables is positive, which means that the more positive perceptions of mathematics ability, the more positive the child's mother is also the attitude toward the program I Maths, conversely the more negative perceptions of math ability children also increasingly negative attitude of mothers towards the program I Maths. The coefficient of determination of 0.455 indicates that the perception of the child's mathematical ability to contribute effectively amounted to 45.50% of maternal attitude toward the program I Maths. percentage of 54.50% can be explained by other factors such as financial, learning duration, the physical condition of children, and others.Keywords : mother, I Maths program, perception, attitude, ability in mathematics.Permalink :
STRATEGI PENANGGULANGAN (COPING) PADA IBU YANG MENGALAMI POSTPARTUM BLUES DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH KOTA SEMARANG Rahmandani, Amalia; Karyono, Karyono; Dewi, Endah Kumala
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 5, No 1 (2009): Juni 2009
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (726.194 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jpu.5.1.

Abstract

Postpartum blues muncul ketika seorang ibu tidak berhasil menyesuaikan diri terhadap perubahan pola kehidupan akibat kehamilan dan proses kehamilan, persalinan, dan pasca persalinan. Penelitian ini penting karena postpartum blues, yang dikenal sebagai bentuk depresi tingkat ringan, dapat berkembang menjadi depresi postpartum bila tidak tertangani dengan baik. Penelitian dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode kualitatif pendekatan fenomenologis. Tiga subjek yang mengalami postpartum blues diperoleh dari RSUD Kota Semarang. Metode pengumpulan data yang dilakukan tidak hanya wawancara mendalam dan pengamatan, tetapi juga rekaman medis dan hasil pengisian The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa terjadinya postpartum blues melibatkan faktor-faktor biopsikososial sebelum dan setelah bersalin. Penilaian kognitif sangat berperan sepanjang perjalanan postpartum blues untuk mengenali sumber-sumber yang dimiliki. Terdapat dua strategi yang digunakan oleh subjek. Strategi yang berfokus pada emosi dan yang berfokus pada masalah digunakan secara bergantian atau bersamaan sehingga subjek terhindar dari krisis lebih lanjut. Keberhasilan penanggulangan terhadap postpartum blues dipengaruhi pula oleh faktor biopsikososial pelindung. Faktor biopsikososial akan membedakan pemaknaan pengalaman postpartum blues dan penggunaan strategi penanggulangan antara subjek yang satu dengan yang lain.   Kata Kunci: postpartum blues, strategi penanggulangan (coping).
EFEKTIVITAS PELATIHAN “PEDE” (PEMAAFAN, EFIKASI DIRI, DAN EMPATI) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN SCHOOL WELL-BEING SISWA Setyawan, Imam; Dewi, Endah Kumala
Jurnal Psikologi Vol 18, No 2 (2019): Oktober 2019
Publisher : Faculty of Psychology, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (679.202 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jp.18.2.218-229

Abstract

This study aims to examine the effectiveness of PEDE training (Forgiveness, Self-Efficacy, and Empathy) to increase school well-being of students. The experimental design of this study was pretest-posttest without control group design. Participants were 50 students from vocational high schools, 21 man and 29 woman. Data were collected using School Well-Being Scale (20 items; ? = .81). Data were analyzed using paired sample t-test to determine the differences in the level of school well-being before and after treatment. The results of the analysis showed a significant increase in school well-being (t (49)= 3.904; p <.001) from pretest (M= 60.98; SD= 4.162) to posttest (M= 63.28; SD=4.291). PEDE training (Forgiveness, Self-Efficacy, and Empathy) is proven to increase school well-being of students. Forgiveness is needed by students in facing the weaknesses and pressures they feel at school, pressure can come from within themselves, other people and the environment. Student satisfaction is inseparable from empathy, where students are able to understand and relate to cognitive and affective experiences from the perspective of others. With the various pressures and challenges faced, students need the self-efficacy to be able to succeed in achieving each of their goals, so that they receive recognition and appreciation in the school environment.