Mira Dewi
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia (FEMA), Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor 16680

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Journal : Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan

PERCENT FAT MASS AND BODY MASS INDEX AS CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS PREDICTORS IN YOUNG ADULTS Dewi, Mira; Kustiyah, Lilik; Kuswari, Mury
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 3 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (324.674 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.3.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe present study aimed to analyze the association between body fatness measures, i.e. body mass index (BMI) and percent fat mass (% FM) with cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in young adults. Seventy five undergraduate students aged 19-21 years were included in this cross sectional study. Body composition was assessed by tetra polar Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis method, and CRF was determined as VO2 max level by conducting Balke test and flexibility by sit-and-reach test. Regression tests were performed to assess the associations between the body fatness measures and CRF. The mean (SD) % FM and BMI were 25.6 (8.3) % and 22.4 (4.2) kg/m2, respectively. Both BMI and % FM were inversely associated with VO2 max and flexibility. The associations of % FM with each CRF measure were stronger (% FM-VO2 max: R2=0.45, p<0.0001; % FM-flexibility: R2=0.16, p<0.0001) than those of BMI (BMI-VO2 max: R2= 0.12, p=0.002; BMI-flexibility: R2=0.07, p<0.0001). Including gender as a variable predictor greatly improved almost all associations. We suggest that %FM is a better predictor for VO2max than BMI. Further studies are needed to elucidate the relationships of body fatness measures adjusted for potential confounding factors with CRF measures other than VO2 max.Keywords: body mass index, cardiorespiratory fitness, percent fat massABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan hubungan antara persentase lemak tubuh (PLT) dan indeks massa tubuh (IMT) dengan kebugaran kardiorespiratorik (KKR) pada dewasa muda. Penelitian menggunakan desain potong lintang dengan melibatkan 75 orang mahasiswa usia 19-21 tahun. PLT ditentukan dengan metode tetra polar Bioelectrical Impedance dan KKR ditentukan dengan VO2max berdasarkan uji Balke dan fleksibilitas dengan uji sit-and-reach. Hubungan antara PLT dan IMT dengan KKR dianalisis dengan uji regresi. Rata-rata (standar deviasi) dari PLT dan IMT berturut-turut adalah 25,6 (8,3)% dan 22,4 (4,2) kg/m2. Baik PLT maupun IMT berbanding terbalik dengan nilai VO2 max dan fleksibilitas. Korelasi antara PLT dengan kedua komponen KKR lebih kuat (PLT-VO2 max: R2=0,45 p<0,0001; PLT-fleksibilitas: R2=0,16 p<0,0001) dibanding IMT (IMT-VO2 max: R2=0,12 p=0,002; IMT-fleksibilitas: R2=0,07 p<0,0001). Memasukkan gender sebagai prediktor variabel memperkuat semua korelasi kecuali antara PLT dan fleksibilitas. Diperlukan studi lebih lanjut untuk mempelajari hubungan antara komposisi tubuh termasuk faktor perancu potensial dengan fleksibilitas dan komponen KKR lainnya.Kata kunci: indeks massa tubuh, kebugaran kardiorespiratorik, persen lemak tubuh
HUBUNGAN ASUPAN SERAT DENGAN STATUS GIZI DAN PROFIL LIPID DARAH PADA ORANG DEWASA DISLIPIDEMIA Kustiyah, Lilik; Widhianti, Maya Utami; Dewi, Mira
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 3 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (299.516 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.195-200

Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze the association of fiber consumption with nutritional status and blood lipid profile in dyslipidemic adults. The design study was cross sectional survey involving 79 subjects. The results showed that there were significant correlations between energy intake with High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and total cholesterol, fat intake with BMI (Body Mass Index), and BMI with Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and total cholesterol (p<0.05). There was no significant correlation between consumption of fiber with nutritional status and blood lipid profile (p>0.05). In conclusion, most of the dyslipidemia subjects were obese. Dyslipidemia subjects should keep their intake of energy and fat in recommended ranges in order not to be obese and keep the BMI in normal range to avoid abnormalities of blood lipid profile.
ASUPAN KALSIUM, STATUS GIZI, TEKANAN DARAH DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN KELUHAN SENDI LANSIA DI PANTI WERDHA BANDUNG Triatmaja, Nining Tyas; Khomsan, Ali; Dewi, Mira
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 1 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (262.736 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.25-32

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the relationship of calcium intake, nutritional status, and blood pressure to joint pain among elderly in nursing homes in Bandung. The study design was cross-sectional study. Subjects were consisted of 12 elderly men and 69 elderly women from four nursing homes in Bandung. Most subjects had joint pain (59.3%), hypertension (30.9%), and were overweight (39.5%). There was no significant relationship between frequency of consumption of calcium food sources and nutritional status, blood pressure, joint pain, and the level of joint pain (p>0.05). There was no significant relationship between joint pain and the level of joint pain with blood pressure and nutritional status.
HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI DAN TEKANAN DARAH DENGAN KADAR C-REACTIVE PROTEIN DARAH PADA SUBJEK DISLIPIDEMIA Dewi, Mira; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Agustino, Agustino
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 1 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (267.012 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.17-24

Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze the association of nutritional status (Body Mass Index, waist circumference, waist-hip ratio, and body fat mass) and blood pressure with inflammation status which was assessed by blood C-reactive protein level in dyslipidemic subjects. The study design was cross sectional survey involving 81 dyslipidemic subjects in Bogor. The study showed that there were significant correlations between BMI, waist-hip ratio, body fat mass, and diastolic blood pressure with blood CRP level (p<0.05). In conclusion, the higher percentage of over nutritional status, body fat mass, and diastolic blood pressure, the higher status of inflammation.Keywords:
A SUPPLEMENTARY PROTEIN FOOD FOR PREGNANT WOMEN WITH CHRONIC ENERGY DEFICIENCY TO IMPROVE FETAL GROWTH Prameswari, Fajria Saliha Puspita; Marliyati, Sri Anna; Dewi, Mira
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 15 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (279.604 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2020.15.1.1-10

Abstract

The aimed to analyze the effect of protein-sourced supplementary foods for pregnant women with CED to improve fetal growth. The pre-post study test involved 44 pregnant women with a Mid Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) of <23.5cm in Bogor City, West Java. The subjects were divided into two groups, first was the PG group, consist of pregnant women who received the protein-sourced supplementary foods. The second was the PCG group where the pregnant women recieved the standard government supplementary food (GSF) for eight weeks. Data regarding the fetal growth was obtained using USG, the inidactor measured were the femur length and estimated fetal weight. The increase of femur length and estimated fetal weight were used as the fetal growth parameters. Analysis of Covariance was applied to obtain the effect of intervention by controlling other covariate variables. The result showed that the improvement of estimated fetal weight (EFW) and femur length (FL) in both groups were similar (p>0.05). Despite the fact that the PG group showed lower compliance compared to the PCG (p>0.05). The findings suggest that our protein-sourced supplementary foods had a similar effect with the GSF on fetal growth of pregnant women with CED.
EFFECT OF BISCUITS ENRICHED WITH BILIH FISH (MYSTACOLEUCUS PADANGENSIS) ON GROWTH OF EXPERIMENTAL RATS Diana, Fivi Melva; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Damayanthi, Evy; Dewi, Mira; Juniantito, Vetnizah; Lipoeto, Nur Indrawaty
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 15 No. 1 (2020)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (311.198 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2020.15.1.11-18

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The research aimed to produce biscuits formulated with Bilih fish and to analyse the effect of Bilih-fish-based biscuits on the growth of experimental rats. Six biscuit formulas were developed using three different amounts of Bilih fish flour (0 g, 20 g, and 30 g added to one formula dough) and two flavors (chocolate and vanilla). One biscuit formula was selected based on the best organoleptic test. Four treatments were applied to 24 male growing rats (21 day olds of the Spraque Dawley strain) for 28 days using a completely randomized design study. The treatments used were P1 (standard feed), P2 (standard feed + standard biscuits), P3 (standard feed + standard biscuits + pure omega-3 oil) and P4 (standard feed + the best formula biscuit). The parameters measured on rats were weight and tail length. The best formula biscuit based on the organoleptic test was the chocolate-flavor biscuits prepared with 20 g Bilih fish flour. The longest tail length was found in the P4 treatment (2,257±0.52 cm), which was significantly longer than the P2 (1.46±0.34 cm) and P1 (1.34±0.29 cm) treatments. No significant weight differences were found among the rats in all treatments. Hence, the chocolate-flavor biscuits formulated with the addition of 20 g Bilih fish flour increased the linear growth in experimental rats as shown by the significant difference in the tail lengths found in the treatment group.
NUTRIENTS INTAKE AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF STREET CHILDREN IN BANDUNG Patriasih, Rita; Widiaty, Isma; Dewi, Mira; Sukandar, Dadang
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (150.465 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.178-184

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to analyze food habits and nutrients intake, and health and nutritional status of street children. The research was carried out in the City of Bandung, West Java; Indonesia. A sample of 324 street children was selected randomly. The sample consisted of 232 boys and 92 girls. The data obtained from questionnaires. Means, standard deviation, frequency and proportion were calculated with a combination of software applications:  Microsoft Excel and Statistical Analysis System. The result showed the level of consumption adequacy did not meet the recommended dietary allowances i.e. with the shortage of 10-15%, this is an indication that the street children should be aware of their daily food consumption. The most common diseases suffered by the respondents were acute respiratory infections (ARI) (47%). In addition, 22.7 % and 18.4 % of them suffered from diarrhoea and skin diseases, respectively. Blood haemoglobin status of street children shows that the incidence of anemia was 29.3%. Based on the classification of nutritional status, 42.7% and 80.4 % of street children were underweight and stunted, respectively.
EFEKTIVITAS PEMBERIAN CGF 40% DALAM MEMPERCEPAT PENINGKATAN TROMBOSIT PADA PENDERITA DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE Effendi, Adi Teruna; Sediono, M; Suksmono, HS; Erwanto, B; Effendi, Yekti Hartati; Dewi, Mira; Karyadi, Darwin
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (394.694 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.130-138

Abstract

Aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of CGF 40% in hastening the recuperation, as indicated by reduced length of hospital stay, improvement in clinical status, increase in platelets, and reduction in the hemoconcentration. The study group comprised of 84 consecutive DHF patients, 42 male and 42 female subjects, who were randomized into the control group receiving the WHO standard therapy and the intervention group receiving CGF 40% and the standard therapy. Hemoglobin, hematocrite and thrombocyte counts were taken daily until the subjects were free of the symptoms and signs of DHF, and the thrombocyte count read >100.000. The results were analyzed statistically, student t test and quadratic regression, using SPSS 16 software. The average length of recuperation time in the intervention and control groups were 2.76 days and 4.43 days respectively (p=0.000). Recuperation times of subjects with thrombocyte counts <50,000 and >50,000 of the intervention group (3,09 and 2,37 days) and the control group (4,2 and 4,5 days) were different significantly (p=0.016 and 0.000). When analized specifically in the treatment group, the recuperation time of those with thrombocyte counts <50,000U (2.37 days) did not differ to those with >50,000 (3.09 days) with p=0.112. Using quadratic regression, the increase in thrombocytes, reduction in hemoglobin concentrations and hematocrite were faster in the intervention group when compared to the control group, with R2 almost reaching 1. The study disclosed that administration of CGF 40% could reduce the recuperation time and improved the hemoconcentration, which presumably demonstrated the concept of regenerative medicine as indicated by the repairmen of vascular permeability.
NILAI INDEKS GLIKEMIK BEBERAPA JENIS PENGOLAHAN JAGUNG MANIS (ZEA MAYS SACCHARATA STURT) Amalia, Sri Nur; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Dewi, Mira
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 6 No. 1 (2011)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (159.077 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2011.6.1.36-41

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The implementation of glycemic index can be used as basis for selecting carbohydrate food source to enhance and or to maintain health.The objective the following study was to analyze the glycemic indices of sweet corn with three different cooking methods.  Glycemic index values of boiled, sauted and grilled sweet corn were 41.22, 31.08 and 55.31 respectively. Based on those results, grilled sweet corn was classified as food with medium glycemic index, whereas both of boiled and sauted sweet corn were classified as food with low glycemic index.
POLA AKTIVITAS, KONSUMSI PANGAN, STATUS GIZI DAN KESEHATAN ANAK JALANAN DI KOTA BANDUNG Nur'aini, Nur'aini; Dewi, Mira
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 2 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (103.902 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.2.100-108

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The objective of the research was to analyze activity pattern, dietary consumption, nutritional status and health of street children in Bandung. Cross sectional design was used in this study to elaborate activity pattern, food consumption, nutritional status and health of street children in Bandung. Samples of street children was recruited by purposive sampling from eight NGOs in Bandung with following criterias: 1) 5-18 years old 2) spend time on the street at least four hours a day 3) work for living on the street, commonly as singers, beggars, shoe-polisher, porters etc. The result showed that most of the street children worked as singers, spend 4-8 hours a day and 4-6 days a week. The average energy and protein adequacy level of street children was in light deficit category, iron and vitamin Cwere in low category and vitamin A was in sufficient category. Almost all of the street children had normal nutritional and health status and good personal hygiene. There was no correlation between activity and duration of street children with nutrition adequacy level. There was no correlation between personal hygiene and nutritional status with health status.