Articles

HUBUNGAN FISIK RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN ISPA PADA BALITA DISEKITAR USAHA PEMBUATAN BATU BATA DI DESA TANJUNG MULIA KECAMATAN PAGAR MERBAU KABUPATEN DELI SERDANG TAHUN 2013 ras meita, putri ruth; *, nurmaini; dharma, surya
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 3, No 2 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan & Keselamatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Abstract

Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) is a major health problems in indonesia. Based on data from Puskesmas Bandar Dolok, ARI was in first rank from ten biggest disease in Puskesmas Bandar Dolok. ARI attacks many children. ARI may caused by bad physical condition of dwelling house. The dwelling house in Desa Tanjung Mulia mostly around over the brickyard and less of health condition.This study aimed to determine the relationship among the physical condition of dwelling house, ventilation, natural lighting, humidity, wall, floor and ceiling with the incidence of Acute Respiratory Infection to the children under-five years old in Desa Tanjung Mulia Kecamatan Pagar Merbau Kabupaten Deli Serdang on 2013.The type of this study was descriptive analytic by cross sectional design. The sample of this study was 60 chidren under-five years old who live around the brickyard taken by quota sampling. 60 sample consist of 44 children under-five years old with ARI and 16 is had not symptom of ARI.The results showed that there was significant relationship between the ventilation with the incidence of Acut Respiratory Infections in children under-five years old (p=0,026). Meanwhile, there was no relationship between the natural lighting (p=0,263), the humidity (p=1,000), the floor (p=1.000), the wall (p=0.967) and the ceiling (p=1.000) with the incidence of Acut Respiratory Infections in children under-five years old.It is suggested to community who lived in Desa Tanjung Mulia Kecamatan Pagar Merbau Kabupaten Deli Serdang to make good house ventilation and to plant plants as dust barricade. It is suggested to public health official to give health promotion about the house healthy condition, in order to prevent respiratory diseases.Keywords : House physical condition, Children under-five years old, Acute Respiratory Infection
PENGARUH BEBAN KERJA, STRES KERJA DAN PERCEIVED FAIRNESS TERHADAP BURNOUT PADA PEGAWAI BADAN KEPEGAWAIAN DAN PENGEMBANGAN SUMBER DAYA MANUSIA (BKPSDM) KABUPATEN PADANG PARIAMAN Ramadani, Restu; Dharma, Surya; Jadmiko, Purbo
JURNAL MANAJEMEN UNIVERSITAS BUNG HATTA Vol 14, No 2 (2019): JURNAL MANAJEMEN UNIVERSITAS BUNG HATTA
Publisher : Jurusan Manajemen, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Bung Hatta

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membuktikan dan menganalisis pengaruh beban kerja, stres kerja dan persepsi keadilan terhadap burnout pada karyawan BKPSDM di Kabupaten Padang Pariaman. Ukuran sampel yang digunakan adalah 50 karyawan dan merupakan total seluruh karyawan Kantor BKPSDM di Kabupaten Padang Pariaman. Metode analisis yang digunakan untuk membuktikan hipotesis menggunakan regresi berganda dan uji statistik t. Berdasarkan hasil pengujian hipotesis yang telah dilakukan didapatkan bahwa beban kerja berpengaruh positif terhadap burnout yang dirasakan oleh karyawan Kantor BKPSDM di Kabupaten Padang Pariaman, sedangkan stres kerja dan persepsi keadilan tidak berpengaruh signifikan terhadap burnout yang dirasakan oleh karyawan Kantor BKPSDM di Kabupaten Padang.Kata Kunci: beban kerja, stres kerja, persepsi keadilan, kelelahan emosi
PROSES PENGOLAHAN DAN KUALITAS AIR MINUM DI KOMPLEKS PERUMAHAN KARYAWAN PT. CHEVRON PACIFIC INDONESIA (PT. CPI) DURI-RIAU TAHUN 2014 Yulianty, Mia; naria, evi; dharma, surya
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 3, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan & Keselamatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Abstract

Water is one of the important matter after the air, nobody can life without drinking until 4-5 days. Drinking water which is not qualified, can resulting disease or even death. Water treatment can prevents disease and resulting qualified drinking water. PT. Chevron Pacific Indonesia (PT. CPI) is one of the companies which has a water treating plant to makes drinking water from raw water The purpose of this research is to know the process of water treatment, the quality of raw water after treatment and quality of distributed drinking water to employees housing PT. Chevron Pacific Indonesia Duri. This research was descriptive survey using simple random sampling technique with 1102 populations and 30 samples. Data were analyzed descriptively in tabulation and narration. The result of the research showed that the water treatment was using coagulation, floculation, sedimentation and desinfectan process. Based on the analysis of obtaained data, the quality of raw water was qualified, whereas the quality of water which was finish the treatment and the quality of distributed drinking water to employees housing on Maret 2014 were not qualified in one parameter. Most of the respondents have been using water as drinking water. The conclusion of this research is the water treatmen process in PT. Chevron Pacific Indonesia was conventional water treatment (complete water treatment).  Overall water quality is good, it is recommended to improve adsorption using activated carbon, renew and re-examine the tools used and provision of information about water quality to water users. Keyword : Water drinking, Water Treatment, Water quality
Long QT Syndrome - A case report Martanto, Erwan; Dharma, Surya; Subiyakto, Syarif; Munawar, Muhammad
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 12, No 2 (2003): April-June
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

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Abstract

Long QT syndrome (LQTS) is an uncommon disease due to genetic defect and responsible for polymorphic VT (torsade-de pointes-TdP) and sudden cardiac death. A case of 25 year-old woman with palpitation, severe headache and recurrent syncopal episode since 16 year-old is reported. The ECG showed bigeminy ventricular premaure contraction (VPC) , prolonged QTc interval and abnormal T wave. Peripartal cardiomyopathy was diagnosed recently after the first delivery. In July 2002, she was hospitalized due to recurrent syncope, seizure proceeded by TdP and VF. On admission she need several times DC shock and temporary pacemaker with relatively high rate. Beta-blocker and implantation of dual chamber permanent pacemaker finally could control the malignant arrhythmias. During follow-up for 4 months, she was doing well and no syncopal episode occurred. (Med J Indones 2003; 12: 109-13) Keywords: LQTS, arrhythmia, pacemaker, beta-blocker
FAKTOR - FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENGGUNAAN JAMBAN KELUARGA DAN KEJADIAN DIARE DI DESA TUALANG SEMBILAR KECAMATAN BAMBEL KABUPATEN ACEH TENGGARA TAHUN 2012 Pebriani, Rahma Ayu; Dharma, Surya; Naria, Evi
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 2, No 3 (2013): JURNAL LINGKUNGAN DAN KESELAMATAN KERJA
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Abstract

Factors Related With the Use of Family Latrines and the Incidence of Diarrhea in the Village of Tualang Sembilar Bambel Southeast Aceh District in 2012. One of the health efforts by community  is to prevation basic sanitation facilities. One of the  basic sanitation facilities in the community latrine. For that, keep in mind the factors related with the use of latrines. One of the diseases that can be generated is a diarrheal disease. Diarrhea can be defined absolutely or relatively. Absolute diarrhea is defined as more than five bowel movements a day or liquid stools. Relative diarrhea is defined as an increase in the number of bowel movements per day or an increase in the looseness of stools compared with an individual's usual bowel habit. In diarrhea, bowel patients more than usual, the diarrhea may be defined as a bowel movement more than three times. The purpose of this study is the to analysis factors related with the use of latrines and the incidence of diarrhea in the village of Tualang Sembilar Bambel Southeast Aceh district in 2012. The method used in this research is  analytic descriptive research with cross sectional design. The samples in this study were 71 samples using random sampling technic , the sampling technique is done by random sampling. The results showed that 46.5% of respondents did not work; 33.8% of low-income respondents; 64.8% of respondents knowledgeable about ; 66.2% of respondents are not good; 52.1% latrine conditions do not qualify; 52, 1% use pit latrines 40.8% no 59.2% 53.5% instead diarrhea diarrhea 46.5%. The results of the statistical test using Chi-square tests were , knowledge, attitudes, and conditions of latrines have a significant relationship with the use of latrines and diarrhea. For people living in the village of Tualang Sembilar Bambel Southeast Aceh district home use the latrines when defecating to prevent diarrhea. Keywords: Knowledge, Attitudes, Usage Latrines, Diarrhea
PENILAIAN HIGIENE DAN SANITASI PENJUALAN MAKANAN PECEL DAN PEMERIKSAAN BAKTERI SALMONELLA DI KECAMATAN MEDAN HELVETIA 2015 sembiring, gabriella; dharma, surya; marsaulina, irnawati
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Lingkungan & Kesehatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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ABSTRACT Pecel is a food containing vegetables and using peanut sauce as main composition. During the process, the sellers use hand to make and serve it, instead of wearing gloves. This handmade food tends to be contaminated, mainly by pathogenic microbes which can cause various health risks, such as poisoning, diarrhea, salmonellosis, and other digestic diseases. The method used in the research is descriptive research which is to observe the implementation of hygiene and sanitation of pecel processing.  Laboratory analysis is to determine Salmonella bacteria sold by 35 pecel sellers which are located in Kecamatan Medan Helvetia. The researcher used observation sheet in accordance with the requirements of Hygiene and Sanitation Snacks. The results found that the sellers don?t comply with the principles of food processing comprising storage of food processing comprising selection. As for the principles are not eligible : selection of raw materials of unknown origin, storage of raw materials has not been closed, the processing of food handlers have not qualified, the food storage area is not closed, the transport of food is not closed, and the presentation is done by direct contact with food. As laboratory result do not find Salmonella Bacteria (0/400gr). The researcher suggest that pecel sellers should implement the principles of hygiene and sanitation of food processing in accordance with the regulation. In addition, the government should monitor the food, particularly pecel sellers and provide them with more healthy food instructions. So that the consumers can consume pecel hygienically and safely
HUBUNGAN KEPADATAN LALAT, PERSONAL HYGIENE DAN SANITASI DASAR DENGAN KEJADIAN DIARE PADA BALITA DI LINGKUNGAN I KELURAHAN PAYA PASIR KECAMATAN MEDAN MARELAN KOTA MEDANTAHUN 2015 safira, sarah; *, nurmaini; dharma, surya
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 4, No 3 (2015): Lingkungan & Kesehatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Diarrhea is one of public health?s problem with high mortality and morbidity rate especially among children under five years old in Indonesia. There were 158 cases of the incidence of diarrhea in Lingkungan I Kelurahan Paya Pasir Kecamatan Medan Marelan Medan city in 2014. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between the density of flies, personal hygiene and basic sanitation with the incidence of diarrhea in children under five years old. This study method is analytical survey with cross sectional design. Samples were chosen using total sampling technique, that there were 77 children under five years old and the mother as a respondent. The density of flies is measured by using fly grill, personal hygiene were obtained through interview using questionnaires and the datas of basic sanitation is collected through direct observation using basic sanitation?s observation sheets. The study result that there were found 33 children under five years old got diarrhea in the last one month (period of April to May 2015). In chi square test results obtained the value of p=0,044 and PR=1,387 for the density of flies variable, p=0,003 and PR=1,623 for personal hygiene variable and p=0,034 and PR=1,158 for basic sanitation variable. The high density of flies can be caused by bad environmental sanitation. Washing hand?s habit using soap among respondent is very poor. That was because most respondents have last educated in junior high school and lack of knowledge about personal hygiene. The basic sanitation owned by respondent mostly in the category of unqualified health. The conclusion is there are a correlation between the density of flies, personal hygiene and basic sanitation to diarrhea in children under five years old. It is advisable to the respondents (mother of children under five years old) to be more concerned about their own personal hygiene and their children. Sanitation Office and the goverment is suggested to be more concerned to citizens who live around disposal area of garbage Terjun especially in basic sanitation?s condition.
SISTEM PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH MEDIS PADAT DAN CAIR SERTA FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERKAITAN DENGAN PELAKSANAAN PENGELOLAAN LIMBAH MEDIS PADAT DAN CAIR DI RUMAH SAKIT UMUM KABANJAHE KABUPATEN KARO TAHUN 2015 yani, putri; *, nurmaini; dharma, surya
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 4, No 2 (2015): Lingkungan & Kesehatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Abstract

ABSTRACTIn providing the health service for the community, hospital result solid and liquid waste that can harm the health and environment if it is not handle properly. That?s why we need to analyze the process of solid and liquid medical waste management and the factors that support the implementation ofsolid and liquid medical waste management in hospital.The type of this research is descriptive survey that analyze the system of solid and liquid medical waste management as and to determine the factors that affect the implementation of solid and liquid medical waste management in Rumah Sakit Umum Kabanjahe on 2015. The object of this research is the management unit of solid and liquid medical waste. The data were obtained by interview and observation based on Kepmenkes RI No. 1204 on 2004 and analyzed descriptively.The result showed that the management of solid and liquid medical waste is still not in accordance. In management of solid medical waste, the stage of sorting between medical and non medical waste, collection use the whellbarow open, destruction in incenarator and final disposal are not yet qualified. The personel of waste processing is still not untrained because the hospital never gave training, facilities and infrastructure are still noteligible also. In management of liquid medical waste, the process of management are still not optimal, and there is not any inspection process for the effluent quality of liquid medical waste.The conclusion of this research is the medical management of solid and liquid waste in RSU Kabanjahe are not eligble. The tool of receiving station are not equipped with solid medical waste plastic bags and the colour of container is not appropriate with the kind of waste. Means of transport used is the whellbarow open. The liquid medical waste treated in the IPAL with stream flow filter system with it?s working principle is based on active sludge but not examined the quality of effluent before being discharged into the environment. Facilities and infrastructure are still not fulfill the criteria so it need more repairing, and the implementation of the guidelines which accordance with the goverment regulations.Key word : management of medical waste, solid, liquid and hospital
ANALISIS KADAR NITROGEN DIOKSIDA (NO2) DAN PARTICULATE MATTER 10 (PM10) UDARA AMBIEN DAN KELUHAN KESEHATAN PADA PEDAGANG KAKI LIMA DI SEPANJANG JALAN RAYA KELURAHAN LALANG KECAMATAN MEDAN SUNGGAL TAHUN 2014 tarigan, henny pradipta; dharma, surya; hasan, wirsal
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 3, No 3 (2014): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan & Keselamatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Abstract

Main road is the road that connecting one region with another. Kelurahan Lalang Kecamatan Medan Sunggal road was the gateway for transportation that derived from Deli Serdang, Binjai, Langkat, and other cities to Medan. Transportation activities will generate positive impacts and negative impact. One of the negative impact is in form of air pollution. The research is aimed to know that levels of nitrogen dioxide ( NO2 ) and particulate matter ( PM10 ) air ambient and cadger health complaints along Kelurahan Lalang Kecamatan Medan Sunggal road in 2014. The type of research is descriptive. The sample in this research are 45 persons using proportional stratified random sampling. The result showed that the most respondents was 40 - 50 years ( 42,2 % ), most were gender female ( 55,6 % ), respondent who smoking ( 33.3 % ). Respondents has traded >10 years ( 64,4 % ) and respondents has traded < 12 hours per day ( 95.6 % ). Based on the measurement result, the highest levels is 40,97 µg/Nm3 for NO2 dan 121 µg/Nm3 for PM10. A number of 33 cadger who have complaints of the respiratory tract disorders and as much as 23 cadger who have complaints of eye irritation. The conclusion of this research is the level of NO2 and PM10 along Kelurahan Lalang Kecamatan Medan Sunggal road not exceeding from the limit of quality standards. Advised to cadger to use self protective when trading and put the plants that can absorb dust as preventive efforts. Keywords: main road, levels of NO2 and PM10, health complaints
HUBUNGAN KEBERADAAN JENTIK AEDES AEGYPTI DAN PELAKSANAAN 3M PLUS DENGAN KEJADIAN PENYAKIT DBD DI LINGKUNGAN XVIII KELURAHAN BINJAI KOTA MEDAN TAHUN 2012 Parida S, Sulina; Dharma, Surya; Hasan, Wirsal
Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja Vol 2, No 2 (2013): Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan Dan Keselamatan Kerja
Publisher : Lingkungan dan Kesehatan Kerja

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Abstract

The relation of Aedes aegypti larva existence and 3M Plus implementation with DHF disease in Area XVIII Binjai District Medan. Medan is one of DHF endemic area and the most endemic subdistrict is Medan Denai Subdistrict. The most effective way to eradicate DHF disease is with eradicating mosquito nest or PSN DBD, so that is important to know the Aedes aegypti larva existence and effectiveness of 3M Plus implementation.This research aims to know the relation of Aedes aegypti larva existence and 3M Plus implementation with DHF disease. The research location is in Area XVIII Binjai District Medan Denai Subdistrict. This research samples are 100 housewive, that is taken by purposive sampling technique. This research is analytic survey with cross sectional design study using Exact Fisher test.Results showed that the House Index value is 5%, Container Index is 4%. 3M Plus implementation that includes to good category 78% and bad 22% . The relation of Aedes aegypti larva existence with DHF disease has p=0,002. The relation of  3M Plus implementation with DHF disease has p=0,047. From the results, it can be known that there is relation of Aedes aegypti larva existence and 3M Plus implementation with DHF disease in Area XVIII Binjai District. It is suggested to Medan Health Department and Desa Binjai Health Service Center to socialize to do eradicating Aedes aegypti mosquito nest or PSN DBD regularly to decrease the number of DHF disease in Binjai District especially in Area XVIII. Keywords : Larva Existence, 3M Plus, DHF
Co-Authors . Dachriyanus Abdi Hanra Sebayang Adelinda, Eka Santi Adirman, Adirman Ardeno Kristianto Arridina Susan Silitonga Budi Hardiansyah Siregar Damanik, Natalina Danny, Siska S. Darma, Diken Maywidia Devi Nuraini Santi Dewita, Friska Mulya Dwisari Dillasamola Elisma Elisma Elliyana, Novi Erdinal, Erdinal Erwan Martanto Evi Naria fadhil munthe faisal azwinsyah Fatma Sri Wahyuni Fatriona, Hendri Fiesta Oktorina Sinaga Fitrini Fitrini Fitriyani Siregar gabriella sembiring, gabriella Ginting, Berta Br Ginting, Mandasari Br H, Irsan Ryanto. H, Irsan Ryanto. Hafni Laila Siregar, Hafni Laila HARAHAP, SURYANI hayati, nuraini Helmi Arifin Hendra Saputra Hodriani Hodriani Ibrahim, Husin Ifora, Ifora indra cahaya Indra Chahaya Ira Putri Lubis Irene Puspa Dewi, Irene Puspa Irmalita, Irmalita Irnawati Marsaulina Irsan Ryanto H Isman Firdaus Jadmiko, Purbo Juzar, Dafsah A. lidia oktavia, lidia Lilihata, Gracia Linda Wati LRS, Johannes Marlina Marlina Megawati * Merry Irasanti Mia Yulianty Muhammad Munawar Nasri, Elfia Nasrul Zubir Netty Suharti nurmaini *, nurmaini Oktavia, Sri Pebryantika, Selvina Pramayana A.P Sinaga putri yani, putri Rahma Ayu Pebriani Ramadani, Restu ras meita, putri ruth Rena, Desis rifhan dita, rifhan Rihat Sebayang, Rihat rizki sarjani Rofirma Manurung Rosha, Zeshasina Rosnah Siregar Rusmayanti, Rusmayanti Safrida, Eli sarah safira, sarah Sartika, Zikra Sartika, Zikra Shinta Dewi Putri Sinaga Simanjuntak, Cindya K. Simaremare, Sailent Rizki Simatupang Patar Simatupang, Meithyra Melviana Simatupang, Saut Hasudungan Siti Haritsah Sri Lestari Suari, Yulmi Sulina Parida S Supanda, Oki Syarif Subiyakto tarigan, henny pradipta Taufik Ashar Thamrin Thamrin Theodora Simatupang Tobing, Daniel P.L. Tota Farida Erfinna Uthia, Rahimatul Winni R.E Tumanggor Wirahmi, Nori Wirsal Hasan Yarman, Anton Yuli Arisyah Siregar Yulia Khairina Ashar Zesfin BP Zet Rizal Zulkarni, Zulkarni