Articles

HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI LINGKUNGAN TEMPAT TINGGAL DAN PEMANFAATAN SMARTPHONE DENGAN PERILAKU BERPACARAN YANG BERISIKO PADA REMAJA YANG TINGGAL DI DAERAH LOKALISASI GAMBILANGU KOTA SEMARANG Rahmadani, Ike; Dharminto, Dharminto; Agusyahbana, Farid; Dharmawan, Yudhy
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (123.988 KB)

Abstract

Gambilangu (known as GBL) is one of the famous localization complexes found in Semarang and Kendal.Teens who live in the area of localization is very permissive to sex outside of marriage.The purpose of this study was to analyze the association of perception of the recidential environment and and the usage of smartphoneswith the risky dating behavior in teens who live in the lokalisasi GambilanguSemarang city.This study uses descriptive analytic research using cross sectionalstudy.The population is 66 teens in age group 15-19 years who were in RW 5 and 6 Mangkang Kulon village Semarang.Samples were taken from all population numbers that fulfilled inclusion criteria of 40 adolescents.The characteristics of respondents were more than half of the respondents (52,5%), with the larger age group (32,5%), and the highest school or student (75,0%), parents of respondents as private (70,0%) greater than other jobs.Spearman rank correlation test showed statistically pvalue= 0,017 means that there is a significant association between the usage of a smartphone with the risky dating behavior, and pvalue= 0,545, pvalue= 0,658, pvalue= 0,412 it showed that there is no significant association between perception of the recidential environment, reproductive health knowledge and attitudeswith risky dating behavior.Multiple logistic regression statistical test showed pvalue= 0,941 andpvalue= 0,075 it showed that there is significant influence between the usage of smartphones with risky dating behavior.Suggestions for Mangkang Kulon village community that parents supervise and monitor the activities of teenagers for avoiding the use of smartphones to access pornographic sites.
PEMBUATAN SISTEM INFORMASI PEMETAAN IBU HAMIL RISIKO TINGGI (STUDI KASUS DI PUSKESMAS BANYUBIRU) Ardyansyah, Anggi; Dharmawan, Yudhy; Nugroho, Djoko
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 3 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (381.587 KB)

Abstract

Based on initial observation, maps of pregnant mother takes a long time to make while the information included is not maximal. The goal of this research is to make an Information System for mapping high risk pregnant mother. This research uses the ?Research and Development? Method. The subject of this research is the midwife who works in Puskesmas Banyubiru Kabupaten Semarang.To make the Information System for mapping high risks pregnant mother, prototyping process model is used. The prototyping process includes the fulfillment of things necessary for the mapping of highrisks pregnant mother, planning the prototype, the making of the prototype, evaluation and improvement. The fulfillment of things necessary for the mapping of high risks pregnant mother is done by interview, observation and the usage of secondary data. The planning and making of the prototype is based on the result of the fulfillmen of things necessary for the mapping of high risk pregnant mother. Evaluation is done by researcher and user using the black box method. Improvement is done based on the result of the evaluation while paying attention to the needs of the user of the system (the midwife). The result of this research is an Information System for mapping high risks pregnant mother. The user is satisfied with the Information System that is made. The Information System is fully functional. The system that made already showing the number of high risk pregnant mother but still needs to be developed in order to apply GPS technology so get high risk pregnant woman distribution and producing a map that more accurate.
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR HUMAN, ORGANIZATION DAN TECHNOLOGY (HOT-FIT MODEL) DENGAN KINERJA SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMEN FARMASI DI RUMAH SAKIT BWT SEMARANG Sholistiyawati, Anik; Mawarni, Atik; Dharmawan, Yudhy
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 8, No 2 (2020): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

AbstractPharmacy management information system is the application of an organized system for inputting, processing and presenting data to support the information needed by users in pharmaceutical services. At Bhakti Wira Tamtama Hospital, there are problems related to pharmaceutical management information systems such as frequent system disruptions, inaccurate drug stock in applications and in warehouses, etc. So it is necessary to improve the performance of pharmaceutical management information systems by knowing the variables contributed so that the intervention can be done on these variables. Based on previous research that also used the HOT-Fit method to evaluate information systems, the purpose of this study is to knowing that there is a relation between human, organization and technology with the performance of pharmaceutical management information systems. The method used is explanatory research using cross sectional. The subjects of this study used a total population of 14 respondents. The result of this study shows that there is a relation between technology and human (p = 0.021), technology and organization (p = 0.0001), human and organization (p = 0.006) and human and information system performance (p = 0.005), while there is no relation between organization and performance pharmaceutical management information system (p = 0.530). Recommendation for hospitals need to improve exciting features include drug stock features to function properly and add new features such as editing features.Keywords: pharmaceutical management information system, human, organization, technology, HOT Fit.
HUBUNGAN BEBERAPA FAKTOR IBU LANSIA DENGAN PEMANFAATAN PELAYANAN KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI LANSIA DI PUSKESMAS LEBDOSARI SEMARANG TRIWULAN I TAHUN 2016 Susilowati, Niken Budi; Nugroho, Djoko; Dharmawan, Yudhy
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 1 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (103.707 KB)

Abstract

Kesehatan reproduksi merupakan salah satu masalah kesehatan lansia yang telah mendapat perhatian khusus secara global dalam ICPD tahun 1994. Oleh sebab itu, Indonesia mengadakan program kesehatan reproduksi lansia. Sampai saat ini, hanya 30% Puskesmas di seluruh Indonesia yang melakukan pelayanan koseling kesehatan reproduksi lansia, oleh sebab itu perlu adanya pelayanan kesehatan reproduksi lansia. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis hubungan beberapa faktor ibu lansia dengan pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan reproduksi lansia. Penelitian ini menggunakan jenis penelitian explanatory research dengan pendekatan cross sectional study. Populasi adalah seluruh ibu lansia umur 60 tahun ke atas yang berkunjung di Puskesmas Lebdosari Semarang pada triwulan I tahun 2016 berjumlah 104 ibu lansia menggunakan teknik Simple Random Sampling dengan sampel diambil sebanyak 51 responden ibu lansia. Analisis data melalui analisis univariat dan analisis bivariat (analisis deskriptif menggunakan crosstab dan analisis analitik menggunakan uji korelasi Pearson dan korelasi Rank Spearman. Dari penelitian ini diperoleh hasil bahwa ada hubungan pengetahuan ibu lansia (p value = 0,007), kebutuhan seksualitas lansia (p value = 0,003), kebutuhan konseling kesehatan reproduksi lansia (p value = 0,035), dan tidak ada hubungan sikap ibu lansia (p value = 0,067)  dengan pemanfaatan pelayanan kesehatan reproduksi lansia di Puskesmas Lebdosari Semarang triwulan I tahun 2016. Saran bagi Puskesmas Lebdosari Semarang melalui pendekatan kepada ibu lansia.
HUBUNGAN PRODUKSI IFN- DAN IL-4 DENGAN PENGOBATAN STRATEGI DOTS FASE INTENSIF PADA PENDERITA TUBERKULOSIS PARU Indreswari, Sri Andarini; Hadisaputro, Suharyo; Soesatyo, Marsetyawan HNE; Dharmawan, Yudhy
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2008: CONTINUING MEDICAL AND HEALTH EDUCATION (CMHE) | Peran Biomolekuler dalam Penegakan Diagnosis
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (23.051 KB)

Abstract

Latar Belakang: Tuberkulosis paru masih menjadi masalah utama di seluruh dunia, terutama di Negara sedang berkembang. Di Indonesia hasil pengobatan dan konversi belum optimal. Banyak penyebab kekurang berhasilan pengobatan ini belum diketahui, khususnya yang berkaitan dengan faktor imunologi. Penelitian ini bertujuan menjelaskan hubungan produksi IFN- dan IL-4 dengan kesembuhan klinis, dalam hal ini terjadinya konversi BTA pasca 2 bulan pengobatan dengan strategi DOTS.Metoda: Rancangan penelitian adalah nested case control, pada penderita baru tuberkulosis paru dengan pemeriksaan sputum BTA positip yang mendapat pengobatan strategi DOTS selama 2 bulan. Kasus adalah penderita yang tidak mengalami konversi pasca 2 bulan pengobatan (BTA tetap positip), sedangkan kontrol adalah penderita yang mengalami konversi pasca 2 bulan pengobatan (BTA menjadi negatip). BTA sebagai hasil pemeriksaan Ziehl Neelsen yang diteruskan dengan tes Niasin. Produksi IFN-dan IL-4 di dalam serum diperiksa dengan metode ELISA. Untuk uji beda rata-rata produksi sitokin antara kasus dan kontrol dilakukan analisis dengan T- test.Hasil: Jumlah sampel 73, diperoleh dari 158 penderita baru berobat jalan yang diikuti selama 2 bulan, terdiri dari 34 kasus (14 diperiksa sitokin) dan 39 kontrol (21 diperiksa sitokin). Penelitian dilakukan di BP4, 12 Puskesmas dan RSUD Kota Semarang. Produksi rata-rata IFN- di dalam serum pasca 2 bulan pengobatan berbeda secara signifikan antara kasus dan kontrol dengan stimulasi PPD 0,5 ug/mL dan PPD 5 ug/mL. Tidak terdapat perbedaan antara kasus dan kontrol pada produksi rata-rata IL-4 dengan semua stimulasi dan tanpa stimulasi.Simpulan: Perbedaan secara signifikan antara kasus dan kontrol pasca 2 bulan pengobatan dalam produksi sitokin (IFN-) bersifat spesifik (hanya dengan stimulasi antigen). Produksi IL-4 tidak terdeteksi kecuali dengan stimulasi PHA, tidak terdapat perbedaan secara signifikan antara kasus dan kontrol.Kata kunci: Tuberkulosis, Interferon-, Interleukin-4, DOTS
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP DENGAN PRAKTIK KESEHATAN REPRODUKSI SISWA DI SMK “X” KABUPATEN KEBUMEN TRIWULAN I TAHUN 2016 Ulfah, Zakia; Nugroho, Djoko; Dharmawan, Yudhy
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (93.084 KB)

Abstract

Adolescent problems related  to reproduction health is often caused by lack of information, understanding and awareness affecting in some problems faced by teenagers. In SMK ?X? Kebumen, there are one to two cases of unwanted pregnancies among the students in almost every year. The aim of this research is to analyze the relation between knowledge and attitude toward reproduction health practices of students in SMK ?X? Kebumen. This research is explanatory research with cross sectional study. The population is the entire students of Class X and XI with 610 students in total and the sample is 100 students chosen with simple random sampling technique. The analysis is done using univariate, bivariate analysis (Spearman rank) and multivariate (Multiple Linear Regression) analysis. Value significance relationship using significant value of ? = 5%. The results of univariate analysis shows the largest percentage of students lack knowledge of reproductive health (57.0%), the juvenile hormones knowledge about KNPI (Kissing, patting, necking and intercourse); reproductive health attitudes enough students (74.0%) on the attitude of students agreed on frequent sexual intercourse caused by watching porn and the percentage of students sufficient reproductive health practices (54.0%) on the practice of students about watching porn, holding hands tenderly, kiss and hugging intimate with the opposite sex and doing masturbation, intimate stimulation in the neck area, and touched intimate breast area.The result of bivariat analysis shows that there is significant relation between student reproduction health knowledge toward its practice (p value=0,0001; 95%; r=0,664; CI=0,568-0,768); there is significant relation between student reproduction health attitude toward its practice (p value =0,0001; r=0,745; 95%; CI=0,634-0,828). The result of multivariat analysis shows that there is significant relation between knowledge and attitude towards student reproduction health practice (p value=0,0001; y=17,165 + 0,398 X1 + 0,337 X2). Based on those results, it is suggested to maximize the learning with the depth of the material, the use of instructional time with inovative methods such as video playback, role playing and group discussion, and peer companion.
HUBUNGAN BEBERAPA FAKTOR PASANGAN USIA SUBUR (PUS) DENGAN UNMET NEED KELUARGA BERENCANA (KB) DI DESA PENUNGKULAN KECAMATAN GEBANG KABUPATEN PURWOREJO TAHUN 2016 Sullikhah, Sullikhah; Nugroho, Djoko; Dharmawan, Yudhy
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.273 KB)

Abstract

Unmet need is EFA which wishes to limit birth or delay pregnancy for the next two years but not using contraception. Unmet need in Penungkulan village, Gebang subdistrict, Purworejo Regency in 2016 is still quitehigh at 13,6%. The figure is still very far from the national target of 5%. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship of several factors EFA with unmet need KB. The type of research is explanatory research with cross sectional study design. The population of this study is 501 EFA in Penungkulan village. The sampling technique using simple random sampling with the number of samples of research as many as 81 EFA. Data were collected by using questioner and analyzed by univariate and bivariate with chi-square test and continuity correction method. The results of the study showed that there were no significant correlation with unmet need for family planning, ie EFA education (wife p-value = 0,481 , husband p-value = 0,965), knowledge (p-value = 0,941 ), health service affordability (p-value = 0,625 ), health officer support (p-value = 1,000 ). There needs to be an increase in IEC of family planning to EFA, and for EFAs who are afraid to use contraceptive for fear of adverse effects are advised to use other contraceptive according to EFAs condition.
HUBUNGAN PENGETAHUAN RESPONDEN DAN FAKTOR DEMOGRAFI DENGAN PERNIKAHAN USIA DINI DI KECAMATAN BANYUMANIK TAHUN 2016 Septialti, Delita; Mawarni, Atik; Nugroho, Djoko; Dharmawan, Yudhy
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (112.705 KB)

Abstract

Early marriage is a marriage performed before 20 years. Early marriage to be related with health reproduction and demography. In 2006 there were 22% early marriage in Banyumanik Subdistric, Pudakpayung (27%), Banyumanik (16%), Jabungan (9%), Tinjomoyo (9%) was the villages with highest number of early marriage. The purpose of this study was to analyze relationship beetwen knowledges and demography factors with early marriage in Banyumanik subdistric. This research used explanatory research with cross-sectional study design. Sample in this study were 119woman who perfom her marriages in the period of 2016. The sample was selected by proporsional random sampling. Data analyzed with univariat, bivariate with chi square test, multivariate with logistic regression, and significance level ?= 5%. The results showed that respondents with low education (46.2%), less sexual behavior in dating (48,7%), the income of parents low from UMR (61,3%), less knowledges (58%), and (33%) early marriage incident. There are relation of knowledge respondents (p value=0.043), the income of parents (pvalue=0.001) but there is no relation of sexual behavior in dating (p value=0.078) and  educational respondent (p value=0.173) with early marriage incident. Have an both relation between knowledge and family impact with early maariage. for girls suggest to increase their knowledges obout health reproduction and family planning in promotion from primary health center. In each activity such us promotion, simulation, and interpersonal communication.
HUBUNGAN BEBERAPA FAKTOR DALAM PARTISIPASI PRIA PADA VASEKTOMI DI KECAMATAN GETASAN KABUPATEN SEMARANG JAWA TENGAH 2018 Br. Munthe, Citra Erlinda; Dharmawan, Yudhy; Winarni, Sri; Nugroho, R. Djoko
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (217.682 KB)

Abstract

Data from BKKBN shows that women who are participants in family planning tend to be done by women (93.6%). Getasan sub-district is a sub-district in Semarang Regency which has the highest coverage of active male family planning participation of 618 men (7%). Purpose: The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of male knowledge about vasectomy, male attitudes toward vasectomy, cultural values about vasectomy, access to vasectomy services and men's perceptions regarding the side effects of vasectomy use with male participation in vasectomy. Method: This type of research is explanatory research using a case control design with a non-probably sampling method that is purposive sampling, the scale in this study is nominal scale using the contingency coefficient statistical test, the population in this study were all EFA men who used and did not use a vasectomy as many as 1922 couples, the sample in this study were 40 men (20 case samples and 20 control samples). Result: Univariate test results found that men had poor knowledge (55%), the same attitude (50%),%), supporting cultural values (70%), access to the same vasectomy services (50%) and good perceptions (95%). ) The bivariate test results from this study indicate that the male perception variable related to the side effects of vasectomy is a variable associated with male participation in vasectomy (x2 = 15.8, p value = 0.01, C = 0.53) with a strong relationship (value C approaches C maximum = 0.53). Male knowledge variable about vasectomy (x2 = 0.96, p value = 0.39, C = 0.15), male attitudes toward vasectomy (x2 = 0.41, pvalue = 0.52, C = 0.10), value cultural values of vasectomy (x2 = 1.66, pvalue = 0.19, C = 0.20), and access to services about vasectomy (x2 = 0.01, p value = 1.00, C = 0.01), is a variable that is not related to men's participation in vasectomy. Suggestions from this study are the need for counseling, advocacy, internal assistance and evaluation so that EFA men are ready to use a vasectomy.
FAKTOR RISIKO YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENGGUNAAN METODE KONTRASEPSI JANGKA PANJANG PADA AKSEPTOR WANITA DI DESA LENGKONG KECAMATAN RAKIT KABUPATEN BANJARNEGARA TAHUN 2019 Dewi, Ghandhis Novita Tungga; Nugroho, R. Djoko; Dharmawan, Yudhy
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 8, No 2 (2020): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Upaya pemerintah dalam menekan laju pertumbuhan dilakukan dengan pengendalian kelahiran melalui program Keluarga Berencana Nasional yang lebih diarahkan kepada penggunaan metode kontrasepsi jangka panjang (MKJP). Penggunaan MKJP merupakan salah satu metode yang efektif dalam menurunkan angka kelahiran, mengurangi risiko terjadinya droup-out, dan dapat menurunkan angka kematian ibu. Desa Lengkong adalah desa di Kecamatan Rakit dengan capaian peserta KB aktif MKJP terendah yaitu hanya 9,62%. Tujuan penelitian yaitu mengetahui faktor risiko yang berhubungan dengan penggunan MKJP pada akseptor wanita di Desa Lengkong Kecamatan Rakit Kabupaten Banjarnegara. Jenis penelitian ini adalah explanatory research dengan desain case control study. Populasi dalam penelitian adalah seluruh akseptor KB aktif berusia 20-49 tahun, dimana populasi kasus sebanyak 104 akseptor KB MKJP dan populasi kontrol 860 akseptor KB Non-MKJP. Dengan teknik simple random sampling dan perbandiangan besar sampel antara kasus dan kontrol 1:1, maka diperoleh sampel kasus sebanyak 45 dan sampel kontrol sebanyak 45. Uji statistik yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah uji chi-square continuity correction. Hasil penelitian ditemukan adanya hubungan persepsi individu (p-value=0,001) dan dukungan suami (p-value = 0,001) dengan penggunaan MKJP. Sedangkan usia (p-value = 0,264), pendidikan (p-value = 0,094), pekerjaan (p-value = 0,135), jumlah anak hidup (p-value = 0,106) dan paparan sumber informasi (p-value = 0,264) tidak berhubungan dengan pengguanan MKJP. Disarankan bagi wanita akseptor dan suami untuk mengikuti penyuluhan mengenai MKJP melalui KIE KB dan komunikasi interpersonal.