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HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI LINGKUNGAN TEMPAT TINGGAL DAN PEMANFAATAN SMARTPHONE DENGAN PERILAKU BERPACARAN YANG BERISIKO PADA REMAJA YANG TINGGAL DI DAERAH LOKALISASI GAMBILANGU KOTA SEMARANG Rahmadani, Ike; Dharminto, Dharminto; Agusyahbana, Farid; Dharmawan, Yudhy
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Gambilangu (known as GBL) is one of the famous localization complexes found in Semarang and Kendal.Teens who live in the area of localization is very permissive to sex outside of marriage.The purpose of this study was to analyze the association of perception of the recidential environment and and the usage of smartphoneswith the risky dating behavior in teens who live in the lokalisasi GambilanguSemarang city.This study uses descriptive analytic research using cross sectionalstudy.The population is 66 teens in age group 15-19 years who were in RW 5 and 6 Mangkang Kulon village Semarang.Samples were taken from all population numbers that fulfilled inclusion criteria of 40 adolescents.The characteristics of respondents were more than half of the respondents (52,5%), with the larger age group (32,5%), and the highest school or student (75,0%), parents of respondents as private (70,0%) greater than other jobs.Spearman rank correlation test showed statistically pvalue= 0,017 means that there is a significant association between the usage of a smartphone with the risky dating behavior, and pvalue= 0,545, pvalue= 0,658, pvalue= 0,412 it showed that there is no significant association between perception of the recidential environment, reproductive health knowledge and attitudeswith risky dating behavior.Multiple logistic regression statistical test showed pvalue= 0,941 andpvalue= 0,075 it showed that there is significant influence between the usage of smartphones with risky dating behavior.Suggestions for Mangkang Kulon village community that parents supervise and monitor the activities of teenagers for avoiding the use of smartphones to access pornographic sites.
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK SOSIO-DEMOGRAFI ORANG TUA DENGAN KEJADIAN PERNIKAHAN USIA DINI PADA WUS KECAMATAN TEMBALANG KOTA SEMARANG TAHUN 2018 Tifana, Sarah Ayu; Nugroho, Djoko; Nugroho, Yudhy; Dharminto, Dharminto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Early marriage is a marriage conducted by women at the age before 21 years. Early marriage can have negative effects on health. Parents' socio-demographic factors such as education level, employment status, and the number of children can cause early marriage. In 2017, Tembalang District had the highest early marriage incidence in Semarang. 97 women were conducting early marriages in Tembalang District in 2018, Sendangguwo (18 WUS) and Meteseh (18 WUS) Subdistricts had the highest incidence of early marriage. The purpose of this study is to analyze the relationship of parents' socio-demographic characteristics with the incidence of early marriage in Sendangguwo and Meteseh Sub-District, Tembalang District, Semarang in 2018. The type of this research is explanatory research using a cross-sectional design study. The population is all women who got married in 2018 with a total sample of 71 women. The sampling technique used is proportional random sampling. The scale in this study is a nominal scale using the contingency coefficient statistical test. The results showed that the highest percentage of parents have low education levels (62%), unemployed (63.4%), the number of children <5 person (80.3%), and women who did not marry early (71.8%). The bivariate test results in this study indicate that there is a weak relationship between the level of education of parents (p-value=0,026, C=0,285), parents occupation status (p-value=0,036, C=0,271), and there isn't any relationship between the number of children (p-value 0.571) with the incidence of early marriage in Sendangguwo and Meteseh Sub-District, Tembalang District, Semarang in 2018. Socialization and counseling are needed regarding early marriage, socialization and distribution of leaflets regarding reproductive health, distribution of posters and leaflets about 12-year compulsory education and Smart Indonesian Program.
HUBUNGAN PERSEPSI PENERAPAN FUNGSI KELUARGA DENGAN PERNIKAHAN DINI PADA WANITA USIA SUBUR DI KECAMATAN PRACIMANTORO, KABUPATEN WONOGIRI TAHUN 2016 Audina, Alfin; Winarni, Sri; Dharminto, Dharminto; Mawarni, Atik
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

District Pracimantoro in 2016 there are 418 marriages with 66.50% is the case of early marriage. The Government of Indonesia through BKKBN has developed a Generasi Berencana (GenRe) program to reduce early marriage rates. One of the substance of GenRe program is 8 family functions. The purpose of this study to determine the relationship between perceptions about family functions implementation with early marriage in women childbearing age in District Pracimantoro, Wonogiri regency in 2016. The research type is quantitative with cross sectional design. The population are women childbearing age who recorded in KUA Pracimantoro Sub-district in 2016 with total 418 people. Sample are 80 people selected by proportional random sampling. The result shows that respondent's perception about reproduction function implementation is categorized less (53.8%), perception about economic function implementation is categorized less (53.8%) and perception about protection function implementation is categorized good (52.5%). Early marriage was more common in respondents with perceptions of less reproduction function (55.8%), perception of less economic function (58.1%) and perception of less protection function (68.4%). There is a relation between perceptions about protection function implementattion (p value = 0.004) and there is no correlation between perceptions of reproductive function implementation (p value = 0.370) as well as the perception of economic function implementation (p value = 0.178) with the early marriage (chisquare continuity correction test). Parents need continuously to provide information about the importance of family functions to children for example when family gatherings or meals together with the risk of early marriage.
HUBUNGAN PAJANAN PESTISIDA DENGAN KEJADIAN HIPERTENSI PADA PETANI HORTIKULTURA DI DESA GERLANG KECAMATAN BLADO KABUPATEN BATANG Agustina, Fitria; Suhartono, Suhartono; Dharminto, Dharminto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 4 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The use of pesticide on agricultural land is common for eradicate plant-disturbing organisms to increase agricultural productivity. High use of pesticide can have adverse health effects. Active ingredients contained in the pesticides causing impaired of cholinesterase enzymes which can cause hypertension. Gerlang village is on of the most frequently village used of pesticides. This research have purpose to analyze the relationship beetwen of pesticide exposure with hypertension in horticultural farmers in Gerlang village. This research uses observational method with cross-sectional approach. Population of this research is all farmers in Gerlang village and take 70 respondents as a sample. Data were analyzed using chi-square test. The result of statistical test shows that there is a correlation beetwen level of using pesticide (p=0,032) and pesticide type (p=0,021) with hypertension. There is no correlation between length od using pesticide (p value is cannot be shows because of constant answer) and management of pesticide use (p=0,018) with hypertension. From this research to anticipated the impact of using pesticide that require routinely spraying through the use of personal protective equipment during work.
GAMBARAN PENGETAHUAN, SIKAP DAN PRAKTIK PENCEGAHANKEKERASAN SEKSUALTERHADAP ANAK PADA KETERPAPARAN PROGRAM YAYASAN SETARA DENGAN MEDIA VIDEO (STUDI KASUS DI 2 SD DI KOTA SEMARANG) Evelyn, Theresia; Mawarni, Atik; Dharminto, Dharminto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Center for intergrated service of treating women and child abuse gender based (PPT Seruni) Semarang handled 93 cases of child abuse (2015) consisted of 48 cases of children sexual abuse. This data was increasing compared to 75 complaints of child abuse in 2014 which consisted of 52% children sexual abuse cases. Yayasan Setara Semarang is one of foundations that concerns to children?s rights. In doing so, Yayasan Setara Semarang provides a program for the children by playing some preventing children sexual abuse sosialization videos made by UNICEF in collaboration with Ministry of Health RI.  The video told about what a child must do and must not do things as a respond to an older?s action toward the children. The prupose of this research is to describe knowledge, attitude and practice of preventing children sexual abuse based on Yayasan Setara Semarang?s Program exposure by using video. The type of this research is descriptive study. The population of this research is student who had been exposed in SDN 03 and 04 Jomblang. The data was analyzed by descriptive analysis. The analysis showed that respondents? knowledge was lacking because of the video has not contained potentially children sexual abuse perpetrators in the video, respondents? atittude can be increased by adding other?s children sexual abuse potentially actions they should avoid in the video and respondents? practice can be increased by adding they must not do things toward other older in the video. The result of this research suggests Department of Education to insert preventing children sexual abuse matters into school?s curriculum and Yayasan Setara to develop the program into demonstration and brainstorming form.
HUBUNGAN SANITASI LINGKUNGAN RUMAH DENGAN KEJADIAN DIARE PADA BALITA DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KARANGANYAR KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN Samiyati, Menik; Suhartono, Suhartono; Dharminto, Dharminto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Diarrhea is a disease with high cause of death of toddlers, so that this disease is considered a health problem that cannot be dealt of developing country. Karanganyar?s Health Center is a working area with the discovery of high diarrheal diseases in Pekalongan Regency in 2017 with 333 toddler cases. The sanitation condition of the home environment is a factor causing diarrhea. The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship of home environmental sanitation with the case of diarrhea in toddlers in the working area of the Karanganyar?s health center in Pekalongan. The study used a cross sectional approach with a sample of 64 respondents. The results showed that 54.7% of toddlers who suffered from diarrhea with clean water facilities did not meet the requirements 71% unsafe drinking water sources 65% of the toilet conditions did not meet the requirements 72.5% of sewerage did not meet the requirements 55.8% of floor?s types were not 100% waterproof. The results of the bivariate analysis showed that the variable of clean water facilities p=0.022, the condition of drinking water facilities p=0.010, the toilet conditions p=0.010, the sewerage p=1.000, and the type of floor p=0,497. It was concluded that there was a significant relationship between the condition of clean water facilities and the condition of the toilets in the working area of the Karanganyar?s Health Center in Pekalongan Regency.
HUBUNGAN USIA, PARITAS DAN PERSONAL HYGIENE DENGAN HASIL PEMERIKSAAN INSPEKSI VISUAL ASAM ASETAT (IVA) DI PUSKESMAS BRANGSONG 2 KECAMATAN BRANGSONG KABUPATEN KENDAL Cahyaningrum, Frida; M Adam, T.Ria Marriagewati; Dharminto, Dharminto
Jurnal Kebidanan Vol 6, No 2 (2017): JURNAL KEBIDANAN
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (290.515 KB) | DOI: 10.26714/jk.6.2.2017.103-107

Abstract

Latar belakang: Kanker serviks adalah keganasan yang terjadi pada leher rahim tetapi terbentuknya sangat perlahan, kanker servik adalah kanker terbanyak kedua pada perempuan di Indonesia setelah kanker payudara. Ada beberapa faktor resiko yang menyebabkan kanker servik salah satunya seperti usia, hubungan seksual sejak usia muda, genetik, merokok, paritas, personal hygiene dan defisiensi zat gizi.  Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan usia, paritas dan personal hygiene dengan hasil pemeriksaan IVA.Jenis : Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian deskriptif korelatif. Sampel terdiri dari 78 orang. Variabel bebas dalam penelitian ini meliputi  usia, paritas dan personal hygiene dan variabel terikatnya hasil pemeriksaan IVA. Data dikumpulkan menggunakan kuesioner dan analisa menggunakan uji Chi Square pada tingkat kesalahan 0,05.Hasil: penelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan yang bermakna antara usia dengan hasil pemeriksaan IVA dengan signifikansi (P) = 0,00; ada hubungan yang bermakna antara paritas dengan hasil pemeriksaan IVA dengan signifikansi (P) = 0,05; tidak ada hubungan antara personal hygiene dengan hasil pemeriksaan IVA dengan signifikansi (P) = 0,73. Simpulan: penelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan yang bermakna antara usia dengan hasil pemeriksaan IVA; ada hubungan yang bermakna antara paritas dengan hasil pemeriksaan IVA; tidak ada hubungan antara personal hygiene dengan hasil pemeriksaan IVA.
HUBUNGAN SOSIAL BUDAYA, PERSEPSI EFEK SAMPING DAN GANGGUAN HUBUNGAN SEKSUAL DENGAN PEMILIHAN IUD DI KECAMATAN BANYUBIRU KABUPATEN SEMARANG TAHUN 2018 Enzimatia, Duhita Wikalaili; Dharminto, Dharminto; Nugroho, R. Djoko; Winarni, Sri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

IUD is one of the contraceptive methods that sugested by BKKBN and PB-POGI with 98%  program effectiveness but IUD users in Indonesia are still relatively low (5%). Banyubiru sub-district has the lowest MKJP user in Semarang Regency with 4.77% IUD user in 2018. This study aims to analyze socio-cultural relations, perception of side effects and sexual disfunction with election of IUD. This research uses explanatory research methods and case control study design. The population of this research is 64 IUD user and 1237 non-IUD users. Tthe sample used is 33 IUD users and 66 non-IUD controls (simple random sampling). The result of univariate analysis showed that didn?t hamper social culture (58,6%), proper perseption of side effects (53,5%), minor perception of sexual disfunction (59,6%). Chi-Square analysis result with ? of 0,05, election of IUD have relation with perception of side effects (p-value =0,001;OR=12,688) and perception of sexual disfunction p-value=0,001;OR=46,222), socio-cultural haven?t relation with election of IUD (p-value= 0,614;OR=0,729). Logistic regression analysis shows that independent variable to have influence on proper side effects of 5 times and perception of minor sexual disfunction of 23 times, social culture haven?t influence with election of IUD. Suggestions are given by giving IEC and interpersonal communication to the IUD acceptor about side effect and sexual disorders with IUD.Keywords        : election of IUD, social culture, perception of side effects, perception of sexual disfunction
HUBUNGAN RIWAYAT PAJANAN PESTISIDA SAAT HAMIL DENGAN KEJADIAN BBLR DI KEC. BLADO KAB. BATANG Lentho, Jessie Novriani; Suhartono, Suhartono; Dharminto, Dharminto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 4 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Pesticides exposure during the pregnancy affects the incidence of low birth weight (LBW). Many of studies prove that pesticide has negative effect for the growth of embryo. The aimed of this study was to discover the association between pesticides exposure history during the pregnancy and LBW incidence in Blado Sub-district, Batang Regency. This was a case control study conducted on 50 womans who have been or are still involved in agricultural activities with pregnancy history on 2017. In which 25 of them gaving birth with LBW categorized as case group and the rest of them giving birth with nomal weight categorized as control group. Statistical analysis was done by chi-square test and OR value calculation. There were significant association between the history of agricultural activities involvement during the pregnancy, the intensive involvement on agricultural activities, the work period on agricultural activities, and the completeness of the use of personal protective equipment (PPE) while doing agricultural activities and LBW incidence (p value=0.043; 0.001; 0.004; 0.004). There was no significant association between the intensivity of pesticide exposure with LBW incidence (p value=1.000). The study concluded that doing pesticide-related agricultural activities during pregnancy with incomplete PPE usage, and the long work period in agricultural activities have association with LBW incidence.
HUBUNGAN FAKTOR DEMOGRAFI, AKTIVITAS FISIK, RIWAYAT PENYAKIT, DAN METODE KB DENGAN KELUHAN PERIMENOPAUSE PADA PEDAGANG SERABI AMBARAWA, SEMARANG Oktiani, Celline; Dharminto, Dharminto; Agusyahbana, Farid; Mawarni, Atik
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

In 2016 in Indonesia has reached 14 million menopausal women, or 7.4% of the total population. Increased life expectancy causes the number of menopausal women will increase. Ambarawa merchants with an age range entering menopausal age and selling places in pollution prone areas. Where mentioned women who are often exposed to vehicle fumes and inhaling the polluted air can cause the ovum to become unable to function properly. As a result there are various menopause gripes that will decrease the quality of life of a menopausal woman. The purpose of this research was to analyze the relation of demography factor, physical activity, disease history, and kb method with perimenopause gripes on Ambarawa serabi merchants, Semarang. The type of research used is Explanatory Research with Cross Sectional approach. The population in this research is all 40 serabi merchants aged 40-55 years is 41 people who then taken entirely as research respondents. The highest percentage was 65.9% of respondents aged ? 50 years, marital status 78.0% had husbands, 46.3% had primary school education, 83.3% had high physical activity, 65.9% had no history of disease, and 68, 3% had used hormonal contraceptive for ? 3 months in a row. Based on statistical test Chi Square shows there is relationship of physical activity with perimenopause gripe (p = 0,015). Unrelated variables are demography factor, disease history, and family planning method. Based on logistic regression test with enter method showed that there was influence of physical activity with perimenopausal gripe on Ambarawa serabi merchants, Semarang (p = 0,030: OR = 20,312; CI = 1,348-306,110). Suggestions for further researchers is to examine by reviewing of various factors / other variables that have not been disclosed in this study. For serabi merchants to increase physical activity such as exercise in order to reduce perimenopause gripes..
Co-Authors Aditya Imam Efendi, Aditya Imam Afritia, Mia Agusybana, Farid Ardiana Nur Aini, Ardiana Nur Atik Mawarni Audina, Alfin Batmomolin, Naomi Br Purba, Paska Aprina Cahya Tri Purnami Corry Wahyuni Hidayat, Corry Wahyuni Daru Lestantyo Djoko Nugroho Enzimatia, Duhita Wikalaili Erni Yuliastuti Farid Agusyahbana, Farid Fitria Agustina Frida Cahyaningrum, Frida Halimah, Anis Nur Haloho, Novita Hanik Machfudloh, Hanik Hernayanti, Munica Rita Imaroh, Istiana Islahul Imelsa Ika Wulandari, Imelsa Ika Kadina Alifianur, Kadina Khairir Rizani, Khairir Kurnianingsih Kurnianingsih, Kurnianingsih Lentho, Jessie Novriani M Adam, T.Ria Marriagewati Mamnuah, Indartik Martha Irene Kartasurya Mufidatul Khasanah, Mufidatul Muhaamad Luqman Anshori, Muhaamad Luqman Nery Ermaya, Nery Nisa Novaeni, Nisa Nisa, Anna Himmatin Nita, Isnaini Avia Nugroho, Yudhy Nur Endah Wahyuningsih NURKHOLIFAH, SINTI Okta Nidya Boro Samosir, Okta Nidya Oktariza, Minanda Oktiani, Celline Pertiwi, Rida Pratama, Thoriq Rizqy Purnandias, Imani Lia Puspita, Ivana Anggun Putri Setyo Wulandari, Putri Setyo R. Djoko Nugroho, R. Djoko Rade Roro Yuke Rahma Febriani, Rade Roro Yuke Rahma Raden Djoko Nugroho, Raden Djoko Rahayu Norma Cahyani, Rahayu Norma Rahfiludin, M Zen Rahmadani, Ike rahmaningtyas, ita Rianasari Rianasari, Rianasari Ritmasari Ritmasari Riza Nurul Husna, Riza Nurul Ryan Adiputra, Ryan Safira Fatichaturrachma, Safira Samiyati, Menik Sari, Okvita Siti Fatimah Pradigdo Sri Achadi Nugraheni Sri Winarni Suhartono Suhartono Sulistya, Angga Dwi Suyatman, Billy Suyatno Suyatno Theresia Evelyn, Theresia Tifana, Sarah Ayu Triana Widiastuti, Triana Triani, Novita Widya Gian Argintha, Widya Gian Wiwi Wulan Ndari, Wiwi Wulan Yudhy Dharmawan Yulia Nur Azizah, Yulia Nur