Rian Diana
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat, Fakultas Ekologi Manusia, Institut Pertanian Bogor

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FAKTOR RISIKO KEGEMUKAN PADA WANITA DEWASA INDONESIA Diana, Rian; Yuliana, Indah; Yasmin, Ghaida; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 1 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.078 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.1-8

Abstract

This study was aimed to analyze risk factors of overweight women aged 19?55 years in Indonesia. This study used electronic files data of the National Basic Health Research 2010 from Ministry of Health, which was designed as a cross sectional survey. A total of 57,167 women aged 19?55 years were selected for the analysis. A logistic regression was applied to analyze risk factors of overweight. The result showed that 29.4% of subjects were overweight (including obese). The significant risk factors (p<0.05) of overweight among subjects were marital status (OR for married=2.712; 95%CI:2.559?2.875), household income (OR for high income=1.566; 95%CI:1.504?1.631), living settlement (OR for urban=1.358; 95%CI:1.304?1.413), physical activity (OR for sedentary=1.213; 95%CI:1.153?1.275), energy from carbohydrate (EAC) (OR for EAC?55%=1.119; 95%CI:1.067?1.173), and energy from sugary sweetened foods (ESF) (OR for ESF?10%=1.100; 95%CI:1.037?1.166). Education level (OR for higher education=0.817; 95%CI:0.782?0.853) was a protective factors for overweight. This implies the importance of promoting physical activity and healthy diet, especially with sugary sweetened foods and adequate energy from carbohydrate, for preventing and controlling overweight among Indonesian adults especially women.
GAYA HIDUP, KONSUMSI SUPLEMEN, JAMU, TANAMAN OBAT, DAN STATUS KESEHATAN LANSIA DI KABUPATEN BOGOR Diana, Rian; Roosita, Katrin; Khomsan, Ali
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 3 No. 2 (2008)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (76.182 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2008.3.2.118-123

Abstract

The objective of this research was to analize the correlation of life style, supplement consumption, traditional medice, medical plants, and health status of elderly at Bogor District. The research was conducted at Ciampea Sub-district, Bogor District, West Java, from June till December 2005 using cross sectional study design. The sample size was 90 elders (45 male and 45 female). The result indicated that 3.7% sample was smoker, 17.8% sample had sport habit, and 42.2% sample had leisure activity. Only 6.7% sample consumed supplement, meanwhile the consumption of traditional medicine was 53.3% and medical plants 48.9%. The common diseases were hypertension, rheumatic and gout. The sample had a lot af health complain such as not feeling well, anemia, headache, and loin pain. Based on blood pressure measurement, 45.5% sample suffered from hypertension. The elders sport activity was negatively correlated with loin pain (p<0.05), meanwhile supplement consumption was positively correlated with constipation (p<0.01). Traditional medicine had a positive correlation with age (p<0.01) and negative correlation with loin pain (p<0.05). Medical plants had a positive correlation with decreased appetite (p<0.01), chewing difficulties (p<0.01) and decreased sense of smell (p<0.01).
RISK FACTORS OF HYPERTENSION AMONG ADULT IN RURAL INDONESIA Diana, Rian; Muharam Nurdin, Naufal; Anwar, Faisal; Riyadi, Hadi; Khomsan, Ali
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 13 No. 3 (2018)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (443.978 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2018.13.3.111-116

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyse the risk factors of hypertension among adult in rural Indonesia. This cross-sectional study included 112 married couples (112 men and 112 women) aged 45-59 years old and was conducted in Cianjur District, West Java, Indonesia. The measurement of body weight and fat composition used Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) monitor (OMRON® Karada Scan Body Composition Monitor HBF-358-BW). Body height was measured by stadiometer, meanwhile waist circumference was measured by measuring tape. Data on the blood pressure measured by an automatic blood pressure monitor (OMRON® Automatic Blood Pressure Monitor Model HEM-7200). All measurement were done twice in repetition. Chi-square was used to analysed the association between variables and logistic regression was used to analyse the risk factors. The prevalence of hypertension was 49.1% (women 54.5%; men 43.7%). Women had a higher proportion of overweight, obesity, abdominal obesity, and hypertension stage 2 than men. BMI (p<0.05), waist circumference (p<0.05), total body fat (p<0.05), and visceral fat (p<0.05) were significantly higher in hypertension subject than not hypertension. Nonetheless, only waist circumference became the risk factor for hypertension (OR=4.005; 95%CI:1.47-10.914 for high risk). There is high prevalence of hypertension among adult in rural area. Adult, particularly women need to pay attention on their body fat to reduce the risk of hypertension.
SMOKING HABIT, PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND HYPERTENSION AMONG MIDDLE AGED MEN[Kebiasaan Merokok, Aktifitas Fisik, dan Hipertensi pada Laki-laki Dewasa] Diana, Rian; Khomsan, Ali; Nurdin, Naufal Muharam; Anwar, Faisal; Riyadi, Hadi
Media Gizi Indonesia Vol 13, No 1 (2018): JURNAL MEDIA GIZI INDONESIA
Publisher : Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (541.37 KB) | DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v13i1.57-61

Abstract

Hypertension is a global public health problem. Hypertension prevalence increasing with age, particularly in middle aged men. It is important to identify the modifiable risk factors. The aim of this study was to analyse the correlation of smoking habit, physical activity, and hypertension among middle aged men. This study was conducted in Cianjur District, West Java. 112 men aged 45-59 years old were participated in this cross sectional study. Automatic blood pressure (OMRON Model HEM-7200) was used to measure blood pressure. 24-hour physical activity recall was used to assess physical activity (PA). The correlation between smoking habit and hypertension was analyzed by Chi Square.  The correlation between physical activity and hypertension was analyzed by Spearman.  This study found that 83.9% subjects had smoking habit.  More than half of the subjects (57.2%) had heavy PA. Almost half of the subjects (43.7%) were hypertension. Median of systolic 135.0 mmHg and diastolic 85.0 mmHg. There was a significant correlation between smoking habit (p=0.039) and physical activity (p=0.025) with hypertension. Smoking habit and physical activity correlate with hypertension. Having a moderate to vigorous physical activity regularly particularly in smokers among middle aged men are recommend for decreasing the prevalence of hypertension.