I Wayan Dibia
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JOGED DANCE IN YOUTUBE Suartaya, Kadek; Suastika, I Made; Dibia, I Wayan; Agung, Anak Agung Gde Putra
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol 9, No 3 (2016): August 2016
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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In Indonesia Joged Bumbung is a dance which was created in Bali; it is known as tari pergaulan, namely, a social dance which is performed to make friends; however, it has   innovated so freely that it becomes a dance with pornographic movements  presented vulgarly.   The recording of such a dance can be easily watched in YouTube; it can also be easily watched in shared video web sites, through which the users can download, watch and share different video clips free of charge. The problems of the present study are (1) what is the negative impact of the pornographic joged dance on the aesthetic values of Joged Bumbung; (2) how negatively people view the dancers and group of such a pornographic joged dance; (3) how negatively people view the Balinese cultural art resulting from the fact that such a pornographic joged dance has been uploaded in YouTube? The main objective of the present study is to identify the negative impact of the pornographic joged dance in YouTube. The data were collected through observation, interview, and library research. The collected data were then analyzed descriptively and qualitatively using the phonological theory; and the qualitative method is used. It can be concluded that the pornographic joged is still watched in different parts of the island; it is watched every night. The government, art observers, and the society?s leaders are anxious about the negative impact of such a joged dance on those who are involved in its performance. Therefore, the Bali government has persuaded the dancers and groups that are involved in the performance of such a joged dance to return to the ethical choreography of the performing art of Joged Bumbung. The government has directly met them for this purpose; however, what has been done has not been successful yet. There were three negative impacts of such a joged dance presented in YouTube. They are (1) the art value of the Joged Bumbung dance has become degraded; (2) the dancers have been immorally justified; and (3) the Balinese art and culture have been distorted.
BARONG MEETING AT PUCAK PADANG DAWA TEMPLE BATURITI TABANAN REGENCY: IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF CULTURAL STUDIES Dana, I Wayan; Dibia, I Wayan; Putra Agung, A.A. Gde; Suastika, I Made
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol. 3, No. 2 Juli 2009
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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This dissertation contains research findings on the Barong Meeting, a multidimentionalcultural event performed at Pucak Padang Dawa Temple, Baturiti Tabanan Regency. Such ameeting is attended by more than sixty various barongs and rangdas of various types comingfrom various areas in Central Bali, and is the biggest in Bali. The research on such a culturalphenomenon is intended to reveal holistically the existence of the Barong Meeting while theprocess of modernization is taking place in Bali nowadays.Such a cultural phenomenon was investigated based on the problems formulated inseveral research questions. (1) How is the Barong Meeting performed at Pucak Padang DawaTemple, Baturiti, Tabanan Regency?; (2) what ideology is referred to by the Barong Meeting atPucak Padang Dawa Temple, Baturiti, Tabanan Regency?; (3) What does the Barong Meetingmean viewed from the socio cultural system of the Balinese society?By applying qualitative method and regarding the Barong Meeting as a multilayerentity, this study is intended to understand and analyze the ideology and meaning contained inthe Barong Meeting, which is believed to have centralistic strength making the cultures fromvarious areas of Central Bali meet. The problems were solved by applying some relevanttheories such as the theory of power relationship, the theory of religions, the theory of esthetics,and the theory of semiotics.Five important findings of this study are; Firstly, the Barong Meeting at Pucak PadangDawa Temple is a cultural event with religious, social and theatrical dimensions. Secondly, theBarong Meeting is an old religious ritual viewed from what is stated in Purana of the LuhurPucak Padang Dawa Temple. Such a Barong Meeting is still carried out by the society membersat Bangli Village. Thirdly, the Barong Meeting is a cultural event covering the areas of CentralBali such as Tabanan Regency, Negara Regency, Badung Regency, Gianyar Regency and BangliRegency. Fourthly, the Barong Meeting is not an event which is habitually carried out but aritual ceremony which is dynamically repeated by absorbing innovations which still refer to thephilosophy and ethics of Hinduism, making it able to develop collective awareness respectingdiversity featuring the era?s life. Fifthly, the Barong Meeting is a religious event realizingconcrete, real and direct actions based on Hindusm. Such a ritual ceremony densely containingartistic values emphasizes the dynamic relationship and integratedness of performance of artsand art performance in the cultural activities performed in Bali Hindu.What can be concluded in this study shows that the Barong Meeting at Pucak PadangDawa Temple, Baturiti, Tabanan Regency, serves as an inviting and attending processioncovering the initial, the essence, and the end which is both centripetal and centrifugal. Theideology referred to is worshipping, power, and performance. The integration of these three basicideas present ritual ceremony dimension, social activity, and art performance, making the BarongMeeting a multidimensional event. The Barong Meeting contains multilayer senses such asmagic religious, socio unifier, politics of authority, economics and esthetics.
REPRODUCTION OF KAKEBYARAN ART IN MATARAM CITY, WEST NUSA TENGGARA YUDARTA, I GEDE; Kusuma, Nyoman Weda; Dibia, I Wayan; Parimartha, I Gde
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol 9, No 2 (2016): May 2016
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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Kakebyaran art is a performing art with the Balinese identity; it is not only popular in Bali but also in the other provinces in Indonesia and different parts of the world. In Indonesia, such a performing art is also performed in Mataram City, West Nusa Tenggara. The policy with the jargon ?Maju, Religious and Berbudaya? (Being Developed, Religious, and Cultured),  which was issued by the ruler of Mataram City, affirms that the development in Mataram City is oriented toward the Islamic religious values, meaning that the other religious and cultural symbols are reduced. Such a situation has motivated the Balinese ethnic community to develop its art, tradition, and culture in general and the kekebyaran art in particular. Such a phenomenon is a domain of cultural studies which is very interesting to be explored in depth. There are three problems related to such a phenomenon. They are 1) the form and function of the reproduction of the kekebyaran art, 2) the factors contributing to the reproduction of the kekebyaran , 3) the impact of the reproduction of the kekebyaran art on and its meaning to the society of Mataram City, West Nusa Tenggara. The present study was conducted using the qualitative method, in accordance with the scientific norm and paradigm of cultural studies. Three theories were used to analyze such problems; they are the theory of cultural reproduction, the theory of identity, and the theory of semiotics. They were eclectically used to discuss the substance of the topic of discussion. The results of analysis were formulated as follows: first, the form of the reproduction of the kekebyaran art is made up of musicality, the instrumental form, the way of presenting it, its function as part of a ritual and a performing art, and its function to strengthen the local culture. Second, the factors contributing to the reproduction of the kakebyaran art are as follows:  the culture, economy and cultural communication. Third, the impact and meaning of the reproduction of the kakebyaran art are as follows:  the spiritual impact, the socio-cultural impact, the economic impact, the aesthetic meaning, and the cultural meaning.
EAGLE DANCE AS CULTURAL IDENTITY IN THE ISOLATING TRIBAL COMMUNITY CHANGES, IN PEMATANG KABAU VILLAGE, AIR HITAM DISTRICT, SAROLANGUN REGENCY, JAMBI PROVINCE Purnama, Sri; Dibia, I Wayan; Suastika, I Made; -, Daryusti
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol. 4, No. 2 Juli 2010
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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This dissertation discusses the Eagles dance as the identity of dance incultural change in isolated tribal community (SAD), in the village of PematangKabau, Air HItam District, Sarolangun Regency, Jambi Province. CentralGovernment through the Ministry of Social Affairs moved SAD out of the jungleand then settling on a permanent area and this activity has been carried out since1973. Furthermore, the settlement resulted in a fairly fundamental change, notonly in style and environment of SAD, but more important to the identity markersand self-identity of SAD.People of SAD who had been settled, strive to keep eagle dance even bymaking some changes as far as not to break out the essential elements of the Eagledance in order to avoid a total loss of identity and their self-identity in the newneighborhoods, This study aims to see how art, in this case Eagle dance, can be amarker of identity that attaches to the SAD after they settle outside the forest. Toachieve these objectives there are three main problems which will be soughtanswers in this study, namely: (1) What does the Eagles dance of SAD in thevillage of Pematang Kabau looks like?; (2) how is the status of the Eagles dancefor SAD in the village of Pematang Kabau; and (3) how is the impact andmeaning of Eagles dance towards the SAD changes?The study with the perspective of cultural studies designing as thisqualitative research is used to solve the three problems mentioned above by usingseveral concepts, theories and techniques of data collection. Concepts are referredto Eagle dance, cultural identity, change, and isolated tribal community. Thetheory used is the identity theory, the theory of semiotics, hegemony theory, andtheory of deconstruction. Data collection techniques include participantobservation, depth interviews, and study of literature / documentation. The datacollected is processed in a descriptive analytical and subsequently presented in theform of narrative, tables, and visual illustrations.The results indicate that there had been changes towards the Eagles dancein SAD which had settled in Kabau Pematang village, although the use of holy spells as a musical accompaniment and distinctive gestures symbolic of this danceis still maintained. In residential SAD, Eagle dance is treated as a cultural groupidentity, and the regeneration of the dancers began to be conducted. The impact ofthis treatment which is carried out by citizens of SAD making the Eagles dancebecomes sustainable dance despite the new of its socio-cultural functions. ForSAD in residential areas, Eagle dance means as a symbol of cultural expression,equality, and welfare. The main meaning of Eagles dance, who built fromtradition and cultural power of SAD, becomes a representation of communitygroups concerned, in the midst of pressure, domination and influence of themajority culture.
IDEOLOGY OF THE STORY CUPAK KE SWARGAN BY PUPPET MASTER I MADE JANGGA: IN THE PERSPECTIVE OF CULTURAL STUDIES Murtana, I Nyoman; Suastika, I Made; Dibia, I Wayan; Kutha Ratna, I Nyoman
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol. 4, No. 2 Juli 2010
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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This dissertation contains the result of the research in the ideology of thestory or Lakon Cupak Ke Swargan (hereon abbreviated to LCS) by the puppetmaster or Dalang Jangga, in a performance of Wayang Cupak at Dukuh PuluTengah, Mambang Village, East Selemadeg District. This story conveys anumber of life values which are expressed ideologically through various events,including a power struggle, a love story, and a search for God. All the events areexpressed aesthetically so that audience can enjoy the performance.The target of the research is a performance of LCS by Dalang Jangga in arecording by Aneka Record Tabanan, which the writer transcribed in the form of awritten text. The research focuses on the idelogy contained in LCS. The type ofdata used was qualitative data about the ideology that was assumed to be found inthis story. The qualitative data associated with the life of the late Dalang Jangga,in relation to his work in the field of shadow puppet theater, was based on the datacollected in the field through in-depth interviews with a number of informants,using a snowball technique. A post-modern approach was applied through phenomenological,deconstructive, and critical paradigms. The analysis was carried outusing an analytical descriptive technique based on an interpretation of the datacollected. The focus of the analysis was directed by applying three theories,namely theories of ideology, function, and semiotics.Three main topics were obtained from the analysis of the data, namely theform, function, and meaning of the ideology. By studying the ideological form, itwas possible to gain a picture about the conservative, progressive, and pragmatic ideology of Dalang Jangga. From the ideological function, the writer gained anidea of its social dynamic, educational, ritual, and aesthetical. A study of theideological meaning provided an illustration of the symbolic, ethical, andaesthetical meanings.
RELIGIOUS TRANSFORMATION OF SENI DODOD TAKING PLACE AT MEKAR WANGI VILLAGE SOUTH BANTEN Kasmahidayat, Yuliawan; Dibia, I Wayan; Alwasilah, A. Chaedar; Suastika, I Made
E-Journal of Cultural Studies Vol. 5, No. 1 Januari 2011
Publisher : Cultural Studies Doctorate Program, Postgraduate Program of Udayana University

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Religious transformation of Seni Dodod taking place at Mekar Wangi Village, SaketiDistrict, Pandeglang Regency, South Banten, Banten Province enriches the analysis of thecommunity cultural pattern based on the art characteristics born and developing in thecommunity. In relation to that, this study describes the cultural phenomenon of religioustransformation as the ideological basis of the pre-modern, modern and postmodern communities.Multidisciplinary qualitative method was employed in this study and the data needed werecollected by in-depth interview, participatory observation and documentation techniques. Thefindings show that the Seni Dodod has the belief or the religion adhered to by the people living atMekar Wangi Village as its religious background. Such a belief affects the relation patternbetween the individuals and their community, nature and God. This is used as the reference inwhat is done in the agricultural process, making Seni Dodod a cult and realizatrion. When thecultural transformation process was taking place, it was found that there was a point of contactbetween traditional arts and modern arts outside the domain of Seni Dodod . Nowadays newcompositions of Seni Dodod have been created functioning as instruments of wedding andkhitanan rituals (khitanan = a feast celebrating a circumcision). The process of acculturation wasformally performed at school by using its compositions as the learning material of art andculture. Its application in its original form and composition was informally inherited throughSeni Dodod studios, the youth and villagers. Its religious meaningfulness was reflected from thecountry life performed by the people living at Mekar Wangi village. Such meaningfulness wasbased on that given by the leaders of pondok pesantren (Muslem boarding school) and on theexplanation clarifying, showing, separating and elaborating seven clauses of Al-Qur?an. Themeaningfulness provided resulted in intactness of movements, the costumes worn, the poem oflutung kasarung , the magic formula or the prayers used. In addition, it was also referred to asMuslim art and culture. It seems that nowadays a shift has taken place as far as its function isconcerned. It used to be employed as a means of agricultural ritual but now it has been animportant part of wedding and khitanan rituals; however, it has not been employed as a secularart