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PENGARUH UMUR PANEN TERHADAP AKTIVITAS ANTIOKSIDAN DAN KUALITAS BUAH OKRA MERAH (ABELMOSCHUS ESCULENTUS (L.) MOENCH) Zuhdi, Ah. Maftuh HAfidh; Suryawati, Sinar; Djunaidi, Achmad
Agrovigor Vol 11, No 2 (2018): September
Publisher : University of Trunojoyo Madura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21107/agrovigor.v11i2.5059

Abstract

Buah okra (Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench) merupakan sayuran yang memiliki kandungan senyawa polifenol, karotenoid, flvonoid, dan vitamin yang dapat bertindak sebagai antioksidan. Kandungan senyawa antioksidan buah, salah satunya dipengaruhi oleh umur panen. Umur panen yang terlambat juga mempengaruhi tekstur buah sehingga akan menentukan layak tidaknya buah okra dikonsumsi sebagai sayur. Penelitian ini  bertujuan untuk  mengetahui pengaruh umur panen yang berbeda terhadap aktivitas antioksidan dan mengetahui umur panen buah okra terbaik untuk konsumsi sayur. Penelitian ini mengunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan 8 perlakuan umur panen, yaitu P1 (panen 3 hari setelah bunga mekar), P2 (panen 4 hari setelah bunga mekar), P3 (panen 5 hari setelah bunga mekar), P4 (panen 6 hari setelah bunga mekar), P5 (panen 7 hari setelah bunga mekar), P6 (panen 8 hari setelah bunga mekar), P7 (panen 9 hari setelah bunga mekar), P8 (panen 10 hari setelah bunga mekar) .Umur panen buah okra merah 6 hari setelah bunga mekar merupakan perlakuan terbaik untuk sayur dengan nilai aktivitas antioksidan total 87,05%, panjang buah 12,22 cm/buah, diameter buah 1,19 cm/buah, bobot basah buah 18,61 g/buah, bobot kering buah 1,17 g/buah, kadar air buah 90,87%/buah, warna buah (L 13,90; a 4,30; b 15,48), dan tekstur buah (kekerasan 362,25 g/buah; daya patah 438,93 g/buah;  kealotan 5,47). Kata kunci : Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench, umur panen, antioksidan, kualitas buah.
RANCANGAN PERUMAHAN DAN INTERAKSI PENGHUNI DENGAN SEKITAR STUDI KASUS : PERUMAHAN MENENGAH ATAS DI YOGYAKARTA Winandari, Maria Immaculata Ririk; Wibisono, Bambang Hari; Djunaidi, Achmad; Ahimsa-Putra, Heddy Shri
Forum Teknik Vol 35, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Upper middle-class housing has been growing fast in Yogyakarta, most of these being exclusive estate with limited acces. There has been curiosity that this condition minimizes interaction between in habitants of  housing estate and people in the surrounding area. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the relatianshif  between housing layout, inhabitants? interaction, and people in the surrounding area. The study was conducted in four Yogyakarta?s housing estate representhing the upper middle-class income community, they are Pertamina Complex Estate, Nandan Griya ldaman Estate, Griya lntan Permai Estate and Casa Grand Estate. The case study method was used to establish the relatianshif  between housing layout and inhabitants? interaction through comparison of cases. The results of the study show that the number of  housing entrances, public, and commercial facilities as well as the obscure physical boundaries influence the interaction among inhabitants of  housing estate and people in the surrounding area. The high expectation of safety, security warranty, and the housing surveillance minimised the interaction between in habitants of  housing estates and people in the surrounding area eenwendfng ered. The design af the estates that enables local people to use the estates' facilities contributed to the increased interaction between inhabitants of  housing estate and people in the surrounding area.Keywords:  housing layout, public open space, interaction, upper midd/e-class, Yogyakarta
PAKARANGAN DI PERMUKIMAN DESA SINGENGU MANDAILING JULU, SUMATRA UTARA Nuraini, Cut; Djunaidi, Achmad; Sudaryono, S; Subroto, T Yoyok
Forum Teknik Vol 35, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

A yard in Singengu Village has a different meaning with a yard in general. Pakarangan or yard in Singengu Village comparises of side area and front area of Bagas (house). It means that the backside area is not a yard. Pakarangan does not has variety vegetation as many house yard, except decorated  plant like flower. The objective of this research is to find out pakarangan concept, factors infuenced its concept and what the meaning of pakarangan phenomenon. This research used phenomenological paradigm with naturalistic approach and inductive-qualitative analysis methode. The result of this research are pakarangan comparises of alaman (space in front of bagas), pamispisan (space beside of bagas) and taruma bagas (space underneath of bagas). The backspace of the house is not part of pakarangan but it is a separate space called parik. The concept of pakarangan is based on Mandailing cosmology's belief about Banua Partoru (bottom word). Parik is cnsidered to Banua Portoru, therefore parik is not a part a pakarangan. The meaning of pakarangan is Singengu village is the whole of  bagas area except parik.Keywords: Pakarangan, Alaman, Bagas, Parik, Banua Partoru
LATAR OMBO, FUNGSI DAN KONSEP RUANG PUBLIK DI DESA TIENG KABUPATEN WONOSOBO Hermanto, Heri; Djunaidi, Achmad; Sudaryono, S
Forum Teknik Vol 35, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Gadjah Mada

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Abstract

Latar ombo (a wide yard) at Tieng village Dieng Wonsobo has a function as a public area to hold cultural and tradition activities. The research questions are, how latar ombo function and role as public area society and  what concept underline the building of latar ombo at the Tieng village.The research uses phenomenology  by inductive technique. Data by collected by deep interview, the informans are ten peple.Based on inductive analysis about information units, it can be found three themes. Then these were discussed to know the local concepts of public space. The result shows that there are interrelation among latar ombos owned by people at Tieng village so that latar ombo becomes a public area which is needed by society.Keywords:  public space, latar ombo, the concept of  interrelation
HUBUNGAN ANTARA KEKUATAN KOGNIITIF, DISTRIBUSI ENERGI DAN PRESTASI AKADEMIK Djunaidi, Achmad
Indonesian Journal of Applied Sciences Vol 4, No 3 (2014)
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/.v4i3.16809

Abstract

AbstractThis study is about the relationship between cognitive power, energy distribution and academic achievement. Cognitive power is the thinking skills of a person who is not obtained as a result of learning through formal education that includes scholastic ability and practice ability. Distribution of energy is an ability to mobilize energy distribution and energy directed in accordance with its objectives. While academic achievement is the value of a person, the accumulation of learning outcomes of each semester. Data were obtained from 165 college students as participants were then processed through correlational statistical techniques. The results obtained from this study showed a relationship between cognitive powers significant with academic achievement. There is a significant relationship between the distribution of energy with academic achievement. There is a significant relationship between cognitive powers with energy distribution, but low relationship. Cognitive power and energy distribution would be used as a predictor for academic success a person.Keywords: cognitive power, energy distribution and academic achievement
SOCIAL EXPERIENCE AND TRUST ON PRISONERS AND NON-PRISONERS Rosiana, Dewi; Djunaidi, Achmad; Setyono, Indun Lestari; Srisayekti, Wilis
MIMBAR (Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan) Volume 34, No. 2, Year 2018 [Accredited Ranking Sinta 2]
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/mimbar.v34i2.3650

Abstract

Trust is shaped by the role of personal interaction in social experience, including past experiences, individual knowledge of events experienced by close people, and exposure to information from the community. Based on this paradigm, individuals who are formed with different experience, knowledge, and information will have different trust. Aiming to examine the paradigm, this study investigated the differences of trust in two groups of participants with different experiences, i.e. prisoners (n= 68) and non-prisoners (n = 68). Using the questionnaire of trust in institution, trust in people scale, and inclusive general trust scale, the data were analyzed by t-test, Mann-Whitney, and Wilcoxon. Results showed that there were no significant differences between groups in the level of general trust, and there were significant differences between groups in the level of trust in institution. This study supports the opinion that trust is more a matter of culture.
TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR-ALPHA (TNF-ALPHA) AND INTERCELLULAR ADHESION MOLECULE-1 (ICAM-1) EXPRESSION OF PLASMODIUM BERGHEI INFECTED SWISS MICE TREATED WITH RED FRUIT (PANDANUS CONOIDEUS LAM) ETHANOL EXTRACT Tafor, Demianus; Djunaidi, Achmad; Wasityastuti, Widya; Sholikhah, Eti Nurwening
Tropical Medicine Journal Vol 3, No 2 (2013): Tropical Medicine Journal
Publisher : Pusat Kedokteran Tropis

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1852.863 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/tmj.5868

Abstract

ABSTRACTIntroduction: Malaria infection could activate T cell helper 2 CD4+ which release cytokines IL-4, IL-5, IL-10 was a kind of immunosuppressant cytokines and prevented a cerebral tissue damage from the expression intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) by TNF-?, ended with a cerebral malaria. The red fruit was proved as antioxidant but its effect to reduce TNF-? and expression of ICAM-1 in cerebral tissue endothelial cell remained unknown.Objectives: to know the effect of red fruit ethanol extract toward the change of TNF-? secretion number and ICAM-1 in Swiss male mice?s cerebral endothelial cell infected with P.berghei.Methods: Sixty Swiss male mice were divided in to 6 groups, group I was not given the red fruit (BM) ethanol extract and not infected P.berghei, Group II was given BM 260mg/kg BB but not infected P.berghei, group III, IV, V were given BM  130, 260, and 520 mg/kg respectively and infected with P.berghei. Red fruit extract or carrier substance was given for 4 weeks, P.berghei was given in the early of third week. TNF-? level check was done in third and ninth day after the injection, with TNF-? ELISA kit mouse. ICAM-1 cerebral endotel cell expression check was done in third and nine day with immunohistochemistry (IHC) coloring.Results: TNF-? level in third day after infected to the groups given red fruit extract (group III, IV, and V) showed no significant difference (p=0,839) compared to group which was not given red fruit but infected (group VI). TNF-? level in ninth day after infected to groups given red fruit ( group III,IV,V) lower (p<0,05) compared to groups which was not given red fruit but infected. ICAM-1 expression in third and ninth day after treatment to group given red fruit extract was lower (p<0,05) compared to groups given red fruit extract but infected. Conclusion: Red fruit ethanol extract ( P conoideus Lam) could decrease TNF-? level and ICAM-I expression in Swiss mice? endothelial cerebral cells after infected by P.berghei.Key word: Pandanus conoideus Lam, TNF-?, ICAM-1 expression, Plasmodium berghei, Swiss mice
TRADISI SIRAMAN (MEMANDIKAN CALON PENGANTIN) DALAM PROSESI UPACARA PERNIKAHAN ADAT JAWA DI DESA LARANGAN KECAMATAN LARANGAN KABUPATEN BREBES Djunaidi, Achmad; Aji Prawira, Setiadi
CIVICUS : Pendidikan-Penelitian-Pengabdian Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan Vol. 4 No. 1: Maret 2016
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (435.706 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/civicus.v4i1.324

Abstract

Abstrak:Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian upacara adat jawa, yaitu upacara siraman. Dalam penelitian ini peneliti mengajukan rumusan masalah yang cukup menarik. Adapun rumusan masalah tersebut adalah bagaimana proses siraman serta apa makna siraman tersebut. Dengan tujuan memahami bagaimana proses siraman beserta makna yang terdapat dalam proses siraman.  Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian kualitatif. Penelitian kualitatif lebih bersifat deskriptif yang disusun secara sistematis dalam penelitian ini. Pendekatan yang digunakan adalah pendekatan fenomenolgi, karena metode ini memakai pengalaman hidup sebagai alat untuk memahami fenomena yang sedang terjadi ataupun yang sudah terjadi. Dalam penelitian ini juga menggunakan metode  purposive sampling dimana peneliti menentukan sendiri sampel yang akan diambil karena pertimbangan tertentu. Metode pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini yaitu metode observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Peneliti menganggap metode ini lebh efektif dalam penelitian kualitatif.Pembahasan proses upacara siraman berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang mendeskripsikan proses upacara siraman. Adapun proses dari siraman tersebut seperti berikut : calon pengantin memakai pakaian siraman lantas diiringi oleh orang tuanya ketempat siraman, orang tua calon pengantin yang menyiram dilanjutkan oleh sesepuh (orang yang dituakan) dan diakhiri dengan dukun pengantin memecahkan kendil siraman disambut para tamu yang mengucapkan  “wes pecah pamore” . Selain proses upacara siraman, hasil penelitian juga membahas tentang makna yang terkandung dalam proses upacara siraman. Adapun makna yang terkandung dalam upacara siraman yaitu melakukan upacara adat (meminta berkah tuhan) sebagai bentuk harapan kesuksesan upacara pernikahannya, membersikan jasmani dan rohani sebagai bentuk penyucian diri untuk menghadapi upacara yang sakral serta pemberian doa yang terbaik dari keluarga dan para tamu undangan bagi calon pengantin. Abstract:  This study is a Javanese traditional ceremony, the ceremony siraman. In this study, the researchers propose formulation of the problem is quite interesting. The formulation of the problem is how the siraman process and what the meaning of the siraman. With the goal of understanding how the process of being washed along with the meaning contained in the siraman process.The method used is a qualitative research method. Qualitative research is descriptive systematically arranged in this study. The approach used is phenomenological approach, because this method uses life experiences as a tool to understand the phenomenon that is happening or has already happened. In this research using purposive sampling method where researchers determine their own samples to be taken because of certain considerations. Methods of data collection in this research is the method of observation, interviews, and documentation. Researchers believe this method is more effective in qualitative research.Discussion ceremony siraman process based on research results that describe the process of being washed ceremony. The process of being washed in the following manner: the bride to wear a splash of water and then accompanied  by his parents to place siraman, parents of prospective brides flush followed by the sesepuh (elder person) and ends with a splash kendil (water container)solve shaman bride greeted guests say “wes pecah pamore” (already glowing aura). Besides ceremonial siraman process, the results of the study also discusses the meaning contained in the process of being washed ceremony. As for the meaning contained in ceremonial splash of water that traditional ceremonies (ask for a blessing of god) as a form of hope of success wedding ceremony, cleaning physically and mentally as a form of self-purification to confront the ceremony of the sacred and the provision of prayer is the best of the family and invited guests for the bride.
PENINGKATAN KUALITAS PELAYANAN BADAN USAHA MILIK DESA MELALUI PELATIHAN ADMINISTRASI PROGRAM SIMPAN PINJAM DI SELEBUNG BATUKLIANG LOMBOK TENGAH Ibrahim, Ibrahim; Mas,ad, Mas,ad; Kamaluddin, Kamaluddin; Djunaidi, Achmad
SELAPARANG Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Berkemajuan Vol 1, No 2 (2018): Mei
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (152.582 KB)

Abstract

Badan Usaha Milik Desa (BUMDes) memiliki peranan penting dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraanmasyarakat perdesaan. Keberadaan BUMDes terutama program simpan pinjam memberikan nilailebih dalam memberikan peluang akses lebih cepat dan mudah dalam meminjamkan uangsebagai modal usaha. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kualitas pelayanan badanusaha milik desa melalui pelatihan administrasi program simpan pinjam pada Desa SelebungBatukliang Lombok Tengah. Metode Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif.Pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara mendalam dengan pihak desa, pengelola BUMDesdan masyarakat penerima manfaat program. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini menggunakanmodel analisis interaktif yaitu analisis dengan menggunakan reduksi data, display data, danverifikasi dan kesimpulan. Hasil penelitian ini menemukan bahwa keberadaan pelatihanadministrasi pada program simpan pinjam memberikan dampak positif dalam pengembanganusaha. Hal ini dibuktikan dari sebelumnya pengolahan admnistrasi masih bersifat administrasimanual dan berubah menggunakan komputerisasi dengan sistem yang teratur.
Analisis Putusan Hakim Mahkamah Konstitusi (MK) No 100/PUU-XIII/2015 Terkait Pemilihan Calon Tunggal Pilkada Serentak di Indonesia Anasrullah, Anasrullah; Djunaidi, Achmad; Candra, Candra
CIVICUS : Pendidikan-Penelitian-Pengabdian Pendidikan Pancasila dan Kewarganegaraan Vol. 5 No. 1: Maret 2017
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University of Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (488.182 KB) | DOI: 10.31764/civicus.v5i1.781

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menjelaskan pertimbagan hukum  putusan Hakim Mahkamah Konstitusi No. 100-PUU-8-2015 Tentang Pemilihan Calon Tunggal Pilkada Serentak di Indonesia dan implikasinya dalam pelaksanaan. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian hukum normatif, pendekatan dalam  penelitian adalah perundang-undangan dan pendekatan kepustakaan, jenis dan sumber datanya ialah data perimer dan data sekunder, tehnik pengumpulan data dengan menggunakan studi pustaka dan tehnik analisis data adalah dari hal yang bersifat induktif kededuktif yaitu data umum tentang konsepsi hukum baik berupa asas-asas hukum, postulat serta ajaran-ajaran (doktrin). Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi calon tunggal dalam pilkada adanya kekosongan hukum mana kala syarat paling kurang dua pasangan calon tersebut tidak terpenuhi. Mahkamah Konstitusi menilai adanya kekosongan hukum tersebut telah mengancam tidak terlaksananya hak-hak rakyat untuk dipilih dan memilih karena dua alasan. Pertama, penundaan kepemilihan serentak berikutnya sesungguhnya telah menghilangkan hak Rakya untuk dipilih dan memilih pada pemilihan serentak berikutnya. Kedua apabila penundaan demikian dapat dibenarkan, tetap tidak ada jaminan bahwa pada pemilihan serentak berikutnya itu, hak Rakyat untuk dipilih dan memilih akan dipenuhi. Dengan demikian menurut Mahkamah Konstitusi Pilkada yang ditunda sampai pemilihan berikutnya hanya kerena tidak terpenuhinya syarat paling sedikit dua pasangan calon bertentangan dengan UUD 1945. The purpose of this study is to explain the legal considerations of the decision of Constitutional Court Judge No. 100-PUU-8-2015 Regarding the Election of Single Candidates for Simultaneous Local Elections in Indonesia, the legal implications of the decision of the judges of the Constitutional Court No. 100 / PUU / 8/2015 on the election of a single candidate for simultaneous elections in Indonesia. This research includes normative legal research, the approach in research is legislation and library approach, the types and sources of data are perimer data and secondary data, data collection techniques using library studies and data analysis techniques are from things that are inductive, that is general data about the concept of law in the form of legal principles, postulates and teachings (doctrine). The decision of the Constitutional Court is the sole candidate in the election where there is a legal vacuum where when the requirements of at least two candidate pairs are not fulfilled. The Constitutional Court assesses that the legal vacuum has threatened the failure of the people's rights to be elected and elected for two reasons. First, the next simultaneous election delay has actually eliminated the Rakya's right to be elected and elected in the next simultaneous election. Second, if such delays are justified, there is still no guarantee that in the next simultaneous election, the people's right to be elected and elected will be fulfilled. Accordingly, according to the Constitutional Court Pilkada which was postponed until the next election only because it did not fulfill the requirements of at least two candidate pairs contrary to the 1945 Constitution.