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KEBUNTINGAN HASIL TRANSFER BLASTOSIS MENCIT YANG DIBEKUKAN DENGAN METODE VITRIFIKASI KRIOLUP Batan, I Wayan; Suatha, I Ketut; Djuwita, Ita; Handhayani, Nining; Esti Prasetyaningtyas, Wahono; Adnyane Mudite, Ketut; W Lay, Bibiana; -, Supar; Boediono, Arief
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 12, No 3 (2011)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to assess the viability of vitrified embryo using cryoloop as a carrier ofembryo. The blastocyst stage embryos were collected from superovulated mice. Embryos were frozenusing vitrification method and vitrified embryos were loaded on copper filament cryoloop before dipped inliquid nitrogen. The viability of vitrified embryos was assess in vitro by medium cultered and in vivo bytransfered them to recipient mice. The result shows the viability of vitrified embryos was 85,7% after 24hours cultured and the embryos were born from two pregnant recipient mice out of nine (22%) or fouroffspring out of 63 trasfered embryos (6%). In conclusion, vitrified blatocyst stage embryos using cryoloopas a carrier could keep the viability of the embryos and they could be transfered to the recipient mice andwere born normally.
PRODUKSI EMBRIO KUCING SECARA IN VITRO DARI SPERMATOZOA HASIL PRESERVASI MELALUI FERTILISASI MIKRO Eriani, Kartini; Sukra, Yuhara; Boediono, Arief; Djuwita, Ita; Sumarsono, Sony Heru
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 7, No 1 (2013): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v7i1.563

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui motilitas dan kemampuan memfertilisasi sperma kucing yang berasal dari epididimis yang disimpan pada suhu 4° C. Epididimis disimpan dalam media phosphate buffer saline (PBS) pada suhu 4? C selama 1, 3, dan 6 hari. Viabilitas spermatozoa diamati dengan pewarnaan hoechst-propidium iodine. Fungsi biologis spermatozoa dievaluasi melalui teknik kultur in vitro dengan fertilisasi mikro dan perkembangan embrio di dalam media kultur CR1aa. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan persentase spermatozoa hidup pada hari ke-1, 3, dan 6 penyimpanan masing-masing adalah 81,0; 71,7; dan 70,7% (duktus deferens), 84,0; 81,2; dan 63,2% (kauda epididimis), 84,0%; 75,0; dan 74,7% (korpus epididimis). Persentase pronukleus (PN) yang didapat dengan teknik intra cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) menggunakan spermatozoa epididimis pada hari ke-1, 3, dan 6 hari penyimpanan masing-masing adalah 8,0; 10,0; dan 5,9%. Preservasi epididimis pada suhu 4? C dalam PBS dapat digunakan untuk fertilisasi dan menghasilkan embrio kucing secara in vitro.
KAJIAN IN VITRO AKTIVITAS SEL-SEL TROFOBLAS BLASTOSIS MENCIT AGING DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP KEGAGALAN IMPLANTASI Djuwita, Ita; Helmita, Roza; Winarto, Adi; -, Wahyudin
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 10 No 1 (2009)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

The objectives of this in vitro study were to investigate the hatching rate, the outgrowth diameter andthe activity of mitochondria Nicotiamide Adenin Dinucleotide Dyhidrogenage (NADH)-CoQ reductase ofblastocysts trophoblast cells from aging mice. Blastocysts of aging (age >12 months) and young productive(age 2 months) mice were collected from the cornua utery at day-4 of pregnancy and were cultured inmDMEM medium supplemented with 10% New Born Calf Serum (NBCS), 10% ITS, and 50 ?g/mlgentamicine, in 5% CO2 incubator at 37°C for 10 days. The blastocysts hatching rate and the trophoblastsmonolayer were examined for their diameter outgrowth and the NADH-CoQ reductase activity. The resultsshowed that the hatching rate, the trophoblast outgrowth diameter and the activity of NADH-CoQ reductaseof blastocysts collected from productive mice were significantly higher than those collected from the agingmice (P<0,05). It can be concluded that the impairment of blastocysts implantation especially, in agingmice were caused by the low activity of the NADH-CoQ reductase that play important role in energyproduction needed for the hatching and trophoblast outgrowth.
EKSTRAK BATANG SIPATAH-PATAH MENINGKATKAN PROLIFERASI DAN DIFERENSIASI SEL PUNCA MESENKIMAL SUMSUM TULANG (CISSUS QUADRANGULA SALISB STEM EXTRACT INCREASED PROLIFERATION AND DIFFERENTIATION OF RATS BONE MARROWMESENCHYMAL STEM CELL) Ceriana, Ria; Djuwita, Ita; Wresdiyati, Tutik
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 15 No 4 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

Acehnese people uses Cissus quadrangula (CQ) Salisb stem traditionally for treatment of variousbone disease. can differentiate into many different cell types such as osteoblast, adipocyteand chondrocytes.A study was conducted to determine the potential uses and the optimal dosage of C. quadrangula(CQ)extractin increasing the proliferation and differentiation of Mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrowof rat osteocytes. Mesenchymal stem cells were isolated from femoral and tibial rat bone marrow. Thecells were cultured according to the experimental group consisting of five the treatment groups each ofwhich has 4 replication. The cells were cultured in modified Dulbecco?s modified eagles?s medium (mDMEM).Control were cultured in medium without Cissus quadrangula Salisb stem extract whereas the treatmentgroup were cultured in medium with k 0,1 mg/mL, 0,3 mg/mL, 0,6 mg/mL, dan 0,9 mg/mLCissus quadrangulaSalisb stem extract. The level of the cell proliferation was determined by populationdoubling time (PDT) method. Cell differentiation was determined by counting cells and determining the diameter of osteoblastdan osteocytes.The result showed that CQ stem extract reduced PDT valuesignificantly (P<0,01) ascompared to those of control group. This showed that CQ stem extract increased the rat bone marrow stemcells. The number of h osteoblast in control group were significantly lower than those in CQ stem extracttreatment groups. The highest osteocyte population was observed in 0,3 mg/mL CQ extract treatmentgroup. The CQ stem extract can increase differentiation and proliferation of rat bone marrow masenchymalstem cells into osteoblastand osteocytes with the optimal dose of 0,3 mg/mL.
BEBERAPA ASPEK MAKRO DAN MIKROANATOMI OTAK TIKUS (RATTUS SP.) YANG MENGALAMI HIPOTIROID Said, Nurhidayat; Djuwita, Ita; Sigit, Koeswinarning
Hemera Zoa Vol. 77 No. 1 (1995): Jurnal Hemera Zoa
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

Perlakuan hipotiroidosme maternal dan fetal pada tikus sampai berurnur 10 minggu, memberikan dampak pada perkembangan somatis dan otak. Secara kuantitatif, hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan penurunan bobot tubuh dan otak, volume otak. Berdasarkan berat relatif otak terhadap bobot tubuh, pertumbuhan otak tetap menjadi prioritas dalam keadaan hipotiroidisme. Beberapa parameter mikroskopik, menunjukkan penurunan tebal korteks, kepadatan serabut syaraf subkortikal, dia metersel syaraf korteks dan hipokampus juga jumlah sel syaraf dan penunjang pada korteks serebri.
THE COMPARISON OF ONE AND TWO STEPS EQUILIBRATION IN VITRIFICATION PROCESS ON THE MORPHOLOGY AND VIABILITY OF MOUSE BLASTOCYSTS Djuwita, Ita; Sari, Faralinda; Mohamad, Kusdiantoro
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 11 No 3 (2010)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

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Abstract

A study was conducted to compare the effect of one and two steps equilibration method of vitrificationon the morphology and viability of mouse blastocysts. Blastocysts were firstly exposed to modified PhosphateBuffered saline (mPBS) containing 1% Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) proceeded by exposure in mPBSrespectively containing 0.25M sucrose (S) for 2 minutes . Blastocysts were then exposed for 2 minutesrespectively to mPS+0.5M S (one step method) or in mPBS+0.5M S+10% ethylene glycol (EG) (two stepmethod).. Blastocysts were then exposed in mPBS+0.5M S+30% EG for 60 second, loaded into 0.25 mlplastic straw, and exposed immediately in vapor of liquid nitrogen for 10 second before they were and thenplunged into liquid nitrogen. The blastocysts were reconstituted by diluting with mPBS+0.5M S followedby mPBS+0.25M S for each 3 min and washed in mPBS without sucrose. The viability of cells was assessedby fluorescent vital staining, by re-expansion for 24 hours in vitro culture, and by implantation into therecipient oviduct. The percentages of morphologically normal blastocysts following recovery fromvitrification were higher (p<0.05) in one step equilibration than in those of two steps methods (89.6%. vs82.6%). The viability of blastocysts examined under light microscope after staining with biz-benzimidizepropidiumiodine and 24 hours in vitro culture in one step methods (64.0%; 57.8%) were higher (p<0.05)compared with two steps methods (40.0%; 35.6%), respectively. The implantation rate of vitrifiedblastocysts (23.1%) was not significantly different to that of fresh blastocysts (33.4%). These resultsshowed that the one and two step equilibration methods are effective for vitrification and maintaining theviability of the mouse blastocysts.
PROLIFERASI DAN DIFERENSIASI SEL TULANG TIKUS DALAM MEDIUM KULTUR IN VITRO YANG MENGANDUNG EKSTRAK BATANG CISSUS QUADRANGULA SALISB. (SIPATAH-PATAH) Djuwita, Ita; Pratiwi, Irma Amalia; Winarto, Adi; Sabri, Mustafa
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 6, No 2 (2012): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v6i2.295

Abstract

Penelitian mengenai pengaruh ekstrak batang Cissus quadrangula Salisb. (sipatah-patah) terhadap tingkat proliferasi dan diferensiasi sel-sel tulang tikus (Sprague Dawley) prepuber umur empat minggu menggunakan sistem kultur in vitro. Sel-sel tulang dikultur dalam medium dulbecco?s modified eagle?s medium (DMEM) yang diberi tambahan newborn calf serum (NBCS) 10%, non essential amino acid (NEAA) 10%, NaHCO3, ITS 1 µl/ml (mengandung insulin 5 ?g/ml, transferin 10 ?g/ml, selenium 5 ?g/ml; Sigma St Louis USA), dan 50 µg/ml gentamisin (mDMEM), dengan dan tanpa ekstrak Cissus quadrangula (CQ). Penelitian terdiri atas lima perlakuan yakni kontrol positif (mDMEM + deksametason 10-8 M), kontrol negatif (mDMEM), dan tiga konsentrasi CQ: mDMEM + CQ 0,3 mg/ml; mDMEM + CQ 0,6 mg/ml; dan mDMEM + CQ 1,2 mg/ml. Kultur dilakukan dalam inkubator CO2 5%, pada suhu 37° C selama tujuh hari. Parameter yang diamati adalah konsentrasi sel, komposisi, diameter osteoblas, dan diameter osteosit. Konsentrasi sel dihitung menggunakan hemositometer Newbauer. Komposisi osteoblas dan osteosit ditentukan berdasarkan pengamatan morfologi di bawah mikroskop cahaya. Diameter sel diukur menggunakan eyepiece micrometer. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis varians dan uji Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak Cissus quadrangula Salisb. pada konsentrasi 0,3 mg/ml; 0,6 mg/ml; dan 1,2 mg/ml secara signifikan dapat meningkatkan proliferasi sel tulang; dan pada konsentrasi 0,6 mg/ml mampu menginduksi diferensiasi osteoblas menjadi osteosit (P 0,05). Disimpulkan bahwa pemberian ekstrak Cissus quadrangula pada konsentrasi 0,6 mg/ml ke dalam medium kultur dapat meningkatkan proliferasi dan diferensiasi osteoblas.
AKTIFITAS DAN POLA MAKAN, MINUM DAN MEMAMAH BIAK KANCIL (TRAGULUS JAVANICUS) DI KEBUN BINATANG RAGUNAN JAKARTA DAN SURABAYA Said, Nurhidayat; Winarto, Adi; Boediono, Arief; Djuwita, Ita; Nisa, Chairun; Wrediati, Tutik; Setijanto, Heru; Fakhrudin, Mohamad
Hemera Zoa Vol. 77 No. 1 (1995): Jurnal Hemera Zoa
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

Telah dilakukan penelitian pada kancil (Tmgulus javanicus) di Kebun Binatang Ragunan - Jakarta dan Kebun Binatang Wonocolo - Surabaya untuk mendapatkan jenis makanan yang disukai, dan aktifitas makan, minum dan ruminasi dari kancil yang dikandangkan.Pada penelitian ini, disediakan 10 jenis makanan dan empat jenis diantaranya yaitu pisang, kacang panjang, kangkung dan pepaya lebih disukai. Aktifitas makan dilakukan pada siang dan malam hari, dan pada saat istirahat kancil melakukan aktifitas ruminasi. Perilaku makan dan ruminasi ini berbeda dengan perilakunya di habitas asalnya. Sedangkan aktifitas minum, jarang dilakukan, hal ini mungkin disebabkan oleh tingginya kadar air di dalam makanan yang disediakan. Aktifitas makan dari kancil yang dikandangkan telah berubah menjadi diurnal dan nokturnal.
DEVELOPMENTAL CAPACITY OF GOAT OOCYTES COLLECTED FROM 5°C PRESERVED OVARIES Djuwita, Ita
Hemera Zoa Vol. 2 No. 1 (2010): Jurnal Hemera Zoa
Publisher : Hemera Zoa

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Abstract

Research has been conducted to study the effect of ovaries preservation at 5°C on the oocytes development capacity i.e the capacity of oocytes to undergo in vitro maturation (IVF), in vitro fertilization (IVF) and in vitro embryo development. Goat ovaries were abtained from slaughterhouse in saline solution containing 0.1% Bovine Serum Albumine (BSA) and antibiotic and kept at 5°C for 3 and 12 hours. As control, untreated ovaries were kept for 3 hours at 30-35°C, the temperature usually used for ovaries transportation. The oocytes were aspirated from follicles with 2-5 mm in diameter using 20G needle connected to a 5 ml syringe containing modified phosphate buffered saline (mPBS). The aspirated oocytes were incubated in 100 µl  micro drops of tissue culture medium -199 (TCM-199) supplemented with 10% newborn calf serum (NBCS), 0.01 mg/ml follicle stimulating hormore (FSH) and 50  µg/ml   gentamycine sulphate for 24 hours at 38.5 °C in 5% CO2 incubator. In vitro fertilization (IVF) was done in CO2 incubator at 38.5 °C for 18 hours using fresh semen. Inseminated by their nuclear status after aceto-orcein staining. The results showed that the avarage number of morphological normal oocytes collected from 5 °C  preserved  ovaries were significantly lower than from the untreated control ovaries. After 24 h incubation the percentage of matured oocytes from the 3 ang 12 h preserved ovaries were 85.3± 2.8% and 75.5±  2.2%, respectively (P
CHALLENGING FOR SEAGRASS MANAGEMENT IN INDONESIA adiarti, N; Riani, Etty; Djuwita, Ita; Budiharsono, Sugeng; Purbayanto, Ari; Asmus, Harald
JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT Vol 15, No 3 (2012): Volume 15, Number 3, Year 2012
Publisher : JOURNAL OF COASTAL DEVELOPMENT

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Abstract

Seagrasses, one of the important ecosystems in Indonesian coastal waters, have declined mostly due to a variety of multi-sector (i.e. ecology, socio-economy, technology and institution) anthropogenic disturbances. The decline and loss of seagrass meadows will have an effect not only on biodiversity and fisheries productivity within the ecosystems but also on the adjacent ecosystems (coral reef and mangrove forest), and even the effect will spread out far to the outside of the areas where seagrass grow.  Seagrass ecosystems management in Indonesia is urgently required as part of fisheries management. However, this concept has not been understood by most of Indonesian people, including some government officials. Consequently, the seagrass ecosystems are still marginalized in the coastal resource management practices in Indonesia. In order to sustain fisheries productivity, knowledge of impact scales of each seagrass-related multi-sector human activities are very important as one of basic requirements in designing an effective seagrass management.