Cesilia Meti Dwiriani
Departemen Gizi Masyarakat Fakultas Ekologi Manusia Institut Pertanian Bogor

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HUBUNGAN KOMPOSISI TUBUH DAN STATUS GIZI DENGAN PERKEMBANGAN SEKSUAL PADA REMAJA PUTRI DI PERKOTAAN DAN PERDESAAN Handayani, Mega Seasty; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Riyadi, Hadi
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 3 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (206.999 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.181-186

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The objective of this study was to analyzed the association of percent body fat and nutritional status on sexual development in adolescence girls in urban and rural areas. A cross sectional study involved 100 students of 8th grade junior high school. Age of menarche and breast growth used as sexual development indicators. Results showed that proportion of subjects with stunting and severe stunting was higher in rural area (34%) than urban area (14%). Subjects in urban area had earlier age of menarche (18%). Breast growth of subjects in urban and rural areas were in midpuberty phase. Statistical analysis showed a correlation between nutritional status (BMI/U) and percent body fat, nutritional status and sexual development, as well as percent body fat and sexual development (p<0.05).
ALTERNATIF INDEKS GIZI SEIMBANG UNTUK PENILAIAN MUTU GIZI KONSUMSI PANGAN PRIA DEWASA INDONESIA Amrin, Atika Primadala; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 3 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.05 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.167-176

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The study was aimed to develop Balanced Diet Index (BDI) for Indonesian adult males. The spesific purposes of this study were to assess food consumption pattern of Indonesian adult males, to develop several alternatives of BDIs and to select the most appropriate BDI for Indonesian adult males. The design of the study was cross-sectional, using the food consumption data from Basic Health Research 2010 collected using 24-hours recall method. The data covered 64 448 subjects, and 61 129 of them were analyzed in this study. There were 10 alternatives of BDIs developed based on the food group and their intake, and also their scoring systems. The gold standard used to validate the BDI is the mean adequacy ratio (MAR) measured by mean nutrient adequacy of 16 nutrients. The result showed the pearson correlation coefficient of the BDI and MAR range from 0.46 to 0.64. The most appropriate BDI to determine MAR is BDI3-60 (r=0.64). BDI3-60 consists of six food and implementing 3-level of scoring system.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ZAT MULTI GIZI MIKRO DAN PENDIDIKAN GIZI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN GIZI, PEMENUHAN ZAT GIZI DAN STATUS BESI REMAJA PUTRI Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Riyadi, Hadi; Martianto, Drajat
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 6 No. 3 (2011)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.24 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.171-177

Abstract

This study was aimed to analyze the effect of multi-micronutrients (MMN) supplementation and nutrition education on nutrition knowledge, mean adequacy ratio (MAR) and iron status of young adolescent girls (YAG). The study was done in three purposively selected junior high schools (JHS) in rural Bogor by implementing a quasi experiment control trial for 112 YAG for 16 weeks: thirty five YAG in the first JHS as a MMN group (SG) were given three times of MMN tablets per week, forty two YAG in the second JHS were given MMN tablet plus nutrition education delivered by trained teacher fortnightly called SGP group and thirty five YAG in the third JHS as a control group. The result showed that the increment of nutrition knowledge score as well as MAR of SGP group were significantly higher than the other two groups. The decrement level of hemoglobin (Hb) in SG and SGP groups was significantly lower than in control group, but in the subset data of anemic group, both intervention groups had significantly increased level of Hb. This imply that nutrition education improved nutrition knowledge of YAG, but MMN tablet could not improve Hb level in general and only had effect on YAG suffering from anemia.Key words: multi-micro nutrients, nutrition education, iron status, adolescent girls
FOOD HABIT AMONG ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN URBAN BOGOR Damayanthi, Evy; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Kustiyah, Lilik; Briawan, Dodik
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 3 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (205.625 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.3.158-163

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Food habit strongly predicts individual nutritional status. It is largely influenced by family food habit and family socioeconomic, partly by nutrition education learning in the school.  Objectives of this study were to analyze elementary school children eating habit and examine whether it relates to family socioeconomic and nutritional status.One hundred elementary school children, and their mother, from one school in urban Bogor were chosen purposively according to SIBERMAS Program criteria (i.e. grade 4th and 5th, morning school, having UKS program and not havingcanteen). Self administered, structured pre-coded questionnaire were used to collect the data. Nutritional status was assessed using weight and height, and body mass index for age (BAZ) and height for age (HAZ) were then calculated using AnthroPlus software developed by WHO (2009). School children were 8-11 years old (mean 9.37 + 0.66 years), more girls (54%), and mostly had normal nutritional status using both indexes (72% for BAZ and 95% for HAZ). School children were commonly from middle class as indicated by father education (sarjana) and mother (senior high school).  Almost all school children (99%) knew breakfast was important and 81% of them ate breakfast. Only 32% school children brought lunch box everyday although 92% stated their habit to bring lunch box to school. Buying snack in school was also common among school children. Generally school children ate rice 3 times a day (2.95 + 0.97) with fish, meat, chicken (2.47 + 1.14), tempe and tofu (2.22 + 1.10), vegetables (2.25 + 0.76) and fruits (2.37 + 1.31). There was a tendency overweight and obese school children eat more rice although statistically not significant.  On average, school children drank milk more than twice daily (2.34 + 0.98), plain water more than 7 glasses daily (7.34 + 4.10), exercise 3 times weekly (3.02 + 2.16) and no difference were observed between nutritional status and family socioeconomics. School children food habit were strongly supported by mother behavior especially in providing breakfast, lunch box and guiding their children in choosing snack food. School children from middle class in urban Bogor had relatively good food habits which weresupported by mother behavior. This study found no relationship between family socioeconomic and nutritional status on school children food habit.
PENGETAHUAN GIZI, AKTIVITAS FISIK, KONSUMSI SNACK DAN PANGAN LAINNYA PADA MURID SEKOLAH DASAR DI BOGOR YANG BERSTATUS GIZI NORMAL DAN GEMUK Deni, Deni; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 4 No. 2 (2009)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (84.712 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2009.4.2.93-99

Abstract

     Childhood obesity is increases rapidly in developing country. It?s has important short-term and long-term medical consequences also psychosocial consequences. The objective of the research is to analyze nutritional knowledge, physical activity, snack habit, in normal and overweight of Bina Insani elementary students in Bogor. The cross sectional study design was used in this study to analyze nutritional knowledge, snack habit, and physical activity in normal and overweight students. The total number of 80 students sample was chosen randomly. It consists of 40 students sample with normal nutritional status and 40 students sample with overweight nutritional status. Primary data consisted of physical activity recall (1x24 hours), food consumption recall (2x24 hours), anthropometry data (weight and height), social-economy?s sample condition, food habit, and snack habit using Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). Secondary data were included data of Bina Insani Elementary School. The result showed no relation between level education and wage of parent, nutritional knowledge level, nutritional attitude, snack habit and physical activity with nutritional status of sample. The average energy adequacy level according to WNPG (2004) respectively 82.2% in normal sample and 73.6% in overweight sample. 
GAYA HIDUP DAN STATUS KESEHATAN SOPIR BUS SUMBER ALAM DI KABUPATEN PURWOREJO, JAWA TENGAH Musbyarini, Kartika; Anwar, Faisal; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 5 No. 1 (2010)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (285.276 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2010.5.1.6-14

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The general objective of this research was to analyze the correlation between life style with health status of Sumber Alam?s Drivers in Purworejo District, Central Java. The research was conducted using cross sectional study design from July throughAugust 2009 in PO Sumber Alam Purworejo District.Sample was chosen by simple random sampling which resulted67drivers. Almost all the samples (91%) had smoking habit and all of the samples had no habit on alcohol drinking. More than half (58.2%) had excersice habit. The physical activity levels in work day was higher than that in holiday  (p<0.05). More than half samples (67.2%) eat rice three times a day. Tempeh was popular side dishes consumed by almost all samples more than three times a week. Egg was consumed by almost half samples once until three times a week. Generally, intake of vegetables, fruits and milk was still low, as well as intake of food that have high risk for degenerative disease. The nutritional status of samples ranged from underweight to obesity, with more than half categorized as normal nutritional status. For the last one month, there were 7.5% samples suffered for degenerative diseases, 20.9% for infectious diseases and 16.4% for non infectious disease.
KERAGAMAN KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN KEJADIAN ANEMIA PADA IBU HAMIL DI KABUPATEN SUMENEP MADURA Christianti, Dyan Fajar; Anwar, Faisal; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 15, No 2: JUNI 2019
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.652 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v15i2.6321

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Anemia pada ibu hamil di Indonesia mencapai 48,9%. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis hubungan antara keragaman konsumsi pangan dengan anemia pada ibu hamil di Kabupaten Sumenep, Madura. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain cross sectional. Populasi penelitian ini adalah 411 ibu hamil pada empat puskesmas terpilih di Kabupaten Sumenep. Subjek adalah ibu hamil trimester I, II, dan III sebanyak 200 ibu hamil yang dipilih secara proportional random sampling. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik wawancara menggunakan kuesioner dan pengukuran secara langsung. Data yang digunakan terdiri atas status sosial ekonomi, riwayat kehamilan, ukuran LILA, kadar hemoglobin, dan skor Minimum Dietary Diversity-Women (MDD-W). Analisis data menggunakan uji spearman untuk menentukan hubungan antara skor MDD-W dengan kadar hemoglobin darah ibu hamil. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 51,5% ibu hamil mengalami anemia. Skor MDD-W kelompok anemia dan non-anemia tergolong rendah (4,8±1,2 vs 4,8±1,6). Hasil analisis spearman menunjukkan bahwa skor MDD-W tidak berhubungan dengan kadar hemoglobin (p>0,05). Faktor yang berhubungan signifikan dengan kadar hemoglobin, antara lain usia kehamilan (r=-0,148; p=0,036), IMT sebelum hamil (r=0,145; p=0,041), dan lingkar lengan atas (r=0,231; p=0,001). Faktor yang berhubungan dengan terjadinya anemia pada ibu hamil adalah faktor usia kehamilan, status gizi sebelum hamil, dan ukuran LILA, sedangkan keragaman konsumsi pangan tidak berhubungan dengan kejadian anemia pada ibu hamil.
HUBUNGAN STATUS GIZI DAN KESEHATAN DENGAN KUALITAS HIDUP LANSIA DI DUA LOKASI BERBEDA Nursilmi, Nursilmi; Kusharto, Clara M.; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 13, No 4: DESEMBER 2017
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (269.53 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v13i4.3159

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Kualitas hidup lansia dipengaruhi oleh status gizi dan penyakit. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi perbedaan karakteristik subjek, status gizi, status kesehatan dan kualitas hidup serta mengkaji hubungan status gizi dan kesehatan dengan kualitas hidup lansia di Desa Ciherang Bogor dan Desa Jambu Bengkulu Tengah, dengan pertimbangan perbedaan etnis dan kebiasaan makan. Penelitian menggunakan desain cross sectional dengan 74 subjek di masing-masing desa. Pengumpulan data karakteristik subjek, status kesehatan, status gizi dan kualitas hidup menggunakan kuesioner. Analisis data menggunakan uji mann whitney dan korelasi spearman. Terdapat perbedaan signifikan karakteristik subjek dalam hal status perkawinan, pendidikan, pekerjaan dan status tinggal (p<0,05). Status gizi dan kualitas hidup yang baik pada subjek di Desa Ciherang lebih banyak dibandingkan di Desa Jambu. Terdapat perbedaan signifikan status gizi lansia (p<0,05) dan tidak terdapat perbedaan signifikan status kesehatan lansia (p>0,05). Terdapat hubungan positif pada status gizi dengan kualitas hidup domain kesehatan fisik dan lingkungan, terdapat hubungan positif pada status kesehatan dengan kualitas hidup domain kesehatan fisik dan hubungan sosial (p<0,05). Status gizi berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup domain kesehatan fisik dan lingkungan, sedangkan status kesehatan berhubungan dengan kualitas hidup domain kesehatan fisik dan hubungan sosial.
ASUPAN KALSIUM DAN TINGKAT KECUKUPAN KALSIUM PADA IBU HAMIL DI KABUPATEN JEMBER Purnasari, Galih; Briawan, Dodik; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 12, No 4: DESEMBER 2016
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (268.723 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v12i4.1546

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Kalsium selama kehamilan selain penting bagi kesehatan tulang ibu dan janin, diperlukan pula untuk mencegah hipertensi dalam kehamilan. Wanita hamil di negara berkembang umumnya memiliki asupan kalsiumyang rendah. Selama ini belum banyak data mengenai asupan kalsium pada ibu hamil di Indonesia. Penelitian ini secara umum bertujuan menganalisis asupan kalsium pangan dan tingkat kecukupan kalsium pada ibu hamil di Kabupaten Jember. Penelitian ini menggunakan desaincross-sectional. Wawancara mengenai konsumsi pangan dilakukan kepada 96 orang ibu hamil yang dipilih secara purposive pada bulan Januari sampai Februari 2016 menggunakan food frequency questionnaire semi-kuantitatif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa 81.2% ibu hamil memiliki tingkat kecukupan kalsium yang berada dalam kategori kurang. Asupan kalsium dari pangan memenuhi 67.6% EAR(Estimated Average Requirement) kalsium ibu hamil. Terdapat hubungan signifikan antara frekuensi konsumsi susu dan olahannya (r=0.721, p=0.000), lauk hewani (r=0.595, p=0.000), sayuran (r=0.463, p=0.000), dan jajanan (r=0.429, p=0.000) dengan tingkat kecukupan kalsium subjek. Penelitian ini menunjukkan pentingnya pendidikan gizi tentang konsumsi gizi seimbang selama kehamilan dan perlunya suplementasi kalsium sebagai salah satu program untuk memenuhi kebutuhan kalsium ibu hamil dan dalam rangka pencegahan hipertensi dalam kehamilan.
PENGARUH FAKTOR RIWAYAT LAHIR DAN SOSIAL EKONOMI TERHADAP GIZI LEBIH PADA REMAJA Pasaribu, Elita Oktorina; Martianto, Drajat; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Media Kesehatan Masyarakat Indonesia Vol 15, No 2: JUNI 2019
Publisher : Faculty Of Public Health, Hasanuddin University, Makassar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (311.44 KB) | DOI: 10.30597/mkmi.v15i2.6308

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Obesitas merupakan masalah utama di dunia terutama pada remaja yang prevalensinya terus meningkat dan penyebab obesitas pada remaja bersifat multifaktor. Riwayat lahir dan sosial ekonomi menjadi faktor yang berpengaruh terhadap obesitas. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengidentifikasi faktor riwayat lahir dan sosial ekonomi terhadap gizi lebih pada remaja. Desain penelitian ini adalah kohort menggunakan data sekunder dari Indonesian Family Life Surveys (IFLS) dan dilaksanakan pada Desember 2017 ? Agustus 2018. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah remaja usia 15-17 tahun berjumlah 426 responden. Analisis statistik yang digunakan adalah Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). Pengaruh langsung terhadap berat lahir ditemukan bahwa hanya usia kehamilan berpengaruh signifikan (OR 7,7)( p<0,05). Pengaruh langsung terhadap gizi lebih remaja ditemukan pendidikan ayah (p<0,05) dan IMT ibu (p<0,05) berpengaruh signifikan, sedangkan pendidikan ibu (p>0,05), pendapatan/kapita/bulan (p>0,05), dan wilayah tinggal (p>0,05) tidak ditemukan hasil yang signifikan terhadap gizi lebih pada remaja. Remaja yang memiliki ayah berpendidikan semakin tinggi dan ibu yang gemuk atau obesitas menjadi faktor risiko remaja menjadi gizi lebih.