JULIE EKASARI
Department of Aquaculture

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IDENTIFICATION AND EXPRESSION ANALYSIS OF C-TYPE AND G-TYPE LYSOZYMES GENES AFTER AEROMONAS HYDROPHILA INFECTION IN AFRICAN CATFISH Nasrullah, Hasan; Nababan, Yanti Inneke; Yanti, Dwi Hany; Hardiantho, Dian; Nuryati, Sri; Junior, Muhammad Zairin; Ekasari, Julie; Alimuddin, Alimuddin
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 18 No. 2 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4310.992 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.18.2.1-10

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ABSTRACTLysozymes play an important role in the first line of defense in fish and potentially used as an immunity status biomarker and immune responses evaluation in fish, which often found in two types, i.e. chicken-type and goose-type (c- and g-type, respectively). To recent, the information related to the sequences and the expression analysis of the c- and g-type lysozyme genes in African catfish is still limited. In the present study, we report a partial cloning and mRNA expression analysis of c-type and g-type lysozymes in African catfish Clarias gariepinus. We have successfully cloned and partially identify the c-type, and g-type lysozyme genes of C. gariepinus, which consist of 594 and 560 of coding sequences, respectively. Catalytic and other conserved residues were identified by multiple sequences alignment and they showed high similarity with other teleost fish species. mRNA levels of the genes were analyzed by using qPCR method and their expressions in the spleen, liver, and head kidney were rapidly modulated after Aeromonas hydrophila injection, with different patterns were observed in each organ. These results confirmed that c- and g-type lysozymes played an important role in non-specific immunity against A. hydrophila infection. This study provided valuable information that can be used to understand the African catfish immune systems for better disease and stress management in C. gariepinus culture.Keywords: lysozymes, gene identification, gene expression, bacterial infection, African catfish ABSTRAKLisozim berperan dalam sistem pertahanan dini pada ikan dan sangat potensial digunakan sebagai marka status imunitas dalam evaluasi respons imun. Lisozim umum ditemukan dalam dua tipe pada ikan: tipe-ayam (tipe-c) dan tipe-angsa (tipe-g). Informasi terkait sekuens gen dan ekspresi gen kedua tipe lisozim pada ikan lele dumbo sangat terbatas. Pada penelitian ini, kami melaporkan kloning gen secara parsial, dan analisis ekspresi gen dari kedua tipe lisozim pada ikan lele dumbo C. gariepinus. Sekuens parsial gen lisozim tipe-c dan tipe-g yang berhasil diidentifikasi adalah sepanjang 594 dan 560 pasang basa. Situs katalitik dan residu khas memiliki tingkat kesamaan yang tinggi dengan spesies ikan yang lain. Analisis mRNA dilakukan dengan metode quantitative PCR (qPCR). Ekspresi kedua gen di jaringan ginjal depan, limpa, dan hati dengan cepat terinduksi pasca infeksi bakteri A. hydrophila dengan pola yang berbeda. Hasil ini menunjukkan bahwa lisozim tipe-c dan tipe-g memiliki peran yang sangat penting dalam sistem imun ikan lele dumbo terhadap infeksi A. hydrophila. Penelitian ini menghasilkan informasi penting yang dapat digunakan untuk mempelajari sistem imun ikan lele dumbo dan sebagai acuan dalam penanganan dan manajemen penyakit pada budidaya ikan lele dumbo.Kata kunci: lisozim, identifikasi gen, ekspresi gen, infeksi bakteri, ikan lele dumbo 
THE GROWTH PERFORMANCE AND RESISTANCE TO SALINITY STRESS OF STRIPED CATFISH PANGASIUS SP. JUVENILE IN BIOFLOC SYSTEM WITH DIFFERENT FEEDING RATES Meritha, Wellya Wichi; Suprayudi, Muhammad Agus; Ekasari, Julie
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 17 No. 2 (2018): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3346.398 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.17.2.113-119

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ABSTRACTThis study aimed to evaluate the growth performance and resistance to salinity stress of striped catfish juvenile reared in biofloc with different feeding rate (FR). The treatments applied in this study were rearing the fish in biofloc with FR 5% and 8% of biomass per day, and rearing the fish with a FR of 8% per day without biofloc system as the control. The fish with an initial average length of 1.81 ± 0.20 cm were stocked in 9 units of  50 L aquaria with density of 40 ind/aquaria (800 ind/m3) for 15 days rearing period. In biofloc systems, the addition of tapioca as a source of organic carbon was done every day with an estimated C/N ratio of 10. No water exchange was done in biofloc systems, whereas regular water exchange was applied in the control. Results of the experiment showed that survival was not significantly different amongst treatments (P>0.05).  However, the specific growth rate of the fish in biofloc system with a FR of 8% per day showed the highest value and was significantly different from other treatments (P<0.05). Fish reared in biofloc system tend to have lower feed conversion ratios (FCRs) than the control. The lowest FCR was found in fish reared in biofloc system with 5% FR and significantly lower than control (P<0.05).  Salinity stress test was conducted by soaking 15 juveniles in water with a salinity of 20 g/L for an hour. The survival of fish after salinity stress test were significantly higher for fish reared in bifloc system than control (P<0.05). These data showed that rearing striped catfish juvenile in biofloc system could reduce FCR, increase the growth, and robustness of fish. Keywords: biofloc, feeding rate, growth, salinity stress test, striped catfish  ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi kinerja pertumbuhan dan ketahanan benih ikan patin terhadap stres salinitas yang dipelihara dalam sistem bioflok dengan tingkat pemberian pakan (FR) berbeda. Perlakuan yang terdapat dalam penelitian ini adalah benih patin yang dipelihara dalam sistem bioflok dengan FR 5% dan 8% per hari, dan pemeliharaan benih dengan FR 8% per hari tanpa penambahan sumber karbon sebagai kontrol. Benih patin dengan panjang rata-rata awal 1,81 ± 0,20 cm dipelihara dalam 9 unit akuarium dengan volume air 50 L dan kepadatan 40 ekor/akuarium (800 ekor/m3) selama 15 hari. Pada sistem bioflok, penambahan tapioka sebagai sumber karbon dilakukan setiap hari dengan C/N 10. Pada sistem bioflok tidak dilakukan pergantian air, sedangkan pada kontrol dilakukan pergantian air. Kelangsungan hidup ikan tidak berbeda nyata antar perlakuan. Namun, tingkat pertumbuhan spesifik ikan dalam sistem bioflok dengan FR 8% per hari menunjukkan nilai tertinggi dan berbeda nyata antar perlakuan (P<0,05). Benih yang dipelihara pada sistem bioflok memiliki rasio konversi pakan (FCR) yang lebih rendah dibandingkan kontrol, namun tidak terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara perlakuan bioflok (P>0,05). Uji stres salinitas dilakukan dengan merendam 15 ekor benih patin pada air dengan salinitas 20 g/L selama satu jam. Kelangsungan hidup setelah uji stres salinitas dari benih yang dipelihara di bioflok secara signifikan lebih tinggi dibandingkan kontrol (P<0,05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemeliharaan benih patin pada sistem bioflok dapat menurunkan FCR, dan meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan ketahanan ikan terhadap stres salinitas. Kata kunci: bioflok, feeding rate, pertumbuhan, uji stres salinitas, ikan patin 
IMMUNITY AND GROWTH OF FRESHWATER PRAWN FED WITH DIETARY β-GLUCAN SUPPLEMENTATION Ekasari, Julie; Napitupulu, Jhon Lamhot F.; Surawidjaja, Enang Harris
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 1 (2016): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3173.699 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.15.41-48

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ABSTRACT Freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii is one of the most important aquaculture commodities in Indonesia. This study evaluated the effect of dietary ?-glucan supplementation (0%, 0.075%, 0.15%, and 0.225%) on the immune parameters, survival, and growth of giant freshwater prawn. Prawn juvenile with an initial body weight of 1.25±0.041 g was randomly distributed into eight units of glass aquaria (150 L) with a density of 16 animals/aquarium. Phenoloxydase activity, total and differential haemocyte counts, survival, and specific growth rate of the prawn were measured and calculated on the final day of experiment (day 42). Phenoloxydase activity, total and differential haemocyte counts of ?-glucan treatments were higher than control, whereas no significant difference was observed in survival. The highest specific growth rate was observed in the 0.15% ?-glucan supplementation treatment with 1.92%/day. Keywords: phenoloxydase activity, haemocyte, ?-glucan, specific growth rate, giant freshwater prawn  ABSTRAK Udang galah Macrobrachium rosenbergii merupakan salah satu komoditas akuakultur yang penting di Indonesia. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh suplementasi pakan dengan ?-glukan sebesar 0%, 0,075%, 0,15%, dan 0,225% terhadap parameter imunitas dan kinerja pertumbuhan udang galah. Juvenil udang dengan bobot tebar rata-rata 1,25±0,041 g ditebar secara acak pada delapan unit akuarium (150 L) dengan padat tebar 16 ekor/akuarium. Parameter yang diamati adalah aktivitas fenoloksidase (PO), jumlah dan diferensiasi hemosit, sintasan, dan laju pertumbuhan spesifik yang diukur dan dihitung setelah 42 hari masa pemeliharaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai aktivitas PO, total hemosit, dan diferensial hemosit pada udang yang diberi pakan dengan suplementasi ?-glukan cenderung lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan kontrol. Sintasan masing-masing perlakuan tidak berbeda nyata dengan perlakuan kontrol. Laju pertumbuhan spesifik tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan ?-glukan 0,15% sebesar 1,92%/hari. Kata kunci: aktivitas phenoloxydase, hemosit, ?-glukan, udang galah, laju pertumbuhan spesifik
TINGKAT KERAGAMAN UKURAN BENIH IKAN LELE CLARIAS SP. YANG DIBERI ARTEMIA DENGAN PERIODE YANG BERBEDA Jusadi, Dedi; Fitriani, Farida; Ekasari, Julie; Vinasyiam, Apriana
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 15 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3162.987 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.15.2.156-161

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ABSTRACT This research was conducted to evaluate the effect of different Artemia feeding period on the size variation of catfish Clarias sp. larvae. One thousand two days post hatched larvae with an average body length of 0.7±0.03 cm were randomly distributed into 25 L round plastic tanks. The treatment conducted for 13 days with four treatment; without Artemia, given Artemia 1, 2, or 3 days in the first culture period. The results showed that 15 days old fish has the same survival rate in all treatments; and has two size distribution i.e. the small size (S) and medium size (M). Increasingly the period of administration of Artemia, the percentage of the amount of M-size fish increases, thereby giving Artemia were able to increase growth of larvae. Feeding catfish with Artemia for two days has shown producing better growth. Keywords: catfish, Artemia, size variation, growth performance  ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh perbedaan periode pemberian pakan Artemia terhadap kinerja pertumbuhan larva ikan lele Clarias sp. Seribu ekor larva lele yang berumur dua hari dengan panjang rata-rata 0,7±0,03 cm ditebar dalam wadah dengan volume air 25 L. Budidaya ikan dilakukan selama 13 hari dengan empat perlakuan, yaitu perlakuan tanpa pemberian Artemia, pemberian Artemia selama satu, dua, atau tiga hari di awal masa budidaya. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ikan umur 15 hari memiliki sintasan yang sama di semua perlakuan, serta memiliki dua sebaran ukuran, yakni ukuran kecil (S) dan ukuran sedang (M). Semakin lama periode pemberian Artemia, persentase jumlah ikan ukuran M meningkat, sehingga pemberian Artemia pada larva ikan lele mampu meningkatkan pertumbuhan. Pemberian Artemia selama dua hari memberikan pertumbuhan yang lebih baik. Kata kunci: ikan lele, Artemia, keragaman ukuran, kinerja pertumbuhan
UTILIZATION OF BIOFLOC MEAL AS A FEED INGREDIENT FOR NILE TILAPIA AND COMMON CARP Ekasari, Julie; Pasha, Hilda Kemala; Priyoutomo, Nur Bambang
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 17 No. 1 (2018): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4813.568 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.17.1.9-15

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ABSTRACTThis study was aimed to evaluate the utilisation of biofloc meal collected from biofloc-based catfish intensive culture as a mix ingredient for Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus and common carp Cyprinus carpio diet. A control diet containing 29.03% crude protein was used in this experiment. Experimental diet was made by mixing 30% biofloc waste meal with the control diet and repelleted after the addition of 2% of binder. To determine the experimental feed digestibility, 0.5% of Cr2O3 was added as a marker for digestibility. The feed was offered to satiation at a frequency of 3 times a day for 28 days of experimentation. Nile tilapia and common carp juveniles with an initial average body weight of 11.72±0.04 g and 8.81±0.04 g, respectively, were used as the experimental animals. Each fish species were randomly stocked with a density of 10 fish/aquarium (30´45´30 cm3). The results showed that dry matter digestibility of diets with 30 % biofloc waste meal in both fish species were significantly lower than those of the controls (P<0.05). However, protein, lipid and phosphorus digestibilities of diets containing biofloc waste meal were significantly higher than those of the controls (P<0.05). Feeding with biofloc waste meal mixed feed to tilapia resulted in lower growth rate compared to that to fed control feed. On the other hand, similar treatment to common carp resulted in comparable growth rate to the control treatment.Keywords: biofloc meal, digestibility, growth performance, tilapia, common carp ABSTRAK                                                                                      Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi pemanfaatan tepung bioflok yang dikumpulkan dari limbah pemeliharaan ikan lele intensif berbasis teknologi bioflok sebagai campuran pakan untuk ikan nila Oreochromis niloticus dan ikan mas Cyprinus carpio. Pakan kontrol yang digunakan adalah pakan komersial dengan kadar protein 29,03%. Pembuatan pakan uji dilakukan dengan mencampurkan tepung limbah bioflok (30%) dengan pakan kontrol (67,5%) dan dibentuk pelet kembali setelah dilakukan penambahan binder sebanyak 2% dan Cr2O3 sebanyak 0,5% sebagai penanda untuk menganalisis kecernaan pakan dengan tepung limbah bioflok. Pakan diberikan secara at satiation dengan frekuensi pemberian pakan 3 kali/hari selama 28 hari pemeliharaan. Bobot rata-rata ikan awal adalah 11,72±0,04 g untuk ikan nila, dan 8,81±0,04 g untuk ikan mas dengan kepadatan awal masing-masing 10 ekor/akuarium (30´45´30 cm3). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa nilai kecernaan total pakan dengan tepung limbah bioflok baik pada ikan nila maupun ikan mas lebih rendah daripada pakan kontrol (P<0,05). Namun demikian, kecernaan protein, lemak, dan fosfor pakan dengan campuran tepung limbah bioflok lebih tinggi daripada kontrol (P<0,05). Pemberian tepung limbah bioflok sebanyak 30% sebagai campuran pakan menghasilkan laju pertumbuhan spesifik ikan nila yang lebih rendah (P<0,05), sedangkan perlakuan yang sama pada ikan mas memberikan laju pertumbuhan spesifik yang tidak berbeda nyata dengan kontrol (P>0,05). Kata kunci: tepung limbah bioflok, kecernaan, kinerja pertumbuhan, ikan nila, ikan mas
THE DIGESTIBILITY OF BIOFLOC MEAL FROM AFRICAN CATFISH CULTURE MEDIUM AS A FEED RAW MATERIAL FOR PACIFIC WHITE SHRIMP Ekasari, Julie; Suprayudi, Muhammad Agus; Elas, Putri; Senja, Reza Karunia
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 18 No. 1 (2019): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3465.216 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.18.1.1-8

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ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to evaluate the digestibility of biofloc meal collected from catfish culture as a feed raw material for Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei diet. A basal feed with 43% crude protein content was used as a control diet and mixed with 2% of binders and 0.5 % of Cr2O3 as a marker for digestibility. The experimental diets were made by mixing 67.5% of the basal diet with 30% of biofloc meal, 2% of binders and 0.5 % of Cr2O3. Nine units of glass tanks (90 cm ×40 cm× 35 cm) filled with 100 L seawater were used as the experimental culture units. White shrimp with an average body weight of 5.61 ± 0.09 g was randomly distributed to each experimental tank at a density of 20 shrimp/tank. The feed was offered at a level of 5% shrimp biomass per day at a frequency of four times a day. The results showed that the dry matter digestibility of feed with 30% biofloc meal in shrimp were similar to that of the reference diet. However, protein and fat digestibility of feed containing biofloc meal were considerably higher than those of the reference diet. Feeding shrimp with 30% biofloc meal diet resulted in higher survival and specific growth rate and lower feed conversion ratio than those of the control. The digestibility of bioflocs dry matter, protein and lipid in Pacific white shrimp obtained in this study were 54.9%, 76.3% and 79.3%, respectively.Keywords: biofloc, digestibility, catfish, shrimp  ABSTRAKPenelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi kecernaan tepung bioflok yang diambil dari media pemeliharaan ikan lele sebagai bahan pakan udang vaname Litopenaeus vannamei. Pakan yang mengandung kadar protein 43% digunakan sebagai pakan control dan dicampur dengan 2% binder dan 0.5% Cr2O3 sebagai marker untuk kecernaan. Pakan perlakuan dibuat dengan mencampurkan 67.5% pakan control dengan 30% tepung bioflok, 2% binder dan 0.5% Cr2O3. Penelitian menggunakan sembilan unit akuarium (90 cm ×40 cm ×35 cm) yang diisi 100 L air laut. Udang vaname dengan bobot rata-rata 5.61 ± 0.09 g ditebar secara acak pada setiap akuarium perlakuan pada kepadatan 20 ekor/akuarium. Pakan diberikan dengan tingkat pemberian pakan 5% biomassa per hari sebanyak empat kali sehari. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa kecernaan pakan dengan 30% tepung bioflok tidak berbeda nyata dengan pakan acuan. Namun kecernaan protein dan lemak pakan yang mengandung tepung bioflok terlihat lebih tinggi daripada pakan kontrol. Pemberian pakan dengan tepung bioflok sebanyak 30% juga menghasilkan tingkat kelangsungan hidup, laju pertumbuhan spesifik udang dan rasio konversi pakan yang lebih baik daripada udang yang diberi pakan kontrol. Kecernaan bahan, protein dan lemak tepung bioflok pada udang yang didapat dalam penelitian masing-masing adalah 54.9%, 76.3% dan 79.3%.Kata-kata kunci: bioflok, ikan lele, kecernaan, udang 
BACTERIAL QUORUM SENSING AND THE ROLE OF ALGAE IN BACTERIAL DISEASES CONTROL IN AQUACULTURE Wiyoto, .; Ekasari, Julie
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 9 No. 2 (2010): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (510.037 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.9.110-118

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Bacterial disease is one of the most common diseases in aquaculture practices which have a significant impact. Several researches noted that pathogenicity of a certain bacteria can be determined by its quorum sensing activity. Quorum sensing is a communication process of a certain bacteria with the same or different species of bacteria which involves the releasing and capturing of signal molecule to and from the environment. This activity will activate a certain target gene which further resulted in the expression of a phenotype by the bacteria. With regard to this characteristic, one of the methods to control bacterial diseases is by quorum sensing disruption. Several species of algae, both micro and macro, have been found to be able to intervense bacterial quorum sensing and thus can be used as an alternative in bacterial disease control.    Key words: quorum sensing, bacterial disease, aquaculture, algae  Abstrak Penyakit bakteri adalah salah satu penyakit yang paling umum dalam akuakultur dengan dampak yang cukup signifikan. Beberapa penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tingkat patogenitas suatu bakteri salah satunya ditentukan oleh aktivitas kuorum sensing bakteri. Kuorum sensing bakteri merupakan suatu proses komunikasi yang dilakukan oleh bakteri dengan bakteri lainnya baik yang sejenis maupun berlainan jenis yang berupa pelepasan dan penangkapan molekul sinyal menuju dan dari lingkungan sekitar bakteri tersebut. Aktivitas inilah yang akan menentukan ekspresi suatu gen target seperti patogenitas, sehingga salah satu metode yang dapat digunakan dalam mengendalikan penyakit yang disebabkan oleh bakteri adalah dengan mengganggu aktivitas kuorum sensing bakteri. Beberapa jenis alga, baik mikro maupun makro, diketahui dapat mengintervensi aktivitas kuorum sensing, dan dapat menjadi salah satu alternatif bagi pengendalian penyakit bakterial. Kata-kata kunci: kuorum sensing, penyakit bakterial, akuakultur, alga
EVALUATION OF SMOKED SKIPJACK PROCESSING BYPRODUCT MEAL AS AN ALTERNATIVE FEED INGREDIENT FOR JUVENILE HUMPBACK GROUPER CROMILEPTES ALTIVELIS Suprayudi, Muhamad Agus; Hajiali, Fatma; Utomo, Nur Bambang Priyo; Ekasari, Julie; Fauzi, Ichsan
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 23 No. 1 (2016): January 2016
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (500.122 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.23.1.18

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This study aimed to evaluate the utilization of smoked skipjack processing byproduct meal (SPBM) to reduce the use of fish meal (FM) for juvenile humpback grouper Cromileptes altivelis. This study consisted of digestibility test of SPBM and biological test to observe growth performance. Five isonitrogenous and isocaloric experimental diets were used: Diet A contains 0% SPBM as a control diet, and diets B, C, D, and E contain 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of SPBM protein to substitute FM, respectively. Digestibility trial was performed for 14 days by adding Cr2O3 into the experimental diets and collecting fecal matter 40?60 minutes after each feeding. For growth trial, juvenile humpback grouper were kept in glass aquariums and fed by the experimental diet until apparent satiation for 60 days. Our result shows that the dry matter and protein SPBM apparent digestibility coefficient is lower compared to FM. The fish that was fed with diet B and C performed a comparable specific growth rate, feed efficiency, and protein retention compared to control (p > 0.05). However, lower specific growth rate, feeding efficiency, and protein retention were observed in fish that was fed with diet D (75% SPBM) and diet E (100% SPBM; p < 0.05). These results indicate that up to 50% of smoked SPBM can be used for the diet of humpback grouper.
SEX REVERSAL ON CONGO TETRA FISH (MICRALEPTUS INTTERRUPTUS ) LARVAE Arfah, Harton; Alimuddin, ,; Sumantadinata, K.; Ekasari, Julie
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 1 No. 2 (2002): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (121.65 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.1.69-74

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ABSTRACTExperiment was performed to assess the effect of 17a-methyltestosterone (MT) treatment on Congo tetra fish larvae.  To evaluate the optimal pattern of MT treatment, three different treatments were administrated.  Three months old larvae were submerged in three different doses of MT; 1, 2 and 4 mg/l.  These studies showed that the highest percentage of male fish was obtained by 4 mg/l MT treatment, 87,17%.  The 2 mg/l and 1 mg/l MT treatments obtained 77,53% and 69,86% male respectively, two times higher than control, 38,96%.  On the other hand, the 4 mg/l MT treatment also resulted the highest percentage of hermaphrodite fishes, 17,58%.  The highest survival rate was shown by 1 mg/l MT treatment, 62,77% and the lowest was shown by the 4 mg/l MT treatment, 47,20%.  The highest rate of fish length and weight was shown by the 4 mg/l MT treatment, 4,4 cm and 1,65 gram respectively.  These findings suggest that MT treatment offers an advantage in growth of  tetra Congo larvae. Key word :  Sex reversal, methyltestosterone, Congo tetra fish, Micraleptus intterruptus. ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh perendaman larva di dalam larutan hormon 17a-metiltestosteron pada dosis 1, 2 dan 4 mg/l larutan.  Persentase tertinggi ikan jantan dihasilkan  oleh perlakuan 4 mg/l, yaitu 87,17%.  Perlakuan 2 mg/l dan 1 mg/l masing-masing menghasilkan 77,53% dan 69,86% sedangkan kontrol menghasilkan 38,96% jantan.  Efek lain dari perlakuan MT ini adalah hermafroditisme.  Perlakuan 4 mg/l menghasilkan persentase hermafrodit tertinggi yaitu 17,58%, sedangkan pada kontrol kelangsungan hidup tertinggi diperoleh pada perlakuan 1 mg/l (62,77%) dan terendah pada perlakuan 4 mg/l (47,20%).  Hasil tersebut menunjukkan adanya pengaruh dosis hormon terhadap kelangsungan hidup ikan.  Pengukuran bobot dan panjang ikan pada setiap perlakuan menunjukkan nilai tertinggi dihasilkan oleh perlakuan 4 mg/l  yaitu 1,65 gram dan 4,40 cm.  Hal ini diduga bahwa hormon MT merangsang pula pertumbuhan ikan.Kata kunci :  Pergantian kelamin, metiltestosteron, ikan tetra Kongo, Micraleptus intterruptus.
EVALUATION OF BIOFLOC TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION ON WATER QUALITY AND PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF RED TILAPIA OREOCHROMIS SP. CULTURED AT DIFFERENT STOCKING DENSITIES WIDANARNI, .; EKASARI, JULIE; MARYAM, SITI
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 19 No. 2 (2012): June 2012
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (124.343 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.19.2.73

Abstract

This study evaluated the effect of biofloc technology (BFT) application on water quality and production performance of red tilapia Oreochromis sp. at different stocking densities. Three different fish densities were applied, i.e. 25, 50, and 100 fish/m3, and for each density there were Control (without external carbon input) and BFT treatments. Mixed sex red tilapia with an initial average body weight 77.89 + 3.71 g was cultured in 3 m3 concrete tanks for 14 weeks. Molasses was added on BFT treatments as the organic carbon source at a C/N ratio of 15. Control treatments of each density tested showed more fluctuated water quality parameters throughout the experimental period. The highest TAN and nitrite-nitrogen were observed in control treatment at a stocking density of 100 fish/m3 (3.97 mg TAN/L and 9.29 mg NO2-N/L, respectively). The highest total yield was observed in control treatment at the highest density treatment (43.50 kg), whereas the highest survival was obtained by BFT treatment at a density of 25 fish/m3 (97.78 + 0.77%). Total feed used in BFT was lower than that of control treatments in particular at 50 fish/m3 density (P < 0.05) suggesting that biofloc could be continuously harvested by the fish as other source of food.