Articles

ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU TIDAK AMAN PADA PEKERJA DI DEPARTEMEN PRODUKSI PT. X Mutia, Ajeng Ayuning; Ekawati, Ekawati; Wahyuni, Ida
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Occupational accident is 88% caused by unsafe behavior, 10% by unsafe condition and 2% by other causes. The number of unsafe behavior cases found in PT. X from 2014 to 2016, in a series are 20, 12 and 8 cases.The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between safety leadership, work fatigue, safety climate and job satisfaction with unsafe behavior in the Production Departement PT. X. The research type was a quantitative with cross sectional approach. The population in this research were all workers in Production Department of PT. X. The number of samples were 63 selected by stratified sampling method with proportional approach. Data collected by questionnaire. Data analysis was performed by using chi-square test. The result of statistical test showed that there were no correlation between safety leadership (p = 0,159) and work fatigue (p = 0,094) with unsafe behavior. Furthermore, there were correlation between safety climate (p = 0,000) and job satisfaction (p = 0,006) with unsafe behavior. PT. X should conduct training of safety behavior, applying reward system, assembling safety talk and safety walk, as well as assembling safety report box.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STRES KERJA DAN PENGENDALIAN STRES KERJA PADA TENAGA KERJA DI BAGIAN CARGO PT. ANGKASA PURA LOGISTIK BANDAR UDARA INTERNASIONAL AHMAD YANI SEMARANG Utami, Putri; Wahyuni, Ida; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Work stress is a feeling of pressure or distress experienced by employees in the face of job. In carrying out activities in each group, humans can encounter a stress. The same condition also occurs to a workers in cargo section in doing his task. This research used mix method approach (quantitative – qualitative). The subject of the research is the workers in cargo section PT Angkasa Pura logistik Semarang. The data were collected by spreading the questionnaire of work stress symptoms on 47 respondent, 54,1% experienced severe labor stress, 45,9% experienced mild stress and 0% did not experience work stress. Based on eight job stress factors studied, the intrinsic factors of the job (job demands and work environment) and external job demands all the elements related to work stress a workers in cargo section PT Angkasa Pura logistik Semarang (subjectively).How to control work stress on the workers in the cargo section that does not experience work stress in controlling the saturation is by joking with co-workers play mobile phones and always try to stay focused. If there is a problem at work or with colleagues, they discuss with the Leader and colleagues to find the best solution. To relieve fatigue during work is by drinking body movements and cool the body in the customer service.
PENGARUH KARAKTERISTIK PEKERJA TERHADAP KEJADIAN MUSCULOSKELETAL DISORDER PADA PEKERJA PABRIK TENUN MASARI PEMALANG Sandi, Pandu Reviami; Ekawati, Ekawati; Suroto, Suroto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Musculoskeletal disorder ( msds ) was a term used which are aimed at a disorder in a muscle that happened in the muscles of order that was felt to be someone starting from complaints mild to the complaints that are heavy. One cause its work tools that are not ergonomic may cause an impact such as the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorder. The purpose of this research was to determine the individual factors (age, body mass index, smoking habit) and occupational factors (tenure, repetitive movements, work sitting position) that influenced to the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorder on worker of MASARI weave factory in Pemalang. The method of this research used survey research approach with cross sectional study design Total sampling taken in this research is 33 workers. Statistical test data of rank spearman correlation performed indicated that there was no correlation between (body mass index, smoking habit, work sitting position) and there was a correlation between working period and the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorder (P-value = 0.03). There was a correlation between age and the occurrence if musculoskeletal disorder (p-value = 0.001). Based on statistical test of multiple regressions, there were variables that had influence toward the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorder; the variables were working period and age. In conclusion, age was more influential to musculoskeletal than working period (working period t=3.564, age t=6.119). the new recruitment workers better age >35 tahun and working period >35 tahun. 
HUBUNGAN KARAKTERISTIK INDIVIDU DAN RIWAYAT PENYAKIT DENGAN NILAI AMBANG DENGAR POLISI LALU LINTAS SUBUNIT PATWAL KOTA SEMARANG Sandyasti, Laksnita Kumara; Setyaningsih, Yuliani; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The increasing number of vehicles and the permanent number of streets resulted in increasing levels of traffic noise. Patwal traffic police has the main task to resolve the traffic jam. Patwal traffic policemen have hearing loss risk that indicated by the increase of the hearing threshold value. This study aims to analyze the relationship of age, work period, hobbies, history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and the degree of smoking to the hearing threshold value of Patwal traffic policemen in Semarang City. The type of research used is analytical with cross sectional method. The samples used in this study were 34 Patwal traffic policemen. The data were taken with audiometry test and questionnaire. Based on the analysis using Chi-Square test, it can be concluded that the variables related to hearing threshold value are working period (p = 0,004) and smoking degree (p = 0,026). While unrelated variables were age, hobby, history of diabetes mellitus, and history of hypertension. It can be concluded that work period and degree of smoking are related to hearing threshold value of Patwal traffic policemen of Semarang City.
Evaluasi Pemenuhan Permenaker No.04/MEN/1980 dan SKEP/100/xi/1985 Terhadap Alat Pemadam Api Ringan di PT. Angkasa Pura I Bandar Udara Ahmad Yani Semarang Kristianto, Dhito Hadi; Ekawati, Ekawati; Kurniawan, Bina
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 1 (2015): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Catastrophic fires as an undesirable events are always good material losses, the human soul as well as the environment. Planning countermeasures of fire (Fire Safety) is to save souls and then avoid damage intensity as minimum as possible. Based on the results of the initial survey on the Check-In area, Light of fire Extinguishers as one of the fire extinguishers at PT. Angkasa Pura I Ahmad Yani Airport does not comply with the provisions of PERMENAKER No. 04/MEN/1980. This study aims to evaluate the application of light-weight Fire Extinguishers according to regulations. This research is qualitative research with type a descriptive method. Sample research consists of 5 main buildings and one informant informant triangulation chosen directly by the researchers. Measuring instrument which is used in the form of a check list, and guidelines for the interview. The data were analyzed using qualitative analysis results are presented in the form of a narrative (description). The results showed that as much as 60% installation is in compliance with regulations of the APAR, maintenance carried out for three months, the condition still exists as yet APAR ready-to-wear. Conclusion the research that is both fitting, Fire Extinguishers Mild conditions, maintenance of Fire Extinguishers and the use by employees is in compliance with the provisions of the existing provisions.
ANALISIS KEANDALAN DELIVERY MAN SEBAGAI UPAYA PENCEGAHAN KECELAKAAN PT. COCA COLA DISTRIBUTION DI SEMARANG Nuansa, Nurul Ufuk; Ekawati, Ekawati; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 2 (2016): MARET
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Indonesian National Police (INP) recorded 80 per day or 3 people per hour die in road traffic accidents during 2013. Some of the causes of traffic accidents is the use of drugs, use of personal protective equipment compliance is low, the condition of the machine , breaking traffic lights and or other disciplinary action in driving. This study aimed to analyze the reliability of Delivery Man in PT.Coca Cola Distribution Semarang in conducting pre-drive inspection. This research is a quantitative and qualitative descriptive through cross sectional approach using SPAR-H method in calculating the reliability Delivery Man. Sampling techniques saturate some 24 of Delivery Man and seven informants triangulation. The results showed that the reliability Delivery Man without considering the dependence factor is 0.999958367 relatively high reliability with 3 negative PSF are the availability of time, experience / training, and work processes. While reliability Delivery Man by taking into account relatively low dependence upon examination tread components (0), the condition of the fan belt worn / crack (0), tire pressure (0.4999979184), spare tire (0.4999979184), comprehensiveness and firmness tire wheel bolts (0,499995838), the completeness of the jack lock (0,499995838), batteries (0,499995838), radiators (0,499995838), engine oil (0,499995838), brake fluid (0,499995838), horn (0,499995838), belts (0,499995838), safety element (0,499995838) and brakes (0,499995838). While reliability Delivery Man by taking into account a relatively high reliance for electrical inspection large lamps (0,857135721), the turn signal (0,857135721), the brake lights (0,857135721), reverse light (0,857135721), and light box (0,857135721).
ANALISIS KEPATUHAN SUPERVISOR TERHADAP IMPLEMENTASI PROGRAM OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH & SAFETY (OHS) PLANNED INSPECTION DI PT. CCAI Sarah, Dewi; Ekawati, Ekawati; Widjasena, Baju
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 3, No 3 (2015): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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The Government has issued Regulation Legislation No. 50 Year 2012 on Health and Safety Management System (SMK3). CCAI is a company that has implemented SMK3. The application of the CCAI SMK3 supported by K3 program one of them is OHS Planned Inspection. This study aimed to analyze the implementation of Occupational Health & Safety (OHS) program Planned Inspection in CCAI. The subjects of this study amounted to five people as the main informants and 2 as an informant triangulation. The results showed key informants already knew this progrtam, goals, objectives, and program execution time. The attitude of key informants agreed with this program and in this  implementation need a good communication to superiors, as well as to the team below. The availability of facilities in the form is a checklist. The main informant had never been trained filling checklist. SOP that there has not been spread widely disseminated to all employees including key informants. Supervision only from an informant triangulation and has not from the respective. The results showed a less training and supervision provided by the OHS (Occupational Health Safety). This resulted in the knowledge and attitudes of employees is still low on the implementation of Planned Inspection program. CCAI need to provide training to fill the key informant checklist to improve the capability and compliance in conducting Planned Inspection program. Improve the surveilance and communication in the implementation of the program.
PENGETAHUAN IBU NIFAS TENTANG KUNJUNGAN ULANG MASA NIFAS DI PUSKESMAS TEPUS 1 KABUPATEN GUNUNGKIDUL Ekawati, Ekawati; Haniah, Haniah
Media Ilmu Kesehatan Vol 6 No 1: MIK April 2017
Publisher : Pusat Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat FKes Universitas Jenderal Achmad Yani Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.30989/mik.v6i1.208

Abstract

Background: The causes of Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR) in Indonesia are bleeding (30.3%), hypertensive disorder during pregnancy (27.1%), infection (7.3%), obstructed (1.8%) and abortion (1.6%). Bleeding occurs in the postpartum period which is started after delivering placenta and ended when the the womb organs recovered as before pregnant. The length of postpartum period is about 6 weeks. During postpartum period, there are several re-visit to heath provider such as; KF 1 (first postpartum visit) is a visit on 6 hours to day 3rd after delivering, KF 2 (Second postpartum visit) is a visit on day 4th to 28th after delivering, and KF 3 (third postpartum visit) is a visit on day 29th-42nd after delivering. Objective: This study aimed to describe the knowledge level of postpartum mother about visitation during childbirth. Method: This study was a descriptive quantitative research with cross sectional design. The number of sample was 30 respondents. The data were taken using primary data and questionnaires. Result: The postpartum mother who do postpartum visits in Puskesmas Tepus 1 Gunung in the age of 20-35 years category was 19 respondents (63.3%). A number of 13 respondents (43.3%) had secondary school, 19 respondents (63.3%) were housewife and 18 respondents (60%) had 2-3 children. The result of postpartum revisit showed that 13 respondents (43.3%) made KF1, 12 respondents (40%) made KF 2, and 11 respondents (36.7%) made KF 3. Conclusion: The knowledge level of postpartum revisit in Puskesmas Tepus 1 Gunung was mostly in adequate category. Key word: Postpartum Mother Knowledge, Postpartum Visits
Ujaran Kebencian Berbasis Agama: Kajian Persepsi, Respon, dan Dampaknya di Masyarakat Wardhani, Yani'ah; Ekawati, Ekawati
Buletin Al-Turas Vol 26, No 1 (2020): Buletin Al-Turas
Publisher : Fakultas Adab dan Humaniora, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (513.666 KB) | DOI: 10.15408/bat.v26i1.13698

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The purpose of this study is to provide information about hate speech related to three domains of perception, response and the impact of hate speech on the basis of religion in the community. This research was carried out in DKI Jakarta, Bekasi and Banten. This research uses mixed methods conducted in a specific time using semi-structured interviews and other relevant documents. This research finds that of law enforcement officials must anticipate the expressions of hatred on the basis of religion. It also finds that the perpetrators of hate speeches must be brought to law, and perpetrators of hate speeches against certain religions must change their behaviour to prevent the same violence. In order to change behaviour, prior rules are needed to regulate the hate speech. The spread of hate speech inhibits citizens to actualize democracy; create of social polarization based on identity groups; create discourse of hostility as a way for radicalists to recruit new members; and lead to discrimination and violence in the community both directly and indirectly. This research concludes that hate speech is an act that all religion adherents should avoid.Tujuan penelitian ini memberikan informasi tentang ujaran kebencian terkait tiga domain persepsi, respon serta dampak ujaran kebencian atas dasar agama di DKI Jakarta, Bekasi, dan Banten. Penelitian ini menggunakan mixed-methods yang dilaksanakan dalam waktu tertentu dengan menggunakan wawancara dalam pengumpulan data juga informasi didapat dari sejumlah bahan pustaka. Penelitian ini menemukan bahwa aparat penegak hukum harus antisipatif terhadap sikap perilaku ujaran kebencian atas dasar agama. Penelitian ini juga menemukan bahwa pelaku ujaran kebencian harus ditindak berdasarkan hukum yang berlaku, dan pelaku ujaran kebencian terhadap agama tertentu harus mengubah perilaku untuk mencegah terjadinya kekerasan. Untuk mengubah perilaku tersebut, dibutuhkan peraturan yang mengatur sikap ujaran kebencian. Dampak dari penyebaran ujaran kebencian ini adalah, menghambat warga negara dalam berdemokrasi; terciptanya polarisasi sosial berdasarkan kelompok identitas; terciptanya wacana permusuhan, menyemai benih intoleransi menjadi alat mobilisasi atau rekrutmen oleh kelompok-kelompok garis keras; dan ujaran kebencian dapat menimbulkan terjadinya diskriminasi dan kekerasan di kalangan masyarakat baik secara langsung dan tidak langsung. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa ujaran kebencian merupakan perilaku yang harus dihindari oleh semua penganut agama agar tercipta kehidupan masyarakat yang damai. الغرض من هذه الدراسة هو توفير المعلومات حول خطاب الكراهية المتعلق بثلاثة مجالات من الإدراك والاستجابة وتأثير خطاب الكراهية على الأساس الدينسي في جاكرتا و بانتن و بيكاسيي. و يستخدم هذا البحث أساليب مختلطة (الكيفية و الكمية) التي تتم تنفيذها في وقت معين باستخدام المقابلات الشخصية في جمع البيانات و المعلومات المحصولة من المصادر المكتبية. و استنتج  الباحث أن المسؤولين عن إنفاذ القانون يجب أن يكونوا متوقعين للمواقف تجاه خطاب الكراهية على الأساس الديني. و أما النتيجة الأخرى فإن خاطب الكراهية وفقًا للقانون المعمول به و متغيرا للسلوك لمنع العنف. لذلك، هناك الحاجة إلى لوائح تنظم موقف خطاب الكراهية، لأن تأثير انتشار خطاب الكراهية يعوق المواطنين في الديمقراطية، و يبرز الاستقطاب الاجتماعي على أساس مجموعات الهوية ؛ و يسبب خطاب العداوة، و يزرع البذرة التعصبية التي كانت وسيلة للتجنيد من قبل المتشددين. و يمكن خطاب الكراهية أن يسبب التعبير عن الكراهية إلى التمييز والعنف في المجتمع بشكل مباشر وغير مباشر. و بناء على النتائج السابقة، استنتج الباحث أن خطاب الكراهية سلوك يجب تجنبه الأمم لتحقيق حياة المجتمع السلمية. 
ANALISIS TINGKAT STRES KERJA SERTA COPING STRES PADA PEGAWAI REKAM MEDIS DI RSUD K.R.M.T. WONGSONEGORO KOTA SEMARANG Aza P.P, Rizqika; Wahyuni, Ida; Ekawati, Ekawati
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): SEPTEMBER
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

The hospital is a health services that is absolutely required by all levels of society in an effort to improve the health status of both individuals and society as a whole. To fulfill these needs, the hospital is required to provide adequate and satisfactory service.Therefore, the hospital must be able to improve the quality of its services, including improving the quality of documenting medical records. The purpose of this study was to analyze the level of work stress and coping stress used by medical record employment section coding. In addition, this study was to determine of physical and mental workload and fatigue of employees of coding. The type of this research was qualitative descriptive research. The population of this study was the employee medical record of the coding section amounted to 11 people with total sampling method. The data were collected using an in-depth interview questionnaire about stress coping and measurement of physical, mental, fatigue, and work stresswith Pulsemeter, NASA-TLXquestionnaire, Deary-Liewald Reaction Time Task Application, and HARS questionnaire. Data analysis had done descriptively to understand the phenomenon about what is experienced by research subject. The conclusion of this research is employees who have moderate work stress level using problem-focused coping strategy whereas employees with high work stress level use emotional-focused coping strategy to deal with stressors.
Co-Authors A. Trihadi Kusuma, A. Trihadi Abusiri Abusiri, Abusiri Adhanudin, Yayan Adlina Rahmadini Adzhani, Adlina Rahmadini Alfiansah, Yunus Amalia, Beki Rizki Amalia, Nurrina Riska Amir, Johan Anggraini, Tyasning Yuni Astuti Annisa Ayu Tantia, Annisa Ayu Annisa Devi Primasari, Annisa Devi Apriliawati, Kun Dwi Ari Suwondo Arif Setiawan Arindita, Rizanty Astuti, Fitri Wiji Atikah Atikah Aza P.P, Rizqika Baining, Mellya Embun Baju Widjasena Bande, L. O. S. Benedicta Sonya Ajeng Lestari, Benedicta Sonya Ajeng Bina Kurniawan Charisma, Yuwan Martus Tegar Daru Lestantyo Dewi Sarah, Dewi Dhandy Dwi Yustica, Dhandy Dwi Dhito Hadi Kristianto, Dhito Hadi Dian Putri Nastiti, Dian Putri Dine Wahyu Prima, Dine Wahyu Dini Anggraeni Novitasari, Dini Anggraeni Eksandy, Arry ELIHAMI, ELIHAMI Ellyta Ellyta Faddila Purna Dewi, Faddila Purna Farahdhiya, Fadhila Agung Farid, Muhammad Miftah Fyka Ferziandhani, Fyka Galih Pamungkas, Galih Gati, Majida Wikaning H.S., Gusnawaty Hakim, Mohamad Zulman Hakim, Riefsy Arien Majidah Rahmawati Halimah, Aulia Dewi Nuur Handayani, Vini Nur Puri Haniah Haniah Hanifa Maher Denny, Hanifa Maher Hanifah, Febi Abu Helmi Tri Wahyuadi, Helmi Tri IDA RAHMAWATI Ida Wahyuni Ika Fitriyana, Ika Jayanti, Siti Nur Kevin Yudhistira Pribadi, Kevin Yudhistira Khaeron Sirin Kiki Indriyanti, Kiki Kuntoro, Kristiana Kurniawan, Hery Medianto Kurniawan, Yohanes Kusgiyanto, Wahyu Kusuma Handayani, Kusuma Lambang Aryanto, Lambang Lanti Annistyaningrum, Lanti Maftuhah Maftuhah, Maftuhah Mahmud, Saifuddin Manullang, Elizabeth Zavanya Manurung, Sondang Sylvia Maratus MS, Laili Masdiana Tahir, Masdiana Meirinda, Devi Eka Melati, Vita Mardhiyanti Melcy Novitasari, Melcy Muafiroh, Dewi Faridlotul Mudayatiningsih, Sri Muhammad Faizal Reza Ferdiniko, Muhammad Faizal Reza Muhammad Iqbal Muhammad Zaefani Aedy, Muhammad Zaefani Mulyati Mulyati Mutia, Ajeng Ayuning Nabilah Fairusiyyah, Nabilah Nadya Eka Febrina, Nadya Eka Narpati, Jalu Risang Ningrum, Novita Ayu Nino, Bagus Putra Novi Yuliani, Novi Noviastuti, Theresia Kartika Nugraheni, Marina Nugroho, Kalit Hidayat Budi Nurahmah, Fitriani Nursalekha, Peni Nurul Oktavia Puspita Sari, Nurul Oktavia Nurul Ufuk Nuansa, Nurul Ufuk Oceania Starizky, Oceania Oktaviani Lety Rani, Oktaviani Lety Pandu Reviami Sandi, Pandu Reviami Permata Sari, Anita Dian Pifianti, Ade Pradina, Ari Pradipta, Ajeng Dyah Purnama, Kartika Wahyuning Putri Utami, Putri Putri, Puja Asari Putri, Wini Iriani Rahmania, Silvia Rahmatullah Rizieq Rahmawati, Fabrianing Nur Retno Kamilia Mutiara, Retno Kamilia Rizqi Haidar, Rizqi Saidah, Nur Sandyasti, Laksnita Kumara Sartika, Lina Sefriani, Wiwit Setyoaji, Dhaniswara Setyowati, Anis Shabira Noviandini, Shabira Siswi Jayanti Sita Husnul Khotimah, Sita Husnul Suparta, M. Suroto Suroto Susi Susanti Susilaningtyas, Maulina Susmini, Susmini Triana, Estu Ulum, Muchammad Bachrul Vena Jaladara, Vena Vita Insani Saragih, Vita Insani Waluyo, Hevita Windryani Putri Wardana, Erlangga Rendra Wardhani, Yani'ah Widya Saraswati, Widya Wijayanti, Siswi Winnaputri, Nuralmasdini Youlla, Donna Yuannisa Yuannisa, Yuannisa Yuliani Setyaningsih Zaeanina, Fatwa Faizah Zahrotunnisa, Wahda Zainal Abidin Suery, Zainal Abidin Zulkarnaen Zulkarnaen