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ANALYSIS OF PALM OIL INDUSTRY CLUSTER IN JAMBI PROVINCE Erfit, Erfit
Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 5 No 1 (2017): Journal of Perspectives on Financing and Regional Development
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (66.729 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/ppd.v5i1.3855

Abstract

This study aims to analyze palm oil industry clusters in Jambi Province. This study is a collective case study (survey and case study). The result shows that Jambi Province has a considerable potential for the development of palm oil industry. It can be seen from the development of plantation area, production of Palm Fresh Fruit Bunches, Crude Palm Oil, Palm Kernel Oil, and Palm Oil Mill. However, there are still very limited downstream products of palm oil that can be produced. Based on SWOT analysis, it shows that beside having large opportunities, Jambi Province also faces with various obstacles and threats on the way to develop palm oil industry. Keywords: Industry cluster, palm oil industry, SWOT analysis
PEMANFAATAN DANA CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY (CSR) UNTUK PEMBIAYAAN PEMBANGUNAN PERTANIAN DI PROVINSI JAMBI Erfit, Erfit
Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 4 No 3 (2017): Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (83.536 KB)

Abstract

This study aims to describe the distribution of corporate social responsibility (CSR) partnership funds by various companies in Jambi Province, both State-Owned Enterprises (BUMN) and Private Owned Enterprises (BUMS). This study is a collective case study (survey and case study). The results of this study indicate the large potential of CSR partnership fund for Jambi Province. Based on CSR partnership fund distribution can generally be divided into two forms: Partnership and Community Development Program (PKBL). The partnership program includes the provision of revolving fund credit with low interest to UMKM with various business fields in Jambi province. Development of CSR fund disbursement is more directed to community empowerment efforts. The various forms of Community Development cover the areas of education with the provision of scholarships, health, construction of public facilities, natural disaster relief and environmental conservation. Furthermore, although the potential of CSR funds for Jambi Province is quite large, it has not been able to encourage the development of the agricultural sector in Jambi Province. This is evident from the relatively small amount of CSR partnership program funds channeled for the development of the agricultural sector. Keywords: Corporate Social Responsibility, financing development, agricultural development Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan penyaluran dana kemitraan corporate social responsibility (CSR) oleh berbagai perusahaan yang ada di Provinsi Jambi baik Badan Usaha Milik Negara (BUMN) maupun Badan Usaha Milik Swasta (BUMS). Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian studi kasus kolektif (survei dan studi kasus).  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan cukup besarnya potensi dana kemitraan CSR untuk Provinsi Jambi. Berdasarkan penyaluran dana kemitraan CSR  secara umum dapat dibedakan dalam 2 bentuk yaitu Program Kemitraan dan Bina Lingkungan (PKBL). Program kemitraan meliputi pemberian kredit dana bergulir dengan bunga rendah kepada UMKM dengan berbagai bidang usaha yang ada di Provinsi Jambi.  Bina Lingkungan penyaluran dana CSR lebih banyak diarahkan kepada upaya pemberdayaan masyarakat. Berbagai bentuk Bina Lingkungan tersebut meliputi bidang pendidikan dengan pemberian bidang bea siswa, bidang kesehatan, pembangunan fasilitas umum, bantuan bencana alam dan pelestarian lingkungan. Selanjutnya, meskipun potensi dana CSR bagi Provinsi Jambi cukup besar ternyata belum banyak dapat mendorong pembangunan sektor petanian di Provinsi Jambi.  Hal ini terlihat dari relatif kecilnya dana program kemitraan CSR yang disalurkan untuk pengembangan sektor pertanian. Kata kunci: Corporate Social Responsibility, pembiayaan pembangunan, pembangunan pertanian
ANALISIS PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DAN KETIMPANGAN PEMBANGUNAN DI WILAYAH SUMATERA Andhiani, Kartira Dorcas; Erfit, Erfit; Bhakti, Adi
e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 7 No 1 (2018): e-Jurnal Perspektif Ekonomi dan Pembangunan Daerah
Publisher : Prodi Ekonomi Pembangunan, Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (112.084 KB)

Abstract

This paper aims to analyze economic growth and inequality of development in the region of Sumatra. The study used panel data of provinces in Sumatra region during the period 2011-2015. The method of analysis used is descriptive research method and panel data regression. Based on the results of the analysis is known that economic growth in the region of Sumatra tend to decrease, whereas development inequality ranges from IW (Williamson Index) 0.406-0.446. The highest level of inequality occured in 2012 in South Sumatra Province of 0,876 and the lowest occured in 2014 in Lampung Province in 0,103. Based on the result of panel data regression, it is known that simultaneously investment, government expenditure, agglomeration, and labor influence to economic growth. Likewise, simultaneously investment, government spending, agglomeration, and labor also have an effect on development inequality.. Keyword: Economic Growth, Development Inequality, Investment, Government Spending, Agglomeration, Labor Abstrak Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pertumbuhan ekonomi serta meninjau seberapa besar ketimpangan pembangunan masing-masing provinsi di wilayah Sumatera. Penelitian ini menggunakan data panel provinsi-provinsi di Wilayah Sumatera selama periode 2011-2015. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian deskriptif dan regresi data panel. Berdasarkan hasil analisis diketahui bahwa pertumbuhan ekonomi di wilayah Sumatera cenderung mengalami penurunan, sedangkan ketimpangan pembangunan berkisar antara IW 0,406-0,446. Tingkat ketimpangan tertinggi terjadi tahun 2012 di Provinsi Sumatera Selatan sebesar 0,876 dan terendah terjadi tahun 2014 di Provinsi Lampung dengan angka 0,103. Berdasarkan hasil regresi data panel diketahui bahwa secara simultan investasi, belanja pemerintah, aglomerasi, dan tenaga kerja berpengaruh terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi. Demikian juga, secara simultan investasi, belanja pemerintah, aglomerasi, dan tenaga kerja berpengaruh juga terhadap ketimpangan pembangunan.. Kata Kunci : Pertumbuhan Ekonomi, Ketimpangan Pembangunan, Investasi, Belanja Pemerintah, Aglomerasi, Tenaga Kerja
Faktor-faktor sosial ekonomi yang mempengaruhi keterlibatan penduduk lanjut usia dalam pasar kerja di Provinsi Jambi Junaidi, Junaidi; Erfit, Erfit; Prihanto, Purwaka Hari
Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik Vol 30, No 2 (2017): Masyarakat, Kebudayaan dan Politik
Publisher : FISIP Universitas Airlangga

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20473/mkp.V30I22017.197-205

Abstract

The study aims to analyze: 1) individual characteristics and profession of elderly in Jambi province; 2) socioeconomic factors affecting involvement of elderly in labor market. Data used in this study is from “raw data” National Socio-Economic Survey or Survei Sosial Ekonomi Nasionnal (SUSENAS) of Jambi Province in 2015. The results of the study reveals: 1) the number of elderly working is relatively large. Nearly half (48,99 percent) of elderly have working as their main activity; 2) the characteristics of elderly who work are: a) predominant in rural areas; b) predominant by men; c) generally has status as the head of the family; d) generally less educated (only graduate from primary school or below); e) mostly working in agricultural with a relatively long working hours; 3) The results of binary logistic regression show that age, sex, education, marital status, status in family, health conditions, and location of rural-urban affect significantly involvement of elderly in labor market.
ANALISIS KOMPARATIF KEMITRAAN CONTRACT FARMING DAN NONCONTRACT FARMING PADA AGRIBISNIS HORTIKULTURA erfit, Erfit
Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika No April (2011): Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (171.147 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/paradigma.v0iApril.2209

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat suatu komparatif antara kemitraan contract farming dengan noncontract farming dengan mengambil kasus pada agribisnis hortikultura (sayuran). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode multy case study yang menggabungkan studi kasus dan survei. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dilihat dari jalannya kemitraan, terlihat dari bentuk hubungan kemitraan pada contract farming meliputi bidang permodalan, pemasaran dan bantuan teknologi, sementara pada noncontract farming hanya dalam bentuk pemasaran semata. Dari sisi bentuk aturan maka contract farming bersifat formal dan tertulis, sementra noncontract farming informal dan tidak tertulis. Kemudian dari berbagai uraian aspek dasar kemitraan terlihat kemitraan noncontract farming lebih menguntungkan terutama dilihat dari sisi peningkatan pendapatan. Dari sisi kesetaraan noncontract farming relatif lebih mengarah kepada adanya kesetaraan posisi bagi kedua belah pihak yang menjalankan kemitraan.    Dari sisi legalitas walaupun kemitraan noncontract farming  hanyalah kemitraan yang bersifat informal dimana aturan-aturan yang digunakan bersifat tidak tetulis bukan kontrak/SPK yang hanya didasarkan kepada rasa saling percaya bagi kedua belah pihak yang bermitra tetapi pada dasarnya aturan-aturan tersebut lebih dapat mengikat kedua belah yang bermitra.  Dari sisi pemberdayaan terhadap petani, walaupun dengan kemitraan noncontract farming relatif memperlihat kurangnya upaya-upaya terutama oleh pedagang pengumpul sebagai mitra yang mengarah kepada pemberdayaan petani namun demikian dengan kemitraan noncontract farming  secara umum  lebih dapat menjadikan petani untuk mandiri tidak menimbulkan ketergantungan karena petani dapat memutuskan berbagai hal yang  berkaitan dengan usaha tani yang dijalankannya. Kata kunci: kemitraan contract farming, noncontract farming dan agribisnis hortikultura
PARTNERSHIP MODEL FOR SMALL INDUSTRY IN CLUSTER PERSPECTIVE IN ENCOURAGING REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT (CASE STUDY ON SOME SMALL INDUSTRIES IN JAMBI CITY) Erfit, Erfit; Yulmardi, Yulmardi
Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 6 No 2 (2018): Journal of Perspectives on Financing and Regional Development
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.724 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/ppd.v6i2.5856

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This study aims to analyze: 1) the profile of the small industry clusters in Jambi City, those are batik industry cluster, tofu/tempeh industry cluster and furniture industry cluster; 2) the collaboration/partnership between various business actors and other parties in small industry cluster in Jambi City works; 3) an effective partnership models for small industry clusters. This research is a collective case study (survey and case study). The analysis was carried out on the profile of the small industry cluster and the partnership between various industrial groups in the small industry cluster. The results of the study showed that Jambi City has potential for the development of small industries. It can be seen from the development of business and employment in small industries. Based on the partnership between industry groups, in Batik industry cluster and tofu/tempe industry cluster, it showed the existence of upstream partnership to the source of raw materials, downstream partnership to the consumers, and partnership with supporting industries. In terms of pattern, the partnerships are directed towards traditional partnerships which are based on trust. Meanwhile in the furniture industry cluster, there is no partnership at all, both upstream and downstream, as well as partnership with the supporting industries. However, the partnerships have not been effective. For this reason, it is necessary to build a partnership in small industry cluster that pays attention to the principle of mutual benefit, equality, legality, empowerment, and social capital.
ANALYSIS CLUSTER OF PALM PROCESSING INDUSTRY IN INDONESIA Erfit, Erfit; Yulmardi, Yulmardi
Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah Vol 5 No 4 (2018): Journal of Perspectives on Financing and Regional Development
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Ekonomi Pascasarjana Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (186.234 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/ppd.v5i4.5134

Abstract

The purposes of this research are:  1) to analyze profile of palm processing cluster from upstream up to downstream in various regions in Indonesia; 2) to analyze strength, weakness, threats, and opportunity in palm processing industry, moreover to identify the role of existing various institutions in palm processing industry cluster in steering palm processing industry development; 3) to formulate the policy of palm processing cluster to encourage agricultural development. Data used in this research is secondary data that obtained from related institutions. Data is analyzed descriptively and quantitatively, utilizing frequency of distribution?s table, crosstable, and SWOT analysis. The result of this research concludes that Indonesia has big potential to palm processing industry, particularly in upstream industry. This thing can be seen from wide of area and palm production, which are owned. From the region side, majority wide of the area and palm production in Sumatera, from wide of area?s viewpoint is approximately 63.26% in Sumatera region, from production?s viewpoint is approximately 68.71%. In the meantime, from the downstream product, palm-processing industry in Indonesia is still limited. Less or more 100 products derived from palm in Indonesia, are only able producing 23 kinds of derived products, meanwhile in Malaysia almost reaching out 70 varieties.
STUDI TENTANG KINERJA SEKTOR PERTANIAN PROVINSI JAMBI TAHUN 2005 - 2009 Erfit, Erfit
Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika Vol 9 No 2 (2014): Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (219.142 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/paradigma.v9i2.2205

Abstract

This study aims to look at the performance of the agricultural sector of Jambi province during the period 2005 to 2009. The study was conducted using secondary data obtained from various sources. Data were analyzed qualitative and quantitative descriptive descriptively using frequency tables and cross tabulations. Seen from a variety of indicators show the performance of the agricultural sector has been pretty good. From the existing data Jambi provincial agricultural sector has experienced an average growth of 6.56 percent per year and more than half the labor force works in agriculture. However, the achievement of several different indicators, it appeared that the development of agricultural development have not been able to improve the welfare of farmers, this can be seen from the magnitude of the exchange rate of the farmers (NTP), which since 2007 tend to decrease and in 2009 NTP Jambi province less than 100 is 94 , 82. In order to encourage agricultural development in the province of Jambi government has carried out various policies. Given the potential and role of agricultural sector on the economy of the province of Jambi, the agricultural development should be continued and the level will be the future of agribusiness approach. Keywords: Agricultural development, institutional and agribusiness ------------------------------------------------------------ 1). Staf pengajar Fakultas Ekonomi Unja
PENGARUH TINGKAT PARTISIPASI ANGKATAN KERJA DAN INDEKS HARGA KONSUMEN TERHADAP UPAH MINIMUM PROVINSI JAMBI Armidi, Armidi; Erfit, Erfit; Yulmardi, Yulmardi
e-Jurnal Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan Vol 7 No 1 (2018): e-Jurnal Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan
Publisher : e-Jurnal Ekonomi Sumberdaya dan Lingkungan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (93.149 KB)

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the development labor force participation rate, consumer price index and provincial minimum wage, and also analyze the effect of labor force participation rate and consumer price index on Jambi Province Minimum Wage. The analytical method used is descriptive analysis and quantitative analysis using secondary data. Based on the analysis it can be concluded that during the period 2000 to 2015 the average development labor force participation rate is 0.09%, the average consumer price index is -1.00%, the average provincial minimum wage is 16.77%. Simultaneously labor force participation rate and consumer price index have a significant effect on Jambi Province Minimum Wage. Partially labor force participation rate have not significant effect on Jambi Province Minimum Wage while consumer price index have a significant effect on Jambi Province Minimum Wage. Keywords: labor force participation rate, consumer price index, provincial minimum wage. AbstrakTujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis perkembangan Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja, Indeks Harga Konsumen dan Upah Minimum Provinsi serta menganalisis pengaruh Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja dan Indeks Harga Konsumen terhadap Upah Minimum Provinsi Jambi. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriftif dan analisis kuantitatif dengan menggunakan data sekunder. Berdasarkan hasil analisis dapat disimpulkan bahwa selama periode 2000 sampai 2015 rata-rata perkembangan Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja sebesar 0.09%, rata-rata perkembangan Indeks Harga Konsumen sebesar -1,00% dan perkembangan Upah Minimum Provinsi sebesar 16,77%. Secara simultan Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja dan Indeks Harga Konsumen berpengaruh signifikan terhadap Upah Minimum Provinsi. Secara parsial Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja tidak berpengaruh terhadap Upah Minimum Provinsi sedangkan Indeks Harga Konsumen berpengaruh terhadap Upah Minimum Provinsi. Kata kunci: tingkat partisipasi angkatan kerja, indeks harga konsumen, upah minimum provinsi.
DAYA SAING SEKTOR PERTANIAN DALAM MENDORONG PEMBANGUNAN PERTANIAN DI PROVINSI JAMBI Yulmardi, Yulmardi; Erfit, Erfit
Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika Vol 13 No 2 (2018): Jurnal Paradigma Ekonomika
Publisher : Program Studi Ekonomi Pembangunan Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (246.756 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/paradigma.v13i2.6748

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk melihat tingkat daya saing Provinsi Jambi untuk sektor pertanian dan kebijakan yang diperlukan untuk peningkatan daya saing. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa secara makro Provinsi Jambi relatif memiliki daya saing yang cukup tinggi untuk sektor pertanian, terlihat dari koefisien LQ sektor pertanian yang lebih besar dari satu, terutama untuk bidang perkebunan dan hortikultura. Kemudian secara mikro beberapa komoditi yang secara potensial memiliki daya saing yang relatif tinggi diantaranya komoditi kedelai,kentang, cabai, kopi dan kelapa terutama jika kita lihat dari sisi tingkat produktivitas, sementara karet dan kelapa sawit terutama dilihat dari sisi luas lahan dan tingkat produksi. Selanjutnya berdasarkan analisa SWOT untuk sektor pertanian, terlihat sektor pertanian memiliki potensi dan peluang untuk dikembangkan dimasa yang akan datang, yang memiliki hambatan dan ancaman untuk pengembangan untuk sektor pertanian tersebut. Dalam rangka peningkatan daya saing sektor pertanian untuk Provinsi Jambi dilakukan berbagai kebijakan diantaranya melalui peningkatan dari segi kemampuan petani, kelembagaan, produktivitas, produksi dan pendekatan klaster.