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ANALISIS STRATEGI PENGEMBANGAN USAHATANI KAKAO Utami, Yulistiana Endah; Maarif, Mohamad Syamsul; Fahmi, Idqan; suroso, arif imam
Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis Vol 22 No 1 (2019): Jurnal Ilmiah Sosio-Ekonomika Bisnis
Publisher : Universitas Jambi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (410.104 KB) | DOI: 10.22437/jiseb.v22i1.6424

Abstract

Indonesia has the hope of becoming the world's largest cocoa producer and has a strong cocoa processing industry in the world. The challenge is the production of cocoa beans produced cocoa farming can not meet the needs of the raw materials processing industry in the country, so there is a gap between the production of cocoa beans from the farm to the need / demand for raw materials cocoa beans from the cocoa processing industry in the country. This study aimed to conduct development strategy formulation cocoa farming in Indonesia. The formulation of strategies in this study was based on justification from stakeholders using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) analysis tools. The results from the AHP analysis showed that the most effective strategy for the development of cocoa farming in the study regions is the development of farmer institutions and assistance in applying technology (weight value of 0.309). The most important objective for the development of cocoa farming is to increase the production and quality of cocoa beans (weight value of 0.503). The key actor who plays an important role in the development of cocoa farming is the government, both central and local (weight value of 0.269). The most important factor to be considered in the development of cocoa farming is human resources (weight value of 0.193). Based on these results, it is recommended to strengthen the development of cacao farmers through a form of business entity owned by farmers who are accompanied by the government
KUALITAS BELANJA DAERAH DAN HUBUNGANNYA DENGAN KINERJA PEMBANGUNAN DI PROVINSI BANTEN Wahyuni, Sri; Juanda, Bambang; Fahmi, Idqan
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 6 No. 2 (2017): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (921.093 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.6.2.16-31

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the relevant indicators of spending quality in measuring the quality of regional spending as well as the relationship between the quality of regional spending and the development performance of the regencies/cities of Banten Province. This study uses secondary data from the governance, financial and performance development of the districts/cities of Banten Province between 2009 ? 2013. The Data are analyzed using Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Model (PLS?SEM) using SmartPLS software version 2.0 & SmartPLS version 3.0. The Results show that there are 21 indicators out of 40 indicators that are relevant in measuring the quality of the districts/cities spending in Banten Province. The change of the spending quality map from 2009 to 2013 shows that the quality of North Banten (Tangerang Regency, Tangerang City, Tangerang Selatan, Serang Regency, Serang City and Cilegon City) is better than South Banten (Pandeglang and Lebak). In addition, the estimation results from the model used indicate that the quality of the region spending of Banten Provinve has a positive relationship with the performance of development with the value of the indicator 0,678. Keywords : Development Performance, PLS-SEM, Spending Quality
PERAN BELANJA MODAL PEMERINTAH DAN INVESTASI PEMBANGUNAN MANUSIA DALAM MENGURANGI TINGKAT KEMISKINAN DI INDONESIA Mustaqimah, Khodijah; Hartoyo, Sri; Fahmi, Idqan
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 6 No. 2 (2017): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (926.795 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.6.2.1-15

Abstract

Poverty is a measure of socio-economic conditions in assessing the success of development undertaken by a government in a region. There are many negative impacts resulted from poverty, among others, social and economic problems. People who live in poverty usually suffer from malnutrition, poor health, high illiteracy rates, are in poor environment and in lack of access to infrastructure and adequate public services. The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of human development and government capital expenditure on reducing poverty in Indonesia. The model was estimated by using 2SLS method. Several simulations was also conducted to look at the impact of the allocations of government expenditure on health, education and government capital expenditure on reducing poverty. The results showed that government capital expenditure and human development have significant impacts on reducing poverty in Indonesia with government expenditure on education gives the greatest impact. Keywords: Capital, Expenditure, Government, Human Development, Poverty
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI IMPOR SUSU INDONESIA Amaliah, Syarifah; Fahmi, Idqan
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 4 No. 2 (2007): Vol. 4 No. 2 Oktober 2007
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (659.779 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.4.2.91-102

Abstract

The condition of excess demand that is happening to the milk commodity is the result of the low capacity in domestic milk production that has made Indonesia faced with the option of importing milk. The rise in volume of imported milk that occurred after the remission of the import ratio policy indicates that domestic milk competitiveness is low. Quantitative analysis using Engle-Granger Co-integration and Error Correction Model (ECM) to analyze factors influencing imported milk for the long-term and the short-term through one-way comparison produced a crucial research implication towards the increase of domestic milk production for the short-term. On the other hand, for the long-term, real price for domestic milk holds a key role in increasing competitiveness. The remission of the import ratio policy as an act to minimize trade restriction basically increases import volume, nevertheless it is thought that it can be overcome with an exit strategy of increasing domestic milk production for the short-term.
PROSEDUR UJI KEPATUHAN TERHADAP PRINSIP BERSAING ISLAMI PADA INDUSTRI PERBANKAN SYARIAH: SEBUAH PROPOSAL BERDASARKAN TEORI DAN KAJIAN EMPIRIS ORGANISASI INDUSTRI Fahmi, Idqan; Daryanto, Arief; Siregar, Hermanto; Harianto, Harianto
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 1 No. 1 (2012): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (831.795 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.1.1.43-61

Abstract

An industry in Islamic Economics is required to compete perfectly regardless of its market structure. How to ensure this rule being implemented in reality, however, has been neglected either in literatures or by industry supervisors. This paper is aimed at proposing a systematic procedure to test the industry compliance toward islamic competition rules. The advance of  theory and empirics of New Empirical Industrial Organization is used to formulate the procedure. There are two conditions to satisfy for an industry to have an islamic competition. The first and necessary condition is rejecting the Traditional Hypothesis which is based on collutive bahaviour of dominant banks. The second and sufficient condition is, the perfect competition is driven more by the intention of syariah compliance rather than due to the pressure of contestability.         Keywords: SCP Paradigm, Perfect Competition, Contestable Market, Traditional Hypothesis, New Empirical Industrial Organization, Islamic Competition, Structural Approach, Nonstructural Approach, Panzar and Rosse Model
Analisis Kepuasan Masyarakat terhadap Pembuatan Akta Kelahiran di Depok, Jawa Barat Windyani, Amita Rizka; Hubeis, Aida Vitayala S.; Fahmi, Idqan
Jurnal Aplikasi Manajemen Vol 12, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Universitas Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (118.09 KB)

Abstract

Abstract: Birth certificate is a basic civil right that should be granted to every citizen. Dinas Kependudukan dan Pencatatan Sipil (Disdukcapil) as a birth certificate registration organizers seek to provide excellent service with attention to people’s satisfaction. This study aim to analyse the commitment of Disdukcapil in the service of registration of birth certificate, analyse the level of public satisfaction about Disdukcapil’s public service, and formulate a strategy to improve the quality of service. The research method is descriptive analysis. The data used are primary and secondary derived from observations, interviews, and questionnaires. Internal officer’s perceptions were analyzed using the test of customer service and customer-focused test characteristics. Customers’s perceptions were analyzed using SERVQUAL method, Importance Performance Analysis, and Customer Satisfaction Index. The results show that Disdukcapil structural officers have had community-oriented in the implementation of public service. Characteristics that stand out in the application of quality management is readiness to find and eliminate the problems of the people on birth certificate registration. Servqual analysis results show that acceptable performance is still below people’s expectations so that the gap is negative. Importance-performance analysis show that the attributes need immediate attention is the service support materials, attitude immediately provide service and a helpful attitude when busy. Overall community satisfaction index had reached Satisfied level.   Keywords: public service, customer satisfaction, service quality dimension
Perancangan Pengukuran Kinerja Terminal Ferry Sekupang Dengan Metode Balanced Scorecard Angraini, Febi Adnesia; Fahmi, Idqan; Heryandri, Kemal; Suwandi, Ruddy
Warta Penelitian Perhubungan Vol 26, No 9 (2014): Warta Penelitian Perhubungan
Publisher : Sekretariat Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Perhubungan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (355.337 KB) | DOI: 10.25104/warlit.v26i9.927

Abstract

Transportasi laut merupakan sub sistem transportasi nasional terdiri dari elemen kegiatan angkutan laut, kepelabuhan, kelaiklautan kapal, kenavigasian serta penjagaan dan penyelamatan yang saling berinteraksi secara terpadu guna mewujudkan tersedianya angkutan laut yang efektif dan efisien. Balanced scorecard (BSC) sebagai alat analisis di dalam menganalisa kinerja Terminal Ferry Sekupang (TFS). Bagaimana pelaksanaan pengukuran dan apa yang dihasilkan menjadi masukan bagi perusahaan untuk perbaikandi periode anggaran berikutnya. Objek penelitian yang diambil adalah semua pelanggan, karyawan dan pelaku bisnis dalam pelabuhan. Metode yang dipakai dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode wawancara dan survai. Jumlah total responden ada 131 orang, yaitu semua pihak yang terkait dalam operasional pelabuhan. Metode pengolahan data menggunakan analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Identifikasi indikator kinerja dibangun berdasarkan kajian teoritis, survai lapangan, dan survai pakar menghasilkan 11 indikator kinerja utama yang tersebar dalam empat perspektif balanced scorecard. Hasil simulasi menunjukkan bahwa secara keseluruhan kinerja Sekupang Ferry Terminal tahun 2013 termasuk kedalam kategori excellent. Hal ini sesuai dengan perolehan total skor keseluruhan dari perspektif BSC sebesar3,636.
INCOME DISTRIBUTION INEQUALITY IN WEST SUMATERA AND THE RELATED FACTORS Sari, Putri Irina Mayang; Mulatsih, Sri; Fahmi, Idqan
JURNAL EKONOMI DAN KEBIJAKAN PEMBANGUNAN Vol. 3 No. 1 (2014): Jurnal Ekonomi dan Kebijakan Pembangunan
Publisher : IPB University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (919.262 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jekp.3.1.1-7

Abstract

Causal relationship between inequality and growth is far from being well understood. In West Sumatera the higher level of growth rate followed by an increasing in Gini ratio or increasing in income inequality. A sharp rise of income inequality has caused discussion about factors affecting inequality. Objectives of this research are to analyze income inequality condition in each Regency/Municipality in West Sumatera and to analyze the factors affecting income inequality. Through the calculation of the Gini ratio, it was found that the highest income distribution inequality in Regency/Municipality level in West Sumatra from 2006 to 2011 are owned by the Mentawai Islands District with an average Gini ratio is 0.311, while the lowest income distribution inequality of the average owned by the Pesisir Selatan District with an average Gini ratio is 0.217. This research is investigated by analyzing a balance panel data with 19 districts from 2006 to 2011. This study found that there are seven variables which can be associated with a movement in income inequality. Income per capita, routine spending for government officials and dummy earthquake have a positive relationship with income distribution inequality.  Meanwhile, industrial sector?s share toward Gross Regional Domestic Products (GRDP), government spending for development program, number of workers in industry and population growth have negative impact.Key words: income distribution, inequality, earthquake, west sumatera
CUSTOMER DISCOVERY OF BIOFERTILIZER BUSINESS (A LESSON FROM PT PHN EXPERIENCE) Marlina, Yeni; Fahmi, Idqan; Satria, Arif
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 15 No. 2 (2018): JMA Vol. 15 No. 2, July 2018
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (634.819 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.15.2.107

Abstract

Demand for agricultural products in Indonesia increases in response to Indonesia's high population growth. With more limited agricultural land, agricultural productivity can be increased by the addition of fertilizer. Biofertilizer is currently popular fertilizer and can become a solution to increase productivity of agricultural products in limited land. PT PHN is a new company established in 2015 and produces biofertilizer under the brand XYZ . This research was conducted to analyze consumer perception of biofertilizer and XYZ fertilizer. The company tries to understand customer?s problems and provides solutions with customer development model (CDM) method. Understanding and solution to the problem were then used as revision of the company's business model with business model canvas (BMC) approach. Primary and secondary data were used in this research. Primary data were obtained by observation and interview using several respondents. Secondary data were obtained from PT PHN staffs, BPS, and other sources related to this research. The results show that consumers do not have enough understanding about biofertilizer. XYZ fertilizer improves agricultural productivity but has some obstacles in its use. The business model of PT PHN is updated with some additions and subtractions by considering the CDM results.Keywords: BMC, business model, CDM, strategy, customer discovery
SISTEM IMPLEMENTASI RENCANA AKSI KEBIJAKAN PENGEMBANGAN INDUSTRI HILIR KELAPA SAWIT DI INDONESIA Robbani, Syekh Farhan; Fahmi, Idqan; Suprayitno, Gendut
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 12 No. 2 (2015): Vol.12 No. 2, Juli 2015
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1337.967 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.12.2.137

Abstract

Palm oil industry is one of the important industries in Indonesia, but the development only focuses on upstream industry. The government establishes downstream palm oil industry is once of the priorities development industry and will be mainstay industry in future by issues Regulation of Minister Industry No 13/2010 to support it. The aims of this study are to analyze the action plan?s implementation of downstream palm oil industry?s policy and the priority of action plan?s policy implementation based on Regulation of Minister Industry No. 13/2010. This study uses literature review, in-depth interview and questionnaire method to gather opinions from the experts and practitioners, and then analyzed using Analytical Network Process (ANP). The results of this study show that the implementing of action plan the policy of downstream palm oil industry should use priority in improving infrastructure and investment process. Especially availability public facilities such as highway, electricity generator, treatment water installation and support in pro-investment policy. The most important stakeholder is a role of central government be at the facilitators for developing downstream palm oil industry, especially on policy and support system The main recommendation of action plan implementation is improving support system on building public infrastructure process and investment like land clearance policy, investment tax policy, funding scheme and cooperation on development between state-owned corporation and private corporation.Keywords: Analytical Network Process (ANP), downstream palm oil, implementation policy  analysisABSTRAKIndustri kelapa sawit merupakan industri penting di Indonesia, namun pengembangannya masih berfokus kepada industri hulu. Pemerintah menetapkan industri hilir kelapa sawit sebagai salah satu industri prioritas yang akan dikembangkan dan menjadi industri andalan masa depan dengan menerbitkan Peraturan Menteri Perindustrian No 13 tahun 2010 untuk mendukung tujuan tersebut. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisa implementasi rencana aksi kebijakan pengembangan industri hilir kelapa sawit dan memilih prioritas rencana aksi yang diutamakan dalam Permenperin no 13 Tahun 2010. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian terdahulu, wawancara mendalam dan kuisioner dari ahli atau praktsi, selanjutnya dianalisis menggunakan analisis proses jaringan (ANP). Hasil penelitian menunjukan implementasi rencana aksi kebijakan pengembangan industri hilir kelapa sawit perlu memprioritaskan perbaikan proses infrastruktur dan investasi. khususnya ketersediaan fasilitas umum meliputi jalan raya, pembangkit listrik dan pengelolaan air bersih serta mendukung kebijakan pro-investasi. Peran terpenting pemangku kepentingan adalah peran pemerintah pusat yang menjadi fasilitator bagi pengembangan industri, khususnya terkait kebijakan dan sistem pendukungnya.  Rekomendasi utama pengembangan industri hilir kelapa sawit adalah memperbaiki sistem pendukung dalam proses pembangunan infrastruktur dan investasi seperti kebijakan pembebasan lahan, kebijakan pajak investasi, skema pembiayaan dan kerjasama pembangunan antara BUMN dan swasta. Kata kunci: analisis proses jaringan (ANP), industri hilir kelapa sawit, analisis implementasi kebijakan