Diyah Fatmasari
Jurusan Keperawatan Gigi Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Semarang

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NEGATIVE AIR PRESSURE ON WET CUPPING IN DECREASING BLOOD PRESSURES IN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS Darmawan, Budi; Fatmasari, Diyah; Pujiastuti, Rr. Sri Endang
Nurse Media Journal of Nursing Vol 7, No 2 (2017): (DECEMBER 2017)
Publisher : Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (397.333 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/nmjn.v7i2.15177

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Background: Wet cupping, furthermore mentioned cupping, decreases blood pressures through the level of negative air pressures added by hydrostatics filtration pressure to reinforce the power of fluids filtration in capillaries. However, an appropriate negative air pressure to decrease blood pressure remains an uncertainty.Purpose: This study aimed to analyze negative air pressure differences on cupping in decreasing blood pressures in hypertensive patients.Methods: This is a quasi-experimental design conducted in three Community Health Centers in Langsa City, Aceh, Indonesia. The samples were 36 hypertensive males with age from 45 to 55, who were randomly stratified into two groups with cupping pressures 400 mbar (n=18) as the control group; and 540 mbar (n=18) as the intervention group. The cupping session was performed to each group on T1 (alkahil) point and in the middle line of both shoulders blade points. The systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressures (DBP) were measured by validated automatic sphygmomanometer. The follow-up periods were one week and two weeks. The data were then analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA.Results: Cupping pressure of 400 mbar decreased the mean of SBP and DPB with a p-value of 0.450 and 0.026, respectively after two weeks of intervention. Meanwhile, cupping pressure of 540 mbar decreased the mean of SBP and DBP with a p-value of 0.006 and 0.057, respectively. Tests of within-subjects resulted in the p-value of 0.250 (SBP) and 0.176 (DBP) after two weeks of intervention. There were no significant differences in SBP and DBP between the intervention group and the control group.Conclusion: The cupping pressure between 400 mbar and 540 mbar could reduce blood pressure; however, the cupping pressure of 540 mbar yielded greater effect in decreasing blood pressure than the 400 mbar. Negative air vacuum pressure loads on cupping to decrease blood pressure should be considered between 400 to 540 mbar, and further studies are needed.
EFEKTIVITAS OBAT KUMUR PROPOLIS, KLORHEKSIDIN DAN POVIDON IODINE TERHADAP INDEKS PLAK (Studi Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Islam Sultan Agung Semarang berusia 18-23 tahun) Nailullathifah, Mayya; Fatmasari, Diyah; A.K, Ade Ismail; Nurhapsari, Arlina
Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Abstract

Nowdays various chemical and herbal mouthwash has been circulating. Propolis is one of the herbal mouthwash product derived from bee Apis sp. While chlorhexidine and povidon iodin are chemical mouthwash known to control the plaque growth. Research’s objective determine the effect of propolis mouthwash to plaque index decrease, compared to mouthwash ‘chlorhexidine and povidone iodine.The study was conducted on students 18-23 years old from the Dentistry Faculty, Islamic University Sultan Agung Semarang. Samples were divided into three groups, each group consits of 11 people for mouthwash chlorhexidine, povidon iodin, and propolis. Measurement of plaque index using PHP (Patient Hygiene Performance Index) Plaque Index by Podshadley and Haley.The majority of criteria dental plaque before rinsing were moderate in the group propolis, chlorhexidine and povidon iodin. The majority of criteria dental plaque after rinsing are moderate in the propolis, chlorhexidine and povidone (p < 0,05) iodine. P-value from one way anova test on the plaque index after rinsing shows that plaque index mean was significantly different. The post hoc test showed plaque index decrease by propolis is equivalents to chlorhexidine and higher than povidon iodin. The research design was pre and post test control group.It was concluded that propolis mouthwash influence to plaque index decrease. Keywords: propolis, chlorhexidine, povidon iodin, plaque index
PENGARUH DEPRESI TERHADAP TERJADINYA GINGIVITIS (Studi Terhadap Santri Pondok Pesantren Rohmatulla 2 Tahun 2012) Martha, Yessi Idha; Chumaeroh, Siti; Susilowati, Aning; Fatmasari, Diyah
Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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ABSTRACT Depression as a part of a psychological condition is a situation that interference with the natural feeling. Emotional condition can affect the secretion of saliva in oral cavity and can disrupt the balance of bacteria in the mouth and can cause disease in the oral cavity. One of the common diseases is gingivitis. The aim of this study is to determine the effect of depression on the occurrence of gingivitis at boarding school students Rohmatullah 2 in 2012.This study was used observational analytic method with cross sectional design study that was conducted on 50 students at the boarding school Rohmatullah2 in 2012 using simple random sampling method. The level of depression was measured with a questionnaire of Beck Depression Inventory (BDI). Gingival health conditions were measured by the Gingival Index. The results of research were analyzed using the Kolmogorov-Smirnovt test.The results of the data analysis with Kolmogorov-Smirnov test showed that there was a significant relationship between the level of depression and the occurrence of gingivitis (p=0.001), while the status of OHI-S as a confounding factor in this study also affect the occurrence of gingivitis (p=0.000). The existence of a significant effect of depression on the occurrence of gingivitis in accordance with a theory that depression can affect the release of cortisol from corticosteroid hormone that results in decreased production of IgA and Ig Gingingival fluid that acts as antibody in the oral cavity. In addition to the poor conditions of oral hygiene can lead the accumulation of plaque. from the accumulation of plaque can lead to the development of inflammatory diseases such as gingivitis.Based on the results of this study concluded that there was significant influence between depression and gingivitis at boarding school students Rohmatullah 2 in 2012. Keywords: Depression, Gingivitis, BDI, Gingival Index
HUBUNGAN ANTARA TINGKAT KECEMASAN DENGAN KONDISI KESEHATAN RONGGA MULUT PENDERITA DIABETES MELLITUS TIPE 2 (Studi Terhadap Pasien RSI Sultan Agung Semarang Tahun 2012) Hidayati, Rezky; Darjono, Uswatun N.A; Mujayanto, Rochman; Fatmasari, Diyah
Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients are individuals who are potentially exposed to infectious diseases due to their weakened immune. One of these infections is in the oral cavity. Diabetes mellitus also affects the patient’s psychological condition, such as anxiety and depression. The aim of the study is to determine the relationship between levels of anxiety with oral health of diabetes mellitus patients type 2 RSI Sultan Agung Semarang in 2012.This research was used analytic observational on cross sectional design, conducted on 30 patients at the RSI Sultan Agung Semarang in 2012 with the simple random sampling technique. Anxiety levels of patients was measured by using questioner of Hammilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A). Caries status was measured by the DMF-T index, periodontal tissue status was measured by russel periodontal index, status saliva was measured by salivary status sialometri technique. The results were analyzed with the product moment pearson correlation.From the result showed that there was a significant relationship between the level of anxiety with dental caries status (p = 0.004), anxiety levels with periodontal tissue status (p = 0.000), and anxiety levels with saliva status (p = 0.009).Based on the research it can be inferred that there was a significant relationship between the level of anxiety with oral health of diabetes mellitus type 2 patients at RSI Sultan Agung Semarang in 2012. Keywords: Anxiety, oral health, diabetes mellitus type 2
PENGARUH EKSTRAK ALPINIA GALANGA (L)WILLD TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN CANDIDA ALBICANS PADA PLAT GIGI TIRUAN RESIN AKRILIK A.W, Dyaswara Tituk; Darjono, Uswatun N.A.; R, Erwid Fatchur; Fatmasari, Diyah
Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual Vol 1, No 1 (2013): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : Jurnal Media Dental Intelektual

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Denture stomatitis disease that occurs in elderly prevented by maintenance and cleaning dentures. Denture stomatitis caused plaque and microorganisms C. albicans that accumulate on surface acrylic resin denture base. Alpinia galanga (L) Willd contains essential oils that are antifungal compounds. This study to determine effectiveness of Alpinia galanga extract to the C. albicans growth on acrylic resin denture plate.This study there was acrylic resin plates 10x10x2 mm soaked in solution of Alpinia galanga (L) Willd extracts concentration 70%, 80%, 90%, and 100% for 8 hour and clorhexidine 0,2% as the positive control. Taken 0.01 ml dripped on petri dishes that is containing SDA and incubated for 48 hours. Next, C. albicans colony counting and data analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis and Mann Whitney.The results Kruskal Wallis showed no significant difference from Alpinia galanga (L) Willd extract concentration 70%, 80%, 90%, and 100% of the growth of C. albicans. Mann Whitney showed difference between the control (+) with every Alpinia galanga (L) Willd extract.The results of this study concluded that extracts Alpinia galanga (L) Willd concentration 70% is the minimum concentration to inhibit the growth of C. albicans maximally.Keyword: Denture stomatitis, Alpinia galanga (L) Willd, C. albicans.
PERBEDAAN MOTIVASI ANAK, REMAJA, DAN DEWASA PADA PASIEN ORHODONTIC DENTAL CARE Fatmasari, Diyah
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Vol 10, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurusan Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Fakultas Ilmu Keolahragaan

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Perawatan orthodonsi tidak hanya dapat memperbaiki susunan gigi geligi, tetapi dalam kasus-kasus tertentu juga mempunyai dampak yang besar pada penampilan wajah seseorang. Salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi keberhasilan perawatan adalah motivasi pasien. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui adanya perbedaan motivasi pasien orthodonsi usia anak-anak, remaja dan dewasa dalam merawatkan gigi di klinik gigi Puri Cempaka Semarang. Jenis penelitian ini adalah observasional studi dengan rancangan cross sectional, dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Sampel penelitian ini adalah pasien orthodonsi usia anak-anak, usia remaja dan usia dewasa yang merawatkan gigi di Klinik Gigi Puri Cempaka Semarang sebesar 100 orang. Prosedur penelitian ini membagi kuesioner dengan pertanyaan sebanyak 20 item dan pilihan jawaban Likert scale berisi tentang motivasi mereka datang ke drg, kebutuhan perawatan apa yang mendesak, siapa yang membayar perawatan. Hasil penelitian dalam analisis Kruskal-Wallis Test menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan yang bermakna antara motivasi pasien orthodonsi usia anak-anak, remaja dan dewasa dalam merawatkan gigi di klinik gigi Puri Cempaka Semarang.Pasien anak-anak tidak mempunyai motivasi internal, pasien remaja tujuannya untuk meningkatkan kecantikan sedangkan pasien dewasa bertujuan untuk merapikan kelainan posisi gigi.Orthodontics is a significant basis for physical well-being, mental stability and mental ad-aptation upon teenager for the coming days. Orthodontic treatment is not only can fix dental structure, but in the certain cases have a significant impact toward aesthetic of one’s face appearance. One factor that influence success of treatment is patient motivation. The reseach purpose was to know the existence of motivation differences between children, teen-ager and adult patients for orthodontic dental treatment at Puri Cempaka dental clinic of Semarang. This research approach was a observational study with cross-sectional design using a questionionnaire. The research sample was 100 patients with three groups of aged. Research procedure by distributing 20 items of quesionnaire with likert scale contain pur-pose, motivation, chief complain and who will pay the treatment. The research result with in Kruskal-Wallis analysis test demonstrates that there is a significant differences between children, teenager and adult orthodontic patients motivation in getting dental treatment at Puri Cempaka dental clinic of Semarang. Children patients has external motivation, teenager patients have purpose to improve their dental aesthetic and adult patients tend to fix their dental malposition. 
MOGIGU (MENGGOSOK GIGI ASYIK DENGAN LAGU) TO INCREASE BRUSHING TEETH OF THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Fatmasari, Diyah; Rasipin, Rasipin; Santoso, Bedjo; Supriyana, Supriyana; Utami, Wahyu Jati Dyah
Journal of Applied Health Management and Technology Vol 1, No 1 (2019): Oktober 2019
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Semarang

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Abstract

Tooth brushing programs that have been carried out in schools have not been able to change the brushing behavior of elementary school students, shown by OHI-S value = 1.3; DMF-T=1.09, def-t=1.78. Program improvement in behavioral aspects needs to be done to improve the dental health level of elementary school students. Behavioral changes are influenced by information. Information will be stored as much as 20% if delivered through visuals, 50% of the cost is delivered through audiovisual media and 70% if implemented in real practice.  Analyze the effectiveness of the audiovisual media model on tooth brushing habits of schoolchildren Method is Quasy experiment with pretest and posttest with control group design. The sample was divided into 2 groups, the audiovisual model in the intervention group, and the brushing program in the control group. The treatment was carried out for 21 days, the measurements were carried out pre-experiment, 25th and 35th days. Data were tested using the test freedman post hoc Wilcoxon, Man Whitney repeated, and Kruskal.  On the 25th-day measurement of significant changes in variable ways, long brushing teeth p 0.05. At the 35th day measurement, there was a significant change in the method variable, morning brushing teeth p 0.05. This model is effective against the formation of the habit of brushing teeth indicated by p 0.001. Mogigu  model?s has the potential as an alternative to brush your teeth together in school so that it can be applied in the School Dental Health Business. 
THE EFFECTIVENESS OF HENI’S DENTAL FLANNEL BOOK” ON INCREASING DENTAL HEALTH CARE AMONG EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION PROGRAM. Widyastuti, Nugraheni; Fatmasari, Diyah; Djamil, Masrifan
Journal of Applied Health Management and Technology Vol 2, No 2 (2020): April 2020
Publisher : Politeknik Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan Semarang

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ABSTRACTOne of the factors causing dental caries is the lack of children's knowledge resulting in a lack of awareness of children in maintaining dental hygiene. To increase children's knowledge can be done by promoting dental health through child oral health education and mouth. The use of media is still less effective in health education that has been running, therefore the need for innovation and development is to use media innovation ?Heni?s Dental Flannel Book?The study aimed to develop of ?Heni?s Dental Flannel Book? media as a health education book and the effectiveness ?Heni?s Dental Flannel Book? for increasing the dental health care of Early Childhood Education Programs.Research and Development (R D), there are ten stages of research namely: information gathering, design models, validation expert, revision, product trial (Pre experiment with one group pre-test post-test, a sample of 15 children), revision, application trial (Quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test nonequivalent control group design, a sample of 20 children in the intervention group and 20 children in the control group, final product revision, production of product. Data were tested using ANOVA, Shapiro Wilk, Wilcoxon test, Mann-Whitney test.The results showed ?Heni?s Dental Flannel Book?is effective as an effort to increase dental and oral health care for Early Childhood Education Programs as indicated by a p-value 0.001. Children's knowledge is indicated by a p-value 0,000, a child's attitude is indicated by a p-value 0,000. There is a difference in the effectiveness of smart dental books and flipchart in increased dental and oral health care for children with a p-value 0,000.The conclusion is ?Heni?s Dental Flannel Book? effectively improve children's knowledge and attitudes.Keywords : children in Early Childhood Education Programs , ?Heni?s Dental Flannel Book?, dental health care.
SURVEI MENGENAI PENGETAHUAN DAN SIKAP DOKTER GIGI TENTANG FLUORIDA BAGI KESEHATAN GIGI DI KOTA SEMARANG (Berdasarkan Usia, Jenis Kelamin, Dan Jenis Pekerjaan Dokter Gigi) Adityawarman, Kris; Fatmasari, Diyah; Nurhapsari, Arlina
Jurnal Medali Vol 2, No 1 (2015): Media Dental Intelektual
Publisher : fakultas kedokteran gigi, Universitas Islam Sultan Agung

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Abstract

Karies merupakan salah satu penyakit kronis yang paling umum terjadi di dunia. Penggunaan fluorida sebagai tindakan pencegahan karies sudah lama dilakukan di negara-negara maju. Dokter gigi mempunyai peranan yang sangat penting sebagai sumber informasi tentang fluorida terhadap tindakan pencegahan kesehatan gigi untuk masyarakat. Peningkatan pengetahuan dokter gigi tentang fluorida sangatberpengaruh terhadap sikap dokter gigi dalam tindakan pencegahan karies gigi dan akan meminimalkan terjadinya fluorosis pada gigi. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui perbedaan mengenai pengetahuan dan sikap dokter gigi tentang fluorida bagi kesehatan gigi (berdasarkan usia, jenis kelamin, dan jenis pekerjaan dokter gigi).Jenis penelitian ini analitik observasional dengan pendekatan survey cross sectional. Data penelitian ini diperoleh dengan menggunakan kuesioner. Pengetahuan dalam penelitian ini adalah pengetahuan dokter gigi tentang fluorida sebagai bahan untuk pencegahan terjadinya karies, sedangkan untuk sikap yaitu respon dari dokter gigi terhadap penggunaan fluorida untuk mencegah terjadinya karies. Uji chi-squaredigunakan sebagai alat analisis dengan nilai p < 0,05.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat perbedaan pengetahuan dokter gigi tentang fluorida berdasarkan kelompok usia (p=0,01) dan jenis pekerjaan (p=0,001), namun tidak terdapat perbedaan antara dokter gigi laki-laki dan perempuan (p=0,661). Tidak terdapat perbedaan sikap dokter gigi terhadap fluorida berdasarkan kelompok usia (p=0,245) dan jenis kelamin (p=0,481), namun terdapat perbedaan berdasarkanjenis pekerjaan (p=0,039).Sikap dan pengetahuan dokter gigi terhadap fluorida berdasarkan usia dan jenis pekerjaan dokter gigi menunjukkan perbedaan signifikan, sedangkan berdasarkan jenis kelamin tidak menunjukkan perbedaan yang signifikan.
FLUORIDE ABSORBED ON EXTRACTED TEETH AFTER IMMERSING IN FLUORIDE TABLET, FLUOCOL SOLUTION AND FLUORIDE DENTRIFICE (IN VITRO TEST) Fatmasari, Diyah; Sunarjo, Lanny
ODONTO Dental Journal Vol 3, No 1 (2016): Juli 2016
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi

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Background: The role of fluoride in preventing tooth decay both for children and adult has been acknowledged internationally. There are several types of fluoride modalities either topically or systemic way. In Indonesia the modalities used to apply are fluoride tablet, fluocol solution and fluoride containing toothpaste. The purpose of this research is to find the effectiveness of fluoride modalities.Method: The study design was quasy experimental with 40 extracted teeth (Premolar teeth). The teeth divided into four groups D group I soaked on tablet fluor, Group II ; soaked on fluocol solution, Group III soaked on fluoride tooth paste and group IV soaked on Mill J (Aquadest/ Control solution). Fluoride concentration before and after soaking was determined using Spectrophotometer UV-Vis. Fluoride absorption was determined by the reduction of fluoride concentration after soaking.Result: Research result shown that the highest fluoride absorption was on soaking in fluoride tablet, followed by soaking on fluocol and tooth paste (mean fluoride absorption was 0,32; 0,08 and 0,04 ppm). Anova test shown significance level was 0,000.Conclusion: there were a significance of fluoride absorption on soaking in tablet fluoride, fluocol solution and toothpaste. The mechanism of fluoride regimens shown different fluoride absorption.
Co-Authors ,, Yodong Ade Ismail A.K Agus Suwandono Akhmad Kharis Nugroho Ani Subekti, Ani Aning Susilowati Ari Suwondo Arlina Nurhapsari Bedjo Santoso, Bedjo Benni Benyamin Budi Darmawan Cahya Rosyida, Desta Ayu Dewi, Hevny Kartika Djamil, Masrifan Donny Kristanto Mulyantoro Dyaswara Tituk A.W Ekoningtyas, Endah Aryati Endah Aryati Eko Ningtyas Endah Aryati Eko Ningtyas, Endah Aryati Eko Erni Mardiati, Erni Erwid Fatchur R Erwid Fatchur Rahman Hadi Hadi Hermien Nugraheni Hidayat, Syarief Taufik Hutami, Rahma Rizki Ida Ariyanti, Ida Imam Djamaluddin Mashoedi Irma H.Y Siregar, Irma H.Y Iwan Dwi Prahasto Julita Hendrartini Kris Adityawarman, Kris Kumala, Ferry Kun Aristiati Susiloretni, Kun Aristiati Kurniati Puji Lestari Lanny Sunarjo, Lanny Linda Septiana, Linda Lucia Endang Hartati YK, Lucia Endang Mardiyono Mardiyono Mayya Nailullathifah Maziyah, Alfi Melyana Nurul Widyawati Ningsih, Rastia Nur Khafidhoh, Nur Nurul Jannah Octa Nana Erviana, Octa Nana Prayoga, Aryadiva Probowati, Etri Pujiastuti, Rr. Sri Endang Pujiastuti, Rr. Sri Endang Purba, Agustina Ramadhani, Yoga Rizki Rasipin Rasipin Ratnawati Hendari Rezky Hidayati Rochman Mujayanto Sabilillah, Muhammad Fiqih Saha, Djenta Salikun Salikun, Salikun Setiadji Musthofa, Setiadji Shobirun, Shobirun Siti Chumaeroh Soeharyo Hadisaputro Soejoenoes, Ariawan Sri Rahayu Sudirman Sudirman Suhartono Suhartono Suharyo Hadisaputro Sukmawati Sukmawati Supriyana Supriyana, Supriyana Tri Wiyatini, Tri Trihandini, Bernadeta Tyas Utami, Theresia Febriana Christi Uswatun N.A Darjono Uswatun N.A. Darjono Wahyu Jati Dyah Utami, Wahyu Jati Dyah Wahyuni M, Sri Wahyuningsih, Diyan Wenten Parwati, Desak Made Widjijono , Widyastuti, Nugraheni Yessi Idha Martha Yuswanto, Tri Johan Agus