Amir Fauzi
Faculty of Medicine University ofSriwijayaj Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital Palembang

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NUMERICAL SIMULATION FOR SCENARIO BASED VOLCANIC HAZARD ASSESSMENT (VHA) AT SEULAWAH AGAM VOLCANO, ACEH, SUMATRA Syukri, Muhammad; Fauzi, Amir; Fashbir, .; Irwandi, .
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 2, No 2 (2012): Engineering
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Seulawah Agam is an active volcano with high 1,810 m located at 5.448°N 95.658°E and close to the capital of Aceh province densely populated. Following Sumatra-Andaman earthquake 26 December 2004, Sumatra Island has increased not only seismicity but also volcanic activity. On the other hand, Sinabung volcano categorized as inactive volcano, but beyond expectations on the 3rd September 2010 experienced eruption and the closest volcanic eruption location to Seulawah Agam volcano. Meanwhile, in 1 September 2010, Seulawah Agam categorized as active volcano was alert to level 2. We cannot predict what happens in future to the Seulawah Agam volcano, but we can provide volcano hazard assessment as important step for mitigation procedure. This paper introduces numerical study for volcanic eruption and integrated with a GIS-based tool for volcanic hazard assessment VORIS (VOlcanic Risk Information System) which develop by Alicia Felpeto.  This model investigate scenario based volcanic eruption for ash fallout, PDC (pyroclastic density currents), and lava. Digital elevation model (DEM) from SRTM (Shuttle Radar Topography Mission), meteorological data from NOAA, and geological study are used in this model. In the statovolcano mountain four geothermal manifestations appeared, such as: Fumarol Simpago, crater Heutz, ground steam Ie-Jue, and hot spring Ie-Suum. In this numerical simulation, we consider the location as potential eruption vent to produce erupted material. Wind velocity data at 3rd January 2012 and 1 July 2012 above the summit is selected to represent wet and dry season condition for scenario based ash fallout. Further, the simulation show the ash fallout is possible to reach Banda Aceh and potentially disrupt flight at Sultan Iskandar Muda Air port. Lava flow simulations are only depending on topography data (DEM) and applying some parameter for maximum flow length 5 km. The Simulation resolution depend on DEM data (90m) which produce more precise then volcanic hazard map produce by Center of Volcanology and Geological Hazard Mitigation, Bandung (CVGHM) and more reasonable with topography slope of mountain at southern part and northern part. Furthermore, PDC simulations are conducted scenario for height eruption column (starting point of the flow) 20m dan 200m. The simulations show PDC can be reach longer location until Banda-Aceh Medan Highway compare then CVGHM map.  This preliminary research should be developed to apply high resolution DEM and using adequate method for estimation eruption parameters. This method will be potential to provide more precise volcano hazard assessment for others volcano in Indonesia
Laporan kasus: Neovagina Ileum pada Agenesis Vagina Wanita Dewasa Pratiwi, Ratih; Renaldy, Renaldy; Fauzi, Amir
Syifa'MEDIKA:Jurnal Kedokteran dan Kesehatan Vol 8, No 2 (2018): Syifa' Medika
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine University of Muhammadiyah Palembang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (602.622 KB) | DOI: 10.32502/sm.v8i2.116

Abstract

Agenesis vagina adalah kondisi yang jarang terjadi.  Sindrom Mayer-Rokitansky-Kuster-Hauser (MRKH) adalah diagnosa klinis yang paling sering ditemui ahli ginekologi dimana agenesis vagina terjadi akibat gangguan perkembangan duktus Mulleri. Dilaporkan seorang wanita dewasa 37 tahun datang dengan keluhan tidak ada lubang kemaluan. Dari pemeriksaan fisik dan penunjang didapatkan kesan agenesis vagina, uterus unicornu hipoplasia nonfungsional, agenesis ginjal kanan, dan pelvic kidney sinistra. Pemeriksaan kromatin, drum stick, dan sex quotion didapatkan kesan wanita. Dilakukan laparotomi neovagina dengan menggunakan segmen usus ileum, operasi bersama dengan bedah digestif, bedah urologi, bedah plastik, dan obsgin uroginekologi. Pasca operasi dilakukan pemasangan mold selama 14 hari. Pasien diedukasi untuk melakukan pemasangan mold sendiri sebagai dilator. Dilakukan follow-up rutin untuk menilai stenosis atau striktur vagina.
Effectiveness of Pelvic Organ Prolapse Surgery in Women with Depressive Symptoms and Decreased Quality of Life Susanto, Azhar; Fauzi, Amir; Rusydi, Syakroni D; Theodorus, Theodorus; Sahab, Abdullah
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 3, No. 4, October 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (94.402 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v3i4.54

Abstract

Objective: To know the effectiveness of pelvic organ prolapse surgery in decreasing depressive symptoms (based on PHQ9) and improving quality of life in women with pelvic organ prolapse. Methods: This experimental study without control is conducted at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital Palembang/Faculty of Medicine Sriwijaya University, from October 03 2012 until May 31, 2014. Data containing selfadministrated questionnaire about depressive symptoms (PHQ9) and quality of life (PFIQ and PFDI) were recorded. Questionnaire was performed before and six months after surgery. Sample included 26 women with pelvic organ prolapse seeking pelvic organ prolapse surgery, which qualified the inclusion criteria. Data were analyzed using Chi Square and Fisher Exact test. Data analysis was done using SPSS 18.0. Results: According to paired T test there is a significant difference between mean PHQ9 score before (6.69±3.80) and 6 months after surgery (1.96±1.75)(p=0.001). Total PFIQ score decreased from 17.15±9.39 to 2.88±4.01 with 14.27±5.38 reduction. PFDI score before surgery were 29.85±15.73 and decreased to 11.50±10.99, with a reduction of 18.35±4.74. Conclusion: There was significant reduction in depressive symptoms and improved quality of life in women with prolapse after surgery, compared to before surgery. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2015; 3-4: 196-199] Keywords: depression, quality of life, uterine prolapse
Effectiveness of Pelvic Organ Prolapse Surgery in Women with Depressive Symptoms and Decreased Quality of Life Susanto, Azhar; Fauzi, Amir; Rusydi, Syakroni D; Theodorus, Theodorus; Sahab, Abdullah
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 3, No. 4, October 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (94.402 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v3i4.54

Abstract

Objective: To know the effectiveness of pelvic organ prolapse surgery in decreasing depressive symptoms (based on PHQ9) and improving quality of life in women with pelvic organ prolapse. Methods: This experimental study without control is conducted at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Department of Dr. Mohammad Hoesin Hospital Palembang/Faculty of Medicine Sriwijaya University, from October 03 2012 until May 31, 2014. Data containing selfadministrated questionnaire about depressive symptoms (PHQ9) and quality of life (PFIQ and PFDI) were recorded. Questionnaire was performed before and six months after surgery. Sample included 26 women with pelvic organ prolapse seeking pelvic organ prolapse surgery, which qualified the inclusion criteria. Data were analyzed using Chi Square and Fisher Exact test. Data analysis was done using SPSS 18.0. Results: According to paired T test there is a significant difference between mean PHQ9 score before (6.69±3.80) and 6 months after surgery (1.96±1.75)(p=0.001). Total PFIQ score decreased from 17.15±9.39 to 2.88±4.01 with 14.27±5.38 reduction. PFDI score before surgery were 29.85±15.73 and decreased to 11.50±10.99, with a reduction of 18.35±4.74. Conclusion: There was significant reduction in depressive symptoms and improved quality of life in women with prolapse after surgery, compared to before surgery. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2015; 3-4: 196-199] Keywords: depression, quality of life, uterine prolapse
Transforming Growth Factor β1 and Tropoelastin Expression in Uterine Prolapse Alvilusia, Alvilusia; Fauzi, Amir; Azhari, Azhari; Wresnindyatsih, Wresnindyatsih; Saleh, Irsan
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 4, No. 2, April 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (577.898 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v4i2.78

Abstract

Objective: To know the correlation of the expression of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β1) and tropoelastin in uterine prolapse. Method: A cross-sectional study of 30 subjects suffered from uterine prolapse in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Dr. Mohammad Hoesin hospital Palembang. The study was conducted since December 1st, 2014 until July 31st, 2015. The sample was from the sacrouterine ligament and immunohistochemical examination was conducted to see the expression of TGF-β1 and tropoelastin. Result: Of the 30 subjects obtained, the expression of TGF-β1 was on 30 subjects consisting of 18 (60%) for weak expression and 12 (40%) for strong expression. Meanwhile, the strong tropoelastin expression was on 18 subjects (60%) and weak tropoelastin expression on 12 subjects (40%). There was a positive correlation between TGF-β1 and tropoelastin expression with moderate correlation (p=0.014; r=0.44). Conclusion: There is a positive correlation between the TGF-β1 and tropoelastin expression of sacrouterine ligament in uterine prolapse with moderate correlation. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2016; 4-2: 70-74] Keywords: transforming Growth Factor Beta 1, tropoelastin, uterine prolapse
ANALISA EFISIENSI JARINGAN IRIGASI DAERAH IRIGASI PANDRAH KABUPATEN BIREUEN Rizalihadi, Maimun; Fauzi, Amir; Tanzil, Reza
JURNAL TEKNIK SIPIL Vol 1, No 3 (2012): Volume 1, Nomor 2, Mei 2012
Publisher : Jurusan Teknik Sipil, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract: Irrigation efficiency is the number ratio of the  amountof irrigation water is used for the real needs of plant growth with the amount of water out from intake. Irrigation efficiency assumption based portion of the amount of water taken will be lost either on canals or in the rice fields. Values of irrigation efficiency specified in the plan is too high so that the implementation of the water provided is not enough given to areas downstream. The research was conducted at the Main Canals Right Pandrah until tertiary canals PKN3 T1 at Regional Irrigation District Pandrah Bireun is by measuring inflow and outflowthe canals by using current meter, to measure by using class A pan evaporation while the seepage measurement by the method of ponding. From the research results will be obtained efficiency will be obtained efficiency value of 87.50% of primary canals, secondary canals of 80.01% and 76.13% for the tertiary canals to obtain the value of the efficiency of irrigation system in the Canals Main Right Pandrah of 50.30%. Value efficiency ebove shows that there has been a shortage of 11.70% of the value of the efficiency plan by 65%. Water loss was causwd by the canals that has been broken, illegal tapping along the canals, domestic household use, complementary building of irrigation and evaporation. Need for reconsideration of the discharge plan taking on the intake for the distribution of irrigation water shall be adjusted to the actual value of efficiency in the field.Keywords : irrigation efficiency, water loss, evaporation, seepageAbstrak: Efisiensi irigasi adalah angka perbandingan dari jumlah air irigasi nyata yang terpakai untuk kebutuhan pertumbuhan tanaman dengan jumlah air yang keluar dari pintu pengambilan (intake). Efisiensi irigasi didasarkan asumsi sebagian dari jumlah air yang diambil akan hilang baik di saluran maupun di petak sawah. Nilai efisiensi irigasi yang digunakan di Indonesia selama ini ternyata jauh lebih besar dari beberapa negara di Asia. Inilah permasalahan yang menyebabkan kemungkinan kegagalan dari proyek yang ada di daerah kita dimana nilai efisiensi irigasi yang ditetapkan dalam perencanaan terlalu tinggi sehingga pada pelaksanaan air yang diberikan tidak cukup diberikan pada daerah hilir. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Saluran Induk Pandrah Kanan sampai dengan saluran tersier Pkn. 3 T1 pada Daerah Irigasi Pandrah yaitu dengan mengukur debit masuk dan debit keluar pada saluran dengan menggunakan alat pengukur kecepatan arus (current meter), untuk mengukur evaporasi dengan menggunakan panci evaporasi kelas A sedangkan pengukuran rembesan dilakukan dengan metode teknik Ponding. Dari hasil penelitian akan diperoleh nilai efisiensi saluran primer sebesar 87,50%, saluran sekunder sebesar 80,01% dan saluran tersier sebesar 76,13% sehingga diperoleh nilai efisiensi jaringan irigasi pada Saluran Induk Pandrah Kanan sampai dengan saluran tersier Pkn. 3 T1 sebesar 50,30%. Nilai efisiensi di atas menunjukkan bahwa telah terjadi kekurangan sebesar 11,70% dari nilai efisiensi rencana sebesar 65%. Kehilangan air tersebut disebabkan karena saluran yang telah mengalami kerusakan, adanya sadap-sadap liar disepanjang saluran, penggunaan domestik rumah tangga, bangunan pelengkap irigasi dan evaporasi. Perlu adanya peninjauan kembali terhadap debit rencana di pintu pengambilan (intake) untuk pembagian air irigasi agar disesuaikan dengan nilai efisiensi aktual di lapangan.Kata kunci : efisiensi jaringan irigasi, kehilangan air, evaporasi, rembesan.
Impact of Uterine Prolapse Surgery on Improvement of Bowel Symptoms Fauzi, Amir
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 2, No. 3, July 2014
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

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Objective: To find the effectiveness of uterine prolapse surgery in patients with bowel symptoms. Method: Clinical trial without comparison study of 32 consecutive women who underwent surgery for grade III and IV uterine prolapse with bowel symptoms. Bowel symptoms score was evaluated before and three months after surgery by using the Australian Pelvic Floor Questionnaire. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20. Result: There were significant mean differences between bowel symptoms score three months after surgery for grade III and IV uterine prolapse and before surgery although there were patients with persistent symptoms. Bowel symptoms scores include constipation, flatus incontinence, fecal incontinence, fecal urgency, defecation frequency, defecation consistency, incomplete bowel emptying, laxative use, and frequency of defecation disorder score, with p
The Association of Bladder Wall Thickness with Severity of Symptoms in Patients with Overactive Bladder Adrian, Ronny; Bernolian, Nuswil; Fauzi, Amir; Saleh, Irsan
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 5, No. 4, October 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (209.4 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v5i4.564

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Objective: To investigate the association of bladder wall thickness (BWT) with severity of symptoms in overactive bladder patients in Obstetrics and Gynecology Department Dr. Mohammad Hoesin general hospital Palembang. Methods: An analytical observational study was conducted at Gynecology clinic Dr. Mohammad Hoesin General Hospital Palembang from November 2015 to August 2016. Data were analyzed with SPSS 16.0 for Windows. Bivariate analysis with the Chi square and association Rank-Spearman test was used to assess the association between BWT and visual analog scale (VAS). Results: Fourty subjects were included in the study. The mean BWT in the overactive bladder group was thicker compared to those without overactive bladder (5.8522  0.5783 vs 5.2176  0.67937). There was significant association between BWT and overactive bladder complaints. Abnormal group (5mm) had 12 times risk of overactive bladder compared to normal sample (5mm) (p = 0.029, RR = 12). Conclusion: Thus, the thickness of the urinary bladder wall measured with ultrasound examination (USG) can be used to assess the status and degree of urinary disorders in women with complaints of painful urinate and urinary disorders.  Keywords: bladder wall thickness, detrusor overactivity, overactive bladder, visual analog scale
Effectiveness of Oral Misoprostol to Prevent Postcesarean Section Urinary Retention Mahadika, Febrinata; Fauzi, Amir; Mirani, Putri; Theodorus, Theodorus
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume 6 No. 4 October 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.507 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v6i4.850

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Objective: to determine the effect of misoprostol on the incidence of urinary retention in post cesarean section patients by measuring maternal residual urine volume 6 hours after catheter removal. Methods: This was a single-blind randomized controlled trial, at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Mohammad Hoesin Palembang Hospital from October 2016 to February 2017. Samples were patients who underwent cesarean section, either elective or emergencies treated at Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital, Mohammad Hoesin Palembang. Subjects were allocated into two groups: treatment group (receiving misoprostol) and placebo group. Urinary retention is diagnosed if post-voiding residual urine volume after Foley catheter removal was > 200 ml. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 17.0 Results: There were no differences in mean time between of urination between control group (placebo) and 600μg oral misoprostol group. The average of urine volume, and residual urine volume between control group (placebo) and 600μg oral misoprostol group was significantly different. 600μg misoprostol orally can increase the amount of urine and reduce the volume of urinary residue after cesarean section. Conclusion: 600μg oral misoprostol can increase urine volume and reduce volume of residual urine post cesarean section Keywords: Misoprostol, urinary retention, cesarean section   Tujuan: untuk mengetahui pengaruh misoprostol terhadap kejadian retensi urin pada pasien operasi seksio sesaria dengan mengukur volume residu urin maternal 6 jam setelah kateter dilepaskan. Metode: Penelitian uji klinik acak berpembanding (Randomized Controlled Trial) secara single blind (tersamar tunggal) ini dilakukan di Departemen Obstetri dan Ginekologi RSUP Mohammad Hoesin Palembang mulai bulan Oktober 2016 sampai dengan Februari 2017. Sampel penelitian adalah semua pasien seksio sesaria, baik elektif maupun emergensi yang dirawat di Departemen Obstetri dan Ginekologi RSUP Mohammad Hoesin Palembang. Subjek dialokasikan menjadi 2 kelompok yaitu kelompok penanganan yang menerima misoprostol dan kelompok placebo. Retensio urin didiagnosis jika volume residu urin pasca berkemih setelah kateter Foley dilepaskan >200 ml. Analisis statistik dilakukan dengan menggunakan SPSS 17.0 Hasil:Tidak terdapat perbedaan rerata waktu urinasi antara kelompok kontrol (plasebo) dengan misoprostol peroral 600µg.Terdapat perbedaan rerata jumlah urine, dan volume residu urine antara kelompok kontrol (plasebo) dengan misoprostol peroral 600µg. Misoprostol per oral 600µg dapat meningkatkan jumlah urin dan mengurangi volume residu urin pasca persalian seksio sesaria. Kesimpulan:. Misoprostol per oral 600µg dapat meningkatkan jumlah urin dan mengurangi volume residu urin pasca persalian seksio sesaria Kata kunci: Misoprostol, retensio urin, seksio sesaria
Transforming Growth Factor β1 and Tropoelastin Expression in Uterine Prolapse Alvilusia, Alvilusia; Fauzi, Amir; Azhari, Azhari; Wresnindyatsih, Wresnindyatsih; Saleh, Irsan
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 4, No. 2, April 2016
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (577.898 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v4i2.78

Abstract

Objective: To know the correlation of the expression of transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β1) and tropoelastin in uterine prolapse. Method: A cross-sectional study of 30 subjects suffered from uterine prolapse in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Dr. Mohammad Hoesin hospital Palembang. The study was conducted since December 1st, 2014 until July 31st, 2015. The sample was from the sacrouterine ligament and immunohistochemical examination was conducted to see the expression of TGF-β1 and tropoelastin. Result: Of the 30 subjects obtained, the expression of TGF-β1 was on 30 subjects consisting of 18 (60%) for weak expression and 12 (40%) for strong expression. Meanwhile, the strong tropoelastin expression was on 18 subjects (60%) and weak tropoelastin expression on 12 subjects (40%). There was a positive correlation between TGF-β1 and tropoelastin expression with moderate correlation (p=0.014; r=0.44). Conclusion: There is a positive correlation between the TGF-β1 and tropoelastin expression of sacrouterine ligament in uterine prolapse with moderate correlation. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2016; 4-2: 70-74] Keywords: transforming Growth Factor Beta 1, tropoelastin, uterine prolapse