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IDENTIFYING JAVANESE SOCIAL LEVEL THROUGH THE FORMS OF ADDRESS IN UMAR KAYAM’S MANGAN ORA MANGAN KUMPUL FEBRIANTI, DIAN
Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa FIB Vol 5, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya Universitas Brawijaya

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Abstract

Keywords: Social level, Javanese people, forms of address, Mangan Ora   Mangan Kumpul Forms of address have a tight relationship with culture. By understandingthe forms of address, people can understand about a culture of the society who use it. The society that is designated by this research is Javanese. Furthermore,Mangan Ora Mangan Kumpul is chosen as the data source because of somereasons, for example this book contains a lot of Javanese values. There are twoproblems proposed in this research, those are: (1) what are the forms of address used in Mangan Ora Mangan Kumpul? (2) how do the forms of address in Mangan Ora Mangan Kumpul reflect social level among Javanese people?This research applies qualitative research approach, explanative as theresearch purpose, primary data source, social interaction as the unit analysis,document as the technique of collecting data, content analysis as the data analysis, and the last is triangulation as the research validation.The result of this research found that forms of addess are divided into three functions; to designate people who are from a higher, a same or a lower social level than the addresser. Forms of address to designate people from highersocial level are anda, panjenengan, sampeyan, Pakde, Engkoh, Bapak, Bune, Mas, and mBakyu. Forms of address to designate people from same social level are kamu, kau, kalian, (characters’ name), (characters’ nickname), Profesor andDokter. The last, forms of address to designate people from lower social level are kamu, kau, kalian, Tole, Adik, (characters’ name), and (characters’ nickname).The social level of Javanese people in this novel mostly identified by socio-economic capability and age of persons. There are some incorrect uses ofthe address forms applied by the characters in the novel. It happened because of some reasons, such as social distance and joke. Those incorrect uses are: (a) Anda is used to designate a person who is from the same social level (socio-economic aspect), (b) Sampeyan is not used to only designate people from higher social level, but also people from lower social level (socio economic aspect). This form actually also can be used to decrease a respect feeling to the addressee, (c) Bune is not used to only designate people from higher social level, but also people from same social level (age gap and socio-economic aspects), (d) Mas is not used to only designate people from higher social level, but also people from lower social level (socio-economic aspect).
ANALISIS PRODUKTIVITAS DAN WAKTU PENGGUNAAN ALAT BERAT EXCAVATOR PADA PEKERJAAN GALIAN TANAH Febrianti, Dian; Zakia, Zakia
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pakar Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pakar 2018 Buku I
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pakar

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Abstract

Secara teknik sumber daya alat berat menjadi faktor utama dalam pelaksanaansuatu proyek jalan. Penggunaan alat berat sangatlah diperlukan dalam prosesmempercepat pelaksanaan pekerjaan jalan sesuai dengan target yang telahditentukan. Pada Proyek ini terdapat beberapa tahap pekerjaan yangdirencanakan dan dilaksanakan, salah satunya adalah pekerjaan tanah.Pekerjaan tanah meliputi pekerjaan galian sehingga membutuhkan alat beratexcavator untuk mempercepat waktu pekerjaan. Penelitian ini dilakukan padaProyek Peningkatan Jalan Alun-Alun Suka Makmue-Jalan Lingkar Timur IbuKota Tahap II, Kabupaten Nagan Raya, dengan tujuan untuk mengetahuiproduktivitas kerja alat berat dan mengetahui waktu yang dibutuhkan alatberat dalam menyelesaikan pekerjaan galian. Metode yang digunakan adalahmetode perhitungan secara manual dengan menggunakan rumusproduktivitas dan perhitungna volume galian tanah untuk menghasikanwaktu yang efektif selama penggunaan excavator. Berdasarkan hasilperhitungan produktivitas pada pekerjaan galian menggunakan excavatorproduksi perjam 93,312 m3/jam, produksi per hari 746,496 m3/hari denganwaktu 8 hari. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwasanya pengelolaan danpemanfaatan alat berat yang baik dapat mempercepat target waktu yangdiharapkan
OPTIMALISASI PEMELIHARAAN DRAINASE BERDASARKAN PERSEPSI MASYARAKAT Febrianti, Dian; Silvia, Cut Suciatina
Jurnal CIVILA Vol 4, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Civilla
Publisher : Fakultas Teknik Universitas Islam Lamongan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (449.256 KB) | DOI: 10.30736/cvl.v4i2.380

Abstract

Drainage is one element of the general infrastructure needed by the community in order to lead a clean, comfortable, and healthy area of life. In this drainage, one of the things related to the problem of drainage, among others, is the occurrence of physical damage to the drainage, namely the damage that occurs in the drainage build-ing. One of the areas experiencing drainage problems is BlangBeurandang Village, BB1 Housing, Johan Pahla-wan District, West Aceh Regency. In this village, if there is rainfall with high intensity floods often occur. This is caused by the poor performance of the existing drainage such as a lot of sedimentation, siltation in channels that are still earth channels, as well as a lot of garbage and grass. Because of these problems, the role of the communi-ty in the maintenance of drainage is very important, because with the community participation in drainage mainte-nance this will certainly be able to minimize the occurrence of various problems related to drainage. The research method used is the Likert scale method. The result of this research is the existing condition of BB1 Housing drain-age, that is, if there is rainfall with high intensity, frequent flooding occurs. This is due to the poor performance of the existing drainage, such as a lot of sedimentation, siltation of channels that are still earth channels, as well as a lot of garbage and grass. Optimization of drainage maintenance based on community perceptions is classified as good criteria, this is shown from the calculated questionnaire percentage value of 72.09%. Based on the results of the calculation of the percentage, the community is very supportive for the maintenance of drainage in BB Housing.
Analisis Produktivitas Alat Berat Pada Pekerjaan Timbunan Febrianti, Dian; Zulyaden, Zulyaden
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Teknologi Konstruksi Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Dan Teknologi Konstruksi
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (93.578 KB) | DOI: 10.35308/jts-utu.v4i1.586

Abstract

Heavy equipment plays an important role in terms of speed and acceleration of work. The road improvement project of Suka Makmue Square - the eastern ring road of capital of phase II, funding from OTSUS budget of Nagan Raya Regency with project cost Rp.3.922.503.000, - road length 2475 m The work followed is preferred heap work, B-class aggregate foundation layers, class A aggregate foundation layers. This research uses heavy equipment dump trucks, motor graders, roller vibrators, water tanker trucks. The purpose of the research is to know the productivity of heavy equipment and to know the time needed by heavy equipment to complete the work. The method used is the calculation method manually using the formula productivity. Based on the calculation of productivity at occupation of accumulation using dump truck production per hour 32,4 m/hour, production per day 259.2 m/day with 11 days, 6 days class B class aggregate work, 4 days class A class aggregate work, motor grader production hourly 128,3 m /hour, production per day 1026,43 m3/day with time 3 day, 2 days class B class aggregate work, 1 day class A class aggregate work, vibrator roller production hourly 64,8 m3/hour, production per day 518,4 m3/day with time 6 days, 3 days class aggregate layer work B , 2 days class A class aggregate work, water tankers truck production per hour 16.2 m3/hour, production per day 129,6 m3/day with 21 days, 11 days class B aggregate work, 8 days class A class aggregate work ?Keywords-productivity, heavy equipment, time of work.
Analisa Tingkat Kerusakan Struktur Kolom Terkena Tsunami Samsunan, Samsunan; Febrianti, Dian
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Teknologi Konstruksi Vol 4, No 1 (2018): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Dan Teknologi Konstruksi
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (256.305 KB) | DOI: 10.35308/jts-utu.v4i1.591

Abstract

?Tsunami that occurred in Aceh at the end of 2004. has affected the buildings affected by the tsunami. The purpose of this study is to determine the condition of the current state and to analyze the level of damage to the structure of the column affected by the tsunami, one of which is the building of UPTD Bina Marga and Cipta Karya IV Meulaboh. This research is done by direct survey method to the field and conduct damage analysis of buildings based on Regulation of Minister of Public Works No.16/PRT/M/2010 on the technical guidance of periodic inspection of buildings. The result of the analysis is done classification level of damage according to the standard in Regulation of Minister of Public Works No.24/PRT/M/2008 about building maintenance and maintenance guidelines. The results showed that the column of the affected buildings had decreased the strength of the concrete, the condition of the column structure was all cracked and broken, most of the concrete blankets had been peeled, the main reinforcement conditions were corroded and some of the stirrup bones were broken. The result of concrete quality test is 114,41 kg/cm? lower than normal concrete strength. The results of the study and analysis that the affected columns on the buildings of UPTD Bina Marga and Cipta Karya Region IV Meulaboh are classified as heavy damage, the building of UPTD Bina Marga and Cipta Karya IV Meulaboh is not functional?Keywords: Level of damage, Column Structure, UPTD Bina Marga Meulaboh and Cipta Karya IV Meulaboh region.
PERENCANAAN TENAGA KERJA DAN BIAYA TENAGA KERJA PADA PEKERJAAN BETON STRUKTUR KOLOM Febrianti, Dian; zakia, Zakia
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Teknologi Konstruksi Vol 5, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Dan Teknologi Konstruksi
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (320.424 KB) | DOI: 10.35308/jts-utu.v5i1.1081

Abstract

The project is a group of interconnected activities where there are starting points and?end points and certain results. Projects usually require various skills from various professions and? organization. ?The ?resources ?used ?during ?construction ?are ?men, ?money, ?materials, machines, methods, marketing, and information. Manpower / human resources is one of the most important factors of project success. In addition, another important factor is planning labor costs, because to find out the amount of costs incurred on the project. The purpose of this study is to find out the labor requirements and the amount of labor costs, as well as knowing the accumulation of labor needs and the greatest costs for a given week and the causes, especially the concrete work of column structures. In writing this final project, the method of calculating the amount of labor and costs is used with the help of Microsoft Excel, then visualized through graphics. The data used in this study is secondary data consisting of drawing plans, Budget Plan (RAB), time schedule, progress, and work plans. This study resulted in the calculation of labor requirements, in the column structure, namely 582.21 OH. With details, workers 442.96 OH, artisan94.29 OH, artisan head 23.46 OH, and Overseer 21.51 OH. The labor cost needed to finance this work is Rp. 26,249,643.00. The use of the largest costs occurs at week 4, costs Rp. 4,902,580.00 and the smallest costs occur at week 2 of Rp. 337,608.00. Based on this research, labor requirements and labor costs have been well distributed
KAJIAN TINGKAT KERENTANAN BANGUNAN TERHADAP TSUNAMI DENGAN METODE BTV (STUDI KASUS PADA DESA KUTA PADANG, KABUPATEN ACEH BARAT) Febrianti, Dian; Safriani, Meylis
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Teknologi Konstruksi Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Dan Teknologi Konstruksi
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (386.344 KB) | DOI: 10.35308/jts-utu.v2i2.350

Abstract

Meulaboh town is one of the areas affected by the tsunami with very severe category apart from Banda Aceh, Calang and Teunom. The tsunami devastated most of the social life and infrastructure the city of Meulaboh. Nowadays, after the tsunami struck there Meulaboh residents who reside in the area close to the sea, such as the residents of Kuta Padang village In fact, all the coastal areas prone Meulaboh an area affected by the tsunami. To minimize the impact of the damage caused by the tsunami hazard, it is necessary to tsunami disaster mitigation efforts with the analysis of the vulnerability of buildings to the tsunami in an area. The purpose of this study is to inform the public and local authorities about the vulnerability of homes to tsunami waves that can destroy homes and buildings. The object of this research is in the village of Kuta Padang, Johan Pahlawan sub-district. This research method by collecting secondary data and conducting surveys and conducted interviews with society who lived in the village. Analyzed using the Buildings Tsunami Vulnerability (BTV). From the results obtained indicate that the region Seulawah has an average value of vulnerability very highest, 95.65%, and 69.57% and 56.52%. Areas that have the lowest susceptibility value is Hamlet Singgah Mata by level of vulnerability value of 60.87% and 47.83% and 34.78%. For evacuation routes, Geurute and Singgah Mata? village is the most suitable for the people of Kuta Padang to shelter in case of a tsunami.
ANALISIS PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN ABU SABUT KELAPA SEBAGAI FILLER PADA CAMPURAN ASPAL RETONA BLEND Safriani, Meylis; Febrianti, Dian
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Teknologi Konstruksi Vol 2, No 2 (2016): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Dan Teknologi Konstruksi
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (249.243 KB) | DOI: 10.35308/jts-utu.v2i2.388

Abstract

Transport infrastructure is one element of the regional development is indispensable for the smooth access to the existing facilities in the region. The material used in the construction of highways, among others, aggregates, asphalt and filler. During this time the filler material that is often used in asphalt mixtures are cement, lime, stone dust, fly ash. However, these filler materials inventory is limited and relatively expensive. Accordingly, the need to find alternative cheap and easily obtained. One alternative is the utilization of local natural resources. The ash of coconut fiber can not be used anymore and are usually thrown away by society. By using the principles of reuse, recycle and recovery, coconut husk ash is expected to be recovered thus reducing the waste bin. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of the use of coconut husk ash as filler to mix asphalt Retona Blend 55 and to find out the coconut husk ash can be used as a substitute for the filler material mixture highway or not. The method in this study using laboratory experiments. The research showed that most of the physical properties meet the requirements prescribed specifications. Examination of the physical nature of asphalt Retona Blend 55 which includes examination density, penetration, ductility, and the softening point indicates that the asphalt can be used for fulfilling the requirements set. The composition of the mixture that the best results are with the composition of the mixture by using coconut husk ash as filler by 4.5% with the optimum asphalt at 6.25%. The use of optimum asphalt of 6.25% resulted in a value of 1295.47 kg stability, flow plastically 4.0 mm, MQ 328.51 kg, density of 2.21 g / cm3, VIM 5.43%, 17.89% VMA, VFB 70.17%. Those values have been in accordance with the standard specifications of the Department of Public Works.Keywords: filler, coconut husk ash, Retona Blend 55, mixture of asphalt
ANALISA PEMAKAIAN ALAT BERAT EXCAVATOR DENGAN STRAIGHT LINE DAN REDUCING CHARGE METHOD Tripoli, Bambang; Febrianti, Dian
Jurnal Teknik Sipil dan Teknologi Konstruksi Vol 4, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Teknik Sipil Dan Teknologi Konstruksi
Publisher : Universitas Teuku Umar

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.35308/jts-utu.v4i2.1287

Abstract

PT. Gramita Eka Saroja, which is engaged in providing construction services in Meulaboh, West Aceh Regency, has heavy equipment that requires initial investment and a significant operating cost. Technically the existing equipment can still be operated and be able to produce, but it is economically unprofitable. In the case of the issues raised by this study, it is closely related to the estimated cost of owning an excavator heavy equipment so that the company can overcome the problems related to the use of the tool by determining the depreciation and economic value of the tool.. Based on the explanation, the problem and the objective of this research are how much the cost of owning costs must be calculated as long as the equipment is operated from new (purchase) in 2007 to 2018 with the economic life of the excavator heavy equipment is 11 years of use, if it is considered depreciating based on the straight-line method and the depreciation method decreases every year. Based on the calculation of depreciation per year by the straight-line method of Rp. 38,636,364 per year, with working hours Rp. 100,000 per hour / year. In the method of a balanced reduction in depreciation in 2007 Rp. 100,413,223 and in 2018 amounting to Rp. 20,059,008, while the total value of the year produced Rp. 95,764,463 with a 2007 book value of Rp. 187,471,826 and in 2018 amounting to Rp. 8,705,860 with a book value (residual value per year) Rp. 100,413,223. Bank, insurance and tax interest rates are Rp. 18,953 per hour.?