Isman Firdaus
Faculty of Medicine, University of Indoneisa / Harapan Kita National Cardiovascular Center

Published : 3 Documents
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Heart rate turbulence in patients after primary percutaneous coronary intervention and fibrinolytic treatment for acute myocardial infarction Firdaus, Isman; Yuniadi, Yoga; Tjahjono, Cholid T.; Kalim, Harmani; Munawar, Muhammad
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 16, No 1 (2007): January-March
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (180.813 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v16i1.250

Abstract

Heart rate turbulence (HRT) as novel predictor of sudden cardiac death were superior to all other presently available indicators. HRT significantly was improves after successful reperfusion reflecting rapid restoration of baroreceptor response. We investigated turbulence onset (TO) and turbulence slope (TS) values among patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) underwent revascularization by means of primary PCI or fibrinolytic. We hypothesized that the values of TO and TS were different in two kinds of revascularization treatment. The subjects underwent 24 hours ECG recording after revascularization therapy. TO was quantified by the relative change of the first two sinus RR intervals following a ventricular premature beat (VPB) and the last two sinus RR intervals before the VPB. TS was quantified by the maximum positive slope of a regression line assessed over any sequence of five subsequent sinus rhythm RR intervals within the first two sinus rhythm intervals after a VPB. Thirteen patients (mean of age 56 ± 9 years old) who underwent revascularization treatment of acute STEMI were eligible as subject of this study.Ten patients underwent fibrinolytic therapy and three patients underwent primary PCI. TO value was significantly different between PCI group and fibrinolytic group (-3.3 ± 1.7 % vs -0.2 ± 0.9 % ; P=0.03). The Primary PCI group has better outcome on turbulence slope value (TS) than fibrinolytic group but not significance (7.7 ± 4.4 msec/RR interval vs 3.4 ± 2.6 msec/RR interval; P = 0.056). In conclusion, TO was better in acute STEMI patient undergone PCI compare to that undergone fibrinolytic therapy. (Med J Indones 2007; 16:19-24) Keywords: heart rate turbulence, revascularization, myocardial infarction
Coronary to pulmonary fistula as the primary source of pulmonary blood supply in pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect Firdaus, Isman; Tjahjono, Cholid T.; Harimurti, Ganesja H.; Roebiono, Poppy S.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 13, No 4 (2004): October-December
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (194.659 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v13i4.155

Abstract

A communication between the coronary and pulmonary arteries, so called coronary to pulmonary fistula, is a rare source of pulmonary supply in pulmonary atresia (PA) with ventricular septal defect (VSD). A 4 year old girl referred to National Cardiovascular Center Harapan Kita, Jakarta with symptoms and signs of increased pulmonary blood flow since infancy and was confirmed by the chest x-rays. Heart examination revealed normal first heart sound with single loud second heart sound and an ejection systolic murmur at the pulmonary area. ECG demonstrated sinus rhythm with normal axis and biventricular hypertrophy. Echocardiography was performed and truncus arteriosus (TA) type I was suspected with perimembranus VSD, overriding of the aorta, and dilated main pulmonary artery. But on cardiac catheterization studies, a non obstructive fistula was found between the left coronary and main pulmonary artery coexisted with PA and VSD. A successful surgery was performed subsequently and confirmed the above diagnosis. Although there were episodes of pulmonary hypertension crisis during early post operative course, she was then discharge from the hospital in a good condition. Since irreversible pulmonary vascular disease may develop in a non restrictive coronary to pulmonary fistula, early recognition of this anomaly is very important for better surgical result. (Med J Indones 2004; 13: 237-40)Keywords: coronary to pulmonary fistula, pulmonary atresia, ventricular septal defect
Hemodynamic Profiles as a Predictor of Mortality and Length Of Stay in ICCU: Insight from Registry of Acute and Intensive Cardiovascular Care Outcome Firdaus, Isman; Lilihata, Gracia; Kristianto, Ardeno; Simanjuntak, Cindya K.; Danny, Siska S.; Irmalita, Irmalita; Dharma, Surya; Juzar, Dafsah A.; Tobing, Daniel P.L.
Indonesian Journal of Cardiology Vol 38 No 3 (2017): July - September 2017
Publisher : The Indonesian Heart Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (0.036 KB) | DOI: 10.30701/ijc.v38i3.779

Abstract

Aims: The ability to differentiate high risk and low risk patients in ICCU is beneficial. Hemodynamic profiles can be used to describe patient’s condition immediately. Based on the presence of congestion and poor perfusion, patients can be divided into four hemodynamic profiles. We aim to evaluate the prognostic value of hemodynamic profiles for patient’s mortality and length of stay (LOS) in intensive cardiac care unit (ICCU). Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, patients who admitted to ICCU of National Cardiovascular Center Harapan Kita Jakarta, Indonesia, were classified into four hemodynamic profiles: dry-warm, dry-cold, wet-warm, and wet-cold. Bivariate analysis was performed to see the significance between hemodinamic profiles with mortality and LOS, continued with multvariate analysis to evaluate the contribution of other significant factors. Results: Of 742 patients included, the mortality rate was 7.8%. With dry-warm profile as reference, relative risk for mortality was 2.3 (95% CI 1.303-4.076), 5.8 (95% CI 1.992-16.906), and 8.7 (95% CI 3.513-21.567) for wet-warm, dry-cold and wet cold, consecutively. Mean differences of LOS (days) as follows: wet-warm (1.719; 95% CI 1.21-2.23), dry-cold (3.418; 95% CI 1.52-5.32), and wet-cold (4.654; 95% CI 2.64-6.67) compared to dry-warm. Hemodynamic profiles, especially wet-cold profile, consistently predicted mortality and longer LOS in ICCU by multivariable analysis. Conclusion: The presence of “wet” profile double the risk of death, “cold” profile has five fold risk of death, while the presence of both has the highest risk for mortality and longer LOS. Hemodynamic profiles assessme   Abstrak Latar Belakang: Kemampuan untuk membedakan pasien resiko tinggi dan resiko rendah di ICCU sangat penting. Profil hemodinamik dapat digunakan untuk mengenali kondisi pasien secara cepat. Berdasarkan adanya tanda kongesti dan perfusi yang buruk pasien dapat dikelompok­kan ke dalam empat profil hemodinamik. Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi nilai prognostik profil hemodinamik terhadap mortalitas dan lama rawat pasien di Intensive Cardiac Care Unit (ICCU). Metode : Studi kohort retrospektif ini dilakukan di Rumah Sakit Pusat Jantung dan Pembuluh Darah Nasional Harapan Kita, Jakarta, Indo­nesia. Pasien yang dirawat di ICCU dikelompokkan ke dalam empat profil hemodinamik: kering-hangat, kering-dingin, basah-hangat dan basah-dingin. Analisis bivariate dilakukan untuk menilai hubungan antara profil hemodinamik dengan mortalitas dan lama rawat di ICCU, dilanjutkan dengan analisis multivariate untuk mengevaluasi kontribusi faktor-faktor lain yang signifikan Hasil : Total pasien yang ikut dalam studi sebanyak 742 pasien dan tingkat mortalitas sebesar 7,8%. Resiko relatif (RR) mortalitas untuk profil basah-hangat, kering-dingin dan basah-dingin berturut-turut sebesar 2.3 (95% CI 1.303-4.076), 5.8 (95% CI 1.992-16.906), dan 8.7 (95% CI 3.513-21.567) bila dibandingkan terhadap profil kering-hangat sebagai referensi. Rerata perbedaan lama rawat sebesar 1.719 (95% CI 1.21-2.23), 3.418 ( 95% CI 1.52-5.32), (4.654 (95% CI 2.64-6.67) untuk profil basah-hangat, kering-dingin, dan basah dingin berturut-turut bila dibandingkan dengan profil kering-hangat. Profil hemodinamik, terutama profil basah-dingin secara konsisten memprediksi mortalitas dan lama rawat yang lebih panjang setelah analisis multivariat. Kesimpulan: Profil “basah” memiliki resiko mortalitas dua kali lipat, profil “dingin” memiliki resiko mortalitas lima kali lipat, sedangkan ked­uanya secara bersamaan memiliki resiko mortalitas dan lama rawat lebih panjang paling tinggi. Profil hemodinamik dapat digunakan sebagai prediktor mortalitas dan lama rawat pasien di ICCU secara efektif.