Articles

PARTAI POLITIK, REKRUTMEN POLITIK DAN PEMBENTUKAN DINASTI POLITIK PADA PEMILIHAN KEPALA DAERAH (PILKADA) Fitriyah, Fitriyah
Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik Vol 11, No 1 (2020): POLITIKA: Jurnal Ilmu Politik
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (268.245 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/politika.11.1.2020.1-17

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Pasca terbit Putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi No.33/PUU-Xlll/2015 sebagai pem-batalan larangan politik dinasti, sejumlah calon  dari kerabat petahana maju dalam Pilkada 2015 dan terus berlanjut di pilkada setelahnya. Selain karena hambatan regulasi yang telah dianulir oleh Mahkamah Konstitusi, maraknya calon yang berlatar belakang dinasti terindikasi adanya masalah di partai politik dalam melaksanakan fungsi rekrutmen politik. Artikel ini berusaha menjelaskan bagaimana partai-partai politik melaksanakan proses rekrutmen politik untuk pencalonan pilkada yang ikut menyuburkan politik dinasti. Artikel ini menggunakan data dari studi literatur, hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa rekrutmen politik untuk pencalonan pilkada oleh partai politik  bersifat sentralistis dan informal, serta menggunakan pertimbangan pragmatis dengan menambahkan syarat  kemampuan finansial dan tingkat elektabilitas calon, sehingga lebih memberi jalan bagi calon yang berlatar belakang dinasti. 
POSISI DPRD DALAM UU NO. 32 TAHUN 2004 FITRIYAH, FITRIYAH
Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik Vol 1, No 1 (2010): Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (318.894 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/politika.1.1.2010.84-103

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AbstractLaw No. 22/1999 on local governance gives more power to Local Assemblies (DPRD) as"the local legislative body". The Law No. 22/1999 lays down their rights and responsibilities in somedetail. These include overseeing budgets, drawing up local regulations to select governor, mayor ordistrict head (bupati), including the power to call the governor, mayor or district head (bupati) toaccount. The Law No. 22/1999 was revised by Law No. 32/2004. Under Law No. 32/2004 DPRD haveloss many powers, including the power to select the governor, mayor or bupati. Today?s main issue isstrengthening the position of DPRD. This article shows up that the main issue not to improve agreater role of DPRD but by develops their capacity.Keywords: kewenangan, badan legislatif daerah, unsur pemerintahan daerah
MENINJAU ULANG SISTEM PILKADA LANGSUNG: MASUKAN UNTUK PILKADA LANGSUNG BERKUALITAS FITRIYAH, FITRIYAH
Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik Vol 2, No 1 (2011): Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (140.557 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/politika.2.1.2011.40-47

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AbstractGovernors/bupaties/mayors had previously been elected by DPRDs, but a 2004 law onregional elections mandated that they be elected through direct popular vote. In practice, under thatsystem raising widespread skepticism caused by some problems as such, holding direct electionshave been too costly, high violations and conflicts, and unsuccessful raising strong leader. In fact thevarious direct local election problems are mainly related to loophole in written and unwritten electionrules. Hence, direct elections are still relevant and no need to eliminate and return to the pastsystem. Suggested the government and the House have should revise a 2004 law on regionalelections as such bribes for votes, high cost for hold and prone to trigger conflicts could beminimized.Keywords: sistem pilkada, beban anggaran, intensitas konflik, kualitas pilkada
CARA KERJA POLITIK UANG (STUDI KASUS PILKADA DAN PILKADES DI KABUPATEN PATI) Fitriyah, Fitriyah
Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik Vol 6, No 2 (2015): Politika: Jurnal Ilmu Politik
Publisher : Program Magister Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1040.259 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/politika.6.2.2015.101-111

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This study intends to explain the practices of money politics in local elections (Pilkada) and village head elections (Pilkades) in Pati regency using qualitative approach. Three people whose deep political knowledge and experience in both elections were purposively selected as informants. Data were collected by in depth interview and then qualitatively analyzed. The results showed that there were similarities of money politics in both Pilkada and Pilkades, including when the money was distributed and who were in charge as field operators, which were campaign staffs. A clientele relation was found inside the campaign staffs network. Money politics were abundant because of permissive votersKeywords: Pilkada, Pilkades, money politics
LINGKUNGAN BELAJAR DI SEKOLAH DENGAN HASIL BELAJAR IPS DI SMP Fitriyah, Fitriyah; Mashudi, Mashudi; Buwono, Sri
Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa Vol 8, No 9 (2019): September 2019
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa

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Abstract

AbstractThis research aimed to find out how much influence the learning environment in school had on students? learning outcome in Social Sciences at seven grades in SMP Negeri 20 Pontianak. The method that used is descriptive with the form correlation. Population and sample in this study were grade seven of students and the data collected by using a questionnaire. It was about learning environment at the school. Learning environment also influences the students learning outcomes because learning environment was the second environment which had students after the family.From the results in this research that conducted at SMP Negeri 20 Pontianak. Learning environment can be classified as the data described in chapter IV, therefore the correlation of variables (X) and variables (Y) based on the technique of data collection and data analysis. It relates between learning environment at school with learning outcomes of 0.660. With a standard that had been set at 0.05 at a significant level and n-2 = 65-2 = 63 that is 0.2441. So that showed that the result was equal to r count> r table 0,660> 0,2441. So that the relations of the learning environment in schools with learning outcomes of 0.660 is classified as strong. Keywords: Learning Environment in Schools, Student Learning Outcomes
ECONOMIC VALUE ADDED (EVA) dan MARKET VALUE ADDED (MVA) SEBAGAI ALAT UKUR KINERJA PERUSAHAAN Fitriyah, Fitriyah
IQTISHODUNA IQTISHODUNA (Vol 4, No 2
Publisher : fak. ekonomi

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Abstract

Company performance is a measure that describes the financial condition of a company. The measurement of financial performance is based on the data gathered from financial reports made by the company. One of the popular measure for financial performance is financial ratios. However, financial ratios are only focused on accounting profit and do not include capital cost, so the resulting information cannot give adequate insight on the expected return from the investments made by the investors. In order to provide a solution for this challenge, a new concept has been proposed, that is economic value added (EVA) and market value added (MVA). EVA is a measure of added value generated by a company by reducing cost of capital that will indicated whether the rate of return is higher than the cost of capital expended for financing the investment. While MVA is a cumulative outcome of company performance which results from various investment which has been committed or is expected to be made. Hence, the success in terms of MVA is the success in maximizing the wealth of shareholders by allocating proper resources.EVA is calculated by subtracting after-tax net operating income from weighted average cost of capital (WACC). A positive EVA means that the company gains a greater return than the cost of capital, so that the investors will gain a return from their investment, and vice versa. MVA is calculated by subtracting equity market value with equity book value. Equity market value is calculated by multiplying the number of outstanding shares with share price, while equity book value is calculated by multiplying the number of outstanding shares with the nominal value per share. A positive MVA (> 1) means that that the management has been able to improve the wealth of the company and, by the same token, the investors´ wealth, and vice versa.
FAKTOR LINGKUNGAN DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP KEBERHASILAN INDUSTRI KECIL DI KOTA MALANG Fitriyah, Fitriyah
IQTISHODUNA IQTISHODUNA (Vol 5, No 2
Publisher : fak. ekonomi

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The aim of this study are to know what factors underlying the industrial success derived from extern and intern environment factors, whether or not the factors found have real influence and which of them that has the strongest influence to the success of the industrial achievement.Population for this study are businessman and craftsman that specialize on ‘kripik tempe’  industry in Sanan district both from small scale and family scale industry. Sampling is taken by applying proportional random sampling for 47 respondents. The amount of research variables are 26 variables related to extern environment factors: buyer, supplier, technology, government, and intern factors: marketing, financial, and production. Success variables are measured in their profitability rate and business growth rate.Result of the study showed that there are 7 factors underlying the success of the industry with determination coefficient of 0.590, means that about 59% of the success of the industry can be explained by buyer, supplier, technology, government, marketing, financial, and production variables, while the remaining (100% - 59%) or 41% are explained by other causes unobserved in the research. There 4 factors including supplier, technology, marketing, and production variables partially have significant influence to the success of the industry, meanwhile buyer, government and financial partially don’t have influence to the success of the industry. Production factor is the most dominant factor among the other factors.
IMPLIKASI MARKET VALUE, VARIAN RETURN, LABA PER SAHAM DAN DEVIDEN TERHADAP BID-ASK SPREAD SAHAM SYARIAH Fitriyah, Fitriyah
IQTISHODUNA IQTISHODUNA (VOL 8, NO 1
Publisher : fak. ekonomi

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Abstract

This research was aimed to determine whether the variables variance return, market value, dividend and earning per share influence the bid-ask spread partially and simultaneously of shares of sharia in Indonesia Stock Exchange. The population in this research are the companies listed in the Jakarta Islamic Index over the period 2007 to 2010. Sampling using a purposive sampling technique and number of sample are 10 companies. The result shows, the variance return, market value, dividend and earning per share simultaneously influence the bid-ask spread. While partially, there ar three variables that significantly influence the bid-ask spread that is variance return with significant positif, dividend, and erningper share with a significant negative relationship. Variable market value does not affect the bid ask spread. Increase in variance return would cause the dealer / broker to cover the high spread. The existence of dividend payments and earnings per share would have an impact on high stock trading so dealers will not take long to save the stock This results in reduced inventory holding cost and ultimately lower the bid ask spread.
PENDAMPINGAN EKSTRAKURIKULER MENJAHIT UNTUK MENINGKATKAN SOFT SKILL DAN KESIAPAN BERWIRAUSAHA SISWA MADRASAH ALIYAH (MA) SUNAN AMPEL KERATON PASURUAN Suchaina, Suchaina; Kartika, Dwi; Ayunin, Khurotul; Fitriyah, Fitriyah
Transformasi: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat Vol 15 No 2 (2019): Transformasi Desember
Publisher : LP2M Universitas Islam Negeri Mataram

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (198.478 KB) | DOI: 10.20414/transformasi.v15i2.1722

Abstract

[Bahasa]: Kegiatan pengabdian masyarakat ini adalah bagian dari program kegiatan tim KKN STKIP STIT PGRI Pasuruan yang didampingi oleh Dosen Pembimbing Lapangan (DPL) di MA Sunan Ampel Keraton Pasuruan. Kegiatan pendampingan ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan soft skill menjahit dan memberi bekal kesiapan bagi siswa untuk berwirausaha siswa melalui pengembangan ekstrakurikuler menjahit. Metode yang digunakan terdiri dari tiga tahap yaitu: (1) tahap persiapan berupa observasi untuk mengidentifikasi apa saja yang dibutuhkan untuk kegiatan ekstrakurikuler menjahit, (2) tahap pelaksanaan kegiatan pendampingan ekstrakurikuler menjahit bersama siswa yang terpilih melalui seleksi, (3) tahap evaluasi kegiatan pendampingan. Hasil yang diperoleh dari kegiatan pendampingan ini adalah: (1) meningkatnya kemampuan memahami teknik mengayuh mesin jahit, (2) siswa dapat menjahit dengan rapi, (3) meningkatnya kemampuan memotong bahan jahitan sesuai dengan model, dan (4) meningkatnya kemampuan menjahit kain yang dikombinasi. Akan tetapi program ini belum dapat mengembangkan kesiapan berwirausaha siswa. Kesimpulan dari pelaksanaan kegiatan ini adalah program pendampingan ekatrakurikuler mampu meningkatkan life skill siswa meskipun belum bisa mengembangkan kesiapan berwirausaha siswa. Kata Kunci: ekstrakurikuler; menjahit; life skill; wirausaha [English]: This community service program is a part of KKN STKIP ? STIT PGRI Pasuruan programs supported by supervising lecturer at MA Sunan Ampel Keraton Pasuruan. It was aimed to improve students' soft skills and prepare them to have entrepreneurship skills through sewing extracurricular. The method used in this program were: (1) preparation step through observation to identify extracurricular needs, (2) the implementation step with selected students through selection process, (3) evaluation of the program. The results showed that (1) understanding of the techniques of operating sewing machine was improved, (2) students were able to sew tidily, (3) students? ability to cut the cloth based on the model was increased, (4) students? ability to sew combined cloth was improved. However, this program could not yet develop students? readiness in entrepreneurship. In conclusion, this program improved students' skills but has not prepared the students for entrepreneurship practices. Keywords: extracurricular; sewing; life skill; entrepreneurship
POLITIK DINASTI PADA KANDIDASI PEREMPUAN DALAM PILKADA SERENTAK 2015 DI JAWA TENGAH Fitriyah, Fitriyah
JURNAL ILMU SOSIAL Volume 17, Issue 1, Year 2018
Publisher : Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (808.69 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jis.17.1.2018.39-52

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The Fact that candidacy of women in simultaneously local head election (pilkada serentak) 2015 at Central Java more give opportunities for the wife or daughter of the head/former head of region, indicating women's candidacy opportunities are limited to elites (political dynasty) and therefore exclusive, is contradict with norm of democracy which is inclusive. The studies aim to analyze practice of political dynasty in women candidacy in concurrently local election 2015 at Central Java, previous studies are see it as negative for democracy. This Study also to make recommendation on this pattern of nomination. This study uses literature study .The data sources are literatures , documents and the news media that relevant, both published or no published . The Information that were collected then recorded , processed and analyzed. The study result shows that the nomination women as candidate based kinship no inevitable faced on internal and external barriers of women in politics. Strategy of political dynasty for women can be read as affirmation policy which are not provided by regulation pilkada . However, this study recommend a more inclusive (open) competition within pilkada through decline threshold limit candidation for party that nominee women as candidate in pilkada.