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Articles

EFFECT OF GLUCOSE ON THE RESPONSE PAIN BABY IN PUSKESMAS GAMPING II SLEMAN YOGYAKARTA Ghofur, Abdul; Mardalena, Ida
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL & INTERNASIONAL 2014: PROSIDING KONFERENSI NASIONAL PPNI JAWA TENGAH
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang

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Background. Evidence suggests that infants feel pain, and painful experiences may lead to subsequent increased pain sensitivity. Owing to concerns regarding the potential adverse effects of pharmacological interventions in newborns, effective alternatives for pain control are being sought. Pain response in infants perpapar painful invasive procedures become an important issue and needs to be given a way out, so that did not hamper the future growth and development. Efforts non-pharmacological form of glucose is a supplement that can reduce the pain response in infants. Glucose is also easy to get in the domestic order in Indonesia.This study aims to determine the effect of glucose on pain response in infants who performed immunization injection Methods.  This research method is quasi elsperiment by design "post test with equivalent groups design". While the sample in this study amounted to 64 babies which consisted of 24 infants as the treatment group, 24 infants as the control group (placeboI) and 24 infants as non-treatment group (ASI). Results. Glucose at the time of immunization injections in infants does not significantly reduce the pain response in the form of old crying in infants, with a mean value of 34.60 with a standard deviation of 57 465 and F value of 0.743. Glucose does not significantly reduce the pain response in infants immunized with injections an average value of 23.99, a standard deviation of 9329 while the value of Chi - Square significantly reduces the pain response to the pulse of infants with an average of 21.74 where the standard deviation of 13.314, with a value of Chi -   Conclusion.  The smallest pulse changes occurred  in  the breast milk, compared  with  other  groups.  This gives  the conclusion  that  breastfeeding  is a non- pharmacological analgesic that is effective in providing short-term effects on the infant imunization.
PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN PROSES UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN MENULIS PUISI KELAS III SDN 34 PONTIANAK KOTA Ghofur, Abdul; Halidjah, Siti; kresnadi, Hery
Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Februari (2018)
Publisher : Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran Khatulistiwa

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AbstractThis research aims to improve writing poetry skills applying process approach. The research procedure consists of planning, action, observation, and reflection. The subjects of the research were teachers and students of grade III D, which amounted to 31 consisting of 14 males and 17 females. Techniques of collecting data in the form of observation, documentation and questionnaire. Data analysis techniques by qualitative descriptive analysis used to analyze the data in the form of descriptions accompanied by simple calculations, and the presentation of data averages and percentages are then changed in the form of tables and graphs. The results showed that cycle I, the average score of 70.32 students increased in cycle II to 77.24 and increased in cycle III to 83.87 and then increased to 85.83 in the IV cycle with an increase of 14.51. Classical completeness in cycle I is 54,84% increase in cycle II become 70,42% increase in cycle III become 96,77% and become 100% in cycle IV with very high increase that is 45,16%. Based on the questionnaire obtained a total of 481 with a percentage of 87.81% (the category "agree" close to "strongly agree"). Thus it can be concluded that the application of process approach can improve the skill of writing poetry of grade III student on Public Elementary School 34 Pontianak City.Keywords: Process Approach, Writing Skills, Poetry
RESPON PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL KEDELAI AKIBAT PEMBERIAN KOMPOS ECENG GONDOK PADA TANAH PODSOLIK MERAH KUNING GHOFUR, ABDUL; ASTINA, ASTINA; HADIJAH, SITI
Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian Vol 7, No 1 (2018): Februari 2018
Publisher : Jurnal Sains Mahasiswa Pertanian

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan dosis terbaik kompos eceng gondok untuk pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman kedelai di tanah podsolik merah kuning (PMK). Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) yang terdiri dari 1 faktor yaitu perlakuan pemberian kompos eceng gondok terdiri dari 5 perlakuan yaitu: a1  (3 % bahan organik setara dengan 195 gram/polybag kompos eceng gondok), a2 (6 % bahan organik setara dengan 628 gram/polybag kompos eceng gondok), a3 (9 % bahan organik setara dengan 1061 gram/polybagkompos eceng gondok) a4 (12 % bahan organik setara dengan 1494 gram/polybag kompos eceng gondok), a5 (15 % bahan organik setara dengan 1927 gram/polybag kompos eceng gondok). Setiap perlakuan terdiri dari 5 ulangan dan setiap ulangan terdiri dari 4 tanaman sampel. Penelitian dilakukan di kebun  percobaan Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Tanjungpura Pontianak. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian kompos eceng gondok meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman kedelai di tanah PMK. Pemberian kompos eceng gondok 1927 gram/polybag atau setara dengan 15 % bahan organik efektif meningkatkan pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman kedelai di tanah PMK yang menghasilkan rata-rata tertinggi untuk variabel pengamatan tinggi tanaman minggu ke 3,4,5, volume akar, berat kering tanaman, dan berat biji pertanaman. Kata kunci : tanah PMK , kedelai, kompos eceng gondok.RESPON PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL KEDELAI  AKIBAT PEMBERIAN KOMPOS  ECENG GONDOK PADA TANAH PODSOLIK MERAH KUNING
PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN IPA TERPADU BERBASIS SALINGTEMAS DAN INKUIRI TERBIMBING UNTUK MEMBENTUK PEMAHAMAN TERINTEGRASI PESERTA DIDIK SMP Khusnah, Laila; Ibrohim, Ibrohim; Ghofur, Abdul
Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Vol 3, No 4: Desember 2015
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Negeri Malang (UM)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17977/jps.v3i4.8125

Abstract

Abstract: This research aims at (1) producing the science instructional materials for SMP based on salingtemas and guided inquiry to build the integrated understanding; (2) discovering the validity and reliability levels of the instructional materials, namely Syllabus, Lesson Plans (RPP), Assessment Instruments, and Students? Worksheet (LKPD). This research used development research design 4D model suggested by Thiagarajan and limited only to the development level. The developed instructional materials are validated by the expert of instructional materials, the expert in the subject, the science teacher, then, the learning device tested on eight graders of SMPN 2 Jember to discover the readability of LKPD. The validation test result from all validators showed that the science instructional materials based on the salingtemas and guided inquiry have categorized as valid. The readability evaluative result showed that the LKPD can be used in learning process, and the totality the science instructional materials based on salingtemas and guided inquiry effectively used on learning process.Key Words: instructional materials, integrated understanding, salingtemas, guided inquiryAbstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan perangkat pembelajaran IPA di SMP berbasis salingtemas dan inkuiri terbimbing untuk membentuk pemahaman terintegrasi dan mengetahui tingkat validitas dan kelayakan produk perangkat pembelajaran yang berupa silabus, Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran (RPP), instrumen penilaian, dan Lembar Kerja Peserta Didik (LKPD). Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian pengembangan model 4D dari Thiagarajan, yang dibatasi hanya sampai pada tahap develop. Perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan divalidasi oleh ahli perangkat pembelajaran, ahli materi dan guru IPA, kemudian diujicobakan pada peserta didik kelas VIII SMPN 2 Jember untuk mengetahui aspek keterbacaan LKPD. Hasil validasi dari seluruh validator menunjukkan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran IPA berbasis salingtemas dan inkuiri terbimbing memiliki kategori layak/valid. Hasil penilaian keterbacaan menunjukkan bahwa LKPD dapat digunakan dalam pembelajaran dan perangkat pembelajaran IPA berbasis salingtemas dan inkuiri terbimbing efektif dapat digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran.Kata kunci: perangkat pembelajaran, pemahaman terintegrasi, salingtemas, inkuiri terbimbing
SINTESIS CETANE IMROVER DARI BIODIESEL MINYAK JARAK PAGAR DAN PENGUJIANNYA PADA MESIN DIESEL Abdullah, Abdullah; Junaidi, Ahmad Budi; Ghofur, Abdul; Wicakso, Doni Rahmat
Jurnal Sains dan Terapan Kimia Vol 6, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Jurnal Sains dan Terapan Kimia

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Telah dilakukan sintesis cetane improver berbahan baku biodiesel yang berasal dari minyak Jarak pagar. Sintesis dilakukan dengan cara nitrasi biodiesel menggunakan campuran pereaksi asam nitrat dan asam sulfat. Proses nitrasi dilakukan selama 4 jam pada temperatur 10-20 oC. Produk hasil nitrasi dikarakterisasi gugus fungsi, flash point dan angka setana. Selanjutnya aditif hasil nitrasi juga dikarakterisasi menggunakan mesin diesel satu silinder untuk menentukan efisiensi termal, BSFC (Brake Spesific Fuel Consumtion), dan nilai smoke.Berdasarkan hasil analisis dengan FTIR diketahui bahwa produk hasil nitrasi mengandung gugus nitro dan nitrat. Selanjutnya berdasarkan hasil pengujian pada mesin diesel secara umum dapat disimpulkan bahwa pada putaran 1200 rpm unjuk kerja mesin (efisiensi termal, BSFC, dan nilai smoke) dari formulasi S0,25% s/d S1,25% tidak lebih baik dibandingkan dengan Solar. Hal ini terjadi pada hampir semua variasi waktu injeksi. Sedangkan pada kecepatan putaran 2200 rpm unjuk kerja formulasi S0,25% s/d S1,25% relatif lebih baik jika dibandingkan dengan solar saja, terutama pada penggunaan aditif dengan konsentrasi sebesar 0,50% (v/v). Penambahan aditif sebanyak 0,10 % dan 0,50% (v/v) tidak merubah nilai flash point, sementara pada nilai angka setana terjadi peningkatan dari 46,3 menjadi 47,1 dan 48,5. Melalui uji aditif secara road test dapat diketahui bahwa penambahan aditif pada bahan bakar solar mampu memberikan penghematan pada penggunaan minyak Solar sebesar 10,4%.Kata kunci : cetane improver, minyak jarak pagar, aditif, minyak diesel
PRODUKTIVITAS TANAMAN RAMBUTAN (NEPHELIUM LAPPACEUM L.) LAHAN PEKARANGAN KABUPATEN BANGKALAN Arsyadmunir, Ahmad; Ghofur, Abdul
Agrovigor Vol 12, No 1 (2019): Maret
Publisher : University of Trunojoyo Madura

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21107/agrovigor.v12i1.5209

Abstract

Pekarangan  merupakan tanah yang terletak di sekitar rumah. dengan batas pemilikan yang jelas potensial untuk produksi pertanian. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pemanfaatan dan pola tanam lahan pekarangan serta  mengetahui hasil produksi tanaman rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.) di Kecamatan Socah Kabupaten Bangkalan. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan Januari sampai bulan Juli 2018. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada 3 (tiga) desa di kecamatan Socah kabupaten Bangkalan. Lokasi penelitian ditentukan dengan metode purposive sampling yaitu berdasarkan lahan pekarangan yang ditanami tanaman rambutan. Penentuan informan atau narasumber menggunakan  teknik snowball sampling. Data yang diperoleh kemudian dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif. Masyarakat di Kecamatan Socah  memanfaatkan lahan pekarangannya dengan ditanami beberapa tanaman buah tahunan. Sistem pola tanam yang dilakukan adalah secara tumpang sari antara tanaman rambutan, mangga, salak, sawo, dengan jarak tanam  rata-rata 6 m antar tanaman. Rata-rata produktivitas tanaman rambutan pada lahan pekarangan di Kecamatan Socah tertinggi secara berurutan yaitu desa Jaddih = 29.97 (kw/ph), desa Keleyan = 26.45 (kw/ph), dan desa Bilaporah = 22.86 (kw/ph).  Kata Kunci: pekarangan, pemanfaatan lahan pekarangan, produktivitas rambutan.
KARAKTERISASI FLY ASH BATUBARA SEBAGAI BAHAN KATALITIK KONVERTER DALAM MEREDUKSI GAS BUANG HC DAN CO KENDARAAN BERMOTOR Ghofur, Abdul; Atikah, Atikah; Soemarno, Soemarno; Hadi, Abdul
Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi Fakultas Teknik Vol 1, No 1 (2014): PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL SAINS DAN TEKNOLOGI 5 2014
Publisher : Prosiding Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Teknologi Fakultas Teknik

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Abu terbang batubara (Fly Ash) merupakan limbah indutri dari PLTU yang pada umumnya dibuang di landfill atau ditumpuk begitu saja di dalam area industri. Penumpukkan abu terbang batubara akan menimbulkan masalah bagi lingkungan karena menghasilkan limbah bahan bahan berbahaya dan beracun (B3). Untuk itu diperlukan suatu upaya pemanfaatan limbah abu terbang ini agar mampu meningkatkan nilai ekonomisnya serta mengurangi dampak buruknya terhadap lingkungan. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui karateristik abu terbang sebagai bahan katalitik konverter dalam rangka mereduksi gas buang. Sedangkan metode yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini adalah dengan mengaktivasi fly ash dengan menggunakan H2SO4 dengan beberapa variasi konsentrasi yatu  mulai 7 M, 8 M dan 9 M. Dari hasil percobaan IR terjadi pergeseran bilangan gelombang yaitu bilangan gelombang 455.17 cm-1 bergeser 459.03 cm-1, hal ini menunjukkan konsentrasi H2SO4 dapat menghilangkan zat pengotor pada pori abu layang. Dari beberapa variasi konsentrasi H2SO4 juga menunjukan konsentrasi sebesar 9 M adalah paling potensial untuk digunakan sebagai bahan katalitik konverter, hak ini dikarena ada kandungan unsur TiO dan meningkat 2,49%, meskipun relatif kecil dengan unsur ini diharapkan fly ash batubara mampu menjadi bahan katalitik konverter yang dapat mereduksi emisi gas buang. Key words: Emisi Gas buang HC, Fly ash dan CO Katalitik konverter
EFEKTIFITAS PEMBELAJARAN DENGAN PENDEKATAN KONTEKSTUALvDAN PENDEKATAN PEMECAHAN MASALAH DITINJAU DARI GAYA BELAJAR PADA SISWA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA DI KABUPATEN BOJONEGORO Ghofur, Abdul; Kusmayadi, Tri Atmojo; Suyono, Suyono
Jurnal Pembelajaran Matematika Vol 1, No 3 (2013): Pembelajaran Matematika
Publisher : Jurnal Pembelajaran Matematika

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Abstract: The objective in the research is to find out: (1) the learning approach giving better learning achievement, whether learning with contextual approach with problem solving approach or with direct learning; (2) the student learning style providing better learning achievement, whether visual, auditory, or kinesthetic learning styles; (3) in each learning approach, who having learning achievement better, the students with visual, auditory or kinesthetic learning style; and (4) in each learning style, which one providing better learning achievement, the learning with contextual approach with problem solving approach or with direct learning. The population of research was all IX (ninth) graders of Junior High School in Bojonegoro Regency consisting of 55 school. The sample was taken using stratified cluster random sampling. The sample of research consisted 305 students divided into experiment I, experiment II, and control groups.The conclusion of research was: (1) the learning with contextual approach giving better mathematics learning achievement than the problem solving approach and direct learning. (2) The students with visual learning style had learning achievement better than those with auditory one. But, there was no difference of learning achievement between the students with visual and those with kinesthetic learning style and there was no difference of learning achievement between the students with auditory and those with kinesthetic learning style. (3) In learning with contextual approach, all learning styles had the same learning achievement, while in the learning with problem solving approach, the students with visual learning styles had different learning achievement, the students with visual learning style had the same learning achievment with the students with kinestetic learning styleand the students with auditory learning style had the same learning achievment with the students with kinestetic learning style. Indirect learning, there was no difference of learning achievement between the students with visual, auditory and kinesthetic learning styles. (4) In the students with visual,auditory and kinesthetic learning style, there was no difference of learning achievement between the students with contextual approach,problem solving approach and direct learning.Keywords: contextual, problem solving, learning style.
IMPLEMENTASI MAQASHID SYARIAH DALAM SIDANG ITSBAT HILAL PENENTUAN AWAL RAMADHAN Ismail, I; Ghofur, Abdul
International Journal Ihya' 'Ulum al-Din Vol 21, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri (UIN) Walisongo Semarang, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21580/ihya.21.1.4163

Abstract

The trial of the initial determination of Ramadhan, Shawwal and Zulhijjah is often a criticism for those who say the initial determination of Ramadhan is in line with the reckoning system, it does not need a congregation hearing that consumes state money, leave it to the community to join the organization it believes. This paper explains the position of the congregation of itsbat to determine the beginning of Ramadan in the perspective of maqashid sharia. By analyzing the practice of the congregation trial and the prevailing rules in Indonesia, it can be concluded that the practice of the trial of the congregation has been classified as perfect for the initial determination of the month of Ramadan. In maqashid syariah, the trial of the initial determination of Ramadhan is included in the category of dharuriyyat in particular and hajiyat in general. The congregation is needed by the Muslim community of Indonesia, considering that to increase the value of benefit and reject the harm which is the core of maqashid sharia is in the trial of itsbat. Therefore, adhering to the congregation of itsbat is to maintain benefit while rejecting harm.
Pemetaan Problem Relasi Antar Umat Beragama di Kecamatan Rimba Melintang Kab. Rokan Hilir Ghofur, Abdul
TOLERANSI Vol 5, No 2 (2013): Juli - Desember 2013
Publisher : Lembaga penelitian dan pengabdian kepada masyrakat

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The Harmony among religious believers is an important pillar for the realization of the harmony of the nation. Religious harmony is not static, but is dynamic as the dynamics in the religious life. Religious harmony fluctuations due to various factors, whether political, economic, social and cultural. Factors of non-religious often have broad impact, sometimes affecting religious factors, such as religious broadcasting, the establishment of houses of worship, religious splinter, inter-religious marriages, religious education, celebration of religious holidays, and others. This article tries to examine the problem of mapping relations between religious communities in the subdistrict Rimba Rokan Hilir.