Articles

KONTAMINASI BAKTERI PADA SEMUT MONOMORIUM SP. (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE) YANG DITEMUKAN DI RUANG RAWAT INAP KELAS III RUMAH SAKIT “X” KABUPATEN KENDAL Lestari, Dwi Nikmah; Ginandjar, Praba; Hestiningsih, Retno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Ants are one of the insects that are opportunist or adaptable  in various places, including hospitals. Ants that are famous as pest in hospital is Monomorium sp. In the United Kingdom it has been reported that the main problem caused by these ants are skin irritation and skin lesions that develop into infections, because of the presence of microorganisms carried by these ants. The purpose of this research is to determine the types of bacteria carried by Monomorium sp. in the  “X” Hospital of Kendal district. Sampling is done by trapping with bait trap which was carried out in class III inpatient room at X Hospital of Kendal district. Identification of ants using the Key to Vietnamese literature Myrmicinae Genera and Key to Australian Genera of Myrmicinae. Three positive rooms were found in Monomorium sp. there are inpatient room of pediatric patients (30.8%), inpatient room of postpartum patients (46.1%) and inpatient room of patients in internal medicine 1 (23.1%). The bacteria found in Monomorium sp. were Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus sp. and Bacillus sp. An integrated ants control in hospital and socialization to patients, visitors or officers about the importance of preventing contact between body, food and drink with ants in the hospital is required to minimize their potential as vector of agent of diseases, especially bacteria. 
PENGARUH PENDIDIKAN KESEHATAN PADA SISWA DAN PETUGAS KEBERSIHAN TERHADAP KEPADATAN JENTIK DI SEKOLAH DASAR WILAYAH KECAMATAN TEMBALANG Adawiyah, Ayun Robi'atul; Martini, Martini; Hestiningsih, Retno; Ginandjar, Praba
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Dengue hemorrhagic fever is an infectious disease which becomes one of the most important public health problems in Indonesia. IR DBD Semarang in 2015 was 98.61 per 100,000 population. School is a potential place in the spread and transmission of dengue disease. The objective of this study is to analyze the effect of health education on students and janitors. This research is a quasi-experimental design with pretest-posttest control group design. The samples studied there were 6 primary schools, 3 samples the experimental group and 3 samples the control group. Data were analyzed using t test independent sample and Mann Whitney. The results showed that there is significant differences knowledge of students between control group and experimentation (p = <0.001). So also with the attitude of students that there are significant differences between the experimental and control groups, p = 0.013. On knowledge, attitude and practice of janitors there is no significant difference between the control group and the experimentation, the views of p = 0.184 and 0.317. The density of larvae, there is significant difference Container Index (CI) between control group and experimentation (p = 0,015). House Index (HI) has decreased, but above the standard (> 5%) and Larvae Free Index (ABJ) has increased, but still below the standard (<95%). The conclusion of this research, there is the effect of health education on the knowledge and attitude of students, Container Index (CI) but there isn’t effect on the knowledge, attitude and practice of primary school's janitors..
Gambaran Pengobatan Massal Filariasis ( Studi Di Desa Sababilah Kabupaten Barito Selatan Kalimantan Tengah ) Dewi, Supatmi; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Adi, M. Sakundarno; Ginandjar, Praba
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Filariasis Elimination program through MDA (Mass Drug Administration) filariasis is a major national priority in all filariasis endemic area. Sababilah is the spot check site which started MDA in 2008. In 2014, Transmission Assessment Survey showed Mf rate Sababilah village of 1,7%. As a result, MDA failed and Sababilah village must add MDA filariasis 2 years which is the last round has been done in 2016. This study aimed to describe the filariasis mass treatment of endemic areas in Sababilah village. The research was descriptive with cross sectional approach. The data were collected using structured questionnaires as an instrument,observations, and Transmission Assessment Survey. Total sample of 107 respondents obtained by using cluster random sampling method as sampling technique.the data was analyzed using univariate frequency distribution table with narration. The result showed that 100% amicrofilaria,0% mf rate filariasis with non endemic area category, 78,5% respondent with good knowledge about filariasis,96% medicine practice, 99,1% respondent who received support from Ministrant personel of elimination, Further, required refresher and filariasis training for Minister Personel of Elimination, monitoring of patient in the period of selective treatment, Transmission Assessment Survey as follow up and improve the administration and data report of MDA filariasis.
Gambaran Faktor-Faktor Kepatuhan Minum Obat dalam Pelaksanaan POPM Filariasis di Kabupaten Semarang (Studi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Gedangan Kecamatan Tuntang) Layli, Fania Maulida; Adi, Mateus Sakundarno; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Ginandjar, Praba
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 8, No 2 (2020): MARET
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Gedangan’s Health Center is one of the health centers in the Semarang Regency, which in the implementation of the MDA filariasis didn’t reach the coverage filariasis prevention drugs intake from the target population with 83.6% and 83.8%. To increase the coverage required community compliance in taking that drugs, therefore the study aimed to describe the factors of compliance in implementing MDA filariasis in the working area of the Gedangan’s Health Center. This was a rapid survey with a cross-sectional approach, with a study population of 21.380 people. The first stage selecting 30 clusters with PPS (Proportion Population Size) and then selecting 7 subjects from each cluster with simple random sampling. The sample size in this study was 210 people. The result showed 69.5% of respondents complied prevention drugs of filariasis. The proportion of compliant respondents is greater in the age group 26-45 years (74.7%), female (72.1%), low education level (84.6%), employed (84,6%), good level of filariasis knowledge ( 73.3%), good level of MDA knowledge (79%), receiving filariasis cadres support (88.2%), receiving social support (92.1%), and haven’t experience any side effects (84.6%). In conclusion, the age group 26-45 years old, female, low education level, employed, good level of filariasis and MDA knowledge, receiving filariasis cadres support, receiving social support and haven’t experience any side effect, more compliant of taking preventive drugs of filariasis. Although in this study, the filariasis cadres support was less than optimal.
GAMBARAN USIA MENARCHE DINI DI PADA ANAK SEKOLAH DASAR DI DAERAH URBAN Sari, Ratna Puspita; Udiyono, Ari; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Ginandjar, Praba
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (133.322 KB)

Abstract

Menarche is the first mentrual period by a woman. There a decline in the secular trend of age of menarche in girls The aim of this study was to describe the prevalence of early in private elementary schools students in urban areas. The population of this study were all students in grade IV, V, and VI of elementary schools in Semarang Selatan. 100 samples were chosen by using simple random sampling method. The results showed that the prevalence of early menarche was 20%. Early menarche was mostly found on children with obesity, overweight, and good nutrial status. Early menarche was also mostly found on children with high socioeconomic, had been exposed by audio visual media, less physical activity and high body fat percentage. Parents suggested to watch the uses of the mass media and gadgets in their children.
FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN FILARIASIS DI KECAMATAN TIRTO KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN Yudhianto, Kristian; Saraswati, Lintang Dian; Ginandjar, Praba
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): JULI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (114.547 KB)

Abstract

Lymphatic filariasis is a public health problem in the District of Tirto, Pekalongan Regency with 18 filariasis clinical cases in 2015 and still poddible transmission. Risk factors need to know as a basis for determining the preventive efforts. The purpose of this study to identify risk factors for incicidence of filariasis in the District of Tirto, Pekalongan Regency. Research using a cross sectional study design. Groups of positive filariasis are all positive population filariasis detected based on ICT examination results while the negative filariasis group are all negative filariasis based on ICT examination in 2015. The instrument was a questionnaire and the observation sheet. Data analysis using Chi Square. Result showed that the variables proved to be a risk factor is the prevention knowledge of filariasis OR 0,202 (95%CI 0,065-0,627), the filariasis prevention attitude OR 0,209 (95%CI 0,065-0,675), the habit of using mosquito net OR 0,271 (95%CI 0,088-0,839) and habit of hanging clothes OR 6,308 (95%CI 1,974-20,155). While the variable that is not a risk factor is sex, age, education, occupation, body mass index, resident status, wire netting, presenced of bushes, exsistenced puddles and conditions ofa waste water sewer. Thus prevention of filariasis that could be done in the District of Tirto, Pekalongan Regency is to give information about the behavior at risk factor of filariasis occurrence, especiallu about the use of mosquito net and hanging clothes.
Description of Knowledge, Attitude, and Delays in Seeking Treatment of Leprosy in Tuban, 2018 Fajriahadun Ni'mah, Zulfah Fitria; Ginandjar, Praba; Kusariana, Nissa; Hestiningsih, Retno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 8, No 1 (2020): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (178.901 KB)

Abstract

The high proportion of Multibaciller cases and the finding of defects in leprosy cases in Tuban caused the low awareness of sufferers in seeking treatment as early as possible after finding out. The purpose of this study is to describe the knowledge, attitudes, and delays in seeking treatment for lepers in Tuban on 2018. This research is a descriptive study with cross sectional study design. The population of this study is leprosy patients registered in the leprosy cohort data of the Health Office on Tuban Regency who are still doing leprosy treatment until 2018. The sampling technique uses proportional random sampling, so there were 112 lepers to be sampled. The variables that be studied were the level of knowledge, attitudes, and delay in seeking treatment. These variables can be measured using a questionnaire and observasion of leprosy cards. Based on research results that more than half of lepers have good knowledge (60.7%), and good attitude (67.9%), but there are still many patients who delayed in seeking treatment is 63.4%. It can be concluded that most of the lepers have good knowledge and attitude, but there are still many lepers have delays in seeking treatment.
Correlation of zinc plasma and IgM anti-PGL-1 levels among close contact of leprosy Rahfiludin, Mohammad Z.; Ginandjar, Praba; Pangestuti, Dina R.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 21, No 3 (2012): August
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (375.658 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v21i3.500

Abstract

Background: Previous study showed leprosy patients have low zinc status. Yet the status of zinc in close-contact, which indicated by IgM anti-PGL1 level, have not determined. The aim of the study was to determine the association of zinc plasma and IgM anti-PGL-1 levels among close contact of leprosy patients in Indonesia.Methods: This was an observational study. Subjects were 186 close-contact leprosy patients. Measurement of zinc plasma status used atomic absorption spectrophotometer while examination of IgM anti-PGL1 level used ELISA (Polyclonal rabbit anti human IgM/HRP/(Dako®).Results: The average level of IgM anti-PGL1 and zinc plasma were 804 unit/mL (± 439.4) and 16.6 μmol/L (± 3.5) consecutively. There was significant correlation between zinc plasma and IgM anti-PGL1 (r = - 0.230; p = 0.002).Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between zinc plasma and IgM anti-PGL1 in close contact of leprosy (Med J Indones. 2012;21:166-9)Keywords: IgM anti PGL-1, close contact of leprosy, zinc plasma
GAMBARAN PERILAKU SELF CARE MANAGEMENT PADA PENDERITA DIABETES MELITUS TIPE 2 (Studi di Wilayah Kerja Puskesmas Rowosari Kota Semaran Tahun 2018) Istiyawanti, Hari; Udiyono, Ari; Ginandjar, Praba; Adi, M. Sakundarno
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): JANUARI
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (202.049 KB)

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus (DM) type 2 is a chronic disease characterized by an increase in glucose in the blood and can cause various complications. Complications of type 2 diabetes can be minimized through management efforts called diabetes self-care management. The purpose of this study was to describe the behavior of self-care management of diabetes in type 2 DM patients. This type of research was observational analytic research with a cross sectional research design. The results of this study indicate the average score of self-care management of respondents in this study was 52.13 with a range of scores from 0 to 119. On average respondents made dietary arrangements of 3.1 days in the last seven days. The average respondent did 3.5 days of physical exercise in the last seven days. The average respondent carries out 2.0 days of foot care in the last seven days. The average respondent did 5.3 days of treatment in the last seven days. The average respondent monitors blood glucose levels as much as 1.2 days in the last seven days. Based on the results of these studies indicate that the behavior of self care management in patients with type 2 DM has not been done optimally. Patients with type 2 DM are advised to apply diabetes self care management behavior routinely in their daily lives. Diabetes self-care management behavior that is routinely carried out can control the patient's blood glucose levels so that it can minimize the risk of complications due to type 2 diabetes.
Identifikasi Cacing dan Protozoa Usus pada Tubuh Lalat Ginandjar, Praba; Majawati, Ester Sri
Jurnal Kedokteran Meditek vol. 13 no. 34 Mei-Agustus 2005
Publisher : Jurnal Kedokteran Meditek

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract