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ANOMALI HETERODOKSA DALAM PRAKTIK KOMUNIKASI KELOMPOK MANTONGAN PADA PRODUKSI GARAM RAKYAT DI SURABAYA Rosyidi, Moch Imron; Guntoro, Budi; Raya, Alia Bihrajihant; Rasyid, Erwin
Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan Vol. 18 No. 01 (2020): Februari 2020
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (584.399 KB) | DOI: 10.46937/18202028689

Abstract

Produksi garam rakyat di Surabaya mengandalkan Mantongan buruh produksi garam asal madura sebagai ujung tombak produksi. Hal tersebut dikarenakan masyarakat asli Surabaya sudah tidak mau bekerja di sektor Agrokompleks (Pertanian, Perikanan dan kelautan, Peternakan). Dalam praktiknya terdapat sebuah relasi sosial antara Mantongan dengan juragannya hingga membentuk struktur sosial. Pierre Bourdieu berpendapat bahwa selalu terdapat Doksa untuk memperkuat kedudukan dalam struktur sosial. Doksa tersebut akan hilang jika muncul suatu Heterodoksa dalam suatu struktur masyarakat, dengan sayarat struktur tersebut melemah. Dalam relasi komunikasi produksi garam rakyat tersebut perlu dilihat sebuah interaksi dari agen yang didominasi dan mendominasi. Maka dari itu penelitian ini ingin menganalisis bagaimana heterodoksa dan doksa beroperasi dalam habitus relasi komunikasi antara Mantongan dengan Juragannya. Metode penelitian ini adalah Critical Aproach Qualitative dengan informan Mantongan dan Juragannya. Landasan teori yang akan digunakan adalah Paraktik Sosial Pierre Bourdieu dimulai dari bagaimana habitus bisa terbentuk, kemudian penjelasan mengenai heterodoksa dan ortodoksa dan doksa dalam praktik komunikasi kelompok. Hasil dari penelitian menunjukkan bahwa berkebalikan dengan konsep Bourdieu tentang Heterodoksa, hanya akan dapat tercapai ketika kondisi struktur sosial melemah. Dalam komunikasi pada arena produksi garam ini, justru mantongan melakukan perlawanan dalam tekanan juragannya. Konsep doksa dan ortodoksa disini tidak berlaku lagi ketika mantongan sudah dalam titik nadir. Hasil tersebut menjadi sebuah anomali dalam sebuah praktik sosial menurut Pierre Bourdieu.
Dinamika Kelompok Peternak Sapi Potong Binaan Universitas Gadjah Mada di Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta Andarwati, Siti; Guntoro, Budi; Haryadi, F. Trisakti; Sulastri, Endang
Sains Peternakan: Jurnal Penelitian Ilmu Peternakan Vol 10, No 1 (2012): Sains Peternakan
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret (UNS)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/sainspet.10.1.39-46

Abstract

This study aimed to analyze the dynamics of cattle farmer groups assisted by Universitas Gadjah Mada (Faculty of Animal Science) in Yogyakarta Province. The total number of respondents were 77 farmers of cattle farmer groups. The tool used was a questionnaire that has proven validity and reliability. This study was conducted by survey method through the stages of preparation and execution. In the preparation phase carried out the determination of groups and cattle farmer samples using pusposive random sampling. The results showed that the dynamics of cattle farmer groups assisted by Universitas Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta Province included in the high category. The highest group dynamics was Ngudi Barokah Group in Kulonprogo (equal to 82.48%), followed by the Sido Kumpul Group in Bantul (81.92%), then Bayu Andini Group in Sleman (77.22%), and Lembu Lestari Group in Gunungkidul (73.02%). Constituent elements of the group dynamics of goals, group structure, function assignments, development, cohesiveness, atmosphere and effectiveness of the group had a high level, while the group pressure was ini medium level.
Cattle Farmers Participation in Rural Development Program in Bantul Yogyakarta Guntoro, Budi; Prasetyo, Anang Febri; Sulastri, Endang
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 18, No 3 (2016): September 2016
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (624.372 KB) | DOI: 10.20884/1.anprod.2016.18.3.537

Abstract

The purpose of this study to determine the level of participation, identify the factors that influence the participation of farmers and to analysis the effect of participation in the Scholars develop village or Sarjana Membangun Desa (SMD) program. The research was conducted on a group of beef cattle in the SMD program Bantul Yogyakarta Province. Primary data were collected by survey method using questionnaire interviews on 8 SMD groups consisting of 42 members. Analysis of the level of participation of farmers using discriptive analysis, while to analysis factors that affect the participation of farmers and the influence of participation to the success of the program was used multiple linear regression analysis with SPSS tools for windows 16. The result analysis shows that farmers level participation in planning, 71.43% farmers had low participation; 59.52% farmers in the implementation stage had participation that was middle level. On stage of evaluation 54.76% farmers had low participation and in stage sharing benefits 50% farmers had low participation. Success of the program SMD viewed from population cattle declined from 184 head to 107 head, while the existing capital in the group also decreased from IDR 2.904.000.000 to IDR 1.182.000.000 seen from number of members group declined from 185 farmers being 114 farmers. Regression analysis showed that age, occupation, level of formal education, non-formal education, long became members of the group, farming experience, family income, number of dependents, land holdings, cosmopolitan, group motivation, the role of SMD, and the role of agency participation of farmers had not been able to explain the participation of farmers and the value of R2 value of 0.132 (13.2%). Partially no factor capable of affecting farmers participation. Further results of the regression analysis with the participation of relationship success SMD program showed no effect with R2 value of 0.01.
Farmers’ Perception to The Role of Extension Workers on Kaligesing Goat Farm Management in Kaligesing, Purworejo Guntoro, Budi; Wahyudi, Wahyudi; Sulastri, Endang
ANIMAL PRODUCTION Vol 16, No 3 (2014): September
Publisher : Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, Faculty of Animal Science, Purwokerto-Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (627.013 KB)

Abstract

Abstract. The aims of this research were to describe the characteristics of Kaligesing goat farmers; to analyze the farmers’ perceptions on the role of extension workers as conduit of information, as mentors, organizers and dynamic factor, technicians and liaisons; to discover the relationship between the farmers’ characteristics with farmers’ perceptions; and to investigate the relationship between farmers’ perceptions to goat maintenance management. The respondents were goat farmers in Kaligesing, Purworejo, Central Java Province. Data were obtained from questionnaire survey method. Determining location, the research applied combination of stratified sampling method with purposive random sampling. Total respondents were 159 farmers with nine farmer groups as samples. Analysis was subject to Spearman Rank, resulting that age, education level and farming experience were not significant to the farmers’ perceptions to the role of extension workers, but the ownership of livestock had a very significant relationship with a correlation coefficient of 0.240, group classes had also very significant relationship with a correlation coefficient of 0.414, and frequency of meeting with extension workers have a significant relationships with a correlation coefficient of 0.202. Farmers’ perceptions to the role of extension workers had very significant relationships to the maintenance management with a correlation coefficient of 0.393. Key words : farmers’ characteristics, farmers’ perceptions, Kaligesing goat, role of extension workers Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui karakteristik peternak, persepsi peternak terhadap peran penyuluh, hubungan antara karakteristik peternak dengan persepsi, dan hubungan antara persepsi peternak dengan manajemen pemeliharaan. Responden penelitian adalah peternak Kambing Kaligesing di Kecamatan Kaligesing Kabupaten Purworejo Jawa Tengah dengan metode penelitian survei kuesioner. Penentuan lokasi penelitian dengan kombinasi cara stratified sampling dan purposive random sampling. Jumlah kelompok tani sebagai sampel penelitian sebanyak sembilan kelompok dan jumlah total responden sebanyak 159 peternak. Analisis Rank Spearman digunakan untuk analisis data.  Hasil analisis menunjukkan  bahwa umur, tingkat pendidikan dan lama beternak tidak secara nyata memiliki hubungan dengan persepsi peternak terhadap peran penyuluh, sedangkan kepemilikan ternak memiliki hubungan sangat nyata (P<0,01) dengan nilai koefisien korelasi 0,240. Kelas kelompok memiliki hubungan sangat nyata (P<0,01) dengan nilai koefisien korelasi 0,414 dan frekuensi bertemu penyuluh memiliki hubungan nyata (P<0,05) dengan nilai koefisien korelasi 0,202. Persepsi peternak terhadap peran penyuluh memiliki hubungan sangat nyata (P<0,01) terhadap manajemen pemeliharaan dengan nilai koefisien korelasi 0,393Kata kunci:  karakteristik peternak, persepsi peternak, kambing Kaligesing, peran penyuluh
EVALUASI KUALITAS LAYANAN DAN KEPUASAN PENGGUNA INFORMASI E-GOVERNMENT (WEBSITE) PADA SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMEN DAERAH (SIMDA) KABUPATEN KOLAKA Zaitun, Zaitun; Setiawan Herianto, Ageng; Guntoro, Budi
KANAL: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi Vol 2, No 1 (2013): September
Publisher : Universitas Muhammadiyah Sidoarjo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21070/kanal.v2i1.273

Abstract

This research aimed to investigate the users’ satisfaction on information service e-government (website) service at Regional information management  system (SIMDA) in Kolaka Regency. The methods used were qualitative and quantitative approaches. Qualitative approach used for process information management understanding by BAPESIKOM/PDE. Meanwhile, quantitative approach used to investigate the user satisfied on information service website based on the information management  performance. The informants were interviewed in qualitative approach were 6 persons. The sample of users information service  which chosen by simple random sampling method were 40 respondents.  The result of the research shown that the information management was not qualified. It was presumed on no strategies to produce good quality of qualified information. Information service users of  Kolaka Regional Regency stated their unsatisfied on the using of information service based Website.
Relationship Between Farmer’s Characteristics with the Motivation of Goat Milking in the Girikerto Village Turi District Sleman Regency Andarwati, Siti; Haryadi, Trisakti; Guntoro, Budi; Sulastri, Endang; Putra, R. Ahmad Romadhoni Surya; Gunawan, Gunawan
Buletin Peternakan Vol 42, No 3 (2018): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 42 (3) AUGUST 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (356.783 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v42i3.32771

Abstract

This research aimed to determine the relationship between farmer characteristics including age, education level, farming experience, side income, number of dependent family member, and farmer's business scale with the motivation of goat milking in Girikerto Village, Turi District, Sleman Regency. The type of this research was quantitative explanatory, that was the type of research explaining the nature of the relationship and examining the relationship between farmer characteristics with milking motivation. The research method used a household survey of farmers with the help of questionnaires. The number of respondent’s sample used was 56 goat farmers with provisions using the Slovin formula. Sampling technique used Simple Random Sampling. Data were analyzed by Product Moment correlation. The results showed that the variables of age, farming experience, and business scale had a significant relationship with the motivation of goat milking, while the variables of education, side job and a number of dependents had no significant relationship with the motivation of milking. Farmer’s motivation to milk goats could be increased in line with increasing the age and experience of farmers. The motivation of milking goats could also be increased by increasing the number of livestock ownership, especially the ownership of lactating goats.
ELEMEN KLASTER INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN SUSU DI DAERAH ISTIMEWA YOGYAKARTA Marufah, Nur Laili; Wisnumurti, Tri Djoko; Guntoro, Budi
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 1 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (1) FEBRUARI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (721.644 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i1.6161

Abstract

This research was conducted to study the elements and value chain of milk-processing cluster industry in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. The respondent in this study consisted of cow and goats milk processing industry, dairy cooperative and related institution. The data consisted of primary data and secondary data. Primary data were collected through observation and interviews, while secondary data obtained from statistical data from Department of Industry, Trade and Cooperatives, Agricultural Service of Agriculture Department and LPPOM MUI DIY. Descriptive analysis were used in this study to analyzed the data. Respondent and locations were determined using purposive sampling methods lead to be analyse descriptively. The results showed that stakeholders involved as important elements of milkprocessing cluster industry were milk suppliers (farmer, dairy groups, and cooperative), core industry (small-medium scale processor of cow’s and goat milk), supporting industry (sugar, packaging and tools), supporting institution (bank, university, and government agencies), related industry (food chain, bakery, and coffee shop), and also buyers (retailer, distributor, end user or consumer). Their main products are pasteurized cow’s and goat milk, yoghurt of cow’s milk, and goat milk powder. The long chains to produce milk product since the raw milk have indicated some added values on economy and involvement of man powers leading to local economic development as well as of technology innovation or industry. It has been concluded that milk-processing cluster industry could be used as a locomotive for regional economics development.(Key words: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Elements, Milk-processing cluster industry, Regional economic development, Value chain)
THE PERFORMANCE OF MILK PRODUCTION, TOTAL MILK REVENUE AND REPRODUCTION INDICATORS ON DAIRY SMALLHOLDERS IN YOGYAKARTA AND EAST JAVA, INDONESIA Nurtini, Sudi; rochijan, rochijan; Guntoro, Budi; Widyobroto, Budi Prasetyo; Indratiningsih, Indratiningsih; Umami, Nafiatul
Buletin Peternakan Vol 41, No 2 (2017): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 41 (2) MEI 2017
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (581.862 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v41i2.23152

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the performance of milk production, total milk revenue and reproduction indicators of Friesian Holstein Crossbred cows maintained under smallholder’s management system of 122 cows in DIY Province and 345 cows in East Java Province, Indonesia. The study was conducted with survey method and direct observation. A total of 180 Friesian Holstein Crossbred farmers (90 farmers were in DIY and another 90 farmers were from East Java Province) was randomly selected and interviewed used structured questionnaire to assess the milk production, total milk revenue and indicators of reproduction of Friesian Holstein Crossbred cows. The result of the study showed that the average mature equivalent of milk production was 3,810.21±920.10 L/lactation in DIY and 3,717.79±818.44 L/lactation in East Java Province, and the total milk revenue was 12,401,917.87±2.48 IDR per lactation in DIY and 14,647,217.80±3.05 IDR per lactation in East Java Province; day to first mating (postpartum mating), services per conception and days open were 62.34±29.24 days, 2.60±1.32 and 88.58±34.43 days in DIY and 60.62±23.07 days, 2.46±1.26 and 88.67±28.86 days in East Java Province. Based on total milk revenue, the conclusion of this study was Friesian Holstein Crossbred cows maintained under smallholder’s management system in East Java Province better than those in Yogyakarta province (DIY). The mature equivalent of milk production and reproduction indicators of dairy cows (postpartum mating, service per conception and days open) from both provinces showed no significant differences and the value of each parameter reproduction indicators is still within the normal range.
Strategi Peningkatan Adopsi Inovasi pada Peternakan Sapi Perah Rakyat di Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, Jawa Tengah, dan Jawa Timur Mulatmi, Septi Nur Wulan; Guntoro, Budi; Widyobroto, Budi Prasetyo; Nurtini, Sudi; Pertiwiningrum, Ambar
Buletin Peternakan Vol 40, No 3 (2016): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 40 (3) OKTOBER 2016
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (645.206 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v40i3.12470

Abstract

This study was aimed to formulate strategies for increasing adoption innovation in the smallholder dairy farms. The study was conducted in May to July 2015. The research was conducted using survey method. The selection of respondents was conducted using multi-stage sampling to 270 dairy smallholder farmers in Yogyakarta Region, Central, and East Java Provinces. The method used was descriptive qualitative by using SWOT analysis (strength, weakness, opportunity and threat). The results of the research which is to optimize resources; provide a clear and continuous information about innovation; facilitate access to information by extending the dissemination of information; provide mentoring programs, counseling, and training with a demonstration of the innovation; increase the participation of dairy farmers; strengthen institutional dairy farmers; seek a tool to support innovation together; improve the quality of extension, media, and the delivery of information; and optimize government and NGO aid.
Bentuk Dan Mekanisme Pemberdayaan Oleh Asosiasi Petani Tembakau Indonesia (APTI) Guna Mendukung Ketahanan Ekonomi Petani Tembakau di Kabupaten Temanggung, Jawa Tengah Nuryanti, Nuryanti; Subejo, Subejo; Guntoro, Budi
Jurnal Ketahanan Nasional Vol 24, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22146/jkn.35916

Abstract

ABSTRACTIndonesian Tobacco Farmers Association (APTI) was an organization which was formed for facilitating tobacco farmers. This association had been conducting various efforts on farmer empowerment.This research was aimed to described the forms and mechanism of tobacco farmer’s empowerment developed by the APTI Temanggung to supported economic resilience’s farmer,This study used mixed research methods, with strategy of concurrent embedded (qualitative and quantitative method).The research results showed that there were 4 (four) programs which were successfully established and implemented by APTI Temanggung, namely (a). the empowerment program of APTI Central Java chapter to took care of farmers’ education, (b). Business Credit for Tobacco Farming (KUMPT) program, (c). mentoring, coaching and assisting tobacco farmers program, and (d). the main developmental program of APTI to advocated farmers about tobacco’s regulation. All forms of empowerment done by APTI were facilitated by using different empowerment mechanism for each program.ABSTRAK Asosiasi Petani Tembakau Indonesia (APTI) sebagai organsiasi dengan tujuan untuk memfasilitasi petani tembakau dengan melakukan berbagai upaya pemberdayaan petani. Penelitian ini bermaksud untuk menggambarkan bentuk dan mekanisme pemberdayaan petani tembakau yang dikembangkan oleh (APTI) Temanggung guna mendukung ketahanan ekonomi petani tembakau. Penelitian ini menggunakan mixed methods dengan strategi embedded konkuren (kualitatif dan kuantitatif).Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa program-program pemberdayaan yang berhasil dibentuk dan dilaksanakan APTI Temanggung ada 4 (empat) yaitu (a) program pemberdayaan APTI DPD Jateng peduli pendidikan, (b) program Kredit Usaha Mandiri Pertanian Tembakau (KUMPT), (c) program pembimbingan pembinaan dan pendampingan petani tembakau, dan (d) program pemberdayaan utama APTI adalah advokasi regulasi pertembakauan. Semua bentuk pemberdayaan yang dilakukan APTI Temanggung adalah fasilitasi dengan mekanisme tiap program berbeda-beda.