Mochamad Hadi
Laboratorium Ekologi dan Biosistematik Jurusan Biologi Fakultas Sains dan Matematika Universitas Diponegoro

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STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS MIKROARTROPODA TANAH DI LAHAN PERTANIAN ORGANIK DAN ANORGANIK DI DESA BATUR KECAMATAN GETASAN SALATIGA Husna, Shifa Aulia; Hadi, Mochamad; Rahadian, Rully
Bioma : Berkala Ilmiah Biologi Vol. 18, No.2, Tahun 2016
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (107.369 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/bioma.18.2.157-166

Abstract

Soil microarthropods is a arthropods that have an important role in decomposing organic materials and soil nutrients. On the farmland there is organic materials content and soil nutrients that abundants enough, because the addition of manure as a source of energy in the ground. The research was conducted in August-October 2015 took place in the field of organic and inorganic farmland in the Batur Village, Getasan Sub-district, Salatiga. This study aimed to examine the soil microarthropods community structure in organic and inorganic farmland as well as the effect of chemical and physical environmental factors to community structure of soil microarthropods. The study was conducted with samples of soil sampling method (PCT) and extracted using Barlese Funnel Extractor. Statistically show that diversity of soil microarthropods between organic and inorganic farmland are not significantly different. There is found 28 taxa of soil microarthropods in organic farmland and 23 taxa in inorganic. The highest total individual density of the taxa are exist in the organic farmland (2260 individual/ m²). The highest abundance of soil microarthropods taxa in inorganic farmland are Carabidae (26,55%) dan Prostigmata (13,27%), while in inorganic farmland are Carabidae (17,24%) dan larva Coleoptera (13,79%). The evenness of soil microarthropods taxa in organic farmland are much low compared with inorganicfarmland, because there is a dominant taxa (Carabidae). There is an influence relation between the chemical and physical environmental factors including water content, porosity, nutrient, and organic materials with community structure of soil microarthropods. Key words:Community structure, Soil microarthropods, Organic and inorganic farmland
KELIMPAHAN DAN KEANEKARAGAMAN KUPU-KUPU DI KAWASAN TAMAN NASIONAL GUNUNG MERBABU, JAWA TENGAH Sari, Dian Ratna; Hadi, Mochamad; Rahadian, Rully
Bioma : Berkala Ilmiah Biologi Vol. 18, No.2, Tahun 2016
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (94.804 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/bioma.18.2.173-179

Abstract

Butterflies are insects that have very important role in the ecosystem, they are as a pollinator of plants. Butterfly also can be used as a bio-indicator of environmental quality. This study aims to determine the species abundance and diversity of butterflies in the area of Merbabu Mountain National Park. This research was conducted in September and November 2016 in four habitat types, i.e., mixed forests, pine forests, mountain forests and streams. The study was conducted using a purposive sampling method. The data analysis used abundance index and diversity index. There are 454 individuals wich includes 61 species and 6 families. There are 11 dominant species of butterflies in Merbabu Mountain National Park, but only Ypthima pandocus that dominates in all the habitat that studied. Mycalesis moorei and Mycalesis sudra are dominant in all forest habitats and its not dominant in the habitat of the streams. Papilio peranthus and Parantica albata are dominant and only in mountain forest habitat. Diversity of butterflies in the area of Merbabu Mountain National Park can be categorized as moderate with the diversity index from 2,11 ? 3,37. Key word: Butterflies, diversity, abundance, Merbabu Mountain National Park
PENGARUH VARIASI UMPAN AROMA TERHADAP JUMLAH LALAT YANG TERPERANGKAP DALAM PERANGKAP WARNA KUNING (STUDI DI KANDANG SAPI DUSUN TEGALSARI DESA SIDOMUKTI KECAMATAN BANDUNGAN KABUPATEN SEMARANG) Mustikawati, Dewi; Martini, Martini; Hadi, Mochamad
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 4 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Some species of the fly is a vector borne diseases that contribute to public health problems. A fly can carry 65 million micro-organisms, it is not surprising if many people sick because their food was contaminated by the flies. Therefore, it is necessary to study the methods of control are effective and safe for the environment by using variations of flavor baits (durian, jackfruit, mango, frambozen, and pineapple).Research was aimed to analyze the effect of baits flavour variation to the number of flies caught in a yellow trap. The design study is Pseudo Experiment with design Post Test Only Control Group Design. Research was conducted in a cowshed, Hamlet Tegalsari, Village Sidomukti, District Bandungan, Semarang for 2 days. The experiment was repeated 5 times with the same time of day.The results showed the number of flies caught in a trap without bait is 4, trap with pineapple bait is 13.8, trap with jackfruit bait is 14.6, trap with durian bait is 47.2, trap with mango and frambozen bait is 19.8. The species of flies was trapped is 603 tail Fannia spp and 2 tail Stomoxys calcitrans sp. Data was analyzed by Kruskal Wallis test at the significance level ? = 0.05. Results of calculation by Man Whitney test is there are different variations of flavour baits to the number of flies trapped. The order of variation from the lowest to the highest are control, pineapple, jackfruit, mango, frambozen, and durian.
PERTANIAN ORGANIK SUATU ALTERNATIF PENGELOLAAN EKOSISTEM SAWAH YANG SEHAT, ALAMI DAN RAMAH LINGKUNGAN Hadi, Mochamad; Soesilohadi, RC Hidayat; Wagiman, FX; Rahayuningsih, Yayuk
BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA Vol 22, No 1 (2014): Volume XXII, NOMOR 1, MARET 2014
Publisher : BULETIN ANATOMI DAN FISIOLOGI dh SELLULA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (74.784 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/baf.v22i1.7811

Abstract

Rice crops are the main food crops in Indonesia. In efforts to increase rice productivity , there are still many obstacles such as pest nuisance problem . In an effort to control pests for rice crop , farmers initially apply conventional farming systems are dependent applications of synthetic pesticides and synthetic fertilizers are made from chemicals . From time to time, conventional farming systems has led to environmental problems such as environmental pollution , resistance to pests and natural enemies of pests involved killing . Another strategy to reduce the negative impacts is the application of organic rice farming system as an environmentally friendly alternative . Organic farming systems is done by eliminating the use of chemicals in fertilizers , pesticides and other means of cultivation . The goal is to reduce environmental burden and environmental menciptalan rice ecosystems healthy , natural and productive. In organic rice farming system does not use synthetic chemicals in fertilizers and pesticides application . Fertilizer used is bio-fertilizers (organic) made ??from manure, compost , and green manure . Pesticide used is a mixture of botanical pesticide made ??from various parts of the plant that could potentially exist in the surrounding environment . The use of organic fertilizers and pesticides do not cause disturbance to the ecosystem fields because the ingredients used are organic materials that are environmentally friendly. Use other means such as the use of seed cultivation (seeds), water use and weed management done without synthetic chemicals .
STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS SEMUT (HYMENOPTERA : FORMICIDAE) DI LAHAN PERTANIAN ORGANIK DAN ANORGANIK DESA BATUR, KECAMATAN GETASAN, KABUPATEN SEMARANG Putra, Ivan Mahadika; Hadi, Mochamad; Rahadian, Rully
Bioma : Berkala Ilmiah Biologi Vol. 19, No. 2, Tahun 2017
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (463.659 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/bioma.19.2.170-176

Abstract

Ants play an important role in terrestrial ecosystems, including in organic and inorganic farmland, as predators, scavengers, and their interaction with other organism. The objectives of this study were to compare the community structure and the role of the ant in organic and inorganic farmland, and also to determine soil abiotic factors in both farmland. The study was conducted in organic and inorganic chili crop land at Batur village, Getasan, Semarang. The sampling of ants was performed using pitfall traps and bait traps, and then the ants were identified. Data analysis used is an abundance index, diversity index, evenness index, Hutchinson test and similarity index. The results showed that the number of species and the number of individual of ants in organic farm were higher (45 individuals, 8 species) than inorganic farm (35 individuals, 6 species). Diversity index of ant species in both farmlands were categorized moderate with the index value of 1.92 and 1.42. Statistically, there were no significant differences in species diversity of ants in organic and inorganic farmland. There were five dominant species in organic field and three dominant species in inorganic field. Ants that predominate in both farmlands were Iridomyrmexsp, Tetramorium sp, Solenopsisgeminata, Odontoponeradenticulata and Diacammasp. The similarity of ant communities between organic and inorganic farmland showed high value of similarity index (IS) which was 85.7%. Statistically, abiotic factors showed that there were significantly different of some abiotic factors in both farmlands, the content of carbon, phospor, organic matter and c / n ratio. Keywords: community structure of ants, agricultural ecosystems
STRUKTUR KOMUNITAS ODONATA DI KAWASAN WANA WISATA CURUG SEMIRANG KECAMATAN UNGARAN BARAT, SEMARANG Irawan, Frendi; Hadi, Mochamad; Tarwotjo, Udi
Bioma : Berkala Ilmiah Biologi Vol. 19, No. 1, Tahun 2017
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (116.087 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/bioma.19.1.69-75

Abstract

Dragonflies role as a predator in an ecosystem and become a healthy aquatic bio-indicators related to the life cycle. The diversity of habitat, food and predators affect community structure dragonfly. This study aims to determine the composition and community structure dragonfly morning and afternoon as well as the relationship with the physical environmental factors on four habitat in Semirang waterfall. Research using transect Point Count method. Statistically, the biodiversity of odonata in each habitat is significantly different. The results shows there are 15 species from 10 Family in morning observations and 12 species of 6 Family in afternoon observations, with a total of 17 species of 10 family of odonata. Biodiversity in each station is low to moderately with high evenness. The highest abundance found in river habitat without the canopy during the afternoon that Vestalis luctuosa (61.29%), while the lowest abundance found in the the canopied river habitat when afternoon that is Drepanosticta spatulifera (1.33%). Common species at area of Semirang waterfall are Euphaea variegata, Orthetrum sabina and Vestalis luctuosa. Endemic species at area of Semirang waterfall are Heliocypha fenestrata, Drepanosticta spatulifera and D. sundana. Key words : Community structure, Odonata, Semirang waterfall
KEANEKERAGAMAN NGENGAT DI WANA WISATA GONOHARJO, LIMBANGAN, KENDAL, JAWA TENGAH Kamaludin, Nanang; Hadi, Mochamad; Rahadian, Rully
Jurnal Akademika Biologi Vol. 2 No. 2 April 2013
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika Undip

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Abstract

Moths is insect in Order Lepidoptera of Nocturnal habit. Moths help to polinate the flower were blossom in the night. The relationship of moths and plants can be used as bio-indicators of environmental changes in the Gonoharjo forest habitats. The objective of this study are to compare the abundance and diversity of members of moth (Lepidoptera) in various habitats and to determine the status of rare and endemic species that are found in Wana Wisata Gonoharjo. This study used light traps method for moth in four different habitats, i.e., secondary forests, riparian area and forests of pine forest and coffee plantation. The research was conducted over two months during October-November 2012. The analysis used were relative abundance, diversity index, Huctheson test, evennes index and similarity index. Threety nine moth species from 10 families were found in 4 habitats of Wana Wisata Gonoharjo. The highest number of moth species found in secondary forest (30 species) and the lowest one found in the pine forests (6 species). Statistically, there were differences within the types of habitat diversity. Evennes indices in all habitats of Wana Wisata Gonoharjo were relatively high. In general, type of habitat affects species diversity of moths. Keyword : Diversity, moth and Gonoharjo forest.
KERAGAMAN JENIS DAN KELIMPAHAN POPULASI PENGGEREK BATANG PADI DAN SERANGGA LAIN BERPOTENSI HAMA PADA EKOSISTEM SAWAH ORGANIK Hadi, Mochamad; Soesilohadi, RC Hidayat; Wagiman, FX; Soehardjono, Yayuk Rahayuningsih
Bioma : Berkala Ilmiah Biologi Vol. 15, No.2, Tahun 2013
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika, Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (80.643 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/bioma.15.2.58-63

Abstract

Rice stem borer is a main pest of paddy rice in Central Java. The main rice stem borer are yellow rice borer, Scirpophaga incertulas Walker, and white rice borer, S. innonata Walker. Other species are pink borer Sesamia inferens Walker, striped rice borer Chilo suppressalis Walker, dark-headed rice borer, C. polychrysus Meyrick, and glossy rice borer, C. auricilius Dudgeon. Besides rice stem borer, there are many other insect which are potential as rice pest, i.e., grasshopper, rice ear bug, brown planthopper, etc. Organic agriculture in Central Java have not been applied yet, hence there is still lack of information, including species diversity information and abundance of rice stem borer population and other potential insect pest on rice. Species diversity and population abundance of rice stem borer and other potential insect in organic rice ecosystem differ with the inorganic one. The objective of this research is to study species diversity and abundance of rice stem borer population and other potential pest in organic rice ecosystem. The study was conducted in organic rice of Bakalrejo Village, Susukan Sub district, District of Semarang. Species diversity and population abundance was analyzed using Shanon-Wiener?s species diversity index (H?), population abundance index (Di), and population evenness index (e). Pattern of  species diversity, population abundance, population evenness were temporally analyzed using population dynamic curve. Sampling of species diversity and population abundance was performed during a crop planting season with twice of sampling frequency. The result shows that rice stem borer found  were yellow rice borer with its population fluctuated temporally and pink rice borer with  its population were few and scarce. The highest diversity found during rice generative phase until ripen and decline in line with the age of rice. Species diversity index in vegetative phase was below 2, while during generative phase until ripen increased above 2. Insect population abundance declined in the end vegetative phase and increased in the beginning of reproductive phase until ripen phase. Population evenness index in all growth phase of rice were relatively high and similar. Keywords : organic rice, rice stem borer, insect pest of rice.
KERAGAMAN SERANGGA OPT DAN MUSUH ALAMI DI LAHAN KACANG HIJAU SEBELUM DAN PASCA PANEN Martitik, Dwiyani Anjar; Hadi, Mochamad; Tarwotjo, Udi
Jurnal Akademika Biologi Vol. 7 No.2 April 2018
Publisher : Departemen Biologi, Fakultas Sains dan Matematika Undip

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Abstract

Serangga dapat berperan sebagai OPT ataupun musuh alami di suatu ekosistem pertanian. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis serangga OPT dan musuh alami dominan, keragaman serta pengaruh faktor fisik lingkungan terhadap keragaman serangga OPT dan musuh alami. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dua kali yaitu pada masa sebelum dan pasca panen. Setiap pengambilan sampel menggunakan dua metode, yaitu jaring ayun dan metode light trap. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan jumlah individu dan jumlah jenis yang didapatkan sebelum panen lebih tinggi dibandingkan pasca panen. OPT yang dominan, yaitu famili Chrysomelidae, Curculionidae, Sciaridae, Pentatomidae, Cicadellidae, dan Pyralidae. Sedangkan musuh alami yang dominan yaitu famili Staphylinidae, Coccinelidae, Carabidae, Miridae, Aelothripidae, Tachinidae, Formicidae, Salticidae dan Thomisidae. Keragaman jenis OPT dan musuh alami termasuk dalam kategori sedang. Indeks kemerataan OPT sebelum dan pasca panen serta musuh alami sebelum panen termasuk dalam kategori merata sedangkan musuh alami pasca panen termasuk dalam kategori tidak merata. Indeks kesamaan antara kedua musim pengambilan sampel menunjukkan tingkat kesamaan yang bervariasi. Faktor fisik lingkungan kelembaban udara, suhu udara, kecepatan angin dan intensitas cahaya matahari berpengaruh terhadap aktivitas OPT maupun musuh alami di lahan penelitian.
KERAGAMAN SPESIES RAYAP DI KAMPUS UNIVERSITAS NEGERI SEMARANG GUNUNGPATI SEMARANG Annisa, Shofi; Hestiningsih, Retno; Hadi, Mochamad
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 4 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
Publisher : Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat

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Abstract

Termites are cause damage to crops and buildings were made of wood. Data about the types of termites and habit living of termite is required to get prevention and control of termite, efficient and enviromentally friendly. The objective of this research was to know the species of termites on the Campus of State University Semarang Gunungpati Semarang and describes the characteristics of the termites were found. This research is descriptive type, survey methods and cross sectional approach. The population of the research was all termite species around buildings on the Campus of State University Semarang Gunungpati Semarang. A sample of termites was warrior caste which taken from a population of termites. The results were analyzed using univariate analysis method, and is represented in frequency distribution tables, diagrams, maps and narrative. The results of research has found 19 soil tunnels species of Macrotermes gilvus, 3 soil tunnels species of Odontotermes javanicus, 4 soil tunnels species of Coptotermes curvignathus and found 3 mound nest of Macrotermes gilvus, 1 mound nest of Odontotermes javanicus, 1 mound nest of Coptotermes curvignathus, and 1 nest of dry wood termite Cryptotermes cyanocephalus. Vegetation of termites found in mahogany, petai china, teak, guava, manggo, and ketapang. The concluded that on the Campus of State University Semarang Gunungpati Semarang there are 4 species of termites, Macrotermes gilvus, Odontotermes javanicus, Coptotermes curvignathus,  and Cryptotermes cyanocephalus.