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EKOLOGI DAN BUDAYA PETANI ASLI PAPUA DALAM USAHATANI DI KABUPATEN KEEROM Turua, Untung; Hadi, Setia; Juanda, Bambang; Murniningtyas, Endah
Sosiohumaniora Vol 16, No 3 (2014): SOSIOHUMANIORA, NOPEMBER 2014
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v16i3.5762

Abstract

Luas lahan yang dimiliki petani asli Papua asal Keerom sangat luas, namun penduduknya tidak berupayamengelolanya secara maksimal untuk usahatani. Hal ini dipengahuhi oleh budaya meramu hasil hutan dan berburuhewan liar dalam memenuhi kebutuhan hidup. Interaksi pada lingkungan alam tersebut menunjukkan tingkatketergantungan petani pada lingkungan alam masih tinggi. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis ekologi dan budayapetani asli Papua dalam pengelolaan sumberdaya lahan (SDL) di wilayah Kabupaten Keerom. Metode penelitianini dimulai dengan menganalisis peta bentuk lahan, peta kesesuaian lahan, dan peta zone agroekologi digital,diikuti survei lapangan untuk pengambilan data fisik wilayah.Metode studi kasus dilakukan melalui pendekatananalisis interaktif Miles dan Huberman untuk menganalisis aspek kebiasaan hidup yang bertujuan mengungkapkanaktivitas budaya (adat). Wawancara dan Focus Group Discution (FGD) untuk mendapatkan data sosial budaya.Hasil penelitian menunjukkan penduduk keerom cenderung memilih dataran aluvial sebagai lokasi permukimankarena bentuk lahan ini sangat kaya potensi bahan pangan. Petani asli Papua asal Keerom terbiasa dengan polaambil, petik dan konsumsi atau jual, dibanding tanam, rawat, petik dan jual. Komoditas pertanian yang ditanampetani asli Papua adalah komoditas yang telah dipahami tahan terhadap serangan hama dan minim risiko gagalpanen, yaitu: keladi, ubijalar, singkong dan pisang, tapi dalam jumlah terbatas karena lebih diutamakan untukkonsumsi sendiri. Faktor modal sosial yang kuat dalam kehidupan penduduk tidak hanya terbatas pada pemberianbahan pangan kepada kerabat, tetapi ikut berpartisipasi dalam budaya bayar adat, denda adat, dan bayar maskawin,sehingga perolehan pendapatan tidak dijadikan untuk modal usahatani.
DAMPAK MODAL SOSIAL TERHADAP KESEJAHTERAAN RUMAH TANGGA PERDESAAN DI INDONESIA Nasution, Ahmadriswan; Rustiadi, Ernan; Juanda, Bambang; Hadi, Setia
MIMBAR (Jurnal Sosial dan Pembangunan) Volume 30, No. 2, Year 2014 [Accredited by Ristekdikti]
Publisher : Universitas Islam Bandung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29313/mimbar.v30i2.593

Abstract

Makalah ini bertujuan menganalisis dampak indeks modal sosial yang diinstrumentasiterhadap kesejahteraan (proksi dengan pengeluaran per kapita) rumah tangga di perdesaan di Indonesia. Penelitian telah menemukan tiga variabel instrumen, yaitu partisipasi rumah tangga dalam kegiatan keagamaan, partisipasi rumah tangga pada kegiatan olahraga, dan banyaknya organisasi sosial di pedesaan untuk mengatasi masalah endogenitas. Menggunakan model estimasi kuadrat terkecil dua tahap (2SLS), penelitian ingin menjawab apakah modal sosial dapat meningkatkan pengeluaran per kapita rumah tangga. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa indeks modal sosial berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap kesejahteraan rumah tangga. Lebih lanjut, hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa estimasi pengaruh indeks modal sosial yang diinstrumentasi terhadap pengeluaran perkapita dengan menggunakan model 2SLS lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan model OLS biasa. Dari hasil temuan ini, instansi pemerintah diharapkan memfasilitasi rumah tangga miskin untuk partisipasi dalam kegiatan masyarakat dan meningkatkan jumlah dan kegiatan organisasi sosial untuk meningkatkan kesejahteraan rumah tangga di perdesaan di Indonesia. 
MODEL PENGENDALIAN LINGKUNGAN DALAM PEMBANGUNAN KOTA BARU BERKELANJUTAN Hadi, Syamsul; Pramudya, Bambang; Sutjahjo, Surjono Hadi; Hadi, Setia
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 13, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v13i1.1400

Abstract

AbstrakPembangunan kota baru diharapkan dapat memecahkan masalah seperti pengurangan migrasi ke kota-kota besar, pembangunan ekonomi regional, dll, tetapi kenyataannya tidak sesuai dengan tujuan. Perubahan lingkungan adalah salah satudampak yang tidak dipertimbangkan dengan hati-hati ketika kota baru direncanakan dan dikembangkan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk merumuskan model pengendalian lingkungan selama pembangunan kota baru, untuk mencapai tujuan keberlanjutan.Studi kasus penelitian dilakukan di kota baru Bumi Serpong Damai (BSD) di Propinsi Banten, Indonesia. Penelitian ini menganalisis kualitas udara dan air dan kemudian membandingkan keduanya dengan kualitas lingkungan standar, analisis keberlanjutan BSD menggunakan skala multidimensional (MDS), dan merumuskan parameter kuncimenggunakan ?prospective tools?, model mengembangkan pengendalian lingkungan menggunakan sistem dynamic, dan merumuskan prioritas kebijakan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa air dan tanah di sekitar daerah BSD terkontaminasi limbah organik seperti BOD dan COD, sedangkan atmosfer mengandung gas toksik seperti: CO, SOx, NOx, ozon (O3) dan TSP. Di dalam analisis keberlanjutan mengungkapkan bahwa kota BSD mempunyai kategori kurang berkelanjutan (46,75), kurang dari 50 poin. Hanya dalam aspek seperti infrastruktur dan teknologi (52,20), ekonomi (53,17) dan hukum dan lembaga (59,95) mendekati kategori berkelanjutan. Sementara dalam aspek ekologi (42,22) dan sosial budaya (26,49) kota BSD dikategorikan tidak berkelanjutan.Terdapat 22 faktor pengaruh dan 5 parameter kunci untuk dapat dipertimbangkan kota BSD di dalam mencapai kota yang keberlanjutan. Disarankan kebijakan untuk pengembangan kota berkelanjutan baru harus ada penyediaan teknologi produksibersih, penyediaan fasilitas sistem pembuangan kotoran, pengembangan jaringan jalan, transportasi umum yang efektif dan efisien, mempertimbangkan budaya lokal, peningkatan lembaga yang sesuai. kata kunci: kota baru, kualitas air dan udara, system pembuangan kotoran, model, strategi, dan kebijakan.kata kunci: kota baru, kualitas air dan udara, system pembuangan kotoran, model, strategi, dan kebijakan.
PERENCANAAN LANSKAP KAWASAN WISATA BERKELANJUTAN DI KECAMATAN CISARUA, KABUPATEN BOGOR Adriani, Hanni; Hadi, Setia; Nurisjah, Siti
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol. 8 No. 2 (2016): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia
Publisher : http://arl.faperta.ipb.ac.id/

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1037.28 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jli.2016.8.2.53-69

Abstract

Indonesia is a tropical country, has various natural resources and social resources. Because of that Indonesia has many place as destination for recreation and tourism areas, but various positive and negative impact happened from that. This study aims to identify and analyze the landscape visual quality, the public acceptability of the development of tourism, tourist characteristics and preferences, and planning tourism zone of the mountains for the development of the tourism area. Case studies conducted in Cisarua sub-district which is part of the Puncak mountainous tourist area is very well known in West Java, with an area of 66.72 km2. Data obtained from field observation, published data, government reports and interviews with local residents, and tourists who visit the area. Data were statistically analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively by using a scoring method based assessment criteria, Geographic Information System (GIS) and SBE method (Scenic Beauty Estimation). The results showed that local communities can receive tourism development because it has increased their revenues from tourism. Tourism have been shifted their livelihood from agriculture to tourism. The tourists, they are less comfortable with the current state of overcrowding by vehicles, less clean and less comfortable, as well as the occurrence of significant changes in mountain view. To maintain the sustainability of the environment, the development must be carried out in areas that have a high potential tourism zone. Besides protecting the environment, also positive economic impact for the local community can continue and increase demand, so sustainable tourism concept needs to be done in this area.
DAMPAK PARTISIPASI DALAM KEGIATAN KEMASYARAKATAN TERHADAP PENDAPATAN RUMAH TANGGA PERDESAAN DI INDONESIA Nasution, Ahmadriswan; Rustiadi, Ernan; Juanda, Bambang; Hadi, Setia
Sosiohumaniora Vol 16, No 3 (2014): SOSIOHUMANIORA, NOPEMBER 2014
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24198/sosiohumaniora.v16i3.5760

Abstract

Penelitian ini meneliti dampak partisipasi dalam kelompok kemasyarakatan (kegiatan keagamaan,olah raga, dan arisan) terhadap pendapatan (dengan proksi pengeluaran perkapita) rumah tangga di perdesaanIndonesia. Hasil penelitian menemukan ada hubungan kausal dua arah antara pengeluaran perkapita dan akses padakegiatan kemasyarakatan. Hal ini menunjukkan adanya masalah endogenitas, sehingga artikel ini menggunakanpendekatan probit kuadrat terkecildua tahap (2SPLS) yang dapat mengontrol endogenitas. Dengan menggunakandata hasil survei Badan Pusat Statistik, hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa partisipasi dalam organisasikemasyarakatan secara positif memengaruhi pengeluaran perkapita, sehingga dapat meningkatkan pendapatandan mengurangi kemiskinan. Hasil penelitian lebih lanjut menunjukkan bahwa pengeluaran perkapita dan lamasekolah kepala rumah tangga secara positif terkait dengan akses terhadap organisasi kemasyarakatan. Dari temuanini, strategi pemerintah untuk untuk meningkatkan pendapatan rumah tangga di perdesaan dapat bersifat kelompokdengan mendorong jumlah dan kegiatan organisasi kemasyarakatan dan akan mengurangi kemiskinan lebih cepatdi perdesaan.
PENGEMBANGAN WILAYAH BERBASIS POTENSI UNGGULAN DI KABUPATEN MANGGARAI TIMUR PROVINSI NTT SEBAGAI DAERAH OTONOM BARU Darlen, Maria Fransiska; Hadi, Setia; Ardiansyah, M
Jurnal Tataloka Vol 17, No 1 (2015): Volume 17 Number 1, February 2015
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (877.542 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/tataloka.17.1.37-52

Abstract

East Manggarai Regency is a new autonomous region of the division of Manggarai Regency in East Nusa Tenggara Province. As a new district, the area must be developed based on the dominant potentials in the region so that the regional government is more flexibel to design appropriate regional development strategy and create a conducive investment climate to attract investors to the area. The purpose of research is to identify potential sectors that can be developed and provide more economic value, evaluating existing landuse based on land capability and formulate East Manggarai District development strategies. The method used is the input-output analysis combined with analysis of LQ, LI, SI and SSA to determine the dominant sectors and leading commodity, image interpretation and analysis of land capability and SWOT analysis to formulate a regional development strategy. The results showed that the leading sectors in East Manggarai district consists ofthe food crops,the manufacturing sector and the non-oil sectorand the trade sector. Based on the ability of the land, there are many areas that are not their designation as the management of extreme farm lands. Thus, it needs the appropriate strategy in the management of the territory through conducive government policies to the development of the leading sectorsEast Manggarai Regency is a new autonomous region of the division of Manggarai Regency in East Nusa Tenggara Province. As a new district, the area must be developed based on the dominant potentials in the region so that the regional government is more flexibel to design appropriate regional development strategy and create a conducive investment climate to attract investors to the area. The purpose of research is to identify potential sectors that can be developed and provide more economic value, evaluating existing landuse based on land capability and formulate East Manggarai District development strategies. The method used is the input-output analysis combined with analysis of LQ, LI, SI and SSA to determine the dominant sectors and leading commodity, image interpretation and analysis of land capability and SWOT analysis to formulate a regional development strategy. The results showed that the leading sectors in East Manggarai district consists ofthe food crops,the manufacturing sector and the non-oil sectorand the trade sector. Based on the ability of the land, there are many areas that are not their designation as the management of extreme farm lands. Thus, it needs the appropriate strategy in the management of the territory through conducive government policies to the development of the leading sectors
Studi Pengembangan Wilayah Kota Sukabumi Pahlevi, Noviar; Hadi, Setia; Soma, Soekmana
TATALOKA Vol 16, No 1 (2014): Volume 16 Number 1, February 2014
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.14710/tataloka.16.1.37-49

Abstract

Sukabumi development approach which has been more emphasis on economic growth tends to ignore the regional disparities. Therefore, it is necessary to study and identify the direction of regional development policy . By knowing the level of disparity that occurred in this research sought leading sectors and the level of regional development to build of the Sukabumi city. The analytical method used is the Williamson index , Theil index , Location Quotient , Shift Share Analysis , Entropy and Schallogram . From the analysis  is known that there has been a disparities of Sukabumi areas in middle category / uneven . The development of the old town area which consists of a level hierarchy I and II have the balance of diversity and economic sectors better, the leading sector dominated by the tertiary sector which is urban characteristics . While the new city area, including the development of a hierarchy of regions III and leading sectors dominated by primary and secondary sectors which are characteristic of rural areas.Sukabumi development approach which has been more emphasis on economic growth tends to ignore the regional disparities. Therefore, it is necessary to study and identify the direction of regional development policy . By knowing the level of disparity that occurred in this research sought leading sectors and the level of regional development to build of the Sukabumi city. The analytical method used is the Williamson index , Theil index , Location Quotient , Shift Share Analysis , Entropy and Schallogram . From the analysis  is known that there has been a disparities of Sukabumi areas in middle category / uneven . The development of the old town area which consists of a level hierarchy I and II have the balance of diversity and economic sectors better, the leading sector dominated by the tertiary sector which is urban characteristics . While the new city area, including the development of a hierarchy of regions III and leading sectors dominated by primary and secondary sectors which are characteristic of rural areas.
ANALISIS POTENSI DAN KESENJANGAN WILAYAH KABUPATEN SUKABUMI, PROPINSI JAWA BARAT Faruqi, Izzan; Hadi, Setia; Sahara, S
TATALOKA Vol 17, No 4 (2015): Volume 17 Number 4, November 2015
Publisher : Universitas Diponegoro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (720.391 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/tataloka.17.4.231-247

Abstract

Regional development is synonymous with growth. Growth can also be positive, but if it is not built in a comprehensive manner would cause a negative impact on the other side. Sukabumi district is rich in various potential including the potential for agriculture, plantation, forestry, marine, geothermal energy and mines. However, Sukabumi District is one district that is still classified as disadvantaged areas in West Java. The purpose of this study was to analyze the development of the area in Sukabumi and analyzing the potential of the region as well as the development gap between regions in Sukabumi. The results showed the development of the district is based can be regarded as a relatively underdeveloped area. There is a gap of regional development in Sukabumi. Sukabumi district has several potential sectors including the industrial sector in particular, non-oil processing industry. In the industrial sector in particular, non-oil processing industry can be a dominant sector as it can contribute to and have strong linkages with other sectors that can influence other sectors.
KAJIAN PERUBAHAN PENUTUPAN LAHAN PADA DAS CILIWUNG HULU DENGAN PENDEKATAN SPASIAL DINAMIK Ruspendi, Dedi; Hadi, Setia; Rusdiana, Omo
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol. 5 No. 2 (2013): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia
Publisher : http://arl.faperta.ipb.ac.id/

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (588.901 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jli.2013.5.2.1-5

Abstract

ABSTRACTLand cover changing that occurs in Ciliwung Upper Stream resulted increasing the water level in the main river. It is describe that environmental quality of the upstream has decreased. Based on toposequent, the damage in upstream will affect to middle and downstream of watershed. This study aims to analysis the pattern and distribution of land cover change and build Ciliwung Upper Stream model in spatial planning based on carrying capacity. The research was conducted in Ciliwung Upper Stream that located in Bogor region. The method was used in this study compare landcovering 1999 and 2010. This study results patterns and distribution of land coverchange then use as input to analysis of spatial dynamic. Analysis of the spatial dynamic results a good composition of land cover in the Ciliwung Upper Stream. Land cover composi-tion showed in table and spatial. Increasing of land cover has a high infiltration capac-ity can reduce the water level.Keyword: land cover changing, water level, spatial dynamic, watershed
POTENSI OBYEK WISATA DAN KETERPADUANNYA DALAM PENGEMBANGAN KAWASAN AGROPOLITAN PAYANGAN, KABUPATEN GIANYAR, PROVINSI BALI Rudita, I Kadek Pasek; Sitorus, Santun RP; hadi, Setia
Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia Vol. 4 No. 1 (2012): Jurnal Lanskap Indonesia (JLI)
Publisher : http://arl.faperta.ipb.ac.id/

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (853.272 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/jli.2012.4.1.%p

Abstract

Payangan Agropolitan is an area of agricultural development that has tourism potential. Along with development of the agricultural sector, the tourism sector also developed. However, recently trends that agriculture sector got tressured by the development of other sectors; one of them was the tourism sector. Thus, further developments need to be done in an integrated manner. Objectives of this research were: (1) to find out the potential of tourist attractions to be developed in the region of Payangan Agropolitan; (2) to find out the tourist's perception on the factors that effects tourist visitation to the Area of Payangan Agropolitan;(3)to formulate plans and strategies of integrated tourism development of Payangan Agropolitan in the framework of area development. Analysis on the tourism potential showed that the most preferred was nature-related tourism. From analysis of the factors of tourist visitation, there were five dominant influential factors, i.e: services, tourism and attraction types, the available facilities, transportation facilities, and promotion. Furthermore, on the subsequent analysis it was obtained three main strategies to integrate tourism with areadevelopment of Payangan Agropolitan, consisted of: improving the sectoral linkage by integrating of inter-existing sectors was developing science and technology; introducing and offering the existing tourism potential by developing tourism packages through a partnership of government, private and public; and strengthening the tourism by establishing partnerships and networks.