Surahman Hakim
Faculty of Medicine University of Indonesia/ Dr. Cipto Mangunkusomo Hospital Jakarta

Published : 19 Documents
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Laceration Extension in Median and Mediolateral Episiotomy Utama, Bobby I; Junizaf, Junizaf; Santoso, Budi I; Ermawati, Ermawati; Hakim, Surahman
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 3, No. 1, January 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (137.647 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v3i1.24

Abstract

Objective: To compare the laceration extension between median and mediolateral episiotomy in women with perineal body sized more than 2.5 cm. Method: A single‐blind RCT study was conducted on 104 women receiving median episiotomy and 104 women receiving mediolateral episiotomy at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital Padang and Reksodiwiryo Military Hospital Padang. Result: There was no difference in laceration extension in both groups, but pain in the first 24 hours and pain after day 14 was higher on mediolateral group than the median group (p=0.005 and p=0.008, respectively). Conclusion: There is no difference in terms of laceration extension between median and mediolateral episiotomy, but the pain is higher in the mediolateral group. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2015; 1: 38‐43] Keywords: laceration extension, median episiotomy, mediolateral episiotomy
Prevalence and risk factors of persistent stress urinary incontinence at three months postpartum in Indonesian women Fakhrizal, Edy; Priyatini, Tyas; Santoso, Budi I.; Junizaf, Junizaf; Moegni, Fernandi; Djusad, Suskhan; Hakim, Surahman; Maryuni, Sri W.
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 25, No 3 (2016): September
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (435.805 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v25i3.1407

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Background: Mode of delivery and some certain risk factors have a relationship to postpartum stress urinary incontinence (SUI). For that reason, the objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of postpartum stress urinary incontinence (SUI), the relationship between postpartum SUI and mode of delivery; and the association between SUI and other demographic and obstetric factors.Methods: In this prospective observational cohort study, all primiparous women who were under postpartum care in obstetric and gynecologic ward were recruited. Four hundreds primiparous women with no history of urinary incontinence (UI) who fulfilled the criteria and would like to participate in this study were followed up for three months after delivery. The analysis was done using Stata 12. Bivariate analysis using Chi-square test and multivariate analysis using logistic regression test were done to obtain associated risk factors to postpartum SUI.Results: The prevalence of postpartum SUI was 8.8%. The mode of delivery was significantly associated with postpartum SUI, there were more women who got vaginal delivery that had stress urinary incontinence (14.1%) compared to women caesarean section (7.1%) with OR=2.1 (95% CI=1.05-4.31), this risk increased when vaginal delivery was assisted with vacuum instrument (OR=9.1, 95% CI=3.9-21.6). There was no statistical difference of stress urinary incontinence incidences in patients with emergency or elective caesarean section with OR=0.84 (95% CI=0.28-2.57). Based on multivariate analysis BMI ≥30 kg/m2 at labor, vacuum assisted delivery, birth weight more than 3,360 g, and second stage labor more than 60 minutes appeared to be associated with an increased rate of postpartum SUI.Conclusion: Stress urinary incontinence increased in the early postpartum period of a primiparous woman. Although vaginal delivery increased the risk of postpartum SUI, elective nor emergency caesarean delivery without vaginal delivery id not appear to increase the risk of stress urinary incontinence.
How Long is the Safest InterDelivery Interval in Women with Previous History of Cesarean Delivery? Santoso, Budi I; Surya, Raymond; Firdaus, Karina K; Hakim, Surahman
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume 6. No. 2 April 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (169.652 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v6i2.764

Abstract

  Objective: To investigate the association between interdelivery interval and uterine rupture in women with previous CD.   Methods: The formulation question was how long is the safest interdeliveryinterval to minimalize the risk of uterine rupture. Theauthors investigated in three databases including Pubmed,Cochrane, and Embase database. Inclusion criteria wereabstract answering the clinical question, written in Englishlanguage, and full-text paper availability.   Results: One systematic review, six cohort studies, and 1 casecontrolstudy were collected to compare the inter-pregnancyinterval to the risk of uterine rupture. The author retrievedseven articles suitable to the inclusion criteria after excluding tenarticles screened by the abstract and language. Then, the authoradded one article used in the systematic review. Hence, the criticalappraisal based on Validity, Importance, and Applicability (VIA)was performed for eight articles.   Conclusion: The inter-delivery interval 18 months is the safest time to avoid uterine rupture. Prostaglandin analogue induction should be avoided and for patients with a history of past cesarean using a single-layer closure to be educated about the increased risk. Keywords: cesarean delivery, inter-delivery interval, uterine rupture,vaginal birth after cesarean delivery
Use of 2D and multislice transperineal ultrasonography to describe the degree of perineal laceration following vaginal delivery Santoso, Budi I.; Djusad, Suskhan; Hakim, Surahman; Moegni, Fernandi; Meutia, Alfa P.; Priyantini, Tyas
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 27, No 2 (2018): June
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (387.855 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v27i2.1908

Abstract

Introduction: Perineal tear is the most common complication after vaginal delivery. Pill-rolling test is a widely used clinical evaluation method to determine the degree of perineal tear. However, the evaluation results of anal sphincter complex (ASC) differ between clinical examination and 2D/multislice transperineal ultrasonography (TPUS). This study aims to describe measurement variation between these modalities.Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital from November 2015 to May 2016. Subjects were primiparous women after vaginal delivery. Clinical examination using pill-rolling test was performed to determine the degree of perineal laceration. Suture was conducted accordingly. The subjects were subjected to 2D/multislice TPUS 72 hours after delivery to evaluate the integrity of internal and external anal sphincters. Data were collected and analyzed to determine compatibility between these examinations.Results: Among 70 prospective primiparous women, five were excluded due to unavailability to undergo 2D/multislice TPUS 72 hours after delivery. The mean duration to perform 2D/multislice TPUS was 4.5 minutes, and pain was tolerable during the examination. The compatibility values of clinical examination with 2D and multislice TPUS were 0.98 and 0.93, respectively, with Cohen’s kappa of 0.92 (95% CI 0.81–1.00) and 0.79 (95% CI 0.58–0.99), respectively.Conclusion: Clinical examination is compatible with 2D/multislice TPUS for determining the degree of perineal tear after vaginal delivery.
Evaluasi Program Penanggulangan Kejadian Luar Biasa Infeksi Daerah Operasi Pasca SC di Departemen Obsgin RSCM Hakim, Surahman
Jurnal Kebijakan Kesehatan Indonesia Vol 6, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Center for Health Policy and Management

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.101 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jkki.v6i1.29003

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ABSTRACTBackground: Surgical Site Infection (SSI) is one of the complication of surgery that disturbing, both in the patient nor the doctor and the hospital as a health care provider. There is an increased incidence of SSI post-Cesarian Section in the Department of Obstetric and Gynecology in August 2014 ie from the range of 0.16% - 0.33% to 2.32%, whereas RSCM standard should not be more than 2%. The hospital has made several efforts in the prevention program of outbreak SSI post-Cesarian Section by some parties concerned, namely the Committee on Hospital Infection Prevention (PPIRS) by IPCN (Infection Prevention Control Nurse).Method: This study uses a realist evaluation with context, mechanism, and outcome. The data is collected by interviews and focus group discussions with related parties as well as conducting a document review and observations. The results of the study were analyzed using content analysis.Result. Using the hypothesis of C-M-O, that the context is correct, however IPCN and infrastructure in operating rooms also provide a big influence in overcoming the problem of IDO, to decrease the incidence of SSI and increased compliance. Conclusion. The program succeeded in reducing the incidence of SSI with an improved C-M-O. Keywords: Surgical Site Infection (SSI), context, mechanism, outcome, realist evaluation ABSTRAKLatar belakang: Infeksi Daerah Operasi (IDO) merupakan salah satu komplikasi tindakan operasi yang sangat mengganggu, baik dari sisi pasien maupun dokter dan rumah sakit sebagai penyedia layanan kesehatan. Terjadi peningkatan insiden IDO pasca-SC di Departemen Obstetri dan Ginekologi pada bulan September 2014 yaitu dari kisaran 0,16% - 0,33% menjadi 2,32%, sedangkan ambang di RSCM tidak boleh lebih dari 2%. Rumah sakit telah melakukan beberapa upaya dalam program penanggulangan KLB IDO pasca-SC oleh beberapa pihak yang terkait, yaitu Panitia Penanggulangan Infeksi di Rumah Sakit (PPIRS) oleh IPCN (Infection Prevention Control Nurse).Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan metode realist evaluation dengan pola context, mechanism, dan outcome. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara dan FGD kepada pihak terkait serta melakukan telaah dokumen dan observasi. Hasil penelitian dianalisis menggunakan analisis isi.Hasil: Dengan menggunakan hipotesis C-M-O, bahwa context sudah tepat, mechanism selain peran IPCN, sarana dan prasarana di ruang-ruang operasi juga memberikan andil yang cukup besar dalam penanggulangan masalah IDO, danoutcome terjadi penurunan angka kejadian IDO dan peningkatan kepatuhan.Kesimpulan: Program berhasil menurunkan kejadian IDO dengan C-M-O yang sudah disempurnakan. Kata Kunci: IDO, context, mechanism, outcome, realist evaluation
Changes in Quality of Life Score of Patients with Pelvic Organ Prolapse after Vaginal Surgery Measured by Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI20) and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ7) Questionnaires Hakim, Surahman; Maharani, Cut R
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 5, No. 3, July 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.624 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v5i3.545

Abstract

Objective: To determine changes in the quality of life in patients with pelvic organ prolapse who had undergone vaginal surgery. Methods: Prospective cohort study, carried out in Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo and Fatmawati during the period of July 2015 to October 2016. The quality of life of the subjects was followed up three months after undergoing vaginal surgery. We used the Indonesian version of Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20) and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ-7). Results: In this study, 25 subjects were involved. The results showed significant score reduction in the quality of life in patients treated with vaginal surgery with p < 0.05 in almost all scales except CRAIQ-7. Conclusion: There is a reduction in quality of life scores in patients treated with vaginal surgery at all scales except CRAIQ-7 with a value of p <0.05. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2017; 5-3: 164-167] Keywords: PFDI-20, PFIQ-7, POP, vaginal surgery
Changes in Quality of Life Score of Patients with Pelvic Organ Prolapse after Vaginal Surgery Measured by Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI20) and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ7) Questionnaires Hakim, Surahman; Maharani, Cut R
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 5, No. 3, July 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (91.624 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v5i3.545

Abstract

Objective: To determine changes in the quality of life in patients with pelvic organ prolapse who had undergone vaginal surgery. Methods: Prospective cohort study, carried out in Dr. Cipto Mangunkusumo and Fatmawati during the period of July 2015 to October 2016. The quality of life of the subjects was followed up three months after undergoing vaginal surgery. We used the Indonesian version of Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20) and Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ-7). Results: In this study, 25 subjects were involved. The results showed significant score reduction in the quality of life in patients treated with vaginal surgery with p < 0.05 in almost all scales except CRAIQ-7. Conclusion: There is a reduction in quality of life scores in patients treated with vaginal surgery at all scales except CRAIQ-7 with a value of p <0.05. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2017; 5-3: 164-167] Keywords: PFDI-20, PFIQ-7, POP, vaginal surgery
THE OUTCOME OF PERCUTANEOUS MITRAL BALLOON COMMISSUROTOMY (PMBC) IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH MITRAL STENOSIS: AN EVIDENCE BASED STUDY: LUARAN KOMISUROTOMI BALON MITRAL PERKUTAN PADA PEREMPUAN HAMIL Djusad, Suskhan; Hakim, Surahman; Surya, Raymond; Yansah, Hansens; Sungkar, Ali
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume 8 No. 1 January 2020
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (211.18 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v7i4.768

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Abstract Objective: To review the outcome of percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy (PMBC) both to maternal and neonatal. Methods: The search was conducted on Pubmed®, Cochrane Library®, and Ovid® using MeSH. Critical appraisal determining the validity, importance, and applicability (VIA) was conducted by two independent authors. Results: Several studies showed that performing the PMBC had good outcome for pregnant women functional class based on NYHA. Most of them decreased from NYHA III/IV to I/II. For delivery outcome, all studies concluded that more than 80% pregnant women with mitral stenosis undergoing PMBC delivered at term, and no congenital anomalies found. Conclusion: Percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy for pregnant women with severe MS is safe during pregnancy. Keywords: mitral stenosis, outcome, percutaneous mitral balloon commissurotomy,  pregnancy,   Abstrak Tujuan: Mengulas luaran komisurotomi balon mitral perkutan (KBMP) baik pada maternal maupun neonatus. Metode: Pencarian dilakukan melalui Pubmed®, Cochrane Library®, dan Ovid® menggunakan MeSH. Telaah kristis dilakukan oleh 2 penulis independen berdasarkan validitas, kepentingan, dan aplikabilitas. Hasil: Beberapa studi memperlihatkan KBMP memiliki luaran yang baik di kalangan perempuan hamil berdasarkan kelas fungsional NYHA. Kebanyakan mereka mengalami penurunan NYHA dari III/IV menjadi I/II. Untuk  luaran persalinan, seluruh studi menyimpulkan lebih dari 80% perempuan dengan mitral stenosis yang menjalani pembedahan KBMP melahirkan pada usia term dan tidak ditemukan kelainan. Kesimpulan: KBMP aman dilakukan pada perempuan hamil dengan mitral stenosis berat. Kata kunci: kehamilan, komisurotomibalon mitral perkutan, luaran, stenosis mitral
The Impacts of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Counseling to Knowledge Level and Attitude of Pregnant Women with Gestational Age above Thirty Six Weeks in the Selection of Delivery Method Hakim, Surahman; Ekaputra, Fajar
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 5, No. 2, April 2017
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (98.12 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v5i2.527

Abstract

Objective: To determine the level of knowledge about pelvic floor dysfunction before and after counseling in term pregnant women and knowing whether a difference a change of attitude in the selection method of delivery before and after counseling. Methods: This study design using pre - post test. At the beginning of our study provide some sort of written test to determine the initial knowledge of participants prior to the extension and the selection of the desired method of delivery. Having obtained the results of the test, followed by education about pelvic floor dysfunction. Then do the post-test to determine the level of knowledge of the subject and mode of delivery that would be pursued. The study took place between February and May 2016 in 5 Public Health Center (PHC) in Jakarta that PHC Warakas (North Jakarta), PHC Tanah Abang (Central Jakarta), PHC Cengkareng (West Jakarta), PHC Jatinegara (East Jakarta) and PHC Jagakarsa (South Jakarta). Results: A total of 102 study subjects who began the study gave the results of the pretest mean 71  10.49 (p<0.0001) and post test results of 80.725  7.7 (p<0.0001). Of the 102 subjects who began the study, there were two people who had previously chose method of delivery by caesarean section turned into vaginal. Conclusion: There is a change scores better in knowledge about pelvic floor dysfunction after counseling. There was no significant difference between selecting the desired method of delivery before the after counseling. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2017; 5-2: 99-104] Keywords: fecal incontinence, pelvic floor dysfunction, sexual dysfunction, stress urinary incontinence, uterine prolapse
Laceration Extension in Median and Mediolateral Episiotomy Utama, Bobby I; Junizaf, Junizaf; Santoso, Budi I; Ermawati, Ermawati; Hakim, Surahman
Indonesian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Volume. 3, No. 1, January 2015
Publisher : Indonesian Socety of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (137.647 KB) | DOI: 10.32771/inajog.v3i1.24

Abstract

Objective: To compare the laceration extension between median and mediolateral episiotomy in women with perineal body sized more than 2.5 cm. Method: A single‐blind RCT study was conducted on 104 women receiving median episiotomy and 104 women receiving mediolateral episiotomy at Dr. M. Djamil Hospital Padang and Reksodiwiryo Military Hospital Padang. Result: There was no difference in laceration extension in both groups, but pain in the first 24 hours and pain after day 14 was higher on mediolateral group than the median group (p=0.005 and p=0.008, respectively). Conclusion: There is no difference in terms of laceration extension between median and mediolateral episiotomy, but the pain is higher in the mediolateral group. [Indones J Obstet Gynecol 2015; 1: 38‐43] Keywords: laceration extension, median episiotomy, mediolateral episiotomy