Muhammad Hambal
Laboratorium Parasitologi Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh

Published : 62 Documents
Articles

PERBANDINGAN AKTIVITAS ANTELMINTIK ALBENDAZOLE DAN LEVAMISOLE TERHADAP ASCARIDIA GALLI SECARA IN VITRO Balqis, Ummu; Hambal, Muhammad; Darmawi, .; Harris, Abdul; Rasmaidar, .; Athaillah, Farida; Muttaqien, .; Azhar, .; Ismail, .; Daud, Razali
Acta VETERINARIA Indonesiana Vol. 4 No. 2 (2016): Juli 2016
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (220.142 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/avi.4.2.97-102

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Penelitian ini meneliti aktivitas antelmintik albendazole dan levamisole terhadap hambatan motilitas, percepatan waktu paralisis, dan motilitas cacing Ascaridia galli dewasa secara in vitro. Sebanyak empat ekor cacing masing dibuat triplikat dalam NaCl 0,9% masing-masing dengan konsentrasi 15 mg/ml Albendazole, dan 0.6 mg/ml Levamisole. Motilitas cacing diamati pada interval 10, 20, 30, dan 40 jam. Paralisis dan kematian diamati pada tampilan tidak ada pergerakan badan pada bagian kepala dan ekor cacing. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa aktivitas albendazole dan levamisole terhadap mortalitas A. galli berturut-turut terjadi pada 40 dan 30 jam pasca inkubasi. Levamisole dapat menghambat motilitas A. galli pada jam ke 10 dan juga menyebabkan lebih awal paralisis pada 6,75 ± 0,50 jam pasca inkubasi. Kajian tersebut mengindikasikan bahwa aktivitas antelmintik levamisole lebih awal dibandingkan efek albendazole pada cacing A. galli.
Identification of Parasites in Snakehead Fish (Channa striata) in Meunasah Manyang Village Lhoknga Subdistrict Aceh Besar Umara, Adil; Bakri, Muttaqien; Hambal, Muhammad
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 8, No 2 (2014): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SYIAH KUALA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (50.491 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v8i2.3324

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The study aimed at identifying the types of parasites that infect snakehead (C. striata) fish as well as to determine the prevalence of the parasite species. A total of 51 snakehead fish was captured using nets and traps then examined at Parasitology Laboratory of Veterinary Medicine Faculty Syiah Kuala University Banda Aceh. Ectoparasites inspection was done by observation of the outer body organs as well as by making the mucus smear examined under a microscope, while endoparasites inspection was done by observation on the surface of the digestive tract and heart, and also thin and thick boold smear. The study revealed that two types of parasites that infect snakehead fish in irrigation Cot Balee were Pallisentis nagpurensis and Trichodina spp. It also found larvae obtained from the intestinal villi scrapings that have not been identified. A total of 96% snakehead fish infected by P. nagpurensis, 6% infested with Trichodina spp., and 10% infested by unidentified larvae.Key words: parasite, snakehead fish (Channa striata), Palllisentis nagpurensis, Trichodina spp, prevalence
PERUBAHAN PATOLOGI ANATOMI HATI DAN SALURAN EMPEDU SAPI ACEH YANG TERINFEKSI FASCIOLA GIGANTICA Balqis, Ummu; Darmawi, Darmawi; Aisyah, Siti; Hambal, Muhammad
Jurnal Agripet Vol 13, No 1 (2013): Volume 13, No. 1, April 2013
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v13i1.554

Abstract

Pathology anatomy changes in liver and bile duct of Aceh cattle infected with fasciola giganticABSTRACT. This study was conducted in Banda Aceh Municipality, Aceh Province to report the pathological changes in liver of Aceh cattle infected with Fasciola gigantica. In this study, livers of male aceh cattles were collected from slaughter area when Qurban in Idul Adha during two years (2011 to 2012). A total of 15 aceh cattle livers were examined. Establishment of F. gigantica were observed, and pathological changes of liver were identified. The result showed that out of 15 male Aceh cattle livers 6 (40%) were found infected with F. gigantica. The common pathological changes found in this study were the hepatic damage, and the bile ducts were changes in size and shape with the dilated lumen. The bile ducts were found filled with blackish brown exudate, which contained adult F. gigantica. In conclusion, fascioliasis is greatly responsible for hepatic damage, and currently expanding as an important veterinary public health problem.
RESPON ANTIBODI SERUM AYAM BREAKEL SILVER TERHADAP VAKSIN AVIAN INFLUENZA d, Darmawi; Hambal, Muhammad
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 5, No 2 (2011): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v5i2.357

Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menguji imunogenitas dari vaksin komersial Avian Influenza (AI) berdasarkan respon imunitas humoral ayam petelur terhadap AI. Sebanyak 20 ekor ayam petelur jenis breakel silver dibagi ke dalam dua kelompok masing-masing berjumlah 10 ekor. Pada kelompok pertama, ayam divaksinasi dengan vaksin komersial AI (H5N1). Pada kelompok kedua, ayam tidak divaksinasi. Sampel darah dari kedua kelompok ayam dikoleksi dan dievaluasi titer antibodinya dengan teknik Hemaglutination Inhibition (HI). Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa vaksin komersial AI (H5N1) bersifat imunogen yang baik karena dapat memicu pembentukan respon humoral protektif ayam petelur yang ditandai dengan peningkatan titer antibodi serum ayam yang divaksin.
ENZYME ACTIVITY OF ASCARIDIA GALLI LLARVAE WAS INHIBITED BY PHENIL METHANYL METHANE SULFONYL FLUORIDE Balqis, Ummu; Darmawi, .; Hambal, Muhammad
Proceedings of The Annual International Conference, Syiah Kuala University - Life Sciences & Engineering Chapter Vol 1, No 1 (2011): Life Sciences
Publisher : Syiah Kuala University

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Abstract

Enzyme catalyse a broad spectrum of important biological reactions, including protein metabolism and immune reactions. A study was carried out to partial characterize enzyme from exretory/secretory of A. galli L3 stage based on influence of inhibitor. A. galli L3 were recovered from intestines of 100 heads chickens 7 days after oesophagus inoculation with 6000 L2. L3 recovered in this manner were cultured (5 ? 10 ml-1) in flasks containing rosswell park memorial institute (RPMI) 1640 media, pH 6.8, without phenol red. Cultures were incubated at 370C in 5% CO2 and culture fluid was collected after 3 days in culture. Excretory/secretory was prepared from metabolic product of L3 released in culture medium. The enzyme activity was assayed against casein 2%. The amount of concentration was determined from the absorbance at 595 nm. Inhibitor sensitivity on enzyme activity was studied in phenil methanyl methane sulfonyl fluoride (PMSF) 0,5 and 1 mM.    The result showed that enzyme activity of A. galli larvae was inhibited by PMSF 0.5 and 1 mM, which enzyme activity remainded 1,8 and 0%, respectively. The results indicate that the excretory/secretory secreted by L3  A. galli contained serine protease
EFFECT OF BLACK CUMIN OIL ADMINISTRATION ON CORTISOL LEVEL AND LIVER HISTOPATHOLOGY OF HEAT STRESSED BROILER CHICKENS Hasan, Denny Irmawati; Sugito, Sugito; Sabri, Mustafa; Hambal, Muhammad; Balqis, Ummu
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 13, No 1 (2019): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v13i1.12858

Abstract

The aim of this study was to observe cortisol levels and liver histopathology of broiler chicken that were treated with black cumin oil (BCO) under heat stress. A total of 15 broiler chickens were used in this study and divided into 5 groups, K- (without treatment), K+ (given heat stress), P1 (given heat stress and 0.56mL BCO/400kg body weight, P2 (given heat stress and 1.11 mL BCO/400 g body weight), and P3 (given heat stress and 2.22 mL BCO/400 g body weight). Heat stress was given for 5 hours with temperature range of 34-35° C for 7 days. Cortisol was measured using the cortisol enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kit. Liver histopathology was stained with hematoxylin eosin and observed with electron microscope. The data were analyzed using one way analysis of variance (ANOVA). This study found that application of heat stress to broiler chickens increased cortisol levels and induced histopathological changes in the liver. The BCO administration reduced cortisol level significantly (P 0.05) in heat-stressed broilers. BCO administration also significantly  reduced (P 0.05) the degenerative changes in liver histopathology such as fat degeneration, hemorrhage and necrosis in broiler chickens under heat stress, but did not significantly influence the inflammatory cells infiltration. As conclusion, BCO administration to broiler chickens under heat stress can reduce cortisol levels and minimize histopathological changes in the liver.
SUPLEMEN BUNGKIL INTI SAWIT TEPUNG DAUN KATUK BERPOTENSI MENINGKATKAN KUALITAS SPERMATOZOA PADA KAMBING PERANAKAN ETTAWA Akmal, Muslim; Reza Ferasyi, Teuku; Budiman, Hamdani; R, Razali; A, Azhari; A, Anwar; Aji Pamungkas, Fitra; Nasution, Saddat; Armansyah, T.; Hambal, Muhammad; S, Syafruddin; Sayuti, Arman
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 8, No 2 (2014): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v8i2.2638

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui pengaruh pemberian suplemen bungkil inti sawit (BIS), tepung daun katuk (KAT), dan kombinasi bungkil inti sawit dan tepung daun katuk (BISKAT) terhadap peningkatan kualitas spermatozoa kambing jantan peranakan Ettawa (PE). Dalam penelitian ini digunakan 20 ekor kambing jantan PE, berumur 1,5 tahun dengan berat badan antara 15 -20 kg dan dibagi atas empat kelompok yakni P0, P1, P2, dan P3 yang masing-masing diberi akuades, BIS 100 g/hari/ekor, kombinasi BIS 100 g/hari/ekor dan KAT 15 g/hari/ekor, dan KAT 15 g/hari/ekor. Pemberian perlakuan dilakukan selama 35 hari. Pada hari ke-36 dilakukan kastrasi dan selanjutnya dilakukan pemeriksaan kualitas spermatozoa yang meliputi motilitas, viabilitas, integritas membran, dan abnormalitas. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian suplemen kombinasi BISKAT dapat meningkatkan motilitas, viabilitas, integritas membran, dan menurunkan abnormalitas spermatozoa dibanding kelompok kontrol. Disimpulkan bahwa pemberian suplemen kombinasi BISKAT berpotensi meningkatkan kualitas spermatozoa kambing PE.
Histopathological Changes of Chicken (Gallus domesticus) Small Intestine Naturally Infected by Ascaridia galli Balqis, Ummu; Hambal, Muhammad; Utami, Cut Syeila
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria Vol 8, No 2 (2014): J. Med. Vet.
Publisher : UNIVERSITAS SYIAH KUALA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (388.037 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v8i2.3352

Abstract

This study was aimed at finding out the histopathological changes of chicken small intestines that were naturally infected by Ascaridia galli. Ten intestines were obtained from wet market in Banda Aceh then measured in length and divided into three sections: duodenum, jejunum and ileum, of which histologic slides were made. The number of Ascaridia galli founded in the lumen and ingesta were counted. Parameter picture of histopathologycal changes were scored. Results were analyzed descriptively. Duodenum, jejunum and ileum infected by Ascaridia galli showed hyperemia, hemorrhage, desquamation, inflamatory cell infiltration, histopathological changes of villi represented by desquamation, hyperplasia and fusion. Damage level of the small intestine chicken was largely determined by the number of infecting Ascaridia galli. It was concluded that the more number of Ascaridia galli that infect chickens, the more damage occurred in the small intestine of chicken.Key words: intestine, chicken, Ascaridia galli
THE DEVELOPMENT OF ASCARIDIA GALLI INFECTIVE EGGS BY IN VITRO CULTURE Balqis, Ummu; D, Darmawi; Hambal, Muhammad; Tiuria, Risa
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 3, No 2 (2009): J. Ked. Hewan
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v3i2.3104

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the survival of embrionated eggs of Ascaridia galli. Adult female worms were obtained from lumen of intestine of native chickens in a slaughter house. Eggs obtained from the uteri of adult female worms were incubated in distilled water at room temperature for 20-31 days in order to develop A. galli infective eggs. The eggs were counted using stereomicroscope. The result showed that the amount of A. galli eggs were 1,045,478 and the amount of embrionated eggs were 935,300 (89.46%).Keywords: Ascaridia galli,  embrionated eggs
IMPLEMENTATION OF HABITUATION PROGRAM OF TADARUS AL-QUR'AN IN LOVE BUILDING OF AL-QURAN AT STUDENTS OF SMP MUHAMMADIYAH 15 SEDAYULAWAS BRONDONG LAMONGAN Hambal, Muhammad
TADARUS Vol 8, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Prodi Pendidikan Agama Islam - Fakultas Agama Islam ( FAI )

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Abstract

AbstractThis study aims to delve into the implementation of program habituation oftadarus Qur'an in coaching love of the Qur'an at students of SMPMuhammadiyah 15 SedayulawasBrondongLamongan. This study used aqualitative research, with descriptive approach. The process of datacollection was done by using the instrument of observation, interviews anddocumentation. The data have been collected and analyzedby the collection,reduction, and presentation of data and the conclusion in accordance withthe scope of the problem. The results of this study indicated that habituationof tadarus Qur'an program in SMP Muhammadiyah 15SedayulawasBrondongLamongan is for students to read the Qur'an heldevery morning before starting the lesson, the program of conditioningtadarus the Qur'an aims to establish thestudent Islamic character that isloving Qur'an more by reading or listening happily. Therefore, this activitybecomes a tradition that is deemed suitable for the students in religiousactivities and as a means of well habituation in daily activities in the realmof religion that led to the approach of the Qur'an. Keywords: Tadarusal-Qur?an, Habituation, Buildinglove of the al-Qur?an
Co-Authors . Azhar . Darmawi . Darniati . Fakhrurrazi . ISMAIL . Muthmainnah a, Aulanni?am Abdul Harris Abdullah Hamzah, Abdullah Abu Hasan Ahmad Adil Umara, Adil Admi, Masda Agus Dermawan, Agus Agusty, Atika Ahmad, Abu Hassan Akbar, Muhammad Ridhan Al Azhar Amiruddin A Andi Novita Anwar A, Anwar Aprilia Wardana, Aprilia Arman Sayuti Athailah, Farida Athaillah Farida Athaillah, Farida Athaillah, Farida Athaillah, Farida Ayuni, Rizka Azhar Azhar Azhari A Azhari Azhari Bakrie, Muttaqien Basuki B. Purnomo Cut Dahlia Iskandar Cut S. Utami Cut Syeila Utami, Cut Syeila Darmawi D Darmawi Darmawi Dasrul Dasrul Dwina Aliza Dwinna Aliza Efriyendi, Rizki Eliawardani Eliawardani, Eliawardani Ellyawardani, Ellyawardani Elsa Mariane Ramadani, Elsa Mariane Erdiansyah Rahmi Erina Erina Fachriyan Hasymi Pasaribu Farida Farida Febiola Rama Sari, Febiola Rama Ferasyi, T Reza fisdiora, zena Fitra Aji Pamungkas, Fitra Gholib G, Gholib Hamdani Budiman Hamny H, Hamny Hamny Hamny harliyanda, syafriza Hasan, Denny Irmawati Henni Vanda Ismail Ismail Jamil, Ikwan Joharsyah J, Joharsyah Khaira, Arini Ulfa Khaira, Arini Ulfa M. Aris Widodo M. Nur Salim Maldini, Audi Maryam Maryam Muhammad Hanafiah Mukhtar, Rahmi Sulastri Mulya Fahmi, Mulya Mulyadi Adam, Mulyadi Mulyadi Mulyadi Murhaban Murhaban Muslim Akmal Muslina Muslina, Muslina Mustafa Sabri Muttaqien Bakri, Muttaqien Muttaqien Muttaqien, Muttaqien Muttaqien, . N.A., Zuhrawaty NA, Zuhrawaty Nurul Hidayati Nuzul Asmilia Parwis, Muhammad Rahmah, Taufikah Rahman, Resty Fauzana Rasmaidar, . Rastina, Rastina Rastina, Rastina Razali Daud Razali R Razali Razali Retno Damayanti Soejoedoeno Rimaya Shafitri Rinidar R, Rinidar Rinidar Rinidar, Rinidar Risa Tiuria Rizki, Adistya Putra Roslizawaty r Rosmaidar Rosmaidar, Rosmaidar Ruskhanidar R, Ruskhanidar Rusli Rusli Saddat Nasution, Saddat Samadi Samadi Septian, Anugrah Siti Aisyah Sri Wahyuni Sugito s Sugito Sugito Suriadi S, Suriadi Sutiman B. Sumitro Syafruddin s T. Armansyah T. Fadrial Karmil T. Reza Ferasyi, T. Reza Tapielaniari -, Tapielaniari Teuku R. Ferasyi Teuku Reza Ferasyi Teuku Reza Ferasyi, Teuku Tongku Nizwan Siregar Triva Murtina Lubis Ummu Balqis Upik K. Hadi Wardani, Elia Winaruddin Winaruddin Wulan Windasari, Wulan Yudha Fahrimal Z, Zuhrawati Zainuddin Z Zainuddin Zainuddin Zakiah Heryawati Manaf Zarry, Muhammad Geraldy