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Respon Komunitas Nelayan terhadap Modernisasi Perikanan (Studi Kasus Nelayan Suku Bajo di Desa Lagasa, Kabupaten Muna, Propinsi Sulawesi Tenggara) Hamzah, Awaluddin; K. Pandjaitan, Nurmala; ., Nuraini
SODALITY: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan Vol 2, No 2 (2008)
Publisher : SODALITY: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan

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Abstract

Modernisasi melalui peningkatan dan penggunaan teknologi alat tangkap serta bantuan permodalan berimplikasi pada kegiatan serta organisasi penangkapan ikan dan pada akhirnya terjadi perubahan dalam suatu komunitas. Tidak semua lapisan nelayan dapat memanfaatkan peluang modernisasi. Sebelum program modernisasi perikanan, struktur komunitas nelayan Suku Bajo masih didominasi oleh sistem perikanan tradisional, kegiatan dicirikan struktur komunitas homogen dan tingkat diferensiasi sosial yang masih rendah. Berbagai ukuran yang dapat dilihat menunjukan bahwa nelayan tergolong tidak sejahtera. Pemerintah memandang perlu untuk memperbaiki taraf hidup nelayan. Realisasinya dilakukan antara lain dalam bentuk modernisasi perikanan (Revolusi Biru). Penerimaan maupun penolakan suatu hal baru berkaitan dengan proses mental sejak seseorang mengetahui adanya inovasi. Proses tersebut bagi nelayan tidak terlepas dari pengaruh pemaknaan terhadap laut serta pekerjan nelayan bagi nelayan itu sendiri. Hasil penelitian menunjukan kecenderungan terjadi bahwa Pengadopsi Cepat (PC) memiliki karakteristik yang lebih baik dibandingkan adopter yang lebih lambat. Pada pemaknaan laut, kebanyakan responden memberi makna ekonomi, psikologi dan budaya yang positif. Sedangkan pada makna pekerjaan nelayan kebanyakan responden memberi makna ekonomi, sosiologis, teologis, dan budaya yang cenderung positif. Selain itu nampaknya terdapat hubungan antara pemaknaan dengan kecepatan adopsi. Hubungan tersebut adalah semakin positif makna ekonomis maka adopsi inovasi semakin cepat. Sebaliknya semakin positif makna budaya kecenderungan adopsi cenderung semakin lambat. Modernisasi perikanan berdampak pada perubahan pola kerja yakni daya jelajah lebih jauh, jumlah pekerja (sawi) lebih banyak dengan sifat semi bebas dan perekrutan lebih selektif. Pembagian kerja lebih jelas dan berjenjang serta hierarkis. Terjadi pula dampak perubahan struktur sosial dengan sistem bagi hasil yang menjadi pranata nelayan, stratifikasi yang kompleks, diferensiasi beragam, dan pola hubungan non eksploitatif. Dampak teknologi gae juga menghasilkan peningkatan pemenuhan kebutuhan dasar serta gizi anggota keluarga nelayan serta kesadaran pentingnya pendidikan bagi anggota keluarga
FISHING TECHNOLOGY CONVERSION, DIFFERENTIATION, AND SOCIAL MOBILITY OF FISHERMAN IN LAGASA VILLAGE OF MUNA REGENCY Hamzah, Awaluddin; Limi, Muhammad Aswar; La Nalefo, La Nalefo; Gafaruddin, Abdul
International Journal of Sustainable Tropical Agricultural Sciences Vol 2, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : International Journal of Sustainable Tropical Agricultural Sciences

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Abstract

The modernization through the improvement, the application of technology of fishing utility, the funding support which affects on the activity and organization of fisherman and eventually causes the transformation in the society. The aim of this research was to analyze the impact of fishing technology conversion to social structure of Bajo tribe fisherman. The methods used to collect the primer and secondary data from informant were: completed questionnaire, deep interview with both informants and respondents, and live observation (participate observation). Analysis of data was performed descriptively which is concept development, collect the evidences but did not perform the hypothesis trial, and analyze the variable relationship for hypothesis testing by applying the quantitative and qualitative tabulation. The results of this research was the fishing technology conversion in fisherman society brings up many impacts on various aspects in fisherman’s life. The application of every type old technology affected on the consequences or impacts such as the work pattern, social structure, and the fisherman prosperity level. The relationship between the ponggawa as the owner of production utility and the sawi as the worker is not the exploitative characteristic, because both of them still apply the cultural values which help each other not only in teamwork but also in relationship pattern in their daily life. So that the characteristic of the relationship pattern is not exploitative and require each other. The difference does not show the polarization indication because the Bajo tradition to help each other is still applied.
Analisis Tingkat Kesejahteraan Rumah Tangga Perempuan Usaha Mikro (PUM) Di Kawasan Pesisir Sulawesi Tenggara Batoa, Hartina; Arimbawa, Putu; Zani, Munirwan; Hamzah, Awaluddin; Limi, Muhammad Aswar
PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL AGRIBISNIS PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL EKONOMI MARITIM (Pengelolaan Ekonomi Maritim yang Mandiri dan Berkelanju
Publisher : PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL AGRIBISNIS

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk Menganalisis Tingkat Kesejahteraan Rumah Tangga Perempuan Usaha Mikro Di Kawasan Pesisir Sulawesi Tenggara. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada lima kabupaten/kota yang ditentukan secara purposive dengan pertimbangan karakteristik wilayah dan usaha masyarakat yang umumnya bergelut pada subsektor perikanan. Kelima kabupaten ktersebut adalah Kabupaten Muna Barat, Konawe Selatan, Kolaka, Kota Baubau, dan Kota Kendari. Jenis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data primer dan data sekunder. Data primer bersumber dari hasil wawancara dengan PUM dan data sekunder berasal dari literatur yang relevan dengan penelitian ini. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan ada dua macam, yaitu observasi dan wawancara. Untuk mengetahui tingkat kesejahteraan rumah tangga PUM dilakukan dengan penentuan skor berdasarkan indikator kesejahteraan. Selanjutnya dari skor tersebut dilakukan penentuan tingkat kesejahteraan yaitu kurang sejahtera (skor < 52), cukup sejahtera (skor 52 – 60) dan sejahtera  (skor > 60)   Hasil analisis dan mengacu pada tujuan penelitian maka dapat diketahui bahwa kesejateraan PUM masih tergolong rendah. PUM di Sulawesi Tenggara yang telah menikmati hasil usahanya dan telah tergolong sejahtera baru sekitar 9%, sedangkan yang tergolong cukup sejahtera yakni 40%. Jumlah yang lebih besar adalah PUM yang dikategorikan kurang sejahtera diamana angkanya mencapai 51%.
Analisis Dampak Pengembangan Wisata Pulau Bokori Terhadap Kondisi Sosial Ekonomi Masyarakat Bajo (Studi Kasus di Desa Mekar Kecamatan Soropia) Fyka, Samsul Alam; Yunus, Lukman; Limi, Muhammad Aswar; Hamzah, Awaluddin; Darwan, Darwan
HABITAT Vol 29, No 3 (2018)
Publisher : Department of Social Economy, Faculty of Agriculture , University of Brawijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (64.244 KB) | DOI: 10.21776/ub.habitat.2018.029.3.13

Abstract

Pulau Bokori merupakan salah satu destinasi wisata bahari yang menjadi tempat tujuan pariwisata di Sulawesi Tenggara. Pengembangan Pulau Bokori yang dilakukan pemerintah daerah secara langsung akan memberikan pengaruh bagi masyarakat sekitar. Masyarakat Bajo di Desa Mekar adalah masyarakat yang mendiami daerah sekitar pulau bokori dengan mata pencaharian sebagai nelayan dengan tingkat kemiskinan yang sangat tinggi yakni seluruh masyarakatnya tergolong masyarakat miskin. Keberadaan wisata pulau bokori ini akan memberikan perubahan pada kondisi sosial seperti perubahan gaya hidup dan ekonomi seperti perubahan mata pencaharian, peningkatan pendapatan, perubahan pemilikan asset dan kondisi rumah masyarakat Bajo. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mengetahui dampak pengembangan wisata pulau Bokori terhadap kondisi sosial dan ekonomi masyarakat Bajo di Desa Mekar. Analisis data yang digunakan di penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kuantitatif dan kualitatif. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengaruh sosial berupa gaya hidup melalui cara berpakaian masyarakat Bajo akibat adanya wisata Pulau Bokori sangat kecil, yaitu sebesar 10,34 % saja. Sedangkan gaya hidup melalui cara berkomunikasi dengan menggunakan handphone, terjadi perubahan yaitu sebesar 65,52%. Dampak ekonomi terhadap penambahan mata pencaharian akibat adanya wisata pulau bokori bagi masyarakat Bajo terlibat dalam usaha di sektor wisata, seperti jasa penyeberangan, pedagang kaki lima, penyewaan tikar, penjual makanan sate pokea dan tenaga kerja banana boat. Sehingga terjadi perubahan pendapatan masyarakat dari sector wisata.
Modernisasi Alat Tangkap pada Nelayan Bajo (Sebuah Studi pada Nelayan Suku Bajo di Desa Latawe Kabupaten Muna Barat Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara) Hamzah, Awaluddin; Mukhtar, Mukhtar; Abdi, Abdi; Gafaruddin, Abdul
Buletin Penelitian Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Haluoleo Vol 21, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Agribusiness Halu Oleo University Kendari Southeast Sulawesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (184.321 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/bpsosek.v21i1.5905

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of fisheries modernization on the social structure of Bajo Tribe fishermen. The research was conducted from July to September 2017, in Latawe Village, West Muna Regency. After categorizing, a sample of 100 respondents was obtained; there are 45 boat owner fishermen (ponggawa), 30 local fishermen (mustard), 25 fishermen outside the village. Data analysis was carried out descriptively, namely the development of concepts and gathering facts but did not carry out hypothesis testing, and analyzed the relationship between variables for hypothesis testing using quantitative and qualitative approaches. For primary quantitative data, the processing is carried out using frequency tables and simple cross-tabulations. The results showed that the modernization of fisheries in fishing communities had an impact on various aspects of fishermen's life. The use of each type of facility has consequences or impacts that occur, namely work patterns, social structures and the level of welfare of fishermen
Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Penerapan Teknologi Usaha Tani Padi Sawah di Desa Puosu Jaya Kecamatan Konda Kabupaten Konawe Selatan Purnamasari, Nita; Hamzah, Awaluddin; Gafaruddin, Abdul
JIA (Jurnal Ilmiah Agribisnis) : Jurnal Agribisnis dan Ilmu Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 3, No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Kendari Southeast Sulawesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (351.89 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jia.v3i2.7763

Abstract

The purpose of this research is to know the factors related to the application of technology on paddy field farming in Puosu Jaya Village Konda Subdistrict of South Konawe Regency. The population in this study were rice farmers who are in the Village Puosu Jaya Subdistrict Konda consisting of 16 people and sampling done by purposivesampling. Data collection techniques in this study are questionnaires and interviews.The variables observed in this study are independent variables witch include : age, education nuber of family dependens, farming experience, farming area, and intensity of agricultural extension followers. The dependent variable isthe application level of paddy farming technology. Thr results of this studyindicate that there is a relaptionship between age, education level, arable landarea, the number of family dependens and intensity of agricultural extention with the application of paddy farming technology. It can be seen by product moments correlation test with value (age = 0,0093, education = 0,758, farming experience = 0,802, total family member = 0,542, land area = 0,532, agricultural extention intensity = 0,595). Until it can be concluded that the relationship between the level of application of paddy farming technology related significantly whith age, educations level, farming land area, the number of dependents of family, and the participation of famers in agricultural extension activities. Famers are active in counseling activities and who have large land area tend to be higher in the application of technology of paddy farming.
Studi Modernisasi Nelayan di Kota Kendari (Studi Kasus Armada Purse Seine di Pelabuhan Perikanan Samudera Kendari) Fitriany, Dian; Hamzah, Awaluddin; Wianti, Nur Isiyana
Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian Vol 4, No 2 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Agribusiness Halu Oleo University Kendari Southeast Sulawesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (337.723 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jimdp.v4i2.6638

Abstract

This study aims to determine the process of transformation of fishermen to succeed in fisheries modernization, Knowing Factors that play a role in the success of modernization of fishermen. This research was conducted in January 2018 until March 2018 at Fishery Port of Samudera Kendari. Determination of key informants in this study amounted to 4 people, where there is One owner of the ship, two skippers of the ship who is the second owner and leader of the boat, and a captain who is the leader of the ship. Determination of key informants is intended because they are the key to know the process of modernization of fishery business from the beginning of its development until now. This research uses descriptive qualitative analysis method. The results of this study indicate that the elite of Indigenous entrepreneurs is a pioneer elite born in the first modernization period from 1970 to 1980. His business started from traditional fishermen engaged in fish auction business became the head of the fishermen group so that they can access the fishery assistance to develop the business in PPS Kendari. While the Chinese entrepreneurs elite is a followers elite born after the third period of modernization that is after 1990 the business started from employees at the company Cilacap. Because of the potential in him and is the ethnic Chinese he then get help from the company Cilacap owned by the company Cilacap. Factors that play a role in the success of modernization of fishermen can be seen from the elite success of Indigenous businessmen and elite of Chinese businessmen. Where the elite of Native entrepreneurs in fishery modernization there are factors that play a role is the business experience that is as a traditional fisherman and work in fish auctions and then transformed into fisherman owners who have their own company with a fleet of ships that many. While Chinese businessmen are more to ethnic background factors so as to get capital assistance from large Chinese ethnic companies. Furthermore, the elite of indigenous entrepreneurs is supported by the government through the help of the fishing fleet, while the Chinese business elite is supported by the Chinese pioneering elite of Cilacap.
Alokasi Waktu Kerja dan Peran Istri Nelayan dalam Meningkatkan Ekonomi Keluarga di Kelurahan Petoaha Kecamatan Nambo Kota Kendari Amir, Fitriah; Hamzah, Awaluddin; Limi, Muhammad Aswar
JIA (Jurnal Ilmiah Agribisnis) : Jurnal Agribisnis dan Ilmu Sosial Ekonomi Pertanian Vol 4, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Halu Oleo University, Kendari Southeast Sulawesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (511.433 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jia.v4i1.6416

Abstract

This research aimed (1) To describe the working time allocation and role of the fisherman’s wife as a fish seller for activities in the household, social activities and economic activities, (2) To know the contribution of fisherman's wife in improving family economy and (3) To know the relation between family income and working time allocation of fisherman’s wife. This research was conducted in the Petoaha, the districts of Nambo. The population of this research was the entire of the fisherman's wife of Petoaha, the districts of Nambo as a fish seller. Sample determination using purposive sampling technique. The number of samples is determined using Slovin formula and based on the calculation result using the formula, the total sample is 43 respondents. The results of this research showed that the average allocation of working time and the role of fisherman’s wife for household activities is 66.56%, social activities 1.29% and economic activities 14.94%. The average income contribution of fishermen's wife to family income is 42%. The relationship between family income and the fisherman’s wife working is the family income in the lower category, the allocation time of fisherman’s wife in economy activity increasing
Sumber Penghasilan Masyarakat Nelayan (Studi Kasus di Desa Bungin Permai Kecamatan Tinanggea Kabupaten Konawe Selatan) Luciana, Lulu; Hamzah, Awaluddin; Mardin, Mardin
Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian Vol 2, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Halu Oleo Kendari Sulawesi Tenggara

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (246.608 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jimdp.v2i1.6653

Abstract

The aim of this research was to analyze the income source of the fisherman society. This research was conducted in Bungin Permai Village of Tinanggea Sub-district of Konawe Selatan District. The Sample was taken by purposive sampling methods. The number of samples in this research were 10 fishermen and the criteria of the informant fishermen were the catcher or the cultivation, it directly visible at the research social interaction, and they who can give the information although not directly involved in the social interaction that has been researched. The techniques of analysis that have been used at this research was the descriptive qualitative that was to Analysis showed that the main source of their income that they did every day, the unpredictable nature condition makes the fisherman can not fishing every day and it cause sometimes they did the diversification to fulfill their necessity or did the part-time job.
Partisipasi Kontak Tani Dalam Perencanaan Program Penyuluhan Pertanian di Kecamatan Konda Kabupaten Konawe Selatan Dzoelkarman, Dzoelkarman; Salam, Idrus; Hamzah, Awaluddin
Jurnal Ilmiah Membangun Desa dan Pertanian Vol 4, No 1 (2019)
Publisher : Department of Agribusiness Halu Oleo University Kendari Southeast Sulawesi

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (189.613 KB) | DOI: 10.33772/jimdp.v4i1.6411

Abstract

This research was conducted in Konda Subdistrict, South Konawe Regency from July to August 2017. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of farmer participation in planning agricultural extension programs in Konda Subdistrict, South Konawe District. The population of agricultural contacts is 118 people and the number of contact samples of selected farmers is 32 people plus 1 informant namely Field Extension Officer (PPL), sampling technique is done randomly using the method (Simple Random Sampling) of the total population 118 and Number of respondents taken as a sample of 32 people. Data analysis techniques used are quantitative and quantitative by tabulating and presented. Based on the description of the discussion from the results of the research conducted, it can be concluded that the level of farmer contact participation in planning agricultural extension programs in Konda Subdistrict is generally classified into the medium category (53.12%), in the low category (37.5%), and in the category high as much (9.37%) Forms of farmer contact participation in giving and receiving information Generally classified as high (50%), in the moderate category as much (34.37%), and in the low category as much (15.62%). Participation in giving responses and suggestions is generally classified as low (50%), in the moderate category as much (34.37%), and in the high category as much (15.62%). While participation in planning extension programs is generally classified as moderate (56.25%), in the low category as much (25%), and in the high category as much (18.75%).