Eko Hanudin
Jurusan Ilmu Tanah, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Jl. Flora, Bulaksumur, Depok, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia, Telp./fax.: (0274) 563062

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CHARACTERISTICS OF SOILS DEVELOPING FROM GABBRO, PHYLLITE AND CHERT PARENT ROCK IN KARANGSAMBUNG DISTRICT Taher, Ratna; Nurudin, Makruf; Hanudin, Eko
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 4, No 3 (2019): December
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1227.962 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.32392

Abstract

Understanding the nature of the soil is very important to know the potential and the proper management of the soil. This study aimed to determine the differences in morphological, physical, and chemical properties of the soils developing from gabbro, phylitte and chert parent materials. The soil profile was made to represent each parent rock of gabbro, phyllite and chert located on the upper and middle slopes with pine-dominated vegetation and mixed gardens. Observation in the field is a professional description to observe soil morphology. Soil samples were taken at each horizon to analyze soil physical properties (bulk density, particle density, and texture), soil chemical properties (pH, exchanged cations, cation exchange capacity, available P, organic C, and total N). Texture analysis results showed that clay content of the soil developing from parent rock of Gabro 1 is the highest, followed by the soil clay content from  Chert 1, Phyllite 1, Chert 2, Phyllite 2, and Gabbro 2, respectively. The order of soil acidity level (pH) is Gabbro 2 > Gabbro 1> Chert 1 ~ Chert 2 > Phyllite 1 ~ Phyllite 2. Meanwhile, the order of the cation exchange capacity is Gabbro 1> Gabbro 2> Phyllite 1> Chert 1> Phyllite 2> Chert 2, and the order of the base saturation is Chert 2> Gabbro 2> Chert 1> Phyllite 2 > Phyllite1> Gabbro 1.
RESPON RUMPUT BENGGALA (PANICUM MAXIMUM L.) TERHADAP GYPSUM DAN PUPUK KANDANG DI TANAH SALIN Purbajanti, Endang Dwi; Soetrisno, Djoko; Hanudin, Eko; Budhi, Subur Priyono Sasmito
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 38 No. 1 (2010): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (431.401 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v38i1.1675

Abstract

The research was aim at studying the effect of application of gypsum and manure to growth, biomass yield, dry matter yield, dry matter content and crude protein of Benggala grass. This study used factorial design with nine replications. The first factor was manure dosages i.e. 0 and 20 ton ha-1. The second factor was gypsum dosages i.e. 0, 0.75, 1.5 and 3 ton ha-1. Variables to observe were relative growth rate (RGR), biomass yield, dry matter yield, dry matter content and crude protein. The application of 20 ton manure and 3 ton gypsum per hectare resulted the highest values of  RGR, biomass yield, dry matter yield, dry matter content and crude protein; they were 0.86 g day-1, 1039.4 g pot-1, 219.1 g pot-1, 20.9% and 8.1%, respectively. Response of RGR, biomass yield, dry matter yield, dry matter content and crude protein to gypsum application with 20 ton manure  ha-1 were linier.  Keywords :  benggala grass,  saline soil, gypsum, manure, nitrogen.
Pengaruh Waktu Pemupukan pada Dua Musim Tanam terhadap Karakter Wijen Sbr-1 dan Sbr-3 di Lahan Pasir Pantai Nurhayati, Dewi Ratna; Yudono, Prapto; Taryono, Taryono; Hanudin, Eko
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 33, No 1 (2018): April
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v33i1.19442

Abstract

Sesame is recognized as healthy potential oil crops because can be used to control several diseases. Sesame can grow properly in light soil structure such as sandy coastal soil, however sandy soil is considered as unfertile one and therefore environmental friendly fertilizer application based on dung manure must be studied. The research toinvestigate the influence of application times of mixed fertilizer on the growth sesame in quality growth in coastal sandy soil both at rainy and dry seasons, therefore the experiment directly to the sandy field at the sandy coastal area of Keburuhan, Purworejo, Central Java. From the first stage, it could be said that the application of mixed fertilizer between chicken manure and inorganic fertilizer increasing tochlorophyll content, net assimilation rate, root volume sesame both in rainy and dry seasons.
PENGARUH INOKULASI JAMUR MIKORIZA ARBUSKULA TERHADAP GLOMALIN, PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL PADI Syamsiyah, Jauhari; Sunarminto, Bambang Hendro; Hanudin, Eko; Widada, Jaka
Sains Tanah - Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Agroklimatologi Vol 11, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Sebelas Maret University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15608/stjssa.v11i1.214

Abstract

Penelitian pot ini bertujuan untuk mengukur kandungan glomalin,  pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman padi dari inokulalsi mikoriza. Penelitian disusun dengan Rancangan Acak Lengkap dari empat perlakuan yaitu dua taraf sterilisasi (TO, tanpa sterilisasi dan TS, + sterilisasi) dan dua taraf inokulasi mikoriza (M1, - mikoriza dan M1+ mkorisa) dengan enam kali ulangan. Mikoriza sebanyak 5 g/pot diberikan sebelum penamanan benih padi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Glomalin Total (GT) dan Glomalin mudah diekstrak (GEE) lebih tinggi pada inokulasi mikoriza, masing-masing meningkat 16 % dan 20% pada tanah tidak steril (TOM1) dan  25 % dan 11 %  pada tanah steril(TSM1) dibandingkan tanpa mikoriza. Kandungan GT berkisar dari 4,95 – 9,74 mg/ g tanah dan GEE 0,99 – 2,78 mg/g tanah. Inokulasi mikoriza meningkatkan C organik tanah, sebesar 13,47 %  pada tanah tak steril dan 12,93 % pada tanah steril. Tinggi tanaman, jumlah anakan dan berat gabah kering giling (GKG) nyata dipengaruhi inokulasi mikoriza. GKG pada tanah steril+ mikoriza paling tinggi (20,68 g/pot) namun tidak berbeda nyata dengan  tanah tak steril + mikoriza. Sterilisasi tanah nyata tidak mempengaruhi produksi glomalin, pertumbuhan dan hasil tanaman padi.
PENGARUH LIMBAH BIOGAS SAPI TERHADAP KETERSEDIAAN HARA MAKRO-MIKRO INCEPTISOL Utami, Sari Widya; Sunarminto, Bambang Hendro; Hanudin, Eko
Jurnal Ilmu Tanah dan Air Vol 11, no 1
Publisher : Prodi Agroteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, UPN "Veteran" Yogyakarta

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Objective of this research to know the effect of cattle sludge application on N, P, K, Fe, Mn, Zn and Cu availability of Inceptisol that had been cultivated intensify. Cattle sludge that used, consisted by 2 form; solid and liquid (slurry) form. The experiment was arranged Completely Block Randomized Design (CRBD) with 3 replicates of 2 factors combination. The first factor was dose of solid sludge consisted 2 leves were 0 ton/ha (P0) and 5.4 ton/ha (P1). The second factor was dose of slurry consisted 4 levels, were 0 liter/ha (D0), 500 liter/ha (D1), 1000 liter/ha (D2), 1500 liter/ha (D3). Variables were observed some soil chemical characteristic such as pH, EC, Corganic, CEC, total N, availability of P, availability of K, availability of Fe, availability of Mn, availability of Zn and availability of Cu. Data were analysed by F test and if there were significant effect then continued by using Duncan’s Multiple Range Test (α = 5%). Result of this research showed gave solid sludge as much 5.4 ton/ha was able to increase pH, Corganic and total N. Gave slurry was not able to increase macro and micro nutrient availability of Inceptisol
Improvement of Cation Exchange Capacity of Natural Zeolite with Alkali Treatments Hanudin, Eko; Triyatmo, Bambang
Jurnal Zeolit Indonesia Vol 3, No 1 (2004)
Publisher : Jurnal Zeolit Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (51.514 KB)

Abstract

The natural zeolite was treated with alkali (NaOH) solution and heating at 100 oC for 12 and 24 hours. The natural zeolite was collected from Gunungkidul, Jogjakarta, Indonesia. The series of NaOH solutions was 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.5, 3.5 and 4.5 M. The final product of the reaction (precipitate) was designated as ‘activated natural zeolite (ANZ)’. The cation exchange capacity (CEC) of the ANZ increased with increasing NaOH concentration up to 1.5-3.5 M. Treatment with NaOH 3.5 M and 12 hours in period of hydrothermal reaction resulted in a maximum CEC (395.6 cmol.kg-1). The maximum CEC also observed for treatment with NaOH 1,5 M, but consumed a longer time (24 hours). The increase in the CEC of the ANZ about 300 % higher than the original one. The XRD (X-ray Diffraction) peaks of the ANZ appear at 2.7, 3.2, 4.1, 5.1, 7.2 Å, this indicated a new crystalline matters (possibility phillipsite) present. Electron micrograph showed that the ANZ has a large cubic/prismatic structure with a perfect form.
KETERSEDIAAN FOSFOR PADA TANAH ANDISOL UNTUK JAGUNG (ZEA MAYSL.) OLEH INOKULUM BAKTERI PELARUT FOSFAT Tamad, ,; Ma?as, Azwar; Radjagukguk, Bostang; Hanudin, Eko; Widada, Jaka
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 41 No. 2 (2013): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (295.588 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v41i2.7516

Abstract

Andisols has relatively low phosphorus availability due to its adsorption by allophane. Phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB) increases the availability of P via release of adsorpted-P. The aims of this research were to determine: 1) anorganicP solubilization, 2) organic-P mineralization, 3) blocking of Andisols adsorption site, and 4) effective PSB inoculant. The research was arranged in completely randomized design, with PSB inoculant as treatment. Variables observed were solubleP, mineralize-P, adsorpted-P, pH, total acidity, PSB population, phosphatase and phythase activity, relative surface charge, and maize?s growth component. The result showed that PSB inoculation increased soluble-P from 30 to between 150 and 195 ppm P, increased mineralize-P from 23.7 to between 63.6 and 91.7 ppm P, and decreased P-adsorption from 95 to between 36 and 13%. PSB inoculation decreased the Andisols pH, increased the total acidity, PSB population, the phosphatase and phytase activity, and PSB had relatively high of relative surface charge (69%). The PSB inoculation increased maize P absorption in the range of 70 and 75 mg P plant-1, and increased relative agronomic effectiveness (RAE )between 145 and 150%. Liquid and solid PSB inoculant had no different effect in increasing maize growth. Keywords: Andisol, P release, phosphate solubilizing bacteria, phosphatase, phytase
PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL PADI SAWAH ORGANIK DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN PUPUK KANDANG SAPI DAN AZOLLA Mujiyo, Mujiyo; Sunarminto, Bambang Hendro; Hanudin, Eko; Widada, Jaka
Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol 30, No 2 (2015): October
Publisher : Universitas Sebelas Maret

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20961/carakatani.v30i2.11892

Abstract

Farmyard manure and azolla are potential sources of organic fertilizer in organic paddy field. This study aimed to determine the effect of using farmyard manure and azolla on growth and yield of rice crop. The research method was field trial in an organic paddy field, Sukorejo Village, Sragen, Indonesia. Experimental design which used was a completely randomized block design with 9 kinds of treatment which are repeated in 3 blocks. These kind of treatments were the using of farmyard manure, azolla fertilizer, azolla inoculum, and the combinations which is based on the fulfillment of nutrient requirements of 120 kg N ha-1. Farmyard manure significantly increased the fresh weight of biomass (two-way ANOVA F = 3.13 p < 0.05), the weight of grains per panicle (two-way ANOVA F = 3.36 p < 0.05) and dry grain harvest (two-way ANOVA F = 3.71 p < 0.05). Azolla fertilizer significantly increased the plant height (two-way ANOVA F = 2.93 p < 0.05). Meanwhile azolla inoculum did not give significant effect on all parameters (both growth and yield). Dry grain harvest has very significant correlation with plant height (0.68**); fresh weight of biomass (0.79**); weight of grains per panicle (0.61**); and grain weight of 1,000 seeds (0.48*). The result of F test and correlation analysis showed that farmyard manure significantly increases the dry grain harvest through its role on increasing the weight of fresh biomass and grain weight per panicle. Azolla fertilizer also significantly increased the dry grain harvest through its role on increasing the plant height. However, the effect of Azolla fertilizer to increase the dry grain harvest was weaker than farmyard manure.
Application of Lime and Gypsum and Their Effect on Micronutrients (Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu) Uptake of Sugarcane Planted in Central Lampung Ultisols Widiarso, Christoporus Sudradjat; Purwanto, Benito Heru; Hanudin, Eko; Ma’as, Azwar
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 2, No 2 (2017): August
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1519.079 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.25805

Abstract

Most of sugarcane are cultivated on Ultisols with low inherent soil fertility in Central Lampung. This experiment aimed to observe the effect of lime (CaCO3) and gypsum (Ca2SO4) on Fe, Zn, Mn, and Cu uptake of sugarcane. The experiment was conducted in Experimental Research Field of Gula Putih Mataram Enterprise, Central Lampung District. The experiment was designed using a split-plot, which consisted of lime application as the main plot and gypsum application as the sub plotwith three replications. The results showed that there were no significant influence of lime and gypsum application on micronutrient content of the soil. However, application of 2 and 3 tons of lime/ha could reduce soil Fe content about 349.86 and 328.07 ppm respectively within 0-20 cm soil in depthand it was significantly lower than comparing to Fe content (around 457.68 ppm) in control. Similarly, the effect of gypsum application at 0.25 ton.ha-1 decreased Fe content (355.42 ppm), while Fe content of non-gypsum application soil showed around 410.34 ppm. The analysis of other micronutrients did not indicate asignificant effect of lime or gypsum application.
EFFECTS OF UREASE INHIBITOR AND NITRIFICATION INHIBITOR ON THE NITROGEN LOSSES, PHYSIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY, AND OIL PALM YIELD ON RED-YELLOW PODZOLIC Melisa, Melisa; Putra, Eka Tarwaca Susila; Hanudin, Eko
Jurnal Ilmu Pertanian Vol 3, No 3 (2018): December
Publisher : Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Gadjah Mada jointly with PISPI

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (595.342 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/ipas.37291

Abstract

Nitrogen (N) fertilizer efficiency can increase by adding N-(n-butyl) thiophosphoric triamide (NBPT) and N-(n-propyl) thiophosphoric triamide (NPPT) as urease inhibitor in urea fertilizer and adding 3,4-dimethyl pyrazole phosphate (DMPP) as nitrification inhibitor in ammonium sulfate (ZA) fertilizer. The research objectives were to examine the effectiveness of urease inhibitor (NBPT and NPPT) and nitrification inhibitor (DMPP) on the physiological activity and oil palm yield on red-yellow podzolic. Field experiment was done using a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) of single factor and three replications as block. The single factor was nine fertilization treatments of urea with or without urease inhibitor, and ZA with or without nitrification inhibitor. The use of urease inhibitors decreases the amount of volatilization and N loss fertilizer. The higher dose of broadcasting N fertilizer (on the same type of fertilizer) resulted in the higher amount of N loss and volatilization. All fertilization treatments did not have any significant influence to the width and the length of opening stomata, nitrate reductase activity (NRA), N concentration in oil palm leaf, Oil Extraction Rate (OER), and Free Fatty Acid (FFA). Meanwhile, The oil palms at yellow red podzolic applied with urea 195 kg/ha combined with 0.12% of NBPT-NPPT resulting in higher fresh fruit bunch productivity.