Articles

POLA KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN ASUPAN ENERGI DAN ZAT GIZI ANAK STUNTING DAN TIDAK STUNTING 0—23 BULAN Hayati, Aslis Wirda; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Jalal, Fasli; Madanijah, Siti; Briawan, Dodik
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 7 No. 2 (2012)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (292.82 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2012.7.2.73-80

Abstract

ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were to analyze food consumption, energy, and nutrients intake patterns between stunting and non-stunting in young children of 0?23 months old, using the data from BHR (Basic Health Research) 2010. The data sub-set from BHR 2010 was obtained into e-files form. From 6 634 under-two children 3 539 were screened out due to incompleteness, outlier, and unusual food consumption during data collection. Nutritional status data were processed using the WHO AnthroPlus 2007, while the other data/statistics were processed using the Excel and SPSS for windows. The different on food consumption pattern was performed with Man-Whitney U test. Food consumption, energy and nutrients intake patterns which measured were type number of food consumption, group number of food consumption, frequency of food consumption, nutrient adequacy, nutrient quality, and nutrients density. The results of study showed that analyze food consumption, and energy and nutrients intake patterns were different between stunting and non-stunting YC according to their age group; the higher the age, the higher their difference. There was no difference in food consumption, and energy and nutrients intake patterns between stunting and non-stunting children 0?5 months. Meanwhile, there was difference in children 6?11 and 12?23 months. The average of protein adequacy and protein density was difference between stunting and non-stunting children 6?11 months. In children 12?23 months, the differences not only in the average of protein adequacy and protein density but also in average of energy and calcium adequacy and calcium density, phosphor, vitamin A, and C adequacy, nutrient quality, and type number of food. Implications for Indonesia that is necessary to study the efficacy of nutritional interventions to achieving optimal linear growth in young children.Key words: children 0?23 months old, food pattern, stuntingABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan gizi anak stunting dan tidak stunting 0?23 bulan menggunakan data Riskesdas 2010. Sub-set data Riskesdas 2010 diperoleh dalam bentuk e-files. Dari 6 634 data anak baduta dalam e-files Riskesdas 2010, sejumlah 3 539 data anak dikeluarkan karena data tidak lengkap, pencilan, konsumsi pangan saat kondisi tidak biasa. Status gizi diolah menggunakan WHO AntroPlus 2007, pengolahan data lainnya menggunakan program Microsoft Excel 2007 dan SPSS for windows. Uji beda pola konsumsi pangan menerapkan Mann-Whitney U test. Pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan zat gizi yang diukur berupa jumlah jenis konsumsi pangan, jumlah kelompok konsumsi pangan, frekuensi konsumsi pangan, tingkat kecukupan zat gizi, mutu gizi asupan pangan, dan densitas asupan zat gizi. Hasil kajian menunjukkan pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan zat gizi anak stunting dan tidak stunting 0?23 bulan berbeda menurut kelompok umur; semakin bertambah umur semakin meningkat perbedaannya. Pada anak 0?5 bulan tidak ada perbedaan pola konsumsi pangan dan asupan energi dan gizi anak stunting dan tidak stunting; sebaliknya pada anak 6?11 dan 12?23 bulan. Pada anak 6?11 bulan, rata-rata tingkat kecukupan protein anak stunting dan tidak stunting berbeda, demikian pula densitas asupan protein. Pada anak 12?23 bulan, tidak hanya rata-rata tingkat kecukupan protein dan densitas asupan protein, tetapi rata-rata tingkat kecukupan energi, tingkat kecukupan kalsium dan densitas asupan kalsium, tingkat kecukupan fosfor, tingkat kecukupan vitamin A, tingkat kecukupan vitamin C, mutu gizi makanan, dan bahkan jenis pangan juga berbeda. Implikasi untuk Indonesia yaitu perlu dilakukan penelitian efikasi intervensi zat gizi tersebut untuk pencapaian pertumbuhan linier optimal anak.Kata kunci: anak 0?23 bulan, pola konsumsi pangan, stunting
EVALUASI KESEPADANAN MUTU GIZI TEMPE KEDELAI PANGAN REKAYASA GENETIK (PRG) DAN NON-PRG SERTA DAMPAK KONSUMSINYA PADA TIKUS PERCOBAAN Maskar, Dadi Hidayat; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Damayanthi, Evy; Astawan, Made; Wresdiyati, Tutik
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 10 No. 3 (2015)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (496.768 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2015.10.3.%p

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study was conducted to evaluate the effect of tempe that were made from Genetically Modified (GM) and non-GM soybean on protein quality, malondialdehide (MDA) levels, intracellular antioxidant superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity in the liver and kidneys, as well as spermatozoa profile of experimental rats. Fourty five Sprague Dawley rats divided into eight treatment grups and one control, fed with tempe and soybean from GM and non-GM at 10% and 20% concentrations for 90 days. The results showed that there was no significant difference in term of protein quality, tempe made from GM soybean is substantially equivalent with tempe made from non-GM soybean. Results showed that group which was given ration of 10% protein from conventional soybean had lower liver and kidney MDA levels as compared to GM tempe 10% and 20% groups, but was not significant compared to conventional soybean 20% and casein 10% groups. While the value of liver and kidney SOD activity were not significantly different (p>0.05) between the groups of rats. There was no significant differences among the spermatozoa profiles treatment groups and control and they were within normal condition. Results of protein quality, MDA, SOD, and spermatozoa profile showed that tempe made from GM soybean was substantially equivalent with the non-GM soybean.Keywords: GM soybean, MDA, non-GM tempe, SOD, spermatozoa profileABSTRAKTujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi pengaruh tempe Pangan Rekayasa Genetik (PRG) dan non-PRG meliputi kualitas protein, kadar malondialdehida (MDA) hati dan ginjal, aktivitas superoksida dismutase (SOD) hati dan ginjal, dan profil spermatozoa pada tikus percobaan. Sebanyak 45 tikus terbagi ke dalam delapan perlakuan dan satu kontrol yang diberikan perlakuan dengan ransum tempe dan kedelai, baik PRG maupun non-PRG, dengan konsentrasi 10% dan 20% selama 90 hari. Hasil percobaan menunjukkan bahwa tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan dalam kualitas protein, tempe PRG memiliki nilai yang sama dengan tempe non-PRG. Tikus yang diberi ransum 10% protein kedelai non-PRG mempunyai nilai MDA hati dan ginjal yang lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan tempe PRG 10% dan 20%, tetapi tidak signifikan dengan kelompok kedelai non-PRG 20% dan kasein 10%. Sementara itu, nilai SOD hati dan ginjal tidak signifikan antar grup perlakuan (p>0,05). Tidak ada perbedaan yang signifikan pada profil spermatozoa antar perlakuan. Hasil dari kualitas protein, MDA, SOD, dan profil spermatozoa menunjukkan bahwa kedelai dan tempe PRG memiliki kesamaan substansial dengan kedelai dan tempe non-PRG.Kata kunci: MDA, profil spermatozoa, SOD, tempe kedelai PRG, tempe kedelai non-PRG
ALTERNATIF INDEKS GIZI SEIMBANG UNTUK PENILAIAN MUTU GIZI KONSUMSI PANGAN PRIA DEWASA INDONESIA Amrin, Atika Primadala; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 3 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.05 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.167-176

Abstract

The study was aimed to develop Balanced Diet Index (BDI) for Indonesian adult males. The spesific purposes of this study were to assess food consumption pattern of Indonesian adult males, to develop several alternatives of BDIs and to select the most appropriate BDI for Indonesian adult males. The design of the study was cross-sectional, using the food consumption data from Basic Health Research 2010 collected using 24-hours recall method. The data covered 64 448 subjects, and 61 129 of them were analyzed in this study. There were 10 alternatives of BDIs developed based on the food group and their intake, and also their scoring systems. The gold standard used to validate the BDI is the mean adequacy ratio (MAR) measured by mean nutrient adequacy of 16 nutrients. The result showed the pearson correlation coefficient of the BDI and MAR range from 0.46 to 0.64. The most appropriate BDI to determine MAR is BDI3-60 (r=0.64). BDI3-60 consists of six food and implementing 3-level of scoring system.
KONSUMSI PANGAN DAN GIZI SERTA SKOR POLA PANGAN HARAPAN (PPH) PADA ANAK USIA 2—6 TAHUN DI INDONESIA Prasetyo, Teguh Jati; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Sinaga, Tiurma
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 3 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (279.294 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.3.159-166

Abstract

This study aimed to assess food and nutrients intake, Nutrient Dietary Quality (NDQ), and Desirable Dietary Pattern (DDP) score of children aged 2?6 years.This study was carried out through analyzing a consumption data set of the National Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) 2010 were collected using 24 hour recall method. Total number 16 675 of children aged 2?6 years. The results showed that most children eat cereals (99.4%) and least eat oily seeds (1.6%). The children had deficiency of energy, fats, and water. They also had deficiency of calcium, vitamin A, vitamin B9, and vitamin C. The mean DDP score of the children was 67.1±12.9. The mean NDQ of the children was 62.4±17.1. Correlation between DDP score and each of NDQ was found 0.578?0.621 that showed moderate validity result.
ANALISIS JENIS, JUMLAH, DAN MUTU GIZI KONSUMSI SARAPAN ANAK INDONESIA Perdana, Fachruddin; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 1 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (264.135 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.39-46

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The objective of this study was to analyze type, amount, and nutritional quality of breakfast among Indonesian children aged 3?12 years old. Data used for this study was secondary data of Basic Health Survey 2010 (Riskesdas 2010). Data was collected from June until August 2010 by applying a cross sectional design. This study covered 33 provinces of Indonesia, with total 40,437 children consisted of 20,659 boys and 19,778 girls. The results of this study showed that ten major type of foods consumed during breakfast were rice, swamp cabbage, egg, fish, tempe, instant noodles, tofu, bread, chicken and biscuits; and five major type of beverages consumed during breakfast were drinking water, tea, milk, coffee, and syrup. The food consumed on average of more than 5 g a day during breakfast were rice, swamp cabbage, egg, fish, tempe, instant noodles; and the beverages consumed on average of more than 15 mL a day were water, tea, and milk. Only 10.6% of children breakfast met energy intake>30% RDA.
FAKTOR RISIKO KEGEMUKAN PADA WANITA DEWASA INDONESIA Diana, Rian; Yuliana, Indah; Yasmin, Ghaida; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 8 No. 1 (2013)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (274.078 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2013.8.1.1-8

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This study was aimed to analyze risk factors of overweight women aged 19?55 years in Indonesia. This study used electronic files data of the National Basic Health Research 2010 from Ministry of Health, which was designed as a cross sectional survey. A total of 57,167 women aged 19?55 years were selected for the analysis. A logistic regression was applied to analyze risk factors of overweight. The result showed that 29.4% of subjects were overweight (including obese). The significant risk factors (p<0.05) of overweight among subjects were marital status (OR for married=2.712; 95%CI:2.559?2.875), household income (OR for high income=1.566; 95%CI:1.504?1.631), living settlement (OR for urban=1.358; 95%CI:1.304?1.413), physical activity (OR for sedentary=1.213; 95%CI:1.153?1.275), energy from carbohydrate (EAC) (OR for EAC?55%=1.119; 95%CI:1.067?1.173), and energy from sugary sweetened foods (ESF) (OR for ESF?10%=1.100; 95%CI:1.037?1.166). Education level (OR for higher education=0.817; 95%CI:0.782?0.853) was a protective factors for overweight. This implies the importance of promoting physical activity and healthy diet, especially with sugary sweetened foods and adequate energy from carbohydrate, for preventing and controlling overweight among Indonesian adults especially women.
DETERMINAN GIZI KURANG DAN STUNTING ANAK UMUR 0 – 36 BULAN BERDASARKAN DATA PROGRAM KELUARGA HARAPAN (PKH) 2007 Aries, Muhammad; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Tuhiman, Hendratno
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 7 No. 1 (2012)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (252.676 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2012.7.1.20-27

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The objective of this study was to analyze the determinant factors of nutritional status (weight/age and height/age) on children aged 0 ? 36 month from the Conditional Cash Transfer Family Program (CCTFP) participants. This data was analised from the CFP survey at six provinces in 2007. The survey was conducted in six provinces in Indonesia (DKI Jakarta, West Java, East Java, North Sulawesi, Gorontalo, and East Nusa Tenggara). Numbers of samples were 9221. The study showed the protective factors of underweight (W/A) on children aged 0 ? 36 month were being female (OR = 0.75; CI 95%:068-083), family received cash transfer or BLT (OR = 0.80; CI 95%:0.70-0.91) and family received food aids or Raskin (OR = 0.74; CI 95%:0.63 -0.88). Protective factor of stunting and severe stunting (H/A) children were being female (OR = 0.75; CI 95%:0.69-0.81), family received BLT (OR = 0.86; CI 95%:0.77-0.95) and Raskin (OR = 0.85; CI 95%:0.75 - 0.96).Key words: Conditional Family Program, underweight, stunting, children 0?36 months, protective factorABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis berbagai faktor determinan kejadian status gizi kurang (underweight)dan pendek (stunting) pada batita (anak umur 0 ? 36 bulan) yang berasal dari keluarga peserta ProgramKeluarga Harapan/PKH. Data yang dianalisis dalam penelitian ini berasal dari survai PKH tahun 2007 yang dilaksanakan di enam propinsi (DKI Jakarta, Jawa Barat, Jawa Timur, Sulawesi Utara, Gorontalo, dan Nusa Tenggara Timur) di Indonesia. Jumlah contoh dalam penelitian adalah sebanyak 9221 anak usia 0 ? 36 bulan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa faktor protektif terhadap kejadian gizi kurang (underweight) pada anak usia 0 ? 36 bulan adalah anak dengan jenis kelamin perempuan (OR = 0.75; CI 95%: 068-083), keluarga yang mendapatkan BLT (OR = 0.80; CI 95%: 0.70-0.91) dan yang mendapatkan Raskin (OR = 0.74; CI 95%:0.63-0.88). Faktor protektif untuk kejadian pendek dan sangat pendek (stunting) pada anak umur 0 ? 36 bulan adalah jenis kelamin perempuan (OR = 0.75; CI 95%: 0.69-0.81), keluarga mendapatkan BLT (OR = 0.86; CI 95%: 0.77-0.95), dan mendapatkan Raskin (OR = 0.85; CI 95%: 0.75 -0.96).
KAJIAN BIOAKTIF DAN ZAT GIZI PROPOLIS INDONESIA DAN BRASIL Halim, Eliza; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Sutandyo, Noorwati; Sulaeman, Ahmad; Artika, Made; Harahap, Yahdiana
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 7 No. 1 (2012)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (208.807 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2012.7.1.1-7

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Indonesia has a potency to produce its own propolis, however the propolis market in Indonesia is dominated by imported product, such as from Brazil. Currently, still there is no reasearch which evaluate bioactive compound and nutrient content of Indonesian Propolis (IP) compare with Brazilian Propolis (BP). The objectives of this study were to analyze bioactive compounds and nutrient contents of IP compared to BP. Bioactive compounds and nutrients content were analyzed by gas chromatography?mass spectrophotometry. The resultsshowed both IP and BP contain fenol, ?-amyrin, cylolanost, and pyrimidines. Bioactive compounds which specifically found in IP were eudesmane compound, ethyl acridine, lupeol, friedooleanan; while ? amyrin and cinnamic acid compound only found in BP. The nutrient contents of IP were higher than BP except for vitamin A. In conclusion, IP might have potential health benefit, similar to BP.
PENGARUH PEMBERIAN ZAT MULTI GIZI MIKRO DAN PENDIDIKAN GIZI TERHADAP PENGETAHUAN GIZI, PEMENUHAN ZAT GIZI DAN STATUS BESI REMAJA PUTRI Dwiriani, Cesilia Meti; Rimbawan, Rimbawan; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Riyadi, Hadi; Martianto, Drajat
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 6 No. 3 (2011)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (224.24 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2011.6.3.171-177

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This study was aimed to analyze the effect of multi-micronutrients (MMN) supplementation and nutrition education on nutrition knowledge, mean adequacy ratio (MAR) and iron status of young adolescent girls (YAG). The study was done in three purposively selected junior high schools (JHS) in rural Bogor by implementing a quasi experiment control trial for 112 YAG for 16 weeks: thirty five YAG in the first JHS as a MMN group (SG) were given three times of MMN tablets per week, forty two YAG in the second JHS were given MMN tablet plus nutrition education delivered by trained teacher fortnightly called SGP group and thirty five YAG in the third JHS as a control group. The result showed that the increment of nutrition knowledge score as well as MAR of SGP group were significantly higher than the other two groups. The decrement level of hemoglobin (Hb) in SG and SGP groups was significantly lower than in control group, but in the subset data of anemic group, both intervention groups had significantly increased level of Hb. This imply that nutrition education improved nutrition knowledge of YAG, but MMN tablet could not improve Hb level in general and only had effect on YAG suffering from anemia.Key words: multi-micro nutrients, nutrition education, iron status, adolescent girls
PERSEPSI DAN PARTISIPASI MASYARAKAT DALAM PENGEMBANGAN LUMBUNG PANGAN DI KABUPATEN LAMPUNG BARAT Kholik, Kholik; Hardinsyah, Hardinsyah; Djamaludin, M. Djemdjem
Jurnal Gizi dan Pangan Vol. 3 No. 3 (2008)
Publisher : Food and Nutrition Society of Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (92.844 KB) | DOI: 10.25182/jgp.2008.3.3.217-226

Abstract

Community?s perception and participation is necessary to be noticed in the effort of developing food barn in rural area. The objective of this study were to: 1) analyze community?s perception about food barn in Lampung Barat District, 2) inventory factors that influence community?s participation in developing food barn in Lampung Barat District, 3) formulate model and strategy in developing participative food barn to reach food security in Lampung Barat District. This research was conducted by using cross sectional design and descriptive analysis approach. The location was chosen by using purposive sampling which were in Tribudi Syukur Village, Sumberjaya Subdistrict and Buay Nyerupa Village,  Sukau Subdistrict. The selection was based on consideration that these villages has different implementation performance of food barn according to the assessment from Food Crops and Horticulture Office in Lampung Barat District. The result of the research shows that the community?s perception category, represented by farmer as sample, based on total perception variable score between Tribudi Syukur and Buay Nyerupa, is different. The general condition of the community (like age, education level, income, etc.) do not have correlation with its perception about food barn. The community?s participation in food barn category, represented by farmer as sample, based on total participation variable score between Tribudi Syukur and Buay Nyerupa, is also different. There is correlation between community?s perception about food barn and its participation in developing food barn activity. The factors that influence community?s participation in developing food barn are tradition to store food by the community, the existence of farmer group, community?s perception about food barn, the existence of regional governmental structural institution in Food Security, regulation or guidance which support food barn developing, governmental program which support food barn development, the development of food market and trading, condition of region which potentially food insecure. The priority of strategy in developing participative food barn based on the result of SWOT analysis that possible to be conducted are 1) develop community?s perception to not relying on market in accessing food, 2) develop perception and community participation empowerment in creating and developing food barn based on regional condition, 3) maintain and build community?s tradition of storing food from self food storing to collective food storing (in group).
Co-Authors Agus Sumule Ahmad Sulaeman Aida Vitayala Angga Hardiansyah Ansarullah, Alfia Asep Saefuddin Aslis Wirda Hayati Astri Ayu Novaria Astriningrum, Eka Puspita Atika Primadala Amrin Bambang Sumantri Budi Iman Santoso Budi Setiawan Cesilia Meti Dwiriani Chairunita, Chairunita Clara M Kusharto Dadang Sukandar Dadi Hidayat Maskar, Dadi Hidayat Dede Kusmana DEWA K.S. SWASTIKA Dewa Ketut Sadra Swastika Diah Krisnatuti Diah Krisnatuti Pranadji Dodik Briawan Drajat Martianto Eliza Halim Erry Yudhya Mulyani Evy Damayanthi Fachruddin Perdana Faisal Anwar Fasli Jalal Fauziah, A'immatul Fauziah, Aimmatul Fitrah Ernawati Ghaida Yasmin Gina Apriani Gulardi, Gulardi Guspri Devi Artanti Hadi Riyadi Hendratno Tuhiman Hidayat Syarief Hidayat Syarif Hotmuda Simarmata Ibrahim, Nur Susan Iriyanti Ikeu Tanziha Indah Irma Maharani Indah Yuliana John Letsoin Karina Indah Pertiwi Karina Rahmadia Ekawidyani Katrin Roosita Khoirul Anwar Kholik, Kholik Kudang Boro Seminar Leily Amalia Lilik Kustiyah M. Djemdjem Djamaludin M. Rizal Martua Damanik Made Artika MADE ASTAWAN Made Mita Dwi Saraswati Mahani Mahani Marhamah Marhamah Marissa Indreswari Mewa Ariani Muhamad Rizal Martua Damanik Muhammad Aries Muhammad Rizal Martua Damanik Mustafa Kamal Nadiya Mawaddah Naufal Muharam Nurdin Neysa Rucita Noorwati Sutandyo Ploeger, Angelika Pudji Muljono Pusparini Pusparini Rahmawati Rahmawati Retnaningsih Retnaningsih Rian Diana Rimbawan Rimbawan Rizal M. Damanik Silvia Mawarti Perdana Siti Madanijah Soekirman Soekirman Soeryo Adiwibowo Sri Anna Marliyati Sri Hartati Suradijono Teguh Jati Prasetyo Titik Sumarti Tiurma Sinaga TUTIK WRESDIYATI Windardi, Ika Puspa Wirawanti, Ika Wirya Wirna Zulianti Yahdiana Harahap Yasya, Wichitra Yayuk Farida Baliwati Yekti Hartati Effendi Yongky Yongky Yunindyawati Yunindyawati