B.Tj. Hariadi
Department of Animal Nutrition, Faculty of Animal Science, Fishery and Marine Science, State University of Papua, Manokwari 98314, Papua Barat

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EFFECT OF WATER EXTRACT OF PLANTS CONTAINING TANNIN ON IN VITRO METHAGONESIS AND FERMENTATION CHARACTERISTICS OF THE GRASS Pennisetum purpureophoides Santoso, B.; Saragih, E.W.; Hariadi, B.Tj.
Journal of the Indonesian Tropical Animal Agriculture Vol 38, No 1 (2013): (March)
Publisher : Diponegoro University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (109.984 KB) | DOI: 10.14710/jitaa.38.1.47-54

Abstract

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of extract of plants containing tannin on invitro CH4 production, fermentation characteristics and nutrient degradability. Six of plant leaves i.e.Gliricidia sepium, Acacia mangium, Leucaena leucocephala, Desmodium intortum, Camellia sinensis,Calliandra calothyrsus and seed of Areca catechu were extracted by using water. Experimentaltreatments consisted of P. purpureophoides (300±5 mg) incubated alone or added with 1.2 mL of plantextracts. The in vitro neutral detergent fibre (NDF) degradability was determined using the first stagetechnique of Tilley and Terry. The results showed that total tannin concentration of plant extract rangedfrom 34 to 95 g/kg DM, and was lowest in D. intortum and highest in A. mangium. Methane productionwas significantly (P<0.001) lower with addition of A. mangium, L. leucocephala, A. catechu, C. sinensisand C. calothyrsus extracts compared to control. Total tannin had a close relationship with CH4production (r=-0.79). There was strong correlation between CH4 production and NDF degradability(r=0.61). It was concluded that water extracts of A. mangium, L. leucocephala, A. catechu, C. sinensisand C. calothyrsus have potential to be used as rumen manipulator in order to reduce CH4 production inruminants.
Fermentation quality and nutritive value of rice crop residue based silage ensiled with addition of epiphytic lactic acid bacteria Santoso, B; Hariadi, B.Tj.; ., Alimuddin; Seseray, D.Y.
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 16, No 1 (2011)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (254.211 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v16i1.628

Abstract

Silage is the feedstuff resulted from the preservation of forages through lactic acid fermentation. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutritive value, fermentation characteristics and nutrients digestibility of rice crop residue based silage ensiled with epiphytic lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The mixture of rice crop residue (RC), soybean curd residue (SC) and cassava waste (CW) in a 90: 5: 5 (on dry matter basis) ratio was used as silage material.  Three treatments silage were (A) RC + SC + CW as a control; (B) RC + SC + CW + LAB inoculums from rice crop residue; (C) RC + SC + CW + LAB inoculums from king grass.  Silage materials were packed into plastic silo (1.5 kg capacity) and stored for 30 days. The results showed that crude protein content in B and C silage was higher than that of silage A, but NDF content in silages B and C was lower than that of silage A.  Lactic acid concentration was higher (P &lt; 0.01) in silage C compared to silage B and A, thus pH value of silage C was lower (P &lt; 0.01) than silage B and A. Silage C had the highest Fleigh point than that of other silages. Dry matter and organic matter digestibilities were higher in silages B and C (P &lt; 0.01) than that of control silage. It was concluded that the addition of LAB inoculums from king grass to rice crop residue based silage resulted a better fermentation quality compared to LAB inoculums from rice crop residue. Key Words: Silage, Rice Crop Residue, Lactic Acid, In Vitro
Fermentation quality and nutritive value of rice crop residue based silage ensiled with addition of epiphytic lactic acid bacteria Santoso, B; Hariadi, B.Tj.; ., Alimuddin; Seseray, D.Y.
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 16, No 1 (2011): MARCH 2011
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (254.211 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v16i1.628

Abstract

Silage is the feedstuff resulted from the preservation of forages through lactic acid fermentation. The aim of this study was to evaluate nutritive value, fermentation characteristics and nutrients digestibility of rice crop residue based silage ensiled with epiphytic lactic acid bacteria (LAB). The mixture of rice crop residue (RC), soybean curd residue (SC) and cassava waste (CW) in a 90: 5: 5 (on dry matter basis) ratio was used as silage material.  Three treatments silage were (A) RC + SC + CW as a control; (B) RC + SC + CW + LAB inoculums from rice crop residue; (C) RC + SC + CW + LAB inoculums from king grass.  Silage materials were packed into plastic silo (1.5 kg capacity) and stored for 30 days. The results showed that crude protein content in B and C silage was higher than that of silage A, but NDF content in silages B and C was lower than that of silage A.  Lactic acid concentration was higher (P < 0.01) in silage C compared to silage B and A, thus pH value of silage C was lower (P < 0.01) than silage B and A. Silage C had the highest Fleigh point than that of other silages. Dry matter and organic matter digestibilities were higher in silages B and C (P < 0.01) than that of control silage. It was concluded that the addition of LAB inoculums from king grass to rice crop residue based silage resulted a better fermentation quality compared to LAB inoculums from rice crop residue. Key Words: Silage, Rice Crop Residue, Lactic Acid, In Vitro