Articles

STRATEGI MITIGASI RESIKO KEAMANAN RANTAI PASOKAN TANDAN BUAH SEGAR PABRIK KELAPA SAWIT MENGGUNAKAN PENDEKATAN FUZZY DAN ISO 28001 Thaheer, Hermawan; Hasibuan, Sawarni
Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Industri Vol. 18, No. 2, Desember 2019
Publisher : Muhammadiyah University Press

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.23917/jiti.v18i2.8377

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The release of ownership of oil palm plantation land at SEI Kencana from PT Perkebunan Nusantara V (PTPN V) Republic of Indonesia covering an area of 2800 ha has affected the planned supply of Fresh Fruit Bunch (FFB) raw materials to the company's palm oil industry. The supply from the SEI Kencana is calculated to be reduced by 50%, so it must be fulfilled from the company's external parties. There are at least five aspects of risk estimated to affect the supply of FFB, namely aspects of raw material supply, aspects of quality FFB supply, aspects of FFB prices, management aspects, and social aspects. Overall there are 16 identified risks in the FFB supply chain. The analysis uses fuzzy weighting techniques, followed by characterization using the principle of ISO 28001, grouping risks into three, namely: 1) risks that must be addressed immediately, 2) risks that are considered to be handled, and 3) risks that are temporarily noted (documentation). The risks with characters being addressed and considered to be addressed are those risks which in the near future, are considered to affect the supply of FFB raw materials for the industry. In the case of the release of 2800 ha of land in PTPN V, the amount of risk that needs to be mitigated with documented risk is equal. Within the next five years, mitigation of these risks has been prepared. With this risk management, the supply of FFB to factories in the Rokan-Tandun district can be secured.
PERANCANGAN MODEL INTEGRASI MANAJEMEN OPERASI PELAYANAN TANKER MENGGUNAKAN METODE SOFT SYSTEM METHODOLOGY Fatahillah, Fuad; Saryanto, Saryanto; Hasibuan, Sawarni
Operations Excellence: Journal of Applied Industrial Engineering Vol 11, No 3, Nov. 2019: Operations Excellence
Publisher : Magister Teknik Industri, Universitas Mercu Buana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.22441/oe.v11.3.2019.036

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These study aims are to design a management model of integrated tanker shipping operations to create the best coordination of the parties involved in tanker shipping operations. The implementation of this model is expected to improve efficiency, effectiveness, and optimization of tanker shipping operations management in decision making appropriate and timely. The method used is the Soft System Methodology (SSM). Data was collected through Focus Group Discussion (FGD), In-Depth Interview (IDI) from experts. Human Activity System (HAS) mapping is done with analysis techniques using CATWOE analysis (Customer, Actor, Transformation, World view, Owner, Environment constraint), the model is designed through the SSM Learning Model which aims to design a Conceptual Model (CM). The management concept model of integrated tanker shipping operations has the implication of minimizing and eliminating cost losses due to claims so that it can reduce the cost of transporting fuel oil significantly so as to provide added value to the Government in carrying out the obligation to supply fuel at affordable economic prices throughout the Indonesian Unitary Territory.
Karakteristik Fisikokimia dan Antibakteri Hasil Purifikasi Minyak Biji Nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum L.) Hasibuan, Sawarni; Sahirman, Sahirman; Yudawati, Ni Made Ayu
Agritech Vol 33, No 3 (2013)
Publisher : Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (376.533 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/agritech.9553

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The high solid fraction in Calophyllum seed oil causes Calophyllum biodiesel-oil produced has a high viscosity, high acid value, high cloud point, and other negative influences that is difficult to meet the biodiesel standard SNI 04-7182-2006. This underlies the need to increase the added value of solid fraction Calophyllum seed oil, such as healthy soap. This research was aimed to purification, fractionation, and characterization of fatty acid component as well as the antibacterial and antioxidant owned. So that Calophyllum seed oil may be considered for healthy soap application. The design used in the purification process is factorial completely randomized design, consisting of three factors, namely acid phosphate concentration, temperature and heating time. Based on the research, it resulted in the best treatment for Calophyllum seed oil’s purification was reached by using 0,2% H3PO4  20% at 80  C for 15 minutes. Major fatty acid component in Calophyllum seed oil purification results are palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid and linoleic acid that reached 98,19 percent of the total fatty acids. The results showed that the Calophyllum oil contains components steroids, flavonoids, saponins, and triterpenoids and has an antibacterial effect against Staphylococcus aureus but instead to Escherichia coli.ABSTRAKTingginya fraksi padat pada minyak biji nyamplung menyebabkan biodiesel nyamplung yang dihasilkan memilikiviskositas tinggi, bilangan asam tinggi, titik kabut tinggi, dan pengaruh buruk lainnya sehingga sulit memenuhi standar biodiesel SNI 04-7182-2006. Hal ini mendasari perlunya peningkatan nilai tambah fraksi padat minyak biji nyamplung. Tujuan penelitian adalah melakukan purifikasi, fraksinasi, dan karakterisasi minyak biji nyamplung. Karakterisasi dilakukan terhadap komponen asam lemak serta uji pengenalan bioantibakteri dan bioantioksidan minyak biji nyamplung untuk aplikasi sabun kesehatan. Rancangan yang digunakan pada proses purifikasi nyamplung adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap Faktorial dengan tiga faktor yaitu konsentrasi asam fosfat 20%, suhu, dan lama pemanasan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, perlakuan terbaik purifikasi diperoleh pada penggunaan H3PO4 20% sebanyak 0,2% pada suhu 80 oC selama 15 menit. Komponen asam lemak utama pada minyak nyamplung hasil purifikasi adalah asam palmitat, asam stearat, asam oleat dan asam linoleat dengan total asam lemak mencapai 98,19 persen dari total asam lemak penyusun minyak nyamplung. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa minyak nyamplung mengandung komponen steroid, flavonoid, saponin, dan triterpenoid serta memiliki efek antibakteri terhadap Staphylococcus aureus namun sebaliknya bagi Escheria coli.
MODEL RESIKO KEAMANAN PANGAN PRODUK PINDANG PADA UMKM PENGOLAHAN IKAN RAKYAT Thaheer, Hermawan; Hasibuan, Sawarni; Mumpuni, Fia Sri
Jurnal PASTI Vol 9, No 3 (2015): Jurnal PASTI
Publisher : Jurnal PASTI

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Abstract

Standar keamanan pangan pada sektor Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah (UMKM) makanan di Indonesia masih tergolong rendah, termasuk UMKM pengolahan ikan rakyat. Produk pindang merupakan salah satu produk olahan ikan yang cukup popular di Provinsi Jawa Barat. Usaha yang umumnya dikelola oleh UMKM ini tampak sangat jauh dari prinsip higiene pangan. Infrastruktur yang dimiliki sangat minim dan sangat berpeluang menyebabkan kontaminasi silang. Tujuan penulisan ini adalah untuk memodelkan resiko keamanan pangan pada rantai produksi olahan pindang pada kasus UMKM pengolahan ikan rakyat. Tahapan pengembangan model resiko keamanan pangan pada usaha pemindangan ikan dimulai dari identifikasi resiko keamanan pangan pada rantai produksi, identifikasi prosedur dan standar keamanan pangan yang mampu meminimumkan bahaya keamanan pangan produk pindang, dan merancang model resiko keamanan pangan produk pindang. Ada empat titik kritis resiko kemanan pangan pada pemindangan ikan, yaitu resiko dari bahan baku, resiko dari proses persiapan bahan, resiko pada proses perebusan, dan resiko pada proses penirisan dan penanganan. Untuk mencapai keamanan pangan produk pindang, UMKM pengolahan ikan perlu menerapkan pre requisites atau persyaratan dasar Good Manufacturing Practises dan Good Hygiene Practices. Pre requisites adalah kelengkapan yang harus dipenuhi oleh perusahaan yang ingin menerapkan sistem manajemen keamanan pangan baik berbasis HACCP maupun ISO 22000.Kata Kunci: UMKM Pindang, Model Resiko Keamanan Pangan, Titik Kritis Resiko.
DIMENSI SISTEM MANAJEMEN LINGKUNGAN YANG DOMINAN TERHADAP UPAYA PRODUKSI BERSIH PERUSAHAAN ( STUDI KASUS INDUSTRI PENGOLAHAN KARET REMAH ) Hasibuan, Sawarni
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 6, No 1 (2005): JURNAL TEKNOLOGI LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v6i1.324

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This study is designed to identify dimension of environmental management system that influence of cleaner production s strategy accept and implementation at natural rubber industry, especially in crumb rubber industry. Factor Analysis technic with Principal Component is aplicated to extract that dimension, while correlation analysis is using to inference the influence that dimension with cleaner production performance. Based of existing condition, deviation of cleaner production performance from thecrumb rubber corporate s enough big. Percentage of waste solid range 3 11 %, the corporate don t treatment that waste because almost of waste solid use for landfill. Treatment of unpleasant odour from crumb rubber industry, i.e.: with scrubber at the smokestack after drying process, reengineering of pre-drying process, spray of volatile oil, and soak bokar with liquid smoke. Alternatives for waste water treatment i.e.: activated sludge system, chemical system, and aeration system.Principal Component analysis results 13 dimension, namely: internal communication, evaluation tools, environmental benefit, employee ability, professional team, incentive system, cleaner production centre, community consultation, regulation, operational policy, environmental investment, green consumer, and environment requisite. The correlation of that dimension with cleaner production performance at natural rubber industry is not good (rs 0,5). The dimension has significant correlation are professional team, environment requisite, internal communication, evaluation tools, regulation, incentive system, and employee ability; while the others is not significant.
PEMETAAN DAN STRATEGI PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI PADA INDUSTRI OLAHAN RUMPUT LAUT INDONESIA YANG BERKELANJUTAN Hasibuan, Sawarni
Operations Excellence: Journal of Applied Industrial Engineering Vol 7, No 1, Maret 2015: Operations Excellence
Publisher : Magister Teknik Industri, Universitas Mercu Buana

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Abstract

Abstract. The fisheries industrialization program tries to place thedownstreaming of seaweed as one of the strategies to increase the added value ofthe seaweed commodity. However, the competitiveness of the national seaweedindustry is also relatively low compared to foreign industry. One of the problemsof the competitiveness of the processed seaweed industry is because the extent ofthe use of technology in the processed seaweed industry has not been identified.The purpose of this research is to map the use of technology in the processedseaweed industry in downstreaming a competitive and sustainable Indonesianseaweed industry. The mapping of the existing condition of technologyutilization refers to five indicators, namely production aspect, cost aspect, HRaspect, energy aspect, and environmental aspect. The development strategy of theseaweed downstream industry is developed by using the SWOT method. Therecommended technology standard analysis is based on the benchmark method.Results of the analysis shows that the dominant type of technology used is the„semi-mechanical technolgy‟ which mostly comes from Europe/America followedby Japan, local, and China. In order to increase the competitiveness andsustainability of the Indonesian processed seaweed industry, improvements in thefields of artificial drying, high value added (downstream) technology andtechnology for food safety is required. Several action plans required among othersare: the solar system dryer in the upstream industry, the implementation of qualityand food safety management system in the production chain, identification andinvestment of high value products in the seaweed downstream industry.Keywords: seaweed, technology assessment, SWOT, upstream and downstreamindustry
MODEL RESIKO KEAMANAN PANGAN PRODUK PINDANG PADA UMKM PENGOLAHAN IKAN RAKYAT Thaheer, Hermawan; Hasibuan, Sawarni; Mumpuni, Fia Sri
Jurnal PASTI Vol 9, No 3 (2015): Jurnal PASTI
Publisher : Jurnal PASTI

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Abstract

Standar keamanan pangan pada sektor Usaha Mikro, Kecil, dan Menengah (UMKM) makanan di Indonesia masih tergolong rendah, termasuk UMKM pengolahan ikan rakyat. Produk pindang merupakan salah satu produk olahan ikan yang cukup popular di Provinsi Jawa Barat. Usaha yang umumnya dikelola oleh UMKM ini tampak sangat jauh dari prinsip higiene pangan. Infrastruktur yang dimiliki sangat minim dan sangat berpeluang menyebabkan kontaminasi silang. Tujuan penulisan ini adalah untuk memodelkan resiko keamanan pangan pada rantai produksi olahan pindang pada kasus UMKM pengolahan ikan rakyat. Tahapan pengembangan model resiko keamanan pangan pada usaha pemindangan ikan dimulai dari identifikasi resiko keamanan pangan pada rantai produksi, identifikasi prosedur dan standar keamanan pangan yang mampu meminimumkan bahaya keamanan pangan produk pindang, dan merancang model resiko keamanan pangan produk pindang. Ada empat titik kritis resiko kemanan pangan pada pemindangan ikan, yaitu resiko dari bahan baku, resiko dari proses persiapan bahan, resiko pada proses perebusan, dan resiko pada proses penirisan dan penanganan. Untuk mencapai keamanan pangan produk pindang, UMKM pengolahan ikan perlu menerapkan pre requisites atau persyaratan dasar Good Manufacturing Practises dan Good Hygiene Practices. Pre requisites adalah kelengkapan yang harus dipenuhi oleh perusahaan yang ingin menerapkan sistem manajemen keamanan pangan baik berbasis HACCP maupun ISO 22000.Kata Kunci: UMKM Pindang, Model Resiko Keamanan Pangan, Titik Kritis Resiko.
ANALISIS PENGARUH TINGKAT PENGALAMAN DAN COACHING STYLE TERHADAP KUALITAS KEPEMIMPINAN MANAJER PROYEK DALAM UPAYA PENINGKATAN PRODUKTIVITAS DI PT. JCI Hermawan, Rino Tri; Hasibuan, Sawarni
Jurnal PASTI Vol 11, No 1 (2017): Jurnal PASTI
Publisher : Universitas Mercu Buana

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh Tingkat Pengalaman dan Coaching Style terhadap Kualitas Kepemimmpinan dalam upaya peningkatan Produktivitas di PT. JCI. Tipe penelitian Eksplanatif dengan jumlha responden sebanyak 70 orang. Untuk uji statistik dan pengolahan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan Partial Least Square (SmartPLS 3.0).  Temuan penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: (1) Tingkat Pengalaman Project Manager berpengaruh kuat serta signifikan terhadap Kualitas Kepemimpinan Manager Project dengan Mediasi Parsial dari Coaching Style; (2) Tingkat Pengalaman Project Manager berpengaruh kuat serta signifikan terhadap Coaching Style yang dilakukan oleh Project Manager; (3) Coaching Style yang dilakukan oleh Project Manager berpengaruh kuat serta signifikan terhadap Kualitas Kepemimpinan Manager Project; (4) Tingkat Pengalaman Project Manager berpengaruh kuat serta signifikan terhadap Produktivitas karyawan dengan Mediasi Parsial dari Coaching Style yang dijalankan dan Kualitas Kepemimmpinan yang baik dari Project Manager; (5) Coaching Style yang dilakukan oleh Project Manager berpengaruh kuat serta signifikan terhadap Produktivitas karyawan dengan Mediasi Parsial dari Kualitas Kepemimpinan yang baik dari Project Manager; (6) Kualitas Kepemimpinan yang baik dari Project Manager berpengaruh kuat serta signifikan terhadap Produktivitas para karyawan.  Kata Kunci:   Coaching Style;  Kualitas Kepemimpinan;  Manajemen Proyek;  Produktivitas; Tingkat  Pengalaman.
KARAKTERISTIK DUKUNGAN INDUSTRI TERHADAP UPAYA IMPLEMENTASI PRODUKSI BERSIH (STUDI KASUS : PERUSAHAAN BUMN PULP DAN KERTAS) Hasibuan, Sawarni
Jurnal Teknologi Lingkungan Vol 1, No 1 (2000): JURNAL TEKNOLOGI LINGKUNGAN
Publisher : Center for Environmental Technology - Agency for Assessment and Application of Technology

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (295.911 KB) | DOI: 10.29122/jtl.v1i1.163

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Solusi pengolahan akhir pipa (end-of-pipe) disadari belum mampu memberikan jawaban yang memuaskan terhadap penanganan masalah pencemaran lingkungan. Saat ini sejumlah besar perusahaan di dunia sedang mengupayakan keuntungan melalui suatu pendekatan pencegahan lingkungan yang dikenal sebagai eko-efisiensi dan produksi bersih. Walaupun penerapan Produksi Bersih dapat dilakukan melalui cara-cara yang amat sederhana, namun pada kondisi tertentu kadang-kadang memerlukan perubahan yang radikal dan perlu keterlibatan manajemen perusahaan yang proaktif. Penelitian ini mencoba mengidentifikasi karakteristik dukungan organisasi terhadap upaya penerapan Produksi Bersih perusahaan pada kasus Perusahaan BUMN Pulp dan Kertas. Hallain yang coba diungkap adalah prasyarat keberhasilan implementasi Produksi Bersih berdasarkan persepsi anggota organisasi. Hasil analisis menunjukkan Tingkat Penerimaan Konsep Produksi Bersih secara positif dipengaruhi oleh pemahaman manfaat ekonomi, kebijakan strategis, dan gaya kepemimpinan; sedang mekanisma evaluasi dan sistem insentif perusahaan masih menjadi faktor penghambat dalam penerimaan konsep Produksi Bersih saat ini. Secara umum, kalangan anggota perusahaan menempatkan faktor dukungan finansial sebagai faktor paling esensial bagi keberhasilan implementasi Produksi Bersih. Namun kenyataan dari analisis regresi menunjukkan bahwa sistem insentif perusahaan justru menjadi faktor penghambat penerimaan konsep Produksi Bersih. Faktor lain yang juga dianggap esensial berturut-turut adalah keterlibatan pekerja, komitmenmanajemen, kemampuan karyawan, dan kebijakan strategis. Walaupun kebijakan strategis perusahaan telah mengakomodasikan kepentingan lingkungan, namun hal ini tidak didukung hingga pada tahap pelaksanaan. Hasil analisis memperlihatkan kebijakan strategis perusahaan masih menjadi faktor penghambat dalam pelaksanaan Produksi Bersih. Fenomena lain yang menarik adalah ternyata saat ini belum terbentuk budaya produksi bersih pada tatanan perusahaan, tim pengelola lingkungan yang profesional juga belum memberikan peran yang signifikan bagi penerimaan dan penerapan Produksi Bersih di perusahaan.
IbM PRODUK KREATIF IBU-IBU PKK MERUYA SELATAN BERBASIS 3R LIMBAH PADAT PERKOTAAN [IbM: CREATIVITY PRODUCT of PKK SOUTH MERUYA WOMANS BASED ON 3R URBAN SOLID WASTE] Hasibuan, Sawarni; -, Mirza; Ikatrinasari, Zulfa Fitri
Jurnal Sinergitas PKM & CSR Vol 2, No 1 (2017): JURNAL SINERGITAS PKM & CSR
Publisher : Universitas Pelita Harapan

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Abstract

 The rapidly increasing quantities of waste generated, especially in urban areas such as Jakarta, becomes a major concern of various stakeholder. With the average of waste per person per day by 1 kg, it is estimated that Jakarta produces 7,000 ton tons of urban waste per day in 2017.  The dominant type of urban waste in Jakarta after organic waste is paper waste (18.4%) and plastic waste (13.2%).  Present disposal and processing capacity is probably not sufficient to deal with the expected growth. The communitys active role in dealing with municipal solid waste issues through the concept of 3R (reduce, reuse, recycle) will reduce the burden of waste that must be transported to the landfill. In South Meruya Village, West Jakarta, two groups of PKK (empowerment of family welfare) Women, which are processing urban wastes from plastic solid waste and paper waste. Unfortunately, PKK South Meruya womens have never attended business development training, product quality is also less competitive, not innovative, its market reach is still very limited. The purpose of this activity is to improve the skill of producing quality creative products according to market demand, expand marketing reach by utilizing ICT technology, and improve management of group business. The method used combines lecture approach, mentoring, discussion, simulation and practice. Creative products produced include wallets, bags, ornamental flowers, tissue containers, and cup lamps. Through a partnership with higher education institution, the group of South Meruya PKK women is targeted to increase the quantity and quality of creative products produced, as well as its market reach. Dynamic improvement of understanding and skill of South Meruya PKK mothers in managing urban waste 3R resulted in greenpreneurship model of urban waste-based creative products.Keywords: creative product, urban waste, 3R, family welfare education.