Mardhiyah Hayati
Fakultas Syariah IAIN Raden Intan Lampung Jl. H. Endro Suratmin, Sukarame, Bandar Lampung

Published : 17 Documents
Articles

Found 17 Documents
Search

PERAN PEMERINTAH DAN ULAMA DALAM PENGELOLAAN ZAKAT DALAM RANGKA USAHA PENANGGULANGAN KEMISKINAN DAN PENINGKATAN PENDIDIKAN DI INDONESIA Hayati, Mardhiyah
Jurnal Asas Vol 4, No 2 (2012): Volume 4, No. 2 Juli 2012
Publisher : IAIN RADEN INTAN LAMPUNG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

AbstractPoverty is the worst conditions experienced by people that the appearance of it was not expected; even almost everyone wanted to avoid it. Adoption is not charity into the state system, causing the Islamic world lost the power to run welfare programs, to solve socioeconomic problems, such as poverty. In the teachings of Islam, Zakat in economics appears to be an alternative instrument for effective poverty reduction, which has many advantages over conventional fiscal instruments that now exist, if the current impact on economic activity is still relatively small, and then this is caused by several things. Spending a minimum expenditure of zakat is to create a more equitable distribution of income that not yet optimum (Necessary but not sufficient condition). Therefore, others expenses necessary to complete the expenditure of zakat such as sadaqah, waqaf and so on. so the impact on income distribution becomes more optimum. Besides the management of zakat which has not been well managed and professionally, as well as low public awareness to tithe correctly. For the role of government and clerics in the management of zakat in order to attempt to reduce poverty and improve education in Indonesia is required.Keywords: government, scholars, Zakat, Poverty Reduction and Improvement of Education
PERAN STRATEGIS ZAKAT DALAM FUNGSI KEBIJAKAN POLITIK EKONOMI DI INDONESIA Hayati, Mardhiyah
Jurnal TAPIs (Teropong Aspirasi Politik Islam) Vol 5, No 10 (2009): Jurnal TAPIS (Teropong Aspirasi Politik Islam)
Publisher : Jurnal TAPIs (Teropong Aspirasi Politik Islam)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Abstrak Dilihat dari sudut pandang ekonomi Islam, zakat mempunyai peranan sebagai pendorong kaum muslim untuk senantiasa mendayagunakan asset yang dimilikinya. Zakat mencegah kecenderungan untuk menimbun sumberdaya dan uang tunai sehingga akan memberikan dorongan yang kuat untuk menginvestasikan persediaan asset yang tidak terpakai.Pendayagunaan asset yang dimiliki dapat dilakukan dengan  berbagai teknik dan metode investasi  seperti kontrak mudharabah, murabahah, musyarakah dan sebagainya, sehingga diharapkan akan mempercepat pertumbuhan ekonomi dan perluasan lapangan kerja yang akan berpengaruh positif terhadap stabilitas politik ekonomi di Indonesia.  Kata Kunci: Zakat, Investasi Islami, Politik Ekonomi
UPAYA DOSEN MENINGKATKAN MOTIVASI MAHASISWA PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA ARAB Hayati, Mardhiyah
JURNAL NALAR PENDIDIKAN Vol 7, No 2 (2019): JURNAL NALAR PENDIDIKAN
Publisher : LPM Penalaran UNM

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.26858/jnp.v7i2.10669

Abstract

Motivation is a way that is done by giving encouragement to students to be more enthusiastic and passionate in the learning process, especially in the field of Arabic studies. Motivation is an important thing to note because motivation can improve morale, loyalty, responsibility, discipline, creativity, and enthusiasm of students. The purpose of this paper is to determine the efforts of lecturers in providing motivation to students in learning Arabic. Arabic is a part of religion, and knowing that the law is obligatory, because actually understanding the Book and as-Sunnah is a matter that is mandatory, and can not be understood except with Arabic.The data used are primary data obtained through interviews and observations. The data obtained were analyzed using descriptive analysis method. After an analysis, it can be concluded that the Arabic language education lecturer at the Raudhatul Jannah Arabic Language Education Institute (LPBA RJ) has provided motivation to students. Motivation provided Types of motivation used are positive and negative motivations. Positive motivation in the form of appreciation, praise, or prizes. While negative motivation is in the form of a reprimand.
PEMBIAYAAN IJARAH MULTIJASA SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF SUMBER PEMBIAYAAN PENDIDIKAN (KAJIAN TERHADAP FATWA DEWAN SYARI’AH NASIONAL NO. 44/DSN-MUI/VIII/2004 TENTANG PEMBIAYAAN MULTIJASA) Hayati, Mardhiyah
Asas Vol 6, No 2 (2014): Juli 2014
Publisher : IAIN RADEN INTAN LAMPUNG

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Salah satu sumber pembiayaan pendidikan yang berdasarkan Prinsip Syariah adalah Pembiayaan Al-Ijarah Multijasa.   Al-Ijarah Multijasa merupakan bagian dari Pembiayaan Multijasa, dalam  fatwa Dewan Syariah Nasional  No. 44/DSN-MUI/VIII/2004) menjelaskan bahwa  Pembiayaan Multijasa ini bisa menggunakan akad Ijarah atau akad Kafalah. Apabila menggunakan akad Kafalah, maka harus mengikuti semua ketentuan yang ada dalam Fatwa Kafalah. dan sebaliknya, apabila menggunakan akad Ijarah harus mengikuti ketentuan dalam Fatwa Ijarah. Pembiayaan pendidikan dapat diperoleh dengan cara mengajukan Pembiayaan Al-Ijarah Multijasa. Hal ini disebabkan, pembiayaan Al-Ijarah dapat menyalurkan semua bentuk pelayanan jasa keuangan seperti pembiayaan pendidikan, pembiayaan kesehatan, pembiayaan perkawinan, pembiayaan untuk bayar utang, pembiayaan untuk bayar pajak dan biaya sewa (rumah, kendaraan, alat-alat pertanian, alat-alat perlengkapan pengantin dan gedung). Dengan kata lain pembiayaan ijarah tidak hanya menyalurkan pembiayaan pendidikan. 
GAMBARAN ANGKA KEJADIAN KOMPLIKASI PASCA ANESTESI SPINAL PADA PASIEN SEKSIO SESARIA Hayati, Mardhiyah; Sikumbang, Kenangan Marwan; Husairi, Ahmad
Berkala Kedokteran Vol 11, No 2 (2015): September 2015
Publisher : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lambung Mangkurat

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20527/jbk.v11i2.140

Abstract

The spinal anesthesia is mostly used for cesarean section. The use of spinal anesthesia may cause the complications during and after surgery. The purpose of the research was to describe the incidence complications after spinal anesthesia on the first and third day after cesarean section in Ulin Hospital Banjarmasin. The method of the research is descriptive. The data were obtained from the medical records of the patient and questionnaire sheets. The sampling was used in consecutive sampling with the total of research subjects are 47 patients. The result of the research showed the incidence complications on the first day after spinal anesthesia is back pain 19(42.3%), nausea and vomit 6(13.4%), and headache 1(2.2%). The third day after spinal anesthesia is back pain 5(11%), nausea and vomit 24.4%), and headache 1(2.2%). The conclusion of the research is the image of the incidence complications after spinal anesthesia on the first day and third day at Ulin Hospital Banjarmasin shows back pain as the most complaints. Keywords: complications after spinal anesthesia, spinal anesthesia, Ulin Hospital Banjarmasin.
INVESTASI MENURUT PERSPEKTIF EKONOMI ISLAM Hayati, Mardhiyah
IKONOMIKA Vol 1, No 1 (2016)
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24042/febi.v1i1.143

Abstract

Abstract-Investment is needed by a person to add to the source of its income in order to cover the necessities of life is very urgent that can not be fulfilled from daily earnings , in addition, there are reasons for someone to invest among others to profit as much as possible , future security, protect profits , earn passive income, realizing the desire to achieve the goal hereafter.Someone who would invest let the terms and conditions that are prohibited and which are allowed to invest in making it useful for her to the world and the hereafter, as contained in the Koran, hadith, Consensus and qiyas. Islam strongly encourages people to invest, it is motivated by the doctrinal foundation of the order to pay Zakat for people who have assets that are not productive (idle assets), otherwise productively managed assets are not subject to the obligation of zakat. The new Zakat shall be levied on the results that have been obtained through these investments.
PEMBIAYAAN IJARAH MULTIJASA SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF SUMBER PEMBIAYAAN PENDIDIKAN (KAJIAN TERHADAP FATWA DEWAN SYARI’AH NASIONAL NO. 44/DSN-MUI/VIII/2004 TENTANG PEMBIAYAAN MULTIJASA) Hayati, Mardhiyah
JURNAL ASAS Vol 6, No 2 (2014): Asas, Vol.6, No.2, Juni 2014
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Abstrak: Salah satu sumber pembiayaan pendidikan yang berdasarkan Prinsip Syariah adalah Pembiayaan Al-Ijarah Multijasa. Al-Ijarah Multijasa merupakan bagian dari Pembiayaan Multijasa, dalam fatwa Dewan Syariah Nasional No. 44/DSN-MUI/VIII/2004) menjelaskan bahwa                                                                               Pembiayaan Multijasa ini bisa menggunakan akad Ijarah atau akad Kafalah. Apabila menggunakan akad Kafalah, maka harus mengikuti semua ketentuan yang ada dalam Fatwa Kafalah. dan sebaliknya, apabila menggunakan akad Ijarah harus mengikuti ketentuan dalam Fatwa Ijarah. Pembiayaan pendidikan dapat diperoleh dengan cara mengajukan Pembiayaan Al-Ijarah Multijasa. Hal ini disebabkan, pembiayaan Al-Ijarah dapat menyalurkan semua bentuk pelayanan jasa keuangan seperti pembiayaan pendidikan, pembiayaan kesehatan, pembiayaan perkawinan, pembiayaan untuk bayar utang, pembiayaan untuk bayar pajak dan biaya sewa (rumah, kendaraan, alat-alat pertanian, alat-alat perlengkapan pengantin dan gedung). Dengan kata lain pembiayaan ijarah tidak hanya menyalurkan pembiayaan pendidikan. Kata Kunci: Pembiayaan Ijarah Multijasa, Sumber Pembiayaan Pendidikan, Fatwa Dewan Syariah tentang Pembiayaan Multijasa
PERAN PEMERINTAH DAN ULAMA DALAM PENGELOLAAN ZAKAT DALAM RANGKA USAHA PENANGGULANGAN KEMISKINAN DAN PENINGKATAN PENDIDIKAN DI INDONESIA Hayati, Mardhiyah
JURNAL ASAS Vol 4, No 2 (2012): Asas, Vol. 4, No. 2, Juni 2012
Publisher : Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar

Abstract

Abstak: Poverty is the worst conditions experienced by people that the appearance of it was not expected; even almost everyone wanted to avoid it. Adoption is not charity into the state system, causing the Islamic world lost the power to run welfare programs, to solve socioeconomic problems, such as poverty. In the teachings of Islam, Zakat in economics appears to be an alternative instrument for effective poverty reduction, which has many advantages over conventional fiscal instruments that now exist, if the current impact on economic activity is still relatively small, and then this is caused by several things. Spending a minimum expenditure of zakat is to create a more equitable distribution of income that not yet optimum (Necessary but not sufficient condition). Therefore, others expenses necessary to complete the expenditure of zakat such as sadaqah, waqaf and so on. so the impact on income distribution becomes more optimum. Besides the management of zakat which has not been well managed and professionally, as well as low public awareness to tithe correctly. For the role of government and clerics in the management of zakat in order to attempt to reduce poverty and improve education in Indonesia is required. Keywords: government, scholars, Zakat, Poverty Reduction and Improvement of Education
KONSTRUKSI PROFIT SHARING DALAM BISNIS SYARIAH Hayati, Mardhiyah
Khatulistiwa Vol 2, No 1 (2012): Volume 2 Nomor 1 Maret 2012
Publisher : IAIN Pontianak

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24260/khatulistiwa.v2i1.194

Abstract

Specifically, there is a popular musyarakah form; it’s mudharabah. The mudharabah is a cooperation between a capital owner and an entrepreneur who has skill or power in running a project. With mudhārabah, two persons who have cooperation do not get money lending interest, but they will get profit sharing from a project agreement. In mudharabah, one provides the capital, and the other runs it with effort through management. The first party is called a shahib al-mal (financier), and the second party is called a mudharib (entrepreneur). So, in mudharabah transaction scheme, capital is 100 % from shahib al-mal (financier), and the management is done by a mudharib (entrepreneur).
Dampak E-Commerce Terhadap Pertumbuhan Jiwa Entrepreneurship Mahasiswa Hayati, Mardhiyah
Nizham Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 5 No 2 (2017): Islam dan Ekonomi
Publisher : Post Graduate Programe of State Institute of Islamic Studies Metro ? Lampung

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (464.007 KB)

Abstract

Di era globalisasi, kehadiran internet telah membuka jaringan informasi global yang serba transparan, langsung atau tidak langsung mempengaruhi dan menciptakan tantangan terhadap cara pengaturan suatu transaksi  di bidang ekonomi. kemajuan teknologi telah melahirkan metode bertransaksi yang dikenal dengan istilah e-commerce. Islam telah mengatur suatu mekanisme dalam pengembangan harta, dan salah satu usaha untuk pengembangan harta kekayaan adalah melalui kegiatan bisnis. Usia muda bukanlah halangan untuk memulai suatu bisnis, bahkan banyak sekali orang yang mengalami kesuksesan di bidang bisnis di usia muda. Berdasarkan latar belakang permasalahan di atas, maka yang menjadi rumusan masalah dalam penelitian ini adalah: Seberapa besarkah dampak e-commerce terhadap Pertumbuhan Jiwa Enterpreneurship Mahasiswa Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam, UIN Raden Intan Lampung?. Tujuan Penelitian untuk menganalisis  Seberapa besarkah dampak e-commerce terhadap Pertumbuhan Jiwa Entrepreneurship Mahasiswa Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis Islam, UIN Raden Intan Lampung. `Metode penelitian yang dilakukan menggunakan desain penelitian survei dengan metode penelitian kuantitatif, sample dalam penelitian ini sebanyak 19 orang dengan metode simple random sampling, teknik pengumpulan data melalui kuesioner, teknik analisis data adalah regresi sederhana, uji hipotesis menggunakan uji t (t tes) dengan menggunakan program SPSS ver. 16. Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa: Terdapat dampak yang positif dan signifikan antara e-commerce dengan pertumbuhan jiwa enterpreneurship