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AGRONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF CORN POPULATION SELECTED FOR NUTRIENT EFFICIENCY IN MARGINAL LAND Hayati, Renih; Munandar, ,; Lestari, Fitria K. S.
Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Agronomy) Vol. 37 No. 1 (2009): Jurnal Agronomi Indonesia
Publisher : Indonesia Society of Agronomy (PERAGI) and Department of Agronomy and Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (55.413 KB) | DOI: 10.24831/jai.v37i1.1388

Abstract

Low soil fertility is the most important factor constraining corn (Zea mays L.) yield in marginal land due to soil acidity.  Corn cultivars with high nutrient efficiency and tolerance to soil acidity offer an alternative to solve the problem.  A Complex population had been formed by natural crossing among six cultivars/line expected to carry the nutrient efficiency character; Sukmaraga, Lamuru, Srikandi Kuning, Bisma, Bayu, and Toray and used as a genetic material in this study.  The objectives were (i) to evaluate the agronomic performance of complex population in marginal land under limited nutrient supply, (ii) to select the superior entries in each population for nutrient efficiency, and (iii) to identify the characters relate to yield (nutrient efficiency).  The selection of nutrient efficiency was based on the ear dry weight produced per plant (yield).  The experiment was conducted in marginal land at Agro Techno Park, Indralaya, South Sumatra in January to April 2008.  Randomized Complete Block Design with four replications was used.  The treatment was number of entries that grouped into six populations based on a female parent.  Plants were fertilized with Urea, SP-36, and KCl at 30% of standard rate.  Sukmaraga population had the best agronomic performance among six populations evaluated. The superior entries selected were top 10% of the total entries in each population with ear weight more than 150 g. All the characters (ear length and diameter, plant height, leaf chlorophyll, leaf numbers above the ear, and ear leaf area) related to yield (nutrient efficiency) but plant height is the only character measured before anthesis.  The results suggest that Sukmaraga population had use nutrient more efficiently than the other populations and plant height may be used as selection criterion in early screening large numbers of corn entries or lines for nutrient efficiency.        Key words:  Agronomic characters, corn, marginal land, nutrient efficiency
MODIFIKASI TITIK MUATAN NOL TANAH BERMUATAN TERUBAHKAN MELALUI PEMBERIAN CAMPURAN ABU TERBANG BATUBARA-KOTORAN AYAM Hermawan, Agus; Sabaruddin, Sabaruddin; Marsi, Marsi; Hayati, Renih; Warsito, Warsito
Jurnal Agrista Vol 17, No 3 (2013): Volume 17 Nomor 3 Desember 2013
Publisher : Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala

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Abstract

ABSTRAK. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh pemberian campuran abu terbang-kotoran ayam (ATB-KA) terhadap perubahan titik muatan nol (TMN) tanah dan dampaknya terhadap jerapan dan ketersediaan P pada Ultisol. Dua perlakuan yang diuji adalah ATB-KA (w/w 1:1) pada dosis 0, 15, 30, 45 dan 60 ton ha-1, dan pemupukan P pada dosis 0, 87, 174, 261 dan 348 kg P2O5 ha-1.  Perlakuan ini ditata dalam Rancangan Acak Lengkap yang diulang sebanyak tiga kali. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aplikasi CATK untuk setiap dosis pemupukan P berkorelasi secara nyata dengan status tanah TMN, pH, muatan negatif, jerapan dan ketersediaan P. TMN berkorelasi positif dengan pH dan muatan negatif. Muatan negatif secara nyata berkorelasi negatif dengan jerapan P, dan berkorelasi positif dengan P tersedia. Modification of PZS of Soil With Variable Charge by Application of Coal Fly Ash-Chicken Manure MixtureABSTRACT. The objective of current research was to study the effect of coal fly ash-chicken manure mixture (FA-CM) on the changes on the soil PZC status and its impact on P sorption and availability in Ultisols. Two treatments - FA-CM mixture (w/w of 1:1) at the rate of 0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 ton ha-1, and P fertilization at the rate of 0, 87, 174, 261 and 348 kg P2O5 ha-1 were tested.  These treatments were arranged according to Factorial Completely Random Design with three replicates. The results showed that the application of FA-CM for each dosages of P fertilizer correlated significantly with the status of soils PZC, pH, negative charge, P sorption and P-available. PZC has possitive correlation with pH and negative charge. Negative charge has a significantly negative correlation with P sorption, and posssitively correlation with P-available.
PERUBAHAN TITIK MUATAN NOL DAN MUATAN NEGATIF ABU TERBANG BATUBARA AKIBAT PENAMBAHAN KOTORAN AYAM DAN WAKTU INKUBASI HERMAWAN, AGUS; SABARUDDIN, SABARUDDIN; MASRI, MASRI; HAYATI, RENIH; WARSITO, WARSITO
Jurnal Agroekoteknologi Tropika (Journal of Tropical Agroecotechnology) Vol.3, No.4, Oktober 2014
Publisher : Program Studi Agroekoteknologi, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Udayana

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Changes in Point of Zero Charge and Negative Charge of Coal Fly Ash due to Chicken Manures Addition Fly ash, coal combustion residue of thermal power plants, has been regarded as a problematic solid waste all over the world. Due to the environmental problems created by large-scale fly ash generation, efforts are being made to recycle these materials, such as to improve soil fertility as an ameliorant. In the present study, the possibility to improving the status of point of zero charge (PZC) and negative charge in fly ash (FA) and chicken manure (CM) mixtures was investigated. Fly ash was mixed with chicken manure composition of 0, 25, 75, and 100 % FA (w/w basis) and incubated for 15, 30, 45, and 60 days. Treatments arranged in factorial completely randomized design with 3 replicates. The results showed that the compositions of FA-CM and incubation period significantly affect the status of TMN, negative charge, P sorption and available-P. The mix of 50% FA with 45 days incubation tend to have a lower PZC and P sorption and higher negative charge and P-available. This composition could be use as an amelioran to improve the soils chemical properties in terms to decrease PZC and increase negatif charge, and it is necessary for further research.   Keywords: chicken manure, coal fly ash, point of zero charge, negative charge
PENGARUH KOMBINASI PUPUK ORGANIK DAN HAYATI TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI GALUR JAGUNG (ZEA MAYS. L) HASIL SELEKSI EFISIEN HARA PADA LAHAN KERING MARGINAL Moelyohadi, Yopie; Harun, M. Umar; Munandar, Munandar; Hayati, Renih; Gofar, Nuni
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (453.735 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.2.2.2013.50

Abstract

This study aimed to study the growth and yield of maize crop nutrient  efficient  selection against  the  combination of different types of organic fertilizers and bio-fertilizers at low dose levels of chemical fertilizer on marginal dry land for the development of technological innovation fertilization on maize crops to reduce the use of chemical fertilizer on marginal dry land. This study was conducted in the field trials of Agro Techno Park (ATP), the Ministry of Research and Technology, South Sumatra from  January  to May  2012.   The experimental design used was SplitPlotdesign with three replications.   . The main plot treatment was dose levels of chemical fertilizer consists of : P1 = 50 % standard dose of ATP ( 200 kg urea , 50 kg SP36 and 25 kg KCl/ha ) and P2 = 25 % standard dose of ATP ( 100 kg urea , 25 kg SP36 KCl and 1.25 kg/ha) . treatment subplot , is the combined delivery of this type of organic fertilizer + biofertilizer types , comprising : KHO = control ( without organic fertilizer + biofertilizer ) , KH1 = composted cow manure + mycorrhiza , KH2 = composted cow manure + bacterial phosphate solvent , KH3 = composted chicken manure + biological mycorrhizae , KH4 = composted chicken manure + bacterial phosphate solvent , KH5 = compost straw corn + mycorrhizae , KH6= composted maize straw + bacteria phosphate solvent , KH7 = compost Legume cover crop ( LCC ) + Mycorrhiza and compost KH 8= legume cover crop (LCC) + solvent bacteria Phosphate.  The results showed that chicken manure compost fertilizer + fertilizer mycorrhizal give the best effect on the growth and yield of dryland corn yields marginal with an average of 9.70 tons of dry cobs/ha and the combined treatment of chemical fertilizer at 50 % level and composting chicken manure + mycorrhizal give the best effect on the growth and yield of maize in marginal dry land , with an average yield reached 10.51 tons of dry seed/acre.
PEMANFAATAN BERBAGAI JENIS PUPUK HAYATI PADA BUDIDAYA TANAMAN JAGUNG(ZEA MAYS. L) EFISIEN HARA DI LAHAN KERING MARGINAL Moelyohadi, Yopie; Harun, M. Umar; Hayati, Renih; Gofar, Nuni
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (402.47 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.1.1.2012.6

Abstract

Moelyohadi et al., 2012. The Use of  Various Types of Biofertilizers on Cultivation of  Nutrient Efficient Corn Genotypes(Zea mays L.  in Marginal Dry Land. JLSO 1(1):31-39.The study aimed at  obtaining nutrient efficient corn genotypes that give the best response to various types of biological fertilizers at low-level doses of chemical fertilizer in marginal drylands. This study was conducted in the field trials of Agro Techno Park (ATP), the Ministry of Research and Technology, South Sumatra from May to September 2011. The experimental design used was SplitPlotdesign  with three replications. The main plot treatments consisted of: (H0): without biofertilizer, (H1): biofertilizer:-mycorrhizae and (H2): BPF biological fertilizers. Subplot treatments, consisting of three corn genotypes for the selection of efficient nutrient properties, are genotypes  B-41 (G1), L-164 (G2), S-194 (G3)  and onehybrid variety:BISI-816 (G4) as agenotypecomparator. Alltreatmentunitswere givenlow dosesof chemicalfertilizerthat is 50% of theATPstandarddose(200kgUrea, SP-36 50kgand 25kgKClha-1).  The results showed that mycorrhizal fertilizer produced the highest corn production, which is 6.08 ton dry seed / acre and genotype B-41 shows a more adaptive growth in marginal dry land with a production  of 7.27 tons of dry  seed /acre  and the combined treatment of mycorrhizal fertilizer and genotype B-41 gave the highest production  of 8.57 tons of dry seed / acre 
KAJIAN TEKNIK PEMBERIAN HARA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PERKEMBANGAN NEPENTHES MIRABILIS Mardhiana, Mardhiana; Parto, Yakup; Hayati, Renih; Priadi, Dwi Putro
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 4, No 1 (2015): JLSO
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (458.978 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.4.1.2015.140

Abstract

The objective of this research was to study the effect of nutrient fertilization on the growth and development of nepenthes (Nepenthes mirabilis). The research was conducted from October 2011 until March 2012 at Sukarami village, Palembang, Indonesia. Factorial randomized block design with two treatment factors was applied. The first factor was NPK fertilizer dosage which consisted of three levels: Po = no fertilizer, P1 = 5 g, P2 = 10 g. The second factor was number of ants: S0 = none, S1 = 20, S2 = 40, S3 = 60. The results indicated that NPK fertilizer application of 5-10 g to the planting media could increase plant growth and development, particularly in plant height, stem girth, and leaf number of N. mirabilis. Giving 60 ants per plants into nepenthes pitcher could yield the largest pitcher number, 3-4 pitcher per plant. Combination of 5 g NPK and 20 ants, similarly, combination of 10 g NPK and 0 ants resulted in the largest leaf increment (10-11 leaves). Combination of 0 NPK and 60 ants resulted in the largest pitcher number (3-4 pitcher per plant).
PENGATURAN APLIKASI PUPUK NITROGEN UNTUK MENINGKATKAN TOLERANSI DAN PEMULIHAN TANAMAN PADI TERHADAP CEKAMAN TERENDAM Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Suwignyo, Rujito A.; Hasmeda, Merry; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 2, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (454.09 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.2.2.2013.57

Abstract

The influence of global climate to the Indonesian climate condition has been in serious condition which was already in high intensity. Flood becomes the fenomena in almost all area in Indonesia. In a swamp area, it can obstruct rice plant cultivation. The submerged rice plant create the obstruction of the rice plant photosynthesis and stress after being submerged. So that  an effort is needed to increase  its tolerance and recovery in order the reduction of the unhulled crop can be reduced.   This study was aimed to obtain a method to increase rice stage is vegetative  tolerance and recovery to submergence stress through the arrangement of nitrogen fertilizer aplication and rice variety.  The experimental design used was factorial completely randomized design with six replications. The factor consists of rice varieties (Inpara 3, Inpara 5, IR 64) and  treatment (P): P1: no submergence, all N dosage prior planting; P2: submerged (7-14 DAP), all N dosage prior planting; P3: submerged (7-14 DAP), all N dosage prior planting + (Si+Zn); P4: submerged (7-14 DAP), ½ N dosage prior planting + ½ N dosage 42 DAP + (Si+Zn); P5: submerged (7-14 DAP and 28-35 DAP), all N dosage prior planting; P6: submerged (7-14 DAP and 28-35 DAP), all N dosage prior planting + (Si+Zn); P7:  submerged (7-14 DAP and 28-35 DAP), ½ N dosage prior planting + ½ N dosage 42 DAP + (Si+Zn). The results showed that the arrangement of nitrogen fertilizer application before submerged to rice plant can increase the rice plant tolerance and recovery to the submerged stress.  The increasing of tolerance and recovery can be obtained at the rice variety given ½ N dosage prior planting + ½ N dosage 42 DAP + (Si+Zn).
UPAYA PENINGKATAN PEMULIHAN TANAMAN PADI TERHADAP CEKAMAN TERENDAM MELALUI PERLAKUAN PEMUPUKAN SETELAH TERENDAM Gribaldi, Gribaldi; Suwignyo, Rujito A.; Hasmeda, Mery; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (496.011 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.3.2.2014.113

Abstract

Plants get stressed shortly after submerged, to improve the recovery and subsequent metabolic processes as well as internal repairs required plant availability of adequate carbohydrate reserves after submerged. Giving fertilization treatment after being submerged is an effort to improve plant recovery after being submerged. This study was aimed to obtain the best fertilization to increase rice recovery to submergence stress through the fertilization after being submerged. The experimental design used was factorial completely randomized design with three replications. The factor consists of rice varieties (Inpara 3 dan IR 64) and treatment (N): Without soaking, basic fertilization (N1), submerged 7-14 DAP (fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O (N2), and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + (Si + Zn) (N3), as well as fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + PPC micro (N4)) given 7 days after submerged, the submerged 7-14 and 28-35 DAP (N, P2O5, K2O (N5), and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + (Si + Zn) (N6) and fertilization of N, P2O5, K2O + PPC micro (N7)) given 7 days after the first submerged. The results showed that the growth and grain yield decreased with more frequent of rice plants in stress submerged condition. Fertilization can improve recovery after being submerged rice plants, where the best recovery obtained on varieties of rice plants treated with fertilization of N, P2O5 and K2O + PPC micro 7 days after being submerged.
KARAKTERISTIK DAN KEMELIMPAHAN NEPENTHES DI HABITAT MISKIN UNSUR HARA Mardhiana, Mardhiana; Parto, Yakup; Hayati, Renih; Priadi, Dwi Putro
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 1, No 1 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (314.029 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.1.1.2012.7

Abstract

Mardhiana et al., 2012. The Characteristics and Abundance of Nepenthes of Nutrient-poor Habitats. JLSO 1(1):50-56.This research aimed at assesing the characteristics and abundanceof Nepenthespopulation in nutrient-poor habitats. This study was conducted at two locations, Talang Kelapa village, Banyuasin Km 10, and Pasir Putih village, Sukajadi, Banyuasin Km 18. Observations were made on  the soil chemical and physical properties, morphology  and population abundance  of Nepenthes. The result showed  that N. mirabilis was the only species found in  Talang Kelapa and Pasir Putih.  Nepenthes upwere able to grow well in very poor soil nutrients. Natural habitat in Pasir Putih with sandy soil  and water log condition gave better effect on the morphology and abundance in than in Talang Kelapa with  clay soil and dry.  The ratio of  Nepenthes abundance in Pasir Putih to that in Talang Kelapa was 3:2. 
ADAPTASI BEBERAPA VARIETAS UNGGUL KEDELAI YANG BERDAYA HASIL TINGGI DENGAN PEMBERIAN DOLOMIT DAN UREA DI LAHAN PASANG SURUT Susilawati, Susilawati; Subatra, Kurniawan; Suwigno, Rujito Agus; Hayati, Renih
Jurnal Lahan Suboptimal : Journal of Suboptimal Lands Vol 3, No 2 (2014)
Publisher : Pusat Unggulan Riset Pengembangan Lahan Suboptimal (PUR-PLSO) Universitas Sriwijaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (253.605 KB) | DOI: 10.33230/JLSO.3.2.2014.117

Abstract

Efforts to improve soybean productivity in tidal land, including through land improvement (amelioration) as of lime, use of improved varieties and the fulfillment of plant nutrients. This study aims to determine the adaptation of some soybean varieties for high yield in the tidal land. Research activities conducted in tidal land Banyu Urip Village Subdistrict Tanjung Lago Banyuasin District from July to September 2013 design used is Split Split Plot Design consisting of 3 factors with 3 replications. Main plots were dose Dolomite (D0= 0 ton/ha dolomite, D1= 2 ton/ha dolomite), subplots were dose of urea (P1= 25 kg/ha urea, P2= 50 kg/ha urea, P2= 75 kg/ha urea) and the plot is children soybean varieties (V1= Argomulyo, V2= Anjasmoro, V3= Tanggamus). Variables measured were plant height 17 DAT, plant height 7 MST, leaf chlorophyll and number of branches. The results showed that the varieties that produce Argomulyo plant height, leaf chlorophyll content, and the number of branches is better than the soybean crop varieties Tanggamus and Anjosmoro. Thus soybean varieties are more adaptive Argomulyo planted in tidal land.