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Journal : Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional

Work-Related Skin Diseases among Workers in the Sewing Section at PT. X Shoe Company in West Java Hendra, Hendra; Nirwana, Eva; Isahak, Marzuki
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Volume 13, Issue 2, November 2018
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (36.864 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v13i2.1705

Abstract

Occupational skin diseases are the most common work-related diseases in many countries. Shoe industry workers are potential to be affected by work-related skin diseases (WRSDs). This study aimed to analyze the risk factors associated with WRSDs among workers in the sewing section at a shoe company in West Java. A total of 477 workers were examined and interviewed using the modified Nordic Occupational Skin Questionnaire-2002/LONG from May 2016 to July 2016. Chi-square test and logistic regression were used to analyze the risk factors related to WRSDs. The results showed that 57.7% of the workers suffered from WRSDs. Most of the workers (71.7%) did not wear gloves while working; however, they washed their hands adequately at work (67.1%). Multivariate analysis indicated that a term of work, allergy records, organic dust exposure and duration of exposure per day, handwashing habits, and use of gloves whileworking were significant to WRSDs. Having allergy records and not wearing gloves were the two dominant factors associated with WRSDs (odds ratio: 6.743 and 6.224, respectively). Understanding the importance of using chemical protective gloves while working and washing hands with running water are essential for the proper implementation of protective measures to ensure worker's safety and health.
Pekerjaan, Nonpekerjaan, dan Psikologi Sosial sebagai Penyebab Kelelahan Operator Alat Berat di Industi Pertambangan Batu Bara Susilowati, Indri Hapsari; Syaaf, Ridwan Zahdi; Satrya, Chandra; Hendra, Hendra; Baiduri, Baiduri
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol 8. No. 2 September 2013
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (270.84 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v8i2.349

Abstract

Kelelahan merupakan salah satu faktor penyebab kecelakaan transportasi, ditandai dengan menurunnya kinerja fisik dan mental yang mengakibatkan kurangnya kewaspadaan karena rasa kantuk. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui faktor risiko dan faktor pendukung kelelahan pada operator alat berat. Penelitian dilakukan pada operator alat berat di 3 tambang batubara di Kalimantan (2 area di Kalimantan Timur dan 1 area di Kalimantan Selatan), melibatkan 353 operator alat berat yang bekerja dengan 3 sif. Hasilnya menunjukkan bahwa keluhan kelelahan semakin tinggi dengan meningkatnya usia, lama kerja, dan kerja pada sif 3 (malam hari). Kelelahan paling banyak dirasakan oleh operator dump truck (bagian hauling) yang dipengaruhi oleh faktor-faktor pekerjaan (postur saat bekerja, faktor variasi pekerjaan, beban kerja dan vigilance) dan faktor-faktor bukan pekerjaan (kondisi medan atau area tambang yang berisiko, penerangan yang kurang pada malam hari, dan rute yang selalu berubah). Faktor lainnya berkaitan dengan masalah sosial-psikologis, baik yang berhubungan dengan pekerjaan maupun lingkungan kerja, seperti waktu istirahat, standar gaji yang belum memadai, pengaturan jadwal cuti yang sering tidak jelas, dan masalah karier. Disimpulkan, secara umum kelelahan meningkat dengan bertambahnya usia dan lama kerja, dengan kelelahan yang lebih besar pada pekerja sif 3. Umumnya, penurunan waktu reaksi pekerja sif malam lebih besar daripada waktu reaksi pekerja sif siang.Fatigue is one of the causes of transportation accidents, characterized by reduced physical and mental performance resulting in reduced alertness due to drowsiness. The present study was to determine the risk factors and contributing factors of fatigue suffered by heavy equipment operators. The study was conducted at three coal mining sites in Kalimantan (2 areas in East Kalimantan and 1 area in South Kalimantan) involving 353 heavy equipment operators who work in shifts. It was found that fatigue complaint is higher by older age, longer work, and work at shift 3 (night time). The fatigue is mostly complained by dump truck (hauling part) operators which was influenced by work-related factors (work posture, job variety, workload, vigilance) and non-work related factors (terrain or mine risk area, lack of lighting at night, and route track which is always changed). Another factors related with socio-psychological factors, either related with job or working environment, such as adequacy of rest time, remuneration system, leave system, and insecure career. It is concluded that in general the fatigues were increased as the worker ages were older and longer duration of work, with higher fatigues were suffered at shift 3. Generally, reduced reaction time among shift 3 workers is higher than that those of daytime shift.
Tingkat Pencahayaan Perpustakaan di Lingkungan Universitas Indonesia Hendra, Hendra; Tina, Sekar; Majidah, Amah
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat Nasional Vol. 7 No. 6 Januari 2013
Publisher : Faculty of Public Health Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (236.138 KB) | DOI: 10.21109/kesmas.v7i6.36

Abstract

Pencahayaan di perpustakaan merupakan aspek penting dalam menunjang aktivitas mahasiswa dan pegawai. Kondisi pencahayaan yang tidak memenuhi standar dapat mengganggu aktivitas dan menyebabkan keluhan kesehatan khususnya kelelahan mata. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui kesesuaian tingkat pencahayaan di ruang perpustakaan yang ada di lingkungan UI. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain evaluasi dengan membandingkan hasil pengukuran dengan standar serta melakukan analisis terhadap kondisi lingkungan, respons subjektif pengguna, dan keluhan kelelahan mata. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan tingkat kesesuaian pencahayaan di perpustakaan berkisar antara 0% sampai 100%. Sebagian besar pencahayaan mempunyai tingkat kesesuaian antara 30% sampai 60%. Kondisi ini disebabkan oleh distribusi pencahayaan yang kurang baik karena banyak lampu yang mati, intensitas yang rendah, tata letak peralatan yang kurang baik, serta warna ruangan yang agak gelap. Di samping itu, terdapat perpustakaan yang mempunyai pencahayaan yang sangat tinggi sehingga menyebabkan silau, mengganggu aktivitas, dan menyebabkan keluhan kelelahan mata. Kelelahan mata yang umum dirasakan oleh mahasiswa dan pegawai adalah mata selalu terasa mengantuk dan tegang pada daerah leher dan bahu. Umumnya keluhan yang dirasakan selama melakukan aktivitas tersebut mengindikasikan tingkat pencahayaan di perpustakaan harus segera dibenahi agar sesuai dengan standar dan memperkecil risiko kelelahan mata.Lighting the library is an important aspect in supporting both students and employees activity. Lighting conditions that do not meet the standard can disrupt activity and cause eye fatigue. This study aimed to determine the suitability level of lighting in library of UI. This study performed evaluation design by comparing results with standard and an analysis of environmental conditions, subjective response, and eye fatigue. Results showed the level of suitability of lighting in the library ranged from 0% to 100%. Most of the illumination has a level of suitability from 30% to 60%. This condition is caused by poor lighting distribution because some lamps are not lit, low intensity, poor layout of equipment, and slightly darker color of the room. Besides, there are libraries that have a very high lighting causing glare, disturbing activity, and cause eye fatigue. Common eye fatigue felt by students and employees is sleepy eyes and pain in the neck and shoulders. Complaints generally felt during activity. This indicates that the level of lighting in the library must be immediately corrected to meet standard and minimize the risk of eye fatigue.
Co-Authors Abdul Rahmat, Abdul Abdul Razak Achmad Yasir Baeda, Achmad Yasir Aditya Rochman, Aditya Afif, Muhammad Ibnu Afrizal Afrizal Agus Supriyanto Alipudin, Alipudin Amah Majidah Amin, Amirudin M Amrizal Amrizal Anas, Irwan Andino Maseleno Anizar Indriani Apriadi, Muhammad ARDYANSAH, ADY Argubi, Adi Hidayat Ari Lukas Runtunuwu, Ari Lukas Arif Wibowo arnomo, sasa ani Azis, Mochammad Abdul Baiduri Baiduri Batubara, Fanny Yuliana Budijanto Budijanto, Budijanto C Cari, C Candra, Suryadi Ce, Win Chandra Irsan Chandra Satrya Citra Dewi Darius H Ananda Darmiah Darmiah Diaraya Diaraya, Diaraya Djinis, Musdar Effy Dwi P.Priadi, Dwi Edy Lazuardi, Edy Eri Barlian, Eri Erminawati erminawati Fahmi, Khandra Fajri, M Fauzi, Rahman Fawwaz, Insidini Feidihal Feidihal Fetricia, Rika Firdaus Hamta, Firdaus Fredicia Fredicia Gembong Edhi Setyawan Gilang Ramadhan Hadi Sutopo Hadi, Syukri Hadipranoto, Ichsan Hadipranoto, Ichsan Ham, Hanry Hardani Hardani, Hardani Harijanto Pangestu, Harijanto Hary Sanjaya Haryani, Sesmeri Hasmin Tamsah, Hasmin Hastina, Nina Herdian, Fithra Hernadewita Hernadewita I Nyoman Ruja, I Nyoman Imam Santoso Imanila, Imanila Indra Laksmana Indri Hapsari Susilowati Iptidaiyah, Muhamad Irzal, Irzal Isahak, Marzuki Jamaluddin Jamaluddin Jamili Jamili Jayanti, Mei Indra Jeanny Pragantha Jimmy Jimmy Johan Johan Julianto, Rifki Junaidi Indrawadi Kanda Ruskandi, Kanda Kholil, A. Yusuf Kholil, Ahmad Yusuf Kristiana kristiana Kristyadi, Tarsisius Kurniawan, Johanus Kurniawan, Yehezkiel Steven La Surimi, La M Suparlan Maimunah Maimunah Manoppo, Jeanette Irene Chistie Mardiah Mardiah Maria Montessori Mas Mera, Mas Mas'ud, Mas'ud Mudiyati Rahmatunnisa Muh. Iman Darmawan, Muh. Iman Muhammad Adam, Muhammad Muhammad Anshar Muhammad Makky Muhsin Muhsin Muliyati, Rita Mulyani, Astriana Nanik Riandita Sari Nasrullah Nasrullah Nelvia Nelvia Nina Sevani Nirwana, Eva Njo Anastasia Novianto, Chiko Nurhaeni Nurhaeni Nurmaini Nurmaini Nurtam, Mohamad Riza Nurvelly Rosanti, Nurvelly Padli, Feri Perdana Putera, Perdana Puspa Arum, Enggar Diah Puspawan, Angky Putri, Ronasari Mahaji Rahmad Ade Putra, Rahmad Ade Rahmad Hidayat Rahman Rahman Ramanda, Yudha Ranelis Ranelis Ratnia Solihah, Ratnia Retnani Latifah, Retnani Reynaldo Reynaldo, Reynaldo Ridwan Zahdi Syaaf Riko Riko Rowena, Janny Rowena, Janny Rudy Dwi Nyoto, Rudy Dwi Rully Mujiastuti Rusdi Rusdi Ruslan Ruslan Rustan Efendi Rusydi H., M. Samuddin, Sakka Saputri, Sisca Wulansari Sardino, Sardino Sarif, Rafi Satiawan, Budi Sautma Ronni Basana Sekar Tina Selvi Selvi Shantika, Tito Siti Witianti Son Suwasono, Son Sri Aulia Novita Sri Ratmini, Niluh Putu Suhardjono Suhardjono Suhartini, Yenni Suparto Darudiato, Suparto Supriyadi Supriyadi Suryanti Suryanti Sutarmadi Sutarmadi Swito Prastiwi, Swito Syelly, Rosda Syerly Klara Tajung, Ariani Taurusyanti, Dewi Thomas Stefanus Kaihatu Thomas, Kevin Trisnawati, Desi Tursina Tursina Tutik Dwi Wahyuningsih Umar Umar Vinola Herawaty Wardati, Wardati Wasino Wasino Wesley, Julian Widjaja, Antonius Andri Wijaya Kurniawan Winaldi, Dio Wirawan, Erick Womsiwor, Olla Ona Oktarian Y Witanto, Y Yovan Witanto Yudistira Yudistira Yunika, Febri Yulsa Yusuf, Andreas Zikri, Afdal