The efforts to the conservation of the Masjid Agung Kauman of Semarang was very important, because: first, the mosque was a historical monument which had to be preserved, and second, it is to equip the revitalization and conservation programs of the Semarang Old City as the colonial remain. The research focused on the efforts to make the mosque returned to the original form and also to detect the damages, the rotten part and the change of the components of the building, as well as the physical or the mechanistic process. The method, which has been applied in this research, was observation, photography and documentation, sample derivation, data and laboratory analyses, deciding the kind of the construction and describing the architecture. To make the mosque returned to the original form and preserve its continuance, it is necessary to reveal the models of the conservation which have based on the right rule and method. ÃÂ Key Word: Mosque, Conservation, Tourism
This research analyze development of Cirebon morphology. Morphology of the city, it is a explanation model that relationship with expression and existence of space at the city. which can be observed from appearance physically. Cirebon was a planned settlement at the early growth with concept of the cosmic city. And then at VOC period, Cirebon was called the fort city and as unplanned settlement. At Colonial period the XIX Century, Cirebon had great harbor which influenced to development of the city. At early the XX Century, Cirebon was called gemeente which had more of autonomy with a planned settlement Key Word : morphology, city, colonial Â Penelitian ini menguraikan perkembangan morfolgi kota di Cirebon. Morfologi kota adalah suatu model penjelasan yang berhubungan dengan ekspresi dan eksistensi tata ruang kota. Cirebon adalah suatu pemukiman yang terencana pada awal pertumbuhannya dengan konsep kota kosmis. Namun demikian setelah VOC datang ke Cirebon berangsur-angsur orientasi pusat kota Cirebon berpindah dari keraton ke pelabuhan. Perkembangan pelabuhan Cirebon dan kota Cirebon banyak dipengaruhi oleh potensi daerah hinterland-nya yang luas dan subur termasuk yang ada di daerah Priangan. Pada tahun 1926 kota Cirebon ditetapkan sebagai stadgemeente. Akibatnya, pembangunan-pembangunan sarana prasanana kota semakin gencar, dan mulai ada pengembangan kota dengan desain perencanaan yang lebih matang Kata kunci: morfologi, kota, kolonial Â
THE -- condition of the Javanese society is now more individualistic, materialistic, and more prioritizing its own interests than the common interest, the lack of tolerance towards others, wanting to get rich by justifying all means, as well as violence and crime is increasing everywhere. Aspects of power and economic aspects become very dominant in the orientation of community life, which should only be a means of living together. As a result, todays society tends to pursue wealth and power by justifying all means, ignorance, and leaving mutual cooperation and tolerance.Soekarnos trilogy program implemented by the Governor of Central Java with the addition of "ora ngapusi" and "ora korupsi" slogan, may be appreciated by the people of Central Java, especially to improve peoples understanding of their adhilugung culture.
As the pre-industrial city, Semarang in the early days of developing traditional, centered on residential Regent (Kanjengan), mosques and squares surrounded by township residents that were grouped on the basis of occupation, race, ethnicity, religion and profession. Entering the 19th century, the city of Semarang grew following the planning concepts and structure of modern (Western) style, namely as an industrial city, with the characteristics and patterns different from the traditional city. As a modern city Semarang rests on the modern street system. Until recently the township-village still exists in the city, although not functioning as before.
The beginning of the struggle of Prince Sambernyowo begins when his father was exiled to Sri Lanka, the first struggle was done by helping Mas Garendi invade Kartosuro Palace, because Pakubuwono I in cooperation with the VOC. Thap next Prince Sambernyowo held a direct resistance to the VOC which was marked by wars in various fields, among others, in Kartosuro, in Ponorogo, in Sitakepyak Rembang, in Vredeburg Fortress Yogyakarta, and others which then ended with emerging Salatiga Agreements. Many heritages Pangeran Sambernyowo during his struggle to ascend the throne at Pura Mangkunegaran, in addition to the palace Pura Mangkunegaran, among others Astana Mangadeg in Karanganyar, Inscription Nglaroh and Tugu Pusaka in Nglaroh Wonogiri, Pablengan Karanganyar and Sendang Siwani Wonogiri. Indeed Prince Sambernyowo is not a freedom fighter of the Republic of Indonesia, but he once laid the foundation stone to stand upright this republic
The concept of manunggaling kawula gusti, which had developed in Java in ancient times, until now still colored the behavior of people living around Mount Merapi, which among others demanded the full devotion of the people to the Sultan and his magical companions, namely Baurekso Mount Merapi and Nyi Rara Kidul in the southern sea. Mbah Marijan and some of her descendants and followers still show loyalty, so in order to keep their Merapi they offer to the Sultan as the ruler of the human world, which is often regarded as the incarnation of Gods / Lords of the rulers of the universe. In this way they believed that their spirits would later merge with Gusti as their worship, as a form of uniting the peoples physical body to the king and to rule over nature. The purpose of this study is to find out more about the meanings contained in Mount Merapi, namely the mountain that is feared and sacred by the people of Yogyakarta, and especially those who live on the slopes of Merapi.
Pekalongan formed through a long and unique history, which is characterized by a variety of historical relics and ancient buildings the main building. Starting from this, it seems we need a comprehensive conceptual thinking to handle the pearls in Pekalongan city, which still looks dull and does not appear to shine. Pekalongan city government itself also can not see that the potential of the region and the ancient building is of pearls are still dull and hidden, which can be polished so shiny and attract attention. They prefer talkative build buildings and malls without careful planning, and often displacing precisely these historic buildings. From sentences above, presumably, this research is needed to handle the pearls through the development of the concept of conservation, namely the concept of the arrangement, preservation, and development of the areas historic city of Pekalongan, and certainly is one of the bases for planning and development of culture and tourism city. Regulation on the protection of historic buildings the city is already there, but it is still necessary regulatory or conservation regulation in order to historic district Pekalongan sustainable, not just the building alone.
In the people of Kawengen Village, “mblandong” is the best economy activity. They have ignored legal or illegal rules, because at the reality, mblandong can develop of the other sector of economy at their village, to the agriculture, carbon industies, industries of handicraft and furniture. Beside that, mblandong also can available to the building material. In this case, mblandong very important for economic, and than mblandong will be custom or folkways of The Kawengen people.
The arrival of Laksama Cheng Ho to Indonesia in the past with friendship has actually laid the foundations of a very harmonious relationship between ethnic-ethnic in Indonesia with ethnic Chinese.A multiculturalism approach would be a strategic bid to change other approach models that once existed. By taking the spirit of Cheng Ho’s voyage, this approach is a good new model but not yet tested, the government should wisely adopt a wise civic policy by providing facilities for infrastructure such as moral appeals, encouragement or in the form of conducive legislation. Even if later will happen acculturation process or assimilation let happen by itself and can not be forced.
The efforts to the conservation of the Masjid Agung Kauman of Semarang was very important, because: first, the mosque was a historical monument which had to be preserved, and second, it is to equip the revitalization and conservation programs of the Semarang Old City as the colonial remain. The research focused on the efforts to make the mosque returned to the original form and also to detect the damages, the rotten part and the change of the components of the building, as well as the physical or the mechanistic process. The method, which has been applied in this research, was observation, photography and documentation, sample derivation, data and laboratory analyses, deciding the kind of the construction and describing the architecture. To make the mosque returned to the original form and preserve its continuance, it is necessary to reveal the models of the conservation which have based on the right rule and method. Key Word: Mosque, Conservation, Tourism