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KAJIAN IN VITRO PENGGUNAN LIMBAH PERKEBUNAN SINGKONG SEBAGAI PAKAN DOMBA Hernaman, Iman; Budiman, Atun; Nurachma, Siti; Hidayat, Kundrat
Pastura : Jurnal Ilmu Tumbuhan Pakan Ternak Vol 4 No 1
Publisher : Udayana University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (285.752 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/Pastura.2014.v04.i01.p07

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Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji penggunaan limbah singkong sebagai pakan domba. Daun, batang, kulit singkong dan CDBK,masing-masing diulang 5 kali dan didesian dengan menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis dengan uji Duncan. Hasil menunjukan bahwa CDBK menghasilkan produksi asam lemak terbang (ALT) dan NH3 sebesar 129,9 dan 6,47 mM, serta nyata lebih tinggi (P<0,05) dibandingkan dengan daun, batangdan kulit singkong. Di pihak lain, kecernaan bahan kering (KcBK) tertinggi (P<0,05) diperoleh padakulit singkong, yaitu 64,92. Potensial hidrogen (pH) untuk semua perlakuan menghasilkan nilai yang sama (P>0,05) dengan kisaran 6,97-6,99. Kesimpulan, campuran daun, batang, dan kulit singkong paling baik digunakan sebagai pakan domba.
THE STUDY ON IN VITRO DIGESTIBILITY OF SOAKED PALM OIL FIBER BY FILTRATED PALM OIL FRUIT BUNCH ASH Darmawan, Ari L.; IRAWAN, ASEP; DHALIKA, TIDI; TARMIDI, ANA R.; -, MANSYUR; BUDIMAN, ATUN; KAMIL, KURNIA A.; HERNAMAN, IMAN
Majalah Ilmiah Peternakan Vol 17 No 1 (2014): Vol 17, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Fakultas Peternakan Universitas Udayana

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (468.711 KB) | DOI: 10.24843/MIP.2014.v17.i01.p01

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Palm oil fiber has its potency as feed fiber source for ruminant, but contains high lignin and causes limited digestibility. This research was carried out to find the effect of soaking palm oil fiber in filtrated palm oil fruit bunch ash (FPOFBA) on in vitro digestibility. This experiment used a completely randomized design that repeated for 4times. Palm oil fruit bunch ash was mixed in water and entered into container for 24 hours within concentrations, consists of: 50, 100, 150 and 200 g/L. Moreover, this filtrate used to soak palm oil fiber for 3 hours. The processed products were analyzed for their level of lignin and crude fiber. Meanwhile, in vitro test was used to measure digestibility. It showed that soaking in filtrated palm oil fruit bunch ash gave significant effect to decrease level of lignin and crude fiber (P<0.05), and without soaking to improve digestibility of dry and organic matter compared to control treatment (P<0.05). Treatment with 150 g/L and 200 g/L using filtrated palm oil fruit bunch ash produced low level of lignin (P<0.05), as of: 17.25 and 18.53%. In contrast, within concentration of 150 g/L produced higher level of crude fiber compared to 200 g/L (46.04 vs. 43.87%). This seemed to have the same results in digestibility of dry and organic matter (P>0.05), such as 23.48 and 24.12% as well as 16.70 and 17.06 % in each. It can be concluded that soaked palm oil fiber with 150 g/L concentration of filtrated palm oil fruit bunch ash was more effective in improving digestibility.
KAJIAN IN VITRO SUBTITUSI KONSENTRAT DENGAN PENGGUNAAN LIMBAH PERKEBUNAN SINGKONG YANG DISUPLEMENTASI KOBALT (Co) DAN SENG (Zn) DALAM RANSUM DOMBA Hernaman, Iman; Budiman, Atun; Nurachman, Siti; Hidrajat, Kundrat
Buletin Peternakan Vol 39, No 2 (2015): BULETIN PETERNAKAN VOL. 39 (2) JUNI 2015
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (706.314 KB) | DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v39i2.6710

Abstract

This research was aimed to investigate the effect of concentrate substitution with cassava plantation waste supplemented with cobalt and zinc in sheep ration. In vitro study was used in this experiment. Collected data were analyzed by Duncan’s test from Completely Randomized Design with four treatments and four replications. The experiment rations were R1 = 50% native grass + 50% concentrate, R2 = 50% native grass + 50% concentrate + 5 ppm cobalt + 30 ppm zinc, R3 = 50% native grass + 50% cassava plantation waste, R4 = 50% native grass + 50% cassava plantation waste + 5 ppm cobalt + 30 ppm zinc. The results showed that utilization of concentrate increased volatile fatty acid and N-NH3 concentration, and digestibility of dry and organic matter compared with cassava plantation waste. Volatile fatty acid and N-NH3 in sheep ration containing cassava plantation waste were still in normal range with dry and organic matter digestibility were up to 50%, but supplementation of cobalt and zinc had the same effect (P>0.05). It is concluded that cassava plantation waste can be used as sheep feed, but did not substitute concentrate. Supplementation of cobalt and zinc was not effective to improve fermentability and digestibility of cassava plantation waste.(Key words: Cassava plantation waste, Digestibility, In vitro, N-NH3, Sheep, Volatile fatty acid)
PERFORMA DOMBA LOKAL BETINA DEWASA PADA BERBAGAI VARIASI LAMANYA PENGGEMBALAAN DI DAERAH IRIGASI RENTANG KABUPATEN MAJALENGKA Somanjaya, Rachmat; Heriyadi, Denie; Hernaman, Iman
Indonesian Journal of Applied Sciences Vol 7, No 3 (2017)
Publisher : Universitas Padjadjaran

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (474.222 KB) | DOI: 10.24198/ijas.v7i3.7029

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Penelitian mengenai “Performa Domba Lokal Betina Dewasa pada Berbagai Variasi Lamanya Penggembalaan di Daerah Irigasi Rentang Kabupaten Majalengka”, telah dilaksanakan sejak Tanggal 25 Maret sampai 30 Juli 2015. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengukur lamanya waktu penggembalaan optimum terhadap performa domba lokal betina dewasa yang digembalakan di Daerah Irigasi Rentang Kecamatan Jatitujuh Kabupaten Majalengka. Sampel Domba Lokal betina dewasa dalam penelitian ini adalah sebanyak 62 ekor yang tersebar pada variasi penggembalaan <4 jam 19 ekor, 4-6 jam 21 ekor, dan >6 jam 22 ekor. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah survey dan observasi. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis secara deskriptif, untuk mengetahui perbedaan rata-rata performa domba diuji dengan Analisys of Varian (Anova one way) serta dilanjutkan dengan uji jarak berganda Duncan. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa penggembalaan >6 jam merupakan lama penggembalaan yang optimum, dibuktikan dengan performa induk secara keseluruhan lebih baik dari lama penggembalaan <4 jam dan 4 – 6 jam. Kata Kunci      :           Domba Lokal, Lama Penggembalaan, Performa Produksi, dan Potensi Hijauan
Pengaruh Perendaman Dengan Filtrat Abu Jerami Padi (FAJP) Terhadap Lignin Dan Serat Kasar Tongkol Jagung Hernaman, Iman; Ayuningsih, Budi; Ramdani, Diky; Islami, Romy Zamhir Al
Jurnal Agripet Vol 17, No 2 (2017): Volume 17, No. 2, Oktober 2017
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (326.191 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v17i2.8389

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ABSTRAK. Potensi tongkol jagung sebagai pakan ruminansia sangat besar, namun dibatasi penggunaannya karena kadar ligninnya yang tinggi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menguji dan mengetahui hubungan antara kandungan lignin dan serat kasar tongkol jagung yang direndam dengan berbagai konsentrasi filtrat abu jerami padi (FAJP). Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dengan empat macam perendaman, yaitu R1 = Tongkol jagung dengan hidrolisis FAJP konsentrasi 5%, R2 = Tongkol jagung dengan hidrolisis FAJP konsentrasi 10%, R3 = Tongkol jagung dengan hidrolisis FAJP konsentrasi 15%, R4 = Tongkol jagung dengan hidrolisis FAJP konsentrasi 20%. Setiap perlakuan diulang sebanyak empat kali. Hasil menunjukkan bahwa FAJP berpengaruh nyata terhadap penurunan kadar lignin dan serat kasar pada tongkol jagung (p 0,05). Hubungan antara perlakuan dengan kadar lignin membentuk persamaan regresi Y = 9,29 -0,172X dengan R2 =0,92, sedangan antara serat kasar dan lignin memiliki hubungan yang sangat erat dengan nilai r =0,85. Perendaman tongkol jagung dengan FAJP 20% menghasilkan persentase lignin dan serat kasar yang paling rendah yaitu 5,88dan 32,03 %.Kesimpulan, penggunaan FSJP dengan konsentrasi 20% merupakan perlakuan yang terbaik.(The effect of soaked by rice straw ash filtrate on lignin and crude fiber content of corn cob)ABSTRACT. Utilization of corncobs as a ruminant feed is highly potential but its high lignin content may limit its use. The objective of this experiment was to investigate the effect of soaking in the water containing different concentration of rice straws ash filtrate (RSAF) on lignin and crude fiber contents of corncob. A completely randomized design was employed to compare 5 different treatments: R1 = corncob with RSAF hydrolysis 5%, R2 = corncob with RSAF hydrolysis 10%, R3 = corncob with RSAF hydrolysis 15%, and R4 = corncob with RSAF hydrolysis 20%. Each treatment was repeatedfour times (n=4). The result showed that RSAF had a significant effect (P 0.05) in reducing lignin and crude fiber contents. The relationship between treatment and lignin content followed a regression equation: Y = 9.29 -0.172X with R2 =0.92, while crude fiber and lignin had a close relationship with r =0.85. Soaking corncobs with RSAF as much as 20% resulted the lowest lignin and crude fiber contents which were 5.88 and 32.03% respectively. It concluded that utilization of RSAF 20% was the best treatment.
Fermentabilitas dan Kecernaan Ransum Domba yang Mengandung Limbah Roti secara In Vitro Saripudin, Asep; Nurpauza, Shena; Ayuningsih, Budi; Hernaman, Iman; Tarmidi, Ana Rochana
Jurnal Agripet Vol 19, No 2 (2019): Volume 19, No. 2, Oktober 2019
Publisher : Agricultural Faculty

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (234.953 KB) | DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v19i2.14120

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ABSTRAK. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui fermentabilitas dan kecernaan ransum domba yang mengandung limbah roti. Penelitian menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap dengan lima macam ransum perlakuan yang terdiri atas 40% rumput lapangan dan 60% konsentrat yang masing-masing mengandung limbah roti sebanyak 0 (kontrol), 10, 20, 30, dan 40%. Masing-masing perlakuan diulang sebanyak 4 kali dan data yang terkumpul dianalisis dengan analisis sidik ragam dan dilanjutkan dengan uji Duncan. Ransum perlakuan dievaluasi secara in vitro. Peubah yang diukur adalah asam lemak terbang (ALT), N-NH3, kecernaan bahan kering, dan kecernaan bahan organik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penggunaan limbah roti dalam ransum domba sampai 40% mampu meningkatkan konsentrasi ALT (102,63 - 143,88 mM), kecernaan bahan kering (64,66 - 78,61%) dan kecernaan bahan organik (53,41 - 65,82%). Sementara itu, terjadi kenaikan konsentrasi N-NH3 (3,87 - 4,90 mM) sampai penggunaan limbah roti 30%, namun penggunaan 40% limbah roti sama dengan ransum kontrol. Konsentrasi ALT memiliki hubungan erat dengan kecernaan bahan kering dan bahan organik dengan nilai r = 0,67 dan 0,65, pada persamaan regresi Y = 0,1591X + 50,79 dan Y = 0,1528X + 39,619. Kesimpulan, Penggunaan limbah roti di dalam ransum sebanyak 40% tidak mengganggu fermentabilitas dan kecernaan ransum secara in vitro.  (In vitro fermentability and digestibility of sheep rations containing bread waste)ABSTRACT. The study aimed to determine the fermentability and digestibility of sheep rations containing bread waste. The study used a completely randomized design with five types of treatment rations consisting of 40% native grass and 60% concentrate and each treatment containing bread waste as much as 0 (control), 10, 20, 30, and 40%. Each treatment was repeated 4 times and the data collected was analyzed by analysis of variance and continued by Duncan test. The treatment ration was evaluated by in vitro. The variables measured were volatile fatty acids (VFA), N-NH3, dry matter digestibility, and organic matter digestibility. The results showed that the use of bread waste in sheep rations up to 40% was able to increase the concentration of VFA (102.63 to 143.88 mM), dry matter (64.66 to 78.61%) and organic matter digestibility (53.41 to 65.82%). Meanwhile, there was an increase in the concentration of N-NH3 (3.87 to 4.90 mM) until 30%, but the use of 40% bread waste was the same as the control ration. The VFA concentration has a close relationship with the dry matter and organic matter digestibility with values of r = 0.67 and 0.65, in the regression equation Y = 0.1591X + 50.79 and Y = 0.1528X + 39.619. The conclusion is using of bread waste as much as 40% did not disturb the fermentability and digestibility of the ration in vitro.
Performance of Female Garut Lambs Fed Diet in Different Ratio of Protein and Total Digestible Nutrients (PERFORMANS ANAK DOMBA GARUT BETINA MASA PERTUMBUHAN YANG DIBERI PAKAN DENGAN IMBANGAN PROTEIN DAN TOTAL DIGESTIBLE NUTRIENT BERBEDA) Hernaman, Iman; Ayuningsih, Budi; Ramdani, Diky; Maisarah, Mesa; Siswoyo, Siswoyo
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 19 No 4 (2018)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (109.228 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2018.19.4.568

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The study aimed to study the effect of protein and total digestible nutrients on performance of female Garut lambs. A total of 20 female Garut lambs aged 7-8 months at averaged body weight 15.72 ± 1.33 kg were allocated randomly into four treatment diets with different crude protein and total digestible nutrients ratios. The treatments were: T1 = 11.53%:63.13%; T2 = 10.78%:70.06%; T3 = 13.54%:63.18%; and T4 = 13.67%:69.18%. Each treatment was replicated five times. The research was conducted experimentally for 12 weeks and the collected data were analyzed by Duncan’s multiple range test. The dry matter intake was significantly (p&lt;0.05) higher in the treatments of T1 (707.70 g/d), T2 (677.71 g/d) and T4 (687.91 g/d) compared to T3 (587.01 g/d). The highest (p&lt;0.05) average daily gain and the smallest (p&lt;0.05) feed conversion ratio were significantly obtained by T4 (89.88 g/d and 7.75). Dry matter digestibility and organic matter digestibility was significantly (p&lt;0.05) greater for T2 (63.93% and 64.10%) and T4 (59.73% and 65.14%) compared to T1 (49.98% and 55.34%) and T3 (44.68% and 50.60%) treatments. Based on the results, it can be concluded that T4 or the diet containing 13.67% crude protein and 69.18% total digestible nutrients yielded the best performance.
Penggunaan Daun Kecubung (Datura metel Linn.) dalam Menurunkan Stres Transportasi pada Domba Budiman, Atun; Hernaman, Iman; Latipudin, Diding
Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan Vol 8, No 1 (2014): March
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (219.785 KB) | DOI: 10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v8i1.1260

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Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui efektivitas daun Datura metel Linn. dalam mengurangi cekaman transportasi pada domba. Penelitian dilakukan 3 tahap. Tahap pertama adalah menentukan dosis yang tepat dengan perlakuan 0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25%, dan pekat pada hamster melalui kemampuan berputar pada roda berputar selama 1 menit, yang diobservasi pada waktu 10, 20, 30, 60, 120, dan 180 menit pascapemberian ekstrak daun Datura metel Linn. Tahap kedua menguji efek sediaan ekstrak daun Datura metel Linn. yang diberikan pada domba pratransportasi. Tahap 3, mempelajari bentuk penyajian dengan teknik celup. Lima ukuran partikel tepung daun Datura metel Linn. yaitu 60, 60-40, 40-30, 30-20, dan 20 mesh diuji kelarutannya dalam air selama 10 menit. Data diolah dengan deskriptif analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian daun Datura metel Linn. untuk semua perlakuan memberikan sensasi tenang dan bertahan sampai 180 menit. Domba yang diberi ekstrak daun Datura metel Linn. memiliki derajat stres transportasi yang lebih rendah dibandingkan dengan tanpa pemberian ekstrak Datura metel Linn. Ukuran mesh 20 memberikan kelarutan yang paling tinggi. Dapat disimpulkan bahwa ekstrak daun Datura metel Linn. dapat mengurangi stres transportasi pada domba.
PENGARUH IMBANGAN ONGGGOK DAN SARI PEPAYA TERHADAP SIFAT FISIK Milyanti, Elita Retno; Wiradimadja, Rachmat; Hernaman, Iman
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 6, No 3 (2019): JITRO, September
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33772/jitro.v6i3.7148

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ABSTRAK                                                                        Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui sifat fisik campuran onggok dengan sari pepaya. Penelitian dilakukan secara eksperimental dengan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL). Data yang terkumpul dilakukan analisis uji Duncan.  Perlakuan terdiri atas 1) P0 = onggok (kontrol), 2) P1 = 1 bagian onggok + 1 bagian sari pepaya, 3) P2 = 1 bagian onggok + 2 bagian sari pepaya, dan 4) P3 = 1 bagian onggok + 3 bagian sari papaya. Masing-masing perlakuan diulang sebanyak 6 kali. Hasil menunjukan bahwa bahwa semakin tinggi penambahan sari pepaya pada onggok, maka semakin tinggi (P<0,05) nilai kerapatan tumpukan, sedangkan  nilai berat jenis paling tinggi (P<,005) diperoleh pada perlakuan P3 sebesar 1,03 Kg/m3, ketika  kerapatan pemadatan tumpukan tidak menunjukan perbedaan yang nyata, Kesimpulan, pencampuran onggok dengan sari pepaya mengubah sifat fisik onggok, dimana nilai kerapatan tumpukan dan berat jenis tertinggi diperoleh pada pencampuran 1 bagian onggok dengan 3 bagian sari pepaya (P3).Kata Kunci : onggok, sari pepaya, sifat fisikABSTRACTThe research aims to determine the physical properties of the mixture of onggok with papaya extract. The study was conducted experimentally with a completely randomized design (CRD). The collected data was carried out by Duncan test analysis. Treatment consists of 1) P0 = onggok (control), 2) P1 = 1 part onggok + 1 part papaya extract, 3) P2 = 1 part onggok + 2 parts papaya extract, and 4) P3 = 1 part onggok + 3 parts papaya extract. Each treatment was repeated 6 times. The results showed that the higher the addition of papaya extract to onggok, cause the higher (P <0.05) of the value of bulk density, while the highest value of specific density (P <0.05) was obtained in P3 treatment of 1.03 Kg / m3, when the compact bulk density does not show a significant difference. The conclusion, mixing onggok with papaya juice changes the physical properties of onggok, where the highest bulk density and specific density is obtained by mixing 1 part onggok with 3 parts papaya juice (P3).Keywords: onggok, papaya extract, physical properties
KECERNAAN RANSUM YANG MENGANDUNG LIMBAH ROTI PADA DOMBA Yamashita, Shiyami Asri; Rachmat, Rani Darliani; Tarmidi, Ana Rochana; Ayuningsih, Budi; Hernaman, Iman
Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Tropis Vol 7, No 1 (2020): JITRO, Januari
Publisher : Universitas Halu Oleo

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.33772/jitro.v7i1.9701

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ABSTRAKLimbah roti memiliki potensi sebagai pakan untuk domba, namun belum banyak diketahui dampaknya terhadap kecernaan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk menguji ransum yang mengandung limbah roti terhadap kecernaan pada domba. Dua puluh ekor domba lokal dengan bobot hidup 34,65±2,87 kg dialokasikan ke dalam 5 ransum perlakuan yang mengandung limbah roti sebanyak 0, 6, 12,18, dan 24%. Penelitian dilaksanakan secara eksmperimental dengan menggunakan rancangan acak lengkap. Data yang terkumpul dianalisis dengan sidik ragam. Hasil menunjukan bahwa penggunaan limbah roti sampai 24% dalam ransum tidak berpengaruh terhadap kecernaan protein kasar, lemak kasar, bahan kering dan bahan organik dengan nilai rataan berturut-turut 54,91%, 73,39%, 66,80% dan 69,86%. Kesimpulan, limbah roti dapat digunakan dalam ransum sampai 24% dan tidak menganggu kecernaan pada domba.Kata kunci: domba, kecernaan, limbah, ransum, rotiABSTRACTBread waste has potential as a feed for sheep, but not yet known the impact on digestibility. The research aims to test the ration containing bread waste on digestibility in sheep. Twenty local sheep with a body weight of 34.65 ± 2.87 kg were allocated into 5 treatment rations containing bread waste of 0, 6, 12.18, and 24%. The study was conducted experimentally using a completely randomized design. The data collected was analyzed by variance. The results showed that the use of bread waste up to 24% in the ration did not affect the digestibility of crude protein, crude fat, dry matter and organic matter with an average value of 54.91%, 73.39%, 66.80% and 69.86%. Conclusion, bread waste can be used in rations up to 24% and does not interfere with digestibility in sheep.Keywords: sheep, digestibility, waste, ration, bread