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EVALUASI PELAKSANAAN FORUM KESEHATAN DESA DALAM MENDUKUNG PELAKSANAAN PENGEMBANGAN DESA SIAGA AKTIF DI DESA GULON KABUPATEN MAGELANG Fidora, Sapri; Prabamukti, Priyadi Nugraha; Husodo, Besar Tirto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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?Desa Siaga Aktif? is a village where people easy to get access to health services and have effort in addressing health problems based on community resources. Gulon Village is currently stratified Desa Siaga Aktif Pratama. One of DesaSiagaAktif components is activeness in village health forum (FKD).The research aims to evaluate the implementation of FKD in Gulon village at the input stage (man, material, method and money), process stage (planning, organizing, implementation, supervision) and output stage (effectiveness and efficiency of the program).Design research is qualitative with descriptive approach method. Research subject uses 6 main informants and 2 informant triangulation. Qualitative data analysis uses thematic analysis.Test validation uses source triangulation. At the input stage, FKD boardnumber and level of education, infrastructure and problem solving method is enough to manage FKD, while funding is not availableyet. Management capability needs to improvement.At the process stage, planning and supervision of FKD does not available yet due to absence of regular meetings for FKD planning activities. FKD organizing has been established, but the implementation of activities adhere regular activities in Gulon Village. At the output stage, effectiveness and efficiency of FKD need improvement because of target achievement not available yet.FKD Implementation in Gulon Village has not enough to support ?DesaSiagaAktif? development program in Magelang District due to lack of required resources and management of FKD
STRATEGI COPING STRESS KEJADIAN BULLYING (PERUNDUNGAN) SISWA SMP DI WILAYAH KECAMATAN BANYUMANIK Nurhidayanti, Yeni Dwi; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha; Husodo, Besar Tirto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 4 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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ABSTRACTThe bullying phenomenon often occurs in schools and does not receive enough attention when it can have a negative impact on victims of bullying which causes depression, stress and is also depressed so that it wants to conduct research that can lead to the need for strategies to deal with stress appropriately in accordance with the problems caused by bullying. The research was aimed to know stress coping strategies by adolscent against bullying in Junior High School (JHS) student in the Banyumanik sub-district. The study population was 89 students who were victims of bullying in their schools spread across seven Junior High School (JHS) in the Banyumanik sub-district of Semarang, the sample was 87 respondents taken using total sampling technique with the design research of descriptive analytic. Bullying data was obtained from interview technique with counseling teachers of each school. Retrieval of this research data by questionnaire. The result of the reasearch that were (52,9%) respondents who used stress coping strategies in the form of problem focused coping, while (47.1%) others used emotional focused coping strategies. In the Chi Square test, the results showed that stress coping strategies with perceived suscepbility (p-value =0,033), perceived control over outcomes (p-value = 0.049), perceived control over outcomes (p-value = 0.006).  Suggestions for victims of bullying are to remain positively related and to always get along with peers at school, for the school can do active counseling with students who are indicated trying to bullying at school. Research recommended for future research Improving future research More emphasizes strategies to deal with stress by students related to the incidence of bullying in schools in the Banyumanik District. 
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU PENGGUNAAN ANTISEPTIC HAND RUB PADA PENUNGGU PASIEN RAWAT INAP DI BANGSAL DAHLIA KELAS III RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH KABUPATEN BREBES Firdausy, Dea Afra; Riyanti, Emmy; Husodo, Besar Tirto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 4, No 5 (2016): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal)
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Menurut data WHO, infeksi nosokomial merupakan salah satu penyebab utama tingginya angka kesakitan dan kematian di dunia dengan 1,4 juta angka kematian di seluruh dunia. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor apa saja yang memperngaruhi perilaku penggunaan antiseptic hand rub pada penunggu pasien rawat inap di bangsal dahlia kelas III Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah Kabupaten Brebes dengan jumlah 43 orang dan sampel yang diambil adalah total sampling yaitu 43 orang. Sumber data penelitian menggunakan data primer dan sekunder. Analisis data menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat dengan uji statistika Chi Square (?=0,05). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebagian besar usia responden 26-45 tahun (53,5%), jenis kelamin responden sebagian besar laki-laki (55,8%), pendidikan terakhir responden SMP tamat (37,2%), responden paling banyak bekerja sebagai buruh (25,6%). Responden yang berperilaku menggunakan antiseptic hand rub lebih banyak pada responden dengan pengetahuan baik sebesar (60,9%), responden yang berperilaku menggunakan antiseptic hand rub lebih bayak pada responden dengan sikap baik sebesar (65,4%), tidak tersedianya sarana prasarana (71,4%), tidak tersedianya informasi (70%), tidak terjangkaunya akses (83,3%), tidak mendapat dukungan dari keluarga (84,6%), adanya dukungan dari tenaga kesehatan (66,7%). Hasil uji chi square didapatkan hubungan dukungan keluarga. Sedangkan untuk pengetahuan,sikap, ketersediaan sarana prasarana, ketersediaan informasi, kemudahan akses, dan dukungan tenaga kesehatan tidak berhubungan.
GAMBARAN RESILIENSI IBU YANG MEMILIKI ANAK TUNADAKSA SEJAK LAHIR (STUDI DI KELURAHAN SENDANGMULYO KECAMATAN TEMBALANG KOTA SEMARANG) Anggraini, Nita; Husodo, Besar Tirto; Musthofa, Syamsulhuda Budi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): SEPTEMBER
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In Indonesia there are 32.990 children of whom are disabilities. In Semarang city until march 2017 there are 1.217 people with special needs. Tembalang district has the highest number of children with special needs, it is 277, 95 of which are found in sendangmulyo. Mothers who have children with physical disabilites are still unable to accept the presence of a child who hasphysical disabilities so that it affects the development and growth of a child who has physical disabilities. Mothers should be able to become a resilient individual with the condition of his son who was born with physical disabilities.The purpose of this study is to understand the description of mothers resiliencewho have children with physical disabilities since birth. The type of this research is qualitative descriptive research, data collection is by in-depth interview to 6 respondents with purposive sampling method. Processing and data analyses is validity and reliability by source triangulation to 5 people.The results showed that one respondent was still on the succumbing stage, this stage is the lowest stage of resilience. Respondents at this stage handed over all of child care to domestic servants, respondents did not intervene in the care of the child they were born with. The other three respondents are in the survival stage, respondents are able to care for their children even with the help or service of others. Two other respondents are in the recovery phase, respondents are able to accept the fact that their child was born with physical disabilities and since birth the respondent takes care of his or her own child without the help of others. In addition, the respondents were able to provide social support to the child with physical disabilities. Based on research suggested mother able to increase self-efficacy so that mother able to be in the recovery phase, so that mother able to accept and take care of children with physical disabilities since birth.
FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENGGUNAAN KONDOM PADA PEKERJA SEKS KOMERSIAL DI PASAR KEMBANG YOGYAKARTA DALAM PENCEGAHAN INFEKSI MENULAR SEKSUAL Ameilia, Putri Balqish; Husodo, Besar Tirto; Budi Musthofa, Syamsulhuda
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 8, No 4 (2020): JULI
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Penularan utama infeksi menular seksual ialah melalui hubungan seksual. Setiap orang yang telah aktif secara seksual memiliki resiko terkena infeksi menular seksual. Peningkatan insidensi infeksi menular seksual selalu berkaitan dengan perilaku seksual beresiko tinggi. Prostitusi merupakan salah satu masalah utama dalam penyebaran infeksi menular seksual. Pekerja seks komersial merupakan salah satu kelompok resiko tinggi yang dapat terinfeksi menular seksual yang erat kaitannya dengan perilaku seksual berganti-ganti pasangan dan perilaku penggunaan kondom yang tidak konsisten. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis faktor yang berhubungan dengan penggunaan kondom pada pekerja seks komersial di Pasar Kembang Yogyakarta dalam pencegahan infeksi menular seksual. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan pendekata cross sectional dengan melakukan satu kali pengukuran pada saat penelitian. Populasi pekerja seks komersial berjumlah 300 orang dan sampel dipilih menggunakan purposive sampling yaitu menentukan ciri-ciri sesuai dengan permasalahan sebanyak 71 orang. penelitian ini menggunakan analisis univariat dan bivariat dengan uji chi-square. Hasil penelitian ditemukan bahwa adanya hubungan antara efikasi diri dengan penggunaan kondom dalam pencegahan infeksi menular seksual (p-value 0,026). Sebagian besar masih terdapat pekerja seks komersial yang belum menerapkan penggunaan kondom dengan baik (35.6%). Diharapkan agar pekerja seks komersial lebih mawas diri dengan penggunaan kondom agar dapat mencegah kejadian infeksi menular seksual.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PARTISIPASI KADER DALAM PENYELENGGARAAN KELAS IBU HAMIL DI KELURAHAN NGESREP KOTA SEMARANG Agustinawati, Linda; Husodo, Besar Tirto; Musthofa, Syamsulhuda Budi
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Antenatal Class is a group learning facilities about maternal health that can not be separated from the role of cadres. Based on the result of the research, there were 52,3% respondents who actively participated in the implementation of Antenatal Class and 42,7% respondents less actively participated in the implementation of Antenatal Class. The purpose of this research is to know the factors related to the participation of cadres in the implementation of the Antenatal Class. The purpose of this study was to analyze factors related to cadre participation in the implementation of Antenatal Class. The hypothesis proposed that there is a relationship between independent variables and dependent variable in research.  Subjects in this study were posyandu cadres in the work area of Ngesrep Village amounted to 65 people. The method of data collection used is a questionnaire. This study was using univariate, bivariate, and multivariate data analysis. Data analysis technique used is a Chi-Square test (significance level=0,05). The results showed that factors related to the participation of cadres in the implementation of Antenatal Class were age (p=0,034), attitude (p=0,000), availability of information (p=0,004), family support (p=0,000), community support (p=0,019), and health officer support (p=0,023). The variables that influence the participation of cadres in the implementation of Antenatal Class is family support (p=0,001) and (OR=30,985). From this research, it can be concluded that there are 6 of 13 related dependent variables and 1 variable influencing the participation of cadres in the implementation of Antenatal Class and most respondents (52%) actively participate in the implementation of Antenatal Class. Suggestions for this research are the need for support from family either emotional support, instrumental, or award.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PERILAKU JUMANTIK DALAM SISTEM KEWASPADAAN DINI DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KELURAHAN SENDANGMULYO Pangestika, Tegar Lyana; Cahyo, Kusyogo; Husodo, Besar Tirto; Prabamurti, Priyadi Nugraha
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 5, No 5 (2017): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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In 2014 and 2016, City of Semarang was still ranked number 1 in highest death caused by DHF in Central Java. Until the 27th week of 2016, there were  1525 cases of DHF and 29 deaths by DHF recorded. IR in Semarang City until September 2016 was recorded 120.04/100.000 populations. Jumantik Cadre that have a role as Larva Observer which is a form of early caution from DHF. This study aims to determine the factors that affect the jumantic cadres in the system of early awareness of DHF. The type of this research is a quantitative research with cross sectional approach. By using random sampling technique, got sample 71 larva observer cadres were obtained in Sendangmulyo villages. Some of the respondents have a good behavior in DHF early caution system (54,9%). The result of the chi square test shows that age (p=0,008), attitude towards early caution behavior (p=0,001), support from health workers (p=0,015), and support from government villages (p=0,004) variables are related significantly towards larva observer behavior in DHF early caution system, whereas last education (p=0,785), occupation (p=1,000), span as larvae watch (p=0,454), knowledge about preventing and controlling DHF (p=1,000), access to prevention of DHF counseling (p=0,090), larva monitoring infrastructure (p=0,277), family support (p=0,563), and population support (p=0,782) variables are not related significantly towards larva observer behavior in DHF early caution system. The result from logistic regression test shows that from all variable, the one that has the most affect is attitude towards early caution system DHF (p=0,010) with 6,159 OR score.
BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PENERIMAAN JAMAAH UMRAH TERHADAP VAKSIN MENINGITIS DI KANTOR KESEHATAN PELABUHAN KELAS II SEMARANG Hafshoh, Syara Octaviana; BM, Syamsulhuda; Husodo, Besar Tirto
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 1 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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Meningococcal vaccine is a vaccine that must be given to everyone who will to Saudi Arabia. This vaccine began to be required in 2006 because of an outbreak of meningococcal disease in Saudi Arabia from the span of 1987-2003 and the disease infected hajj pilgrims. 44 out of 747 umrah pilgrims are late to get vaccine eventhough this vaccine must be given no later than 14 days before the departure of hajj or umrah. Because this vaccine will work 14 days after the pilgrims got vaccinated. This study aims to analyze the factors associated with the acceptance of umrah pilgrims to meningitis vaccine. This research is a mix methods study with descriptive-analytics method and uses accidental sampling technique. The data is collected using questionnaire with interview method.The results shows that 23% of the umrah pilgrims were late of getting meningococcal vaccine. The chi-square test shows that the knowledge about meningococcal vaccine (p=0.04, perceived susceptibility (p=0.025), perceived benefit (p=0.01) and environmental support (p=0.035) are significantly associated with the acceptance of meningococcal vaccine. While gender (p=0.827), age (p=0.188), education (p=0.827), perceived severity (p=0.797), perceived barrier (p=0.101), and family support (p=0.440) are not significantly associated with the acceptance of meningococcal vaccine.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU IBU DALAM KUNJUNGAN NEONATAL DI WILAYAH KERJA PUSKESMAS KEDUNGMUNDU SEMARANG Rahmawati, Auliya; Husodo, Besar Tirto; Shaluhiyah, Zahroh
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 7, No 2 (2019): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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More than half of infant deaths in the world occur in the first year of life, especially in the neonatal period (0-28 days baby age). Neonatal period is the most vulnerable period for infants to risk health problems. As a result of this risk, every baby must get health assistance according to standards, namely by carrying out a complete neonatal visit (KN1 ? KN3). Kedungmundu Health Center is one of the ISO standard health centers in the city of Semarang whose coverage of neonatal visits has not yet reached the SPM target both in 2016 and 2017 with coverage rates below 90%. The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors related to the behavior of mothers in neonatal visits in the work area of Kedungmundu Health Center Semarang. This research is descriptive analytic with cross-sectional study design. The population were mothers who had babies aged 2-3 months,  where the sampling used a total sampling technique of 84 people. Data analysis in this study used univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis. The results showed that most respondents did not carry out a complete neonatal visit (66.7%). The results of the bivariate analysis using the chi-square test showed that the related variables were variables of age (p-value = 0.026), education level (p-value = 0.010), and beliefs (p-value = 0.033). The results of multivariate analysis showed the level of education was the most influential factor (OR = 5.174). There are still many mothers who are not fully equipped, it is hoped that health workers will actively conduct home visits and improve their mistaken beliefs by showing adverse effects if they do not implement KN, while puskesmas must have a strategy in delivering neonatal care materials according to their education level­.
ANALISIS FAKTOR YANG BERHUBUNGAN DENGAN PERILAKU PENGGUNAAN METODE KONTRASEPSI JANGKA PANJANG PADA AKSEPTOR KB AKTIF DALAM PROGRAM KAMPUNG KB (STUDI KASUS DI KAMPUNG KB KOTA SEMARANG) Rizki, Larisa; Husodo, Besar Tirto; BM, Syamsulhuda
Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (e-Journal) Vol 6, No 5 (2018): Jurnal Kesehatan Masyarakat (E-Journal)
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One of the success output indicator program of family planning village in anticipation of a drop out use of contraceptive methods and to control the population growth is the achievement of target Long Term use of Contraceptive Methods (MKJP)  in a village. At the end of 2017, there were ten family palnning villages in the city of Semarang that had not reached the target. This study aims to analyze behaviour using MKJP?s on active users in the program of family planning village. The research used cross sectional study design. The population in this study were all active family planning acceptors in 16 areas family planning villages of Semarang City and the sample was taken  by simple random sampling technique which amounted to 92 people. Data analysis using univariate, bivariate and multivariate analysis. The results of this study indicate that more than half of respondents had good behavior in using MKJP in the program of family planning villages Semarang (55.4%). The results of chi square tests showed that there was a significant relationship between age (p=0.002), parity ( p=0.037), smallest child age (p=0.000), participation in contraceptive use (p=0.004), type of contraception (p=0,000), time of contraception installation (p=0,000), purpose of contraceptive use (p=0,000), knowledge (p=0,002), husband's support (p=0,002), and availability of information (p=0,040) with usage MKJP in active family planning acceptors. The multiple logistic regression test showed that smallest child age was the most influenced variable (OR=5,961). Therefore, the skills of health workers related to contraception must be increased, for active family planning acceptors are expected to play an active role in every activity in the village of family planning  related to contraception especially MKJP and the related sectors expected to increase community knowledge and do clarification on myths about MKJP