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ESTIMASI NILAI PENURUNAN KESEHATAN AKIBAT POLUSI GAS NOX DI UDARA DKI JAKARTA Listyarini, Sri; Tarumingkeng, Rudy C; Fauzi, Akhmad; Hutagaol, Parulian
Jurnal Matematika Sains dan Teknologi Vol. 8 No. 2 (2007)
Publisher : LPPM Universitas Terbuka

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Abstract

The aim of this research is to estimate the value of health degradation caused by nitrogen oxide (NOx) gas as one of the air pollutions in Jakarta Province. The economic growth in urban area may affect lifestyle which will increase the energy demand. Fossil fuel as the main energy emitting some gases to the ambient, one of them is NOx gas.  In this research analysis of factors that influenced NOx ambient concentration is based on the socials, economics, and meteorological data from Indonesia Statistics Center (BPS) and Bureau of Meteorology and Geophysics (BMG). The prediction of the cost that has to be paid by the persons who are exposured by NOx gas and will get respiratory symptomps is done by developing the dynamic simulation model. The result of this research is by 2025 the Jakarta residences that will have respiratory symptomps caused by the NOx air pollution should pay about 1 trillion (1012) rupiahs. To reduce this pollutant it is recommended to develop public policies based on the economic and environmental concern.
PENGARUH ASPEK PENGELOLAAN SUMBER DAYA MANUSIA TERHADAP PENINGKATAN KINERJA ORGANISASI DI INDUSTRI OTOMOTIF DI INDONESIA Susilowati, Yuniari; Hutagaol, Parulian; Pasaribu, Bomer; Djohar, Setiadi
Jurnal Manajemen Teknologi Vol 12, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : SBM ITB

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Abstract

Di Indonesia industri otomotif merupakan salah satu industri yang menyumbangkan pajak terbesar bagi pemerintah Indonesia. Saat ini industri otomotif Indonesia berkembang sangat cepat dan signifikan, dan dalam beberapa tahun ke depan diprediksikan akan menjadi yang terbesar di Asia Tenggara, menggeser posisi Thailand yang selama ini menjadi pemimpin pasar. Meskipun industri otomotif ini demikian pesat perkembangannya dan banyak menarik investor asing, sayangnya belum banyak penelitian yang mengkaji faktor-faktor apa saja yang menjadi kunci sukses industri ini di Indonesia. Mengingat bahwa industri ini merupakan industri yang bersifat technology-driven, dengan sistem produksi yang telah berkelas dunia dan infrastuktur manajemen lainnya yang saling mendukung, perlu dikaji selain faktor sistem produksi, faktor apa lagi yang dapat mempengaruhi kinerja organisasi pada industri ini. Dengan mempertimbangkan bahwa kehebatan suatu sistem produksi tidak dapat dilepaskan dari sumber daya manusia yang menciptakan, mengatur, menjalankan dan mengontrol sistem tersebut, maka tujuan utama dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengkaji pengaruh aspek pengelolaan sumber daya manusia terhadap peningkatan kinerja organisasi di industri otomotif di Indonesia. Penelitian dilakukan pada dua perusahaan otomotif milik Jepang di Indonesia, dan hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa aspek pengelolaan sumber daya manusia terbukti berpengaruh positif secara langsung dan signifikan terhadap kinerja organisasi di industri otomotif di Indonesia.
PENGEMBANGAN PASAR TENUN SERAT PT RETOTA SAKTI KABUPATEN PEKALONGAN, JAWA TENGAH Subagyo, Hari; Bintoro, Mochamad Hasjim; Hutagaol, Parulian
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 9 No. 1 (2014): Manajemen IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (515.294 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.9.1.54-66

Abstract

Potential weaving industry nationally as one of the SMEs so far have not unearthed the maximum due to the development of production management systems. Therefor,  PT Retota Sakti has prompted company management to enhance the creative abilities tenunnya always accompanied by the application of more precise marketing strategies that correspond with the development of competition situation that occurred in the weaving industry. The purpose of this study was (1) Identify and evaluate the position of Marketing PT Retota Way by internal and external factors, and (2) Develop appropriate marketing strategies in developing future business. Analyzed in a descriptive study to emphasize the aspect of marketing, covering demand products to meet market needs; offer, which gives an overview about the availability of products in the process of cultivation and the balance of factors between demand and supply prices. To examine the marketing strategies carried out by quantitative SWOT analysis. The results of factor identification strategy, there are five key factors of internal strengths and weaknesses of four key factors. While the external environment there are five key factors of opportunities and threats of five factors. IFE values ??2.842 and 2.530 EFE value, and also the combination of these two values ??in the matrix IE indicates that the marketing strategy lies in the quadrant of five, namely the growth and stability, where the strategies that can run the market penetration, product development and market. QSP matrix analysis results obtained with the most attractive strategy to be implemented is to increase production capacity.
PENGARUH KEPEMIMPINAN ORGANISASIONAL DAN MODERATOR TURBULENSI LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP RETENSI KARYAWAN (KASUS PADA PERUSAHAAN-PERUSAHAAN PUBLIK DI JABODETABEK) Johanes Lo, Singmin; Hubeis, Musa; Hutagaol, Parulian; Hermawan, Aji
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 8 No. 1 (2011): Vol. 8 No. 1 Maret 2011
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (656.998 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.8.1.41-49

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to examine the influence of organizational leadership behaviors and environmental turbulence moderator on employee retention. A survey was used to collect data from various publicly listed companies in the Greater Area of Jakarta. The survey measured the perceptions on organizational leadership behaviors and business environmental turbulence. The survey questionnaire on organizational leadership behaviors was from Yukl?s model and the questionnaire on environmental turbulence was from Ansoff?s model. Fifty two questionnaires were collected by using purposive sampling technique. The Moderated Multiple Linear Regression Analysis was used for analyzing the data. The results showed that the Relations Oriented Behaviors was found to have significant positive relationship with the Employee Retention. The Environmental Turbulence significantly moderated the Relations Oriented Behaviors and affected the Employee Retention positively.   Keywords: Organizational Leadership, Environmental Turbulence, Employee Retention
PENINGKATAN EFEKTIVITAS SISTEM INSENTIF PEGAWAI DIVISI RETAIL BANKING PADA BANK XY Indrawati, Renny; Hutagaol, Parulian; Affandi, Joko
MANAJEMEN IKM: Jurnal Manajemen Pengembangan Industri Kecil Menengah Vol. 10 No. 2 (2015): MANAJEMEN IKM
Publisher : Institut Pertanian Bogor

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (829.459 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/mikm.10.2.112-122

Abstract

Bank XYZ is bank that  already  launched credit card in 2007. In their operations, Bank XYZ applying the provision of insentive for the sale of a credit card with the aim that can improve employee motivation to high performing better. Basically every company hopes to reach the target of predetermined sales. But in reality the sale of a credit card to the Bank XYZ Bogor branch has not yet reached the set target. Not achieve the target that is supposed to identify that there is a problem in the achievements of employee performance whereby the employee has not been motivated to work optimally. While Bank XYZ strategy are already making the provision of incentives for retail banking staff who performs the sale of the credit card.The purpose of this research is: 1. Indentify the influence of incentives on employee motivation retail banking division in Bank XYZ in the target of credit card sales. 2. Indentify the influence of an incentive against the employee performance retail banking division. 3. Formulate efforts to improve the effectiveness of incentive system in order to increase the employee performance retail banking division. The process of data analysis begins with some of the stage where the first stage is a test of validity and reability instrument. Descriptive statistic analysis conducted to determine how perceptions of respondents to statements in the questionnaire through analysis rataan score. Through descriptive of statistical analysis can be seen how perceptions of respondents to incentives, motivation and performance. Next after the statistical analysis descriptive done testing SEM (Structural equation model) operated through the LISREL program. The results of the analysis show that the incentive effect significantly against the major motivation of employees. Motivational variables on performance demonstrates that a significant effect on performance the motivation of employees. When compared to the value of the charge factor of motivation on performance, different values looks at factors variable charge directly on performance incentives that show the influence of the small and insignificant. This incentive has the role of small shows a factor in improving the performance of staff Bank XYZ retail banking division. This is shows that employees incentive to affect the performance of retail banking division through motivation, demonstrable of indirect influence more motivation than through direct influence on the performance.
DAMPAK KREDIT PROGRAM KKPE DALAM PENGEMBANGAN USAHA TERNAK SAPI DI TINGKAT PETERNAK DI JAWA TENGAH Dahri, Dahri; Hutagaol, Parulian; Siregar, Hermanto; Simatupang, Pantjar
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 12 No. 2 (2015): Vol.12 No. 2, Juli 2015
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1037.981 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.12.2.115

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The impact of energy and food security credits (KKPE) to the cattle farming performance at the farm level is importan tto be studied related to improving the welfare of the cattle farmers and also the achievement of self-sufficiency in food, especially meat self-sufficiency.  The number of KKPE distributed since 2007, continued to increase from year to year, but the performance of the livestock subsector is not yet fully accordance with the expectations.  Therefore, the objective of  this study is to analyze the impact of KKPE to the number of cattle owned by the farmer, employment and income of the cattle farming.  The main data used are primary data collected through interviews using a questionnaire to124 cattle farmers recipient and non recipientKKPE in Central Java and determined using purposive sampling method.  Results ofthe study usingLinear regression models of the ordinary least squares (OLS) approach indicates that KKPE provide a positive influence on the number of cattle owned by farmers, employment and income of the cattle farming where the influence of  the KKPE are all significant except for the impact on business income of cattle.  Thus, in order to encourage the improvement of the welfare of farmers and the achievement of self-sufficiency in meat, KKPE needs to be developed with the control the credit delivery system is able to provide incentives for farmers to continue to expand its cattle farming.Keywords:  Cattle farmer, impact of the KKPE, KKPE Credit program, OLSABSTRAKDampak kredit ketahanan pangan dan energi (KKPE) terhadap kinerja usaha sapi di tingkat peternak merupakan hal yang penting untuk dikaji terkait dengan upaya peningkatan kesejahateraan peternak dan juga pencapaian swasembada pangan, khususnya swasembada daging.  Nilai KKPE yang disalurkan sejak tahun 2007, terus mengalami peningkatan dari tahun ke tahun, namun kinerja subsektor peternakan belum sepenuhnya sesuai dengan harapan.  Oleh karena itu, tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis dampak KKPE terhadap jumlah sapi yang dipelihara, penyerapan tenaga kerja serta pendapatan usaha sapi peternak.  Data utama yang digunakan berupa data primer yang dikumpulkan  melalui wawancara dengan menggunakan kuesioner pada 124 peternak sapi penerima dan non penerima KKPE di Jawa Tengah dimana sampel peternak tersebut ditentukan dengan menggunakan metode  purposive sampling.  Hasil studi dengan menggunakan Model Regresi Linier Sederhana  (Linear regression models of the ordinary least square (OLS) approach) menunjukkan bahwa KKPE memberikan pengaruh yang positif terhadap jumlah sapi yang dimiliki peternak, penyerapan tenaga kerja. Pengaruh tersebut semuanya signifikan, kecuali untuk dampaknya terhadap pendapatan usaha sapi.  Dengan demikian, untuk dapat mendorong peningkatan kesejahteraan peternak dan pencapaian swasembada daging, KKPE perlu terus dikembangkan dengan pengendalian pada sistem penyaluran kredit yang mampu memberikan insentif bagi peternak untuk terus mengembangkan usahanya.Kata kunci:  Kredit program KKPE, dampak KKPE,  peternak sapi, OLS
PERANCANGAN MODEL STRUKTURAL HUBUNGAN ATRIBUT INDIVIDU DAN KESIAPAN BERUBAH – STUDI KUALITATIF MENGGUNAKAN SENSEMAKING Saragih, Eva Hotnaidah; Hutagaol, Parulian; Djohat, Setiadi
Journal of Management and Business Review Vol 10, No 2 (2013)
Publisher : Research Center and Case Clearing House PPM School of Management

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (316.261 KB) | DOI: 10.34149/jmbr.v10i2.62

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Dalam lima tahun terakhir, terdapat tiga perusahaan televisi swasta nasional di Indonesia yang berhasil melakukan perubahan transformasional di tingkat korporat. Secara teori, implementasi perubahan pada organisasi semacam ini akan sulit dilakukan karena tingkat resistensi tidak sama dengan nol (Ansoff&McDonnell, 1990). Resisting Change merupakan salah satu dimensi dari kesiapan berubah yang bersifat negatif. Dua dimensi lainnya yang bersifat positif adalah Participating and Promoting Change (Hanpachern, Morgan & Griego, 1998). Holt et al (2007) mengkategorikan anteseden kesiapan berubah dalam empat perspektif: content, context, process, dan individual attributes. Dari keempat perspektif tersebut, faktor kunci kesiapan organisasi untuk berubah terletak pada faktor atribut individu yaitu karakteristik dari sumber daya manusia. Penelitian ini merupakan studi eksplorasi yang bertujuan mengetahui atribut individu apa yang dimiliki dan memampukan karyawan di tiga perusahaan tersebut siap menghadapi dan sukses mengimplementasikan perubahan. Apakah temuan sama dengan hasil penelitian sebelumnya di negeri barat yaitu efficacy dan leadership, atau ditemukan adanya atribut individu lainnya. Penelitian ini merupakan bagian pertama dari dua tahapan studi yang dilakukan secara terpisah. Pada penelitian tahap pertama yang bersifat kualitatif ini dilakukan wawancara individual secara mendalam terhadap narasumber pelaku utama perubahan pada tiga perusahaan televisi yang menjadi obyek studi. Data diolah dan dianalisis menggunakan sense-making melalui analisis baris. Hasil penelitian berhasil mengidentifikasi 15 atribut individu yang kemudian dikelompokkan menjadi empat kategori, yaitu: Psychological Capital, Transformational Leadership Behavior, Way of Thinking dan Organizational Commiment. Atribut individu yang muncul dikemukakan oleh seluruh narasumber adalah Efficacy, Resiliency, Optimism, Inspiring a Shared Vision, Enabling Others to Act, Modeling The Way, Rational Thinking dan Affective Commitment. Modeling the Way dtemukan sebagai atribut individu yang paling sering dikemukakan oleh seluruh narasumber, diikuti Affective Commitment, Enabling Others to Act dan Resiliency.
EFEKTIFITAS PENGELOLAAN BUDAYA ORGANISASI STUDI KASUS DI BANK SENTRAL Gunadi, Widyo; Hadad, Muliaman D.; Eriyatno, Eriyatno; Hutagaol, Parulian
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis Vol. 8 No. 1 (2011): Vol. 8 No. 1 Maret 2011
Publisher : School of Business, Bogor Agricultural University (SB-IPB)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1011.312 KB) | DOI: 10.17358/jma.8.1.50-63

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The aim of this research is to develop a situational analysis of organization culture (OC). The analysis cover management process and its changing in Central Bank, including direction and substance of OC, developing ideal models, methods, dynamic change and its management. Awareness about the importance of OC in improving the performance of the organization had been recognized by management of The Central Bank in the surface, but when examined the dynamics of the changes, the implementation seem fluctuated.During this research, the values which adopted for this organization are competence, integrity, transparency, accountability, and cohesiveness. In the implementation, there are two main issues: (1) the belief that these values are match with organization need and (2) misunderstanding in implementation at the level of units. Research has not attempt to answer the solution of these two main issues yet. However, this study try to uncover the main problem of changes in OC. This paper using combination of several methods: survey, focus group discussion (FGD), statistics of secondary data, and structured in depth interviews. This study have found that The Central Bank conduct rapid change in the beginning of transformation. However, after 3 years, the change slow down, reducing the commitment and lack of confident both the substance of OC and the change method as well.   Keywords: Organization Culture, Central Bank, Situational Analysis
KESENJANGAN KINERJA ABK KAPAL PATROLI KESATUAN PENJAGAAN LAUT DAN PANTAI (KPLP) TANJUNG PERAK SURABAYA Dewi, Rd. Rara Meita Angling; Hutagaol, Parulian; Soeboer, Deni Achmad
Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Laut (Albacore) Vol 2 No 2 (2018): Albacore
Publisher : Departemen PSP IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (201.326 KB) | DOI: 10.29244/core.2.2.221-228

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Dalam rangka mewujudkan keamanan laut Indonesia, maka Kapal Patroli Pangkalan PLP Tanjung Perak Surabaya memiliki tugas dan tanggung jawab yang sangat besar, diperlukan kinerja ABK yang baik untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut.  Menurut Laporan Kinerja Pelabuhan (LAKIP 2016), bahwa capaian kinerja ABK Kapal Patroli masih di bawah target kinerja yang diharapkan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menghitung capaian kinerja dan kesenjangan aktual ABK Kapal Patrolii KPLP Tanjung Perak Surabaya.  Aspek yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah sumberdaya manusia, sarana dan prasarana, tata kelola/manajemen pengolalaan operasi dan dana yang tersedia.  Kemudian dari data tersebut dibuat dalam skala Lykert dan selanjutnya dilakukan analisis kesenjangan antara kinerja aktual dengan standar kinerja yang ditetapkan.  Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terjadi kesenjangan kinerja sebesar 12 % dari standar kinerja yang diharapkan.Kata kunci: Analisis Kesenjangan, Kinerja ABK Kapal Patroli KPLP, Skala Lykert.
PERAN LEMBAGA SWADAYA MASYARAKAT TERHADAP PROGRAM PENGELOLAAN HUTAN BERBASIS MASYARAKAT DALAM KONTEKS PEMBANGUNAN DAERAH Riva, Wahyu Fathurrahman; Hutagaol, Parulian; Levang, Patrice
Jurnal Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah Vol 5, No 1 (2013)
Publisher : Program Studi Manajemen Pembangunan Daerah. Fakultas Ekonomi dan Manajemen. IPB

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.29244/jurnal mpd.5.1.%p

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The increasing rate of forest degradation and lack of local communities’ access to forest, have been a significant stimulus for the implementation of community-based forest management (CBFM). This study aims to assess and analyze the role of NGOs in the implementation of the CBFM program and formulate strategies to improve the role of NGOs in the implementation of the CBFM program. This study use two methods of analysis, which are analyzes the performance of NGOs in the CBFM program and analysis of the institutional development of local institutions. The results of this study, are: 1) Most of NGos (5 NGOs) have good performance in the implementation of the CBFM program funded by UNDP and 2 NGOs have good performance and less well. 2) Development of local institutions influenced by local resource conditions, international, national, and local political-economic factors, and local socio-political factors. 3) The strategy to increase the role of NGOs in the implementation of CBFM in the context of regional development can be done through several ways, are: development in institutional capacity of NGOs, development in empowerment and institutional capacity of community, development in advocacy of local government, development in business of community with the private sector.Keywords: Community-Based Forest Management, Non-Governmental Organizations, Strategy