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Dayuh Rimbawan I Nyoman
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STUDI KOMPARATIF FERTILITAS PENDUDUK ANTARA MIGRAN DAN NONMIGRAN DI PROVINSI BALI I Ketut, Sudibia; I Nyoman, Dayuh Rimbawan; AAIN, Marhaeni; Rustariyuni, Surya Dewi
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 2 Desember 2013
Publisher : Puslit Kependudukan dan Pengembangan SDM Universitas Udayana

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The population growth rate of the Bali Province over the period of 2000 - 2010 was 2.14 percent per year; it indicates the highest rate that was ever reached in the history of population census in Bali. Even this figure is far above the national average of 1.49 percent per year for the same period. One of the demographic components considered as the major effect on the population growth rate is the tendency of the increasing number of migrants coming to Bali. But on the other hand, it also occurred (1) an increase in the fertility rate of the population, which was indicated by an increase in TFR of Bali Province from 1.89 into 2.14 live births per woman of fertile age during the period of 2000-2010, and (2) a younger  age of the first marriage of women from 23.1 years old (in the Population Census of year 2000) into 22.4 years old (in the Population Census of  2010). Even the more surprising fact is shown by the recent findings of the Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) 2012 which mentions the size of the TFR of Province of Bali is 2.3 births per woman of fertile age (Central Bureau of Statistics of Bali Province, 2013).  77 In connection with the situation above, the specific objectives of this study were to (1) calculate the amount of the       rate of fertility of the migrant and non-migrant population, (2) analyze the factors that cause differences in the fertility rate of non-migrant and migrant population, (3) analyze the participation of migrant and non-migrant population in the Family Planning/ Birth Control program (KB), and (4) analyze the norms of family size of migrant and non-migrant population. To answer the above research objectives, the study was carried out in two areas, namely in Badung Regency with the highest growth rate in Bali (4.62 percent per year) and in Denpasar with a population growth rate of 4.00 percent per year. In this study, 300 respondents of fertile age couples were involved, with details of 150 respondents of migrant population and 150 respondents of non-migrant population. The sampling of respondents of migrants and non-migrants were taken by using the convenience sampling approach. An important finding in this study is (1) the average of final parity of migrants (the group of women aged 45-49 years) is 2.50 and 2.32 for those of non-migrants, (2) the higher average of final parity of migrants compared to non- migrant is determined by the younger age of first marriage, shorter duration of breastfeeding, lower participation in the family planning  program, lower educational level, as well as the lower proportion of the working women, (3) the lower use of contraception among migrants than the non-migrants, and (4) ideal number of children among the migrants range between 1-6 children, while non-migrants between 1-5 children.
FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI MENURUNNYA USIA KAWIN PERTAMA DI PROVINSI BALI I Ketut, Sudibia; I G A, Manuati Dewi; I Nyoman, Dayuh Rimbawan
PIRAMIDA Vol 11 No 2 (2015): JURNAL PIRAMIDA
Publisher : Puslit Kependudukan dan Pengembangan SDM Universitas Udayana

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This research aimed to explore the factors that influence the age at first marriage of women in Bali. It is importantand urgent to carry out given the results of Indonesia Demographic Health Survey of 2007 and 2012 that showedan increase in the total fertility rate of Bali?s population from 2.1 to 2.3 per woman of reproductive age during the2007-2012 period. Even the more crucial thing was the increase in the fertility rate that in fact occurred in theyounger age group (15-19), which was from 18 to 48 per 1000 women during the period of 2007-2012. This conditionindicates that lately early marriage tended to increase.This research was conducted in three areas, namely Bangli, Gianyar and Denpasar. The selection of these threeregions is based on the structure of the economy, with the following details: (1) Bangli represents a region withthe economic structure that largely oriented towards Primary Sectors, (2) Gianyar represents a region with nearlybalanced economic structure between Primary and Non-Primary Sectors and (3 ) Denpasar represents the area witheconomic structure of Tertiary Sectors (services). In each region, it was selected four villages (except in Denpasarthat was for five villages), and the selection of villages was done randomly. Furthermore, of all selected villages, itwas chosen as many as 600 respondents randomly. Respondents were the wifes of the couples who got marriedwithin the last five years (2009-2013). The data collection was conducted by using structured interviews, and dataanalysis technique used was multiple linear regression.Important conclusions obtained from the research were (1) the respondents? education, access to mass media, thevalue of assets of the parents, and the working status, respectively had a positive effect on the age at first marriage;(2) the number of family members, the habit of parents encourage their children to get married at the youngerage, and the better treatment of parents of boys than girls would negatively affect the age at first marriage (3) theknowledge about early marriage did not affect the age at first marriage; and (4) the respondents who were marriedbecause of ?MBA? (married by accident), their first age of marriage were younger than those who got married notbecause of ?MBA?. Furthermore, based on the above findings, it can be suggested the following recommendations(1) the improvement education for women; (2) poverty alleviation; (3) the expansion of employment opportunitiesfor women; and (4) BKKBN as the Family Planning Coordinating Agency which have already introduced a programof GenRe / Generation Planning in several educational institutions and religious organizations needs to be enhancedthe coverage and increased the intensity of the activities.
KAUM MUDA BALI : HARAPAN VS. KENYATAAN I Nyoman, Dayuh Rimbawan
PIRAMIDA Vol 9, No. 1 Juli 2013
Publisher : Puslit Kependudukan dan Pengembangan SDM Universitas Udayana

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It cannot be denied that young people has played important role in Indonesian history since the colonial period until the independence era. Many argue that young people is the nation?s future. But on the other side they face numerous challenges. During the last decade there has been a serious concern of young people behavior, like personal or group fighting, students brawl, drunk, extortion, theft, drug abuse, and free sex. The most prominent issues in Bali are drug abuse and free sex. The Bali community care drugs predicts that 1.3 percent of Balinese population is drug addicts, in which most of them are under 20 of age. Drug addicts would potentially be infected with HIV virus. The number of people with AIDS in Bali is increasing. During the last 27 years there are 7,291 people with HIV/AIDS (3,459 living with AIDS and 3,832 infected with HIV). About 40 percent of them are aged between 20 to 29. Outside Java, free sex is mostly found in Makassar, Denpasar, Medan, and Palembang. Studies that have been conducted in several locations found that 39 percent of respondents aged 15 to 25 stated that they had sexual intercourse. Free sex potentially raises unwanted pregnancy (KTD), various sexual diseases (PMS), as well as infected with HIV virus. According to KPAD Bali (2011) as many as 95 teenagers in Bali are positively infected with HIV virus or living with AIDS. Most of them have the virus through free sex. KTD also potentially causes abortion, which could threat not only the reproduction system of the woman, but also the psychological impact to her. The cases of young people infected with HIV/AIDS, drug abuses and free sex mentioned before might be only the tip of the iceberg. The reality could be even much more cases, because these matters are very sensitive, thus people involved would be relatively more closed.