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PENGOLAHAN LIDAH BUAYA (ALOE VERA) MENJADI GRANUL EFFERVESCENT SEBAGAI MINUMAN KESEHATAN DAN ANALISIS PENINGKATAN NILAI EKONOMISNYA Ramadhia, Muflihah; Ichsan, Ichsan
Jurnal Ekonomi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan (JEBIK) Vol 7, No 2 (2018): Jurnal Ekonomi Bisnis dan Kewirausahaan
Publisher : Fakultas Ekonomi dan Bisnis, UNTAN

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (4639.853 KB) | DOI: 10.26418/jebik.v7i2.25991

Abstract

One of the leading sectors of commodities mainstay of West Kalimantan which have a comparative advantage, especially in the city and district of North Pontianak is aloe vera. Aloe vera usually processed and sale only in the form of raw material and provide little added economic value to society. The purpose of this study is knowing and producing effervescent granules with the best formulations as a health drink; and knowing and determining the economic value and feasibility level production of effervescent granules as a busniess unit. The result of this study indicate that, based on the soluble time test aloe vera effervescent granules are not eligible. Effervescent granules solubility test is qualified. Water content test of aloe vera effervescent granules is qualified. Flow time test of aloe vera effervescent granules is qualified. Meanwhile, based on the analysis of the calcualtion of the increase in economic value by using the calculation of Net Present Value (NPV), Net Benefit Cost Ratio (Net B/C), Internal Rate of Return (IRR), Payback Period (PP) and the Discounted Payback (DPB) expresses feasible to increase the economic value of public income.
PENGEMBANGAN PERANGKAT PEMBELAJARAN MATEMATIKA DENGAN PENDEKATAN MATEMATIKA REALISTIK PADA POKOK BAHASAN TABUNG UNTUK SMP NEGERI 2 NANGA TAMAN KELAS IX Yupinus, Lusius; Ichsan, Ichsan; Ardiawan, Yadi
Square : Journal of Mathematics and Mathematics Education Vol 2, No 1 (2020)
Publisher : UIN Walisongo Semarang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (65.65 KB) | DOI: 10.21580/square.2020.2.1.5380

Abstract

Tujuan dalam penelitian pengembangan ini adalah untuk mendapatkan desain pengembangan perangkat pembelajaran matematika berupa RPP dan LKS dengan pendekatan matematika realistik pada pokok bahasan tabung untuk SMP Negeri 2 Nanga Taman kelas IX. Selain itu, penelitian ini juga bertujuan untuk menguji tingkat kevalidan, kepraktisan, dan keefektifan perangkat pembelajaran dengan pendekatan matematika realistik pada pokok bahasan tabung. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian pengembangan dengan model pengembangan 4-D yang meliputi define, design, develop, dan dissemination. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa berdasarkan penilaian ahli materi, ahli media, dan guru matematika perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan memiliki kriteria sangat valid dengan rata-rata total skor 190,33 untuk RPP dan 297,5 untuk LKS. Berdasarkan pada hasil pengisian angket respon siswa dan angket respon guru dapat disimpulkan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan memiliki kriteria sangat praktis dalam penggunaannya dengan rata-rata total skor 91,1 untuk angket respon siswa dan jumlah 84 untuk angket respon guru. Sedangkan, berdasarkan pada hasil pengisian observasi keterlaksanaan pembelajaran dan hasil tes evaluasi hasil belajar dapat disimpulkan bahwa perangkat pembelajaran yang dikembangkan memiliki tingkat keefektifan yang yang sangat baik dengan persentase keterlaksanaan pembelajaran 94,87% dan persentase ketuntasan siswa 95 %.Kata kunci: matematika realistik, perangkat pembeljaran, tabung.
RISING RATES OF CAESAREAN SECTION IN DR. ZAINOEL ABIDIN HOSPITAL BANDA ACEH SINCE THE PROMULGATION OF BPJS (PERIODJANUARY 1ST 2014-DECEMBER 31ST 2016) Andalas, Mohd.; Jannah, Raudhatul; Harisah, Siti; Ichsan, Ichsan; Haekal, Muhammad
Jurnal Kedokteran Syiah Kuala Vol 18, No 1 (2018): Volume 18 Nomor 1 April 2018
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24815/jks.v18i1.11212

Abstract

Abstrak. Seksio sesarea merupakan suatu proses melahirkan janin dengan membuat irisan pada dinding perut dan rahim ketika proses persalinan normal tidak memungkinkan karena berisiko bagi ibu dan janin. Angka kejadian seksio sesarea di dunia mengalami peningkatan setiap tahunnya terutama di negara berkembang. Terlihat peningkatan angka seksio sesarea di era BPJS yang mulai berlaku sejak 1 Januari 2014, terutama di RSUD dr. Zainoel Abidin yang merupakan rumah sakit rujukan tersier di Provinsi Aceh. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui profil persalinan seksio sesarea di RSUD dr. Zainoel Abidin Banda Aceh sejak berlakunya BPJS (periode 1 Januari 2014-31 Desember 2016). Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif-observasional dengan desain retrospective study dan teknik total sampling.Pengambilan data dimulai dari bulan Maret-April 2017. Sebanyak 3656 data dikumpulkan dari data sekunder rekam medik. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan terdapat 1669 kasus persalinan pervaginam (45,65%) dan 1987 kasus seksio sesarea (54,35%). Indikasi terbanyak yang menyertai seksio sesarea adalah ketuban pecah dini (32,06%), malpresentasi (8,91%), dan oligohidramnion (8,61%). Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah angka seksio sesarea di RSUD dr. Zainoel Abidin sejak berlakunya BPJS (1 Januari 2014-31 Desember 2016) mencapai 54,35%, angka ini meningkat 41,06% dari tahun 2011-2013 dengan indikasi terbanyak merupakan ketuban pecah dini (32,06%). Kata kunci: Seksio sesarea, BPJS, RS rujukan tersier  Abstract. Caesarean section is an operative procedure whereby the fetusesare delivered through an incision on the abdominal and uterine walls where normal  deliveries are not possible through maternal and neonatal indication. The incidence of caesarean section in the world is rising year after years particularly in developing countries. The rising of caesarean section rate is seen in BPJS era started since January 1st, 2014, especially in dr. Zainoel Abidin Hospital which is a tertiary referral hospital in Province Aceh.  The purpose of this study was to find out the profile of caesarean section in dr. Zainoel Abidin Hospital since the promulgation of BPJS (period January 1st, 2014- December 31st, 2016). This was a descriptive-observational study with retrospective design and total sampling technique. The data were obtained in March-April 2017. Three thousands six hundreds and fifty six secondary data from medical record were enrolled in this study. The finding showed that there were one thousand six hundreds and sixty nine vaginal deliveries (45,65%) and one thousand nine hundreds and eighty seven (54,35%) caesarean sections. The most frequent causes to caesarean sections were premature rupture of membranes (32,06%), malpresentation (8,91%), and oligohydramnion (8,61%). The conclusion of this study were the incidence of caesarean sections in dr. Zainoel Abidin Hospital since the promulgation of BPJS (January 1st, 2014-December 31st, 2016) was 54,35%, this number is increased by 41,06% than the year of 2011-2013 with the most frequent cause is premature rupture of membranes (32,06%). Keywords: Caesarean section, BPJS, Tertiary referral hospital
IMMUNOSTIMULATORY EFFECT OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF FLAMBOYANT LEAF [DELONIX REGIA (BOJ. EX HOOK.) RAF.] IN MICE Eriani, Kartini; Ainsyah, Ainsyah; Rosnizar, Rosnizar; Yunita, Yunita; Ichsan, Ichsan; Azhar, Al
Jurnal Natural Volume 18, Number 1, February 2018
Publisher : Universitas Syiah Kuala

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24815/jn.v18i1.9830

Abstract

Abstract. Flamboyant [Delonix regia (Boj. ex Hook) Raf.] leaf contains flavonoid compounds that are expected to have immunostimulatory effect. This research was done to determine the effect of flamboyant leaf extract on immune response by accessing the activity of immune cells and capability test the extract as immunostimulant in mice. Leaf extraction was done by maceration using methanol in the Laboratory of Biology of Chemistry Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences of Syiah Kuala University whereas animal treatment and testing were carried out Micro-technique Laboratory of Biology Department of the same faculty. This research used 20 male mice strain Swiss-Webster aged 7-8 weeks were randomly assigned to 4 treatment groups with five replications each. Group 1 (P0) was untreated control; group 1-3 were mice administration flamboyant leaf extract 250 mg/kg BW (P1), 500 mg/kg BW (P2), and 750 mg/kg BW (P3) per oral. The treatments were given for 14 days after one week of adaptation period. Blood samples were collected before and after extract treatment and used for leukocyte count analysis. Phagocytosis activity was accessed by carbon clearance assay on day 15. At the end of the study, all mice were sacrificed for spleen weight analysis. Data obtained was analyzed by Analysis of Variance followed by Tukey test (Leukocyte count and spleen weight) or regression analysis (carbon clearance). The results showed a flamboyant leaf extract administration resulted in increased leukocyte counts that were significantly different (p 0.05) between treatment groups.  Phagocytosis test indicated the extract had moderate to strong immunostimulatory effect whereas spleen weight analysis did not show any difference among treatment groups. In conclusion, flamboyant leaf methanol extract was able to increase immune cells and had potential immunostimulatory activity in mice.Keywords: Delonix regia, immunostimulant, leukocytes, lymphocyte proliferation.
Hubungan antara Pola Asuh Orangtua dengan Perkembangan Kognitif Anak Usia Dini Chusnandari, Muslimah; Ichsan, Ichsan
Al-Hikmah : Indonesian Journal of Early Childhood Islamic Education Vol 2 No 2 (2018): Ijecie
Publisher : IAI Al Hikmah Tuban

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (263.598 KB)

Abstract

This study aims to find out: 1) What is the type of parenting in Class B children in ABA Kindergarten Sidoharjo, 2) What is the level of cognitive development in Class B children in ABA Kindergarten Sidoharjo, 3) How is the relationship between parenting and cognitive development in children in kindergarten ABA Sidoharjo especially class B. This type of research is a quantitative quantitative study with a population of class B, ABA Sidoharjo kindergarten, which is 28 children. Data collection uses questionnaires, observation sheets and documentation. Analysis of data using chi square and product moment techniques with the help of SPSS version 18. computer program. The results showed that the type of parenting parents applied to ABA Sidoharjo Kindergarten class B students were 53.6% authoritarian parenting, democratic parenting 39.3% and permissive parenting 7.1%. The level of cognitive development of class B children in ABA Sidoharjo kindergarten includes good cognitive development with a percentage of 14.3%, fairly good cognitive development of 71.4% and unfavorable cognitive development of 14.3%. Then there is a positive relationship between parenting and cognitive development of children, as evidenced by the results of chi square with Asymp. Sig. equal to 0.030 whose probability number is below 0.05. Furthermore, from the three parenting styles that have a positive relationship with cognitive development is the upbringing of democracy as evidenced by the results of r = 0, 744 n p = 0,000. It can be concluded that there is a relationship between parenting parents with cognitive development of children or children with parenting parents, especially parenting democracy will provide good cognitive development, while children with authoritarian parenting will provide adequate or less good cognitive development, so too children with permissive parenting.
CONGESTION CONTROL PADA JARINGAN KOMPUTER BERBASIS MULTI PROTOCOL LABEL SWITCHING (MPLS) Nurhaida, Ida; Ichsan, Ichsan
Simetris: Jurnal Teknik Mesin, Elektro dan Ilmu Komputer Vol 11, No 1 (2020): JURNAL SIMETRIS VOLUME 11 NO 1 TAHUN 2020
Publisher : Universitas Muria Kudus

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1385.705 KB) | DOI: 10.24176/simet.v11i1.3671

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Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menguji metode congestion control dengan penerapan QoS-Policies pada jaringan Multi Protocol Label Switching (MPLS). Parameter QoS (Quality of Services) yang diuji dalam penelitian ini berupa delay, troughput, jitter dan packet loss. Nilai-nilai yang didapatkan dari paramater tersebut kemudian dibandingkan dengan standar dari Telecommunications and Internet Protocol Harmonization Over Networks (TIPHON) dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui kualitas layanan pengiriman data pada jaringan MPLS ketika terjadi network congestion di lintasanya. Setelah melakukan proses perancangan, pengujian dan analisa, hasil yang didapat menunjukkan peningkatan nilai-nilai parameter QoS. Nilai QoS untuk parameter delay mengalami penurunan sebesar 48.3%, nilai troughput mengalami peningkatan sebesar 87.44%, nilai jitter mengalami penurunan nilai sebesar 54.04% dan nilai packet loss mengalami penurunan sebesar 99.9%.
Penalaran Moral Mahasiswa Ditinjau dari Latar Belakang Pendidikan dan Pendidikan Orang Tua Ichsan, Ichsan
AL-ATHFAL : JURNAL PENDIDIKAN ANAK Vol 2 No 1 (2016)
Publisher : PROGRAM STUDI PENDIDIKAN GURU RAUDLATUL ATHFAL (PGRA) FAKULTAS ILMU TARBIYAH DAN KEGURUAN UIN SUNAN KALIJAGA YOGYAKARTA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (382.469 KB)

Abstract

Children are very close to the game. In daily life, children  always do both traditional and modern games.  The game  is something that is considered mandatory as a means of physical motor development  for Early Childhood. The modern game is often played by children in urban areas tend to improve the ability of the brain than muscles.  therefore, the parents who live in urban areas is more advisable to introduce the children to the kinds of games that are more trained strength of their muscles, and traditional games can be one of the solution.The traditional game was slowly but surely becoming obsolete, because it is considered archaic and exhausting. In fact, if evaluated deeper,a variety of traditional games can directly contribute to children such as:1) establishment of a healthy physical, fit, strong, superior and competitive;2) mental development, include: sportsmanship, tolerance, discipline and democratic;3) Theestablishment of moral become more responsive, sensitive, honest and sincere;4) establishment of social skills, are able to compete, cooperate, disciplined, friendly, and nationality.  
Neurogenic Differentiation of Bone Marrow Mesenchymal-Like Stem Cell Induced by Delonix regia Flowers Extract Eriani, Kartini; Suryani, Irma; Azhar, Al; Nursanti, Risa; Ichsan, Ichsan; Boediono, Arief
Biosaintifika: Journal of Biology & Biology Education Vol 10, No 2 (2018): August 2018
Publisher : Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Sciences, Semarang State University . Ro

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.15294/biosaintifika.v10i2.15051

Abstract

Stem cell technology has great potential in the effort to cure degenerative diseases. This study was done to determine optimum dose of flamboyant (Delonix regia) flower extract to induce proliferation and differentiation of mice (Mus musculus) bone marrow mesenchymal-like stem cell. Bone marrow cells were collected from mice by aspiration. Cells suspension (1 x 106) were poured into petri dishes containing 2 ml of modified Dulbeccos Modified Eagles Media (mDMEM) and incubated overnight at 37 °C in a 5% CO2 incubator and microscopically observed. In quadriplicate, MSC were cultured in mDMEM containing D. regia flower extract of 0.0 (control), 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0 mg/ml and incubated at 37 °C for 9 days. Population doubling time (PDT) and differentiated cell type were microscopically observed using HE staining on day 1 and 10. Data obtained were analyzed by ANOVA and Tukey test. The results showed that the addition of D regia flowers extracts 0.8 and 1.0 mg/ml significantly reduced PDT compared to that of 0.4, 0.6 and control. The extract, at 0.4 and 0.6 mg/ml, were able to induce MSC differentiation into fibroblast-like and nerve-like cells. In conclusion, D. regia flower extracts of 0.6, 0.8 and 1.0 mg/ml were able to stimulate MSC proliferation, but optimum dose for neurogenic differentiation was 0.6 mg/ml. This is the first to show potential of D. regia flower extract as neurogenic differentiatian inducer on mice MSC. These findings can be used as preliminary information for using the extract as cellular differentian inducer in basic and applicative reseach using stem cells.
PKM BAGI KELOMPOK TANI NANAS DAN KELOMPOK PKK DESA PEMATANG TUJUH KECAMATAN RASAU JAYA KABUPATEN KUBU RAYA KALIMANTAN BARAT Herdiansyah, Dedi; Ichsan, Ichsan
TEKNOLOGI PANGAN : Media Informasi dan Komunikasi Ilmiah Teknologi Pertanian Vol 9 No 2 (2018)
Publisher : Universitas Yudharta Pasuruan

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (217.091 KB)

Abstract

Desa Pematang Tujuh merupakan desa di Kecamatan Rasau Jaya I yang memiliki potensi tanaman lokal yaitu nanas. Nanas di wilayah ini belum diolah menjadi berbagai olahan pangan. Tujuan kegiatan ini adalah memberikan peningkatan keterampilan dan pengetahuan dalam mengolah nanas menjadi selai, sirup, permen jelly dan manisan kering. Metoda yang digunakan menjadi dua tahapan yaitu dengan cara presentasi/orasi oral terhadap materi dan praktek pengolahan produk. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah selai, sirup dan manisan kering disukai oleh seluru konsumen, sedangkan permen jelly disukai oleh 18 orang dan tidak disenangi oleh 2 orang konsumen.  
PENDIDIKAN NILAI KEJUJURAN BERBASIS KELAS DI MADRASAH IBTIDAIYAH NEGERI 1 BANTUL YOGYAKARTA Ichsan, Ichsan
EDUKASIA Vol 14, No 1 (2019): EDUKASIA
Publisher : Program Studi Pendidikan Agama Islam

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.21043/edukasia.v14i1.3664

Abstract

This study specifically aims to find out the implementation of honesty values education in students through madrasah class and to find the actualization changes  of students' honesty values after the implementation of honesty values education through madrasah class and culture at MIN 1Bantul. The research method used is Action Research. The research subjects were obtained by purposive sampling and snowball sampling. Data collection was done through observation, in-depth interviews, field notes, and documents, as well as questionnaired.The data were analyzed by using  descriptive statistics which were presented in tables, percentages,and diagram. The results of changes that occur in students' attitudes and behaviors after learning development actions by integrating honesty values in learning Science, Mathematics, Social Sciences and Indonesian and developing madrasah culture, the actualization of honesty values increases.