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KONSTRUKSI GENDER DALAM NASKAH WA’ASYIRUHUNNA BIL MA‘RUF Herliana, Rina; Ma?mun, Titin Nurhayati; Ikhwan, Ikhwan
Arabi : Journal of Arabic Studies Arabi : Journal of Arabic Studies | Vol. 4 No. 2 December 2019
Publisher : IMLA (Arabic Teacher and Lecturer Association of Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24865/ajas.v4i2.187

Abstract

Manuscript Wa?asyiruhunna bil Ma?ruf contains advices to husband and wife in a household. This advices manuscript has a Nadhom form with an Arabic format of poem. The uniqueness of this manuscript is that it contains a gender construction in dividing the role of husband and wife in Islamic view at the year 1956, the time when this manuscript had been written. This can be a solution for patriarchal culture?s view that tends to have a subordinate and oppressive attitude towards women. One impact from this attitude is the emergence of feminisms and the issue of gender equity. This manuscript will indirectly reveal some views on feminisms, whether the gender construction described is considered fair or not. The scope of gender construction discussed in this manuscript is departing from the bond of husband and wife in the household. Through qualitative, descriptive and analytical research method for this text, it is hoped that an Islamic concept of gender equity will be formed, an understanding of women?s rights can be a consideration in the formation of a happy and harmonious family and his relation to feminisms.
POLA DAN JARINGAN PROSTITUSI TERSELUBUNG DI KOTA PADANG Erianjoni, Erianjoni; Ikhwan, Ikhwan
HUMANUS Vol 11, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Kajian Humaniora FBS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (191.191 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/jh.v11i2.2155

Abstract

As the world's oldest social problems prostitution has always existed anddeveloped along along with the structural changes in the society. In the city of Padangprostitution is conducted underground with various forms and patterns within socialnetworks. This study reveals patterns formed and social networks used by prostitutes oractors in the business. This qualitative study uses purposive sampling to selectinformants. Data is collected by limited participation observation, interviews, anddocumentary study. The study found that prostitution in Padang city has particularstrategy to gain customers as well as avoid law enforcement raids.Kata kunci : underground prostitution, prostitution patterns, social networks
POLA DAN JARINGAN PROSTITUSI TERSELUBUNG DI KOTA PADANG Erianjoni, Erianjoni; Ikhwan, Ikhwan
HUMANUS Vol 11, No 2 (2012)
Publisher : Pusat Kajian Humaniora FBS Universitas Negeri Padang

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (191.191 KB) | DOI: 10.24036/jh.v11i2.2159

Abstract

As the world's oldest social problems prostitution has always existed anddeveloped along along with the structural changes in the society. In the city of Padangprostitution is conducted underground with various forms and patterns within socialnetworks. This study reveals patterns formed and social networks used by prostitutes oractors in the business. This qualitative study uses purposive sampling to selectinformants. Data is collected by limited participation observation, interviews, anddocumentary study. The study found that prostitution in Padang city has particularstrategy to gain customers as well as avoid law enforcement raids.Kata kunci : underground prostitution, prostitution patterns, social networks
Strategy for Community Adaptation in Facing Flood Natural Disasters in Pesisir Selatan District, West Sumatra Triyatno, Triyatno; Ikhwan, Ikhwan; Febriandi, Febriandi
Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education Vol 2 No 2 (2018): Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education
Publisher : Sumatra Journal of Disaster, Geography and Geography Education

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24036/sjdgge.v2i2.170

Abstract

Adaptation of the community to flood natural disasters is part of the flood mitigation natural disaster that often occurs in the rainy season. The aims of this research is to analyze landform units and land characteristics that have flood hazards and community adaptation strategies in dealing with flood natural disasters.               The method used in this research is the survey method, which is to collect data on land characteristics as characteristics or characteristics of flooded areas and interviews with local communities about adaptation strategies undertaken to deal with flood natural disasters.               The results showed that the landform units formed due to the flood process in the study area were in the form of floodplains, back swamps, alluvial terraces, depression inter beach ridge, and alluvial plain complexes. The unit characteristics of landforms generally have flat morphometry with slopes ranging from 0 - 2%, the genesis of these landform units due to fluvial and marin processes. The constituent material in this area is mud to coarse sand. The rock conditions in this area are rocks originating from volcanoes and undergoing a process of destruction due to processes from the river so that the rocks in this area are gravel, rough sand, fine sand. Soil conditions in each unit of landform also vary from the formation of soil to on newly developed land. Vegetation that grows in each unit landform of this is in the form of natural vegetation and lovely water vegetation or vegetation which requires a lot of water for its growth and development. The community strategy in dealing with flood natural disasters is in the form of staging houses, knowing the time of occurrence of tides, and opening the river estuary if the river estuary is covered by sediment. 
Asas Retroaktif pada Kasus Pelanggaran HAM (Perspektif Hukum Islam) Ikhwan, Ikhwan
ULUMUNA Vol 13, No 1 (2009): June
Publisher : State Islamic Institute (IAIN) Mataram, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.20414/ujis.v13i1.372

Abstract

The principle of retroactiveness in The Act, Number 26 in 2000 on Human Rights Jurisdiction provokes pros and cons. In one hand, severe violence against human rights is an extra ordinary crime that requires special treatment. On the other hand, retroactive legislation is against the principle of legality.In Islamic law, an act is considered a crime if it is proven by juridical evidences. An act is not considered a crime unless there is punishment for it. Therefore, every juridical decision adheres to the principle of legality that limits the extent of a law just for the future, not retroactive. According to most Muslim scholars, the principle of retroactiveness could be implemented if a new law is more just and humane without breaking the attainment of law ends. Implementation of the principle for severe violence against human rights is not allowed because it does not meet such requirement.
Pemanfaatan Boil-Off Gas Sebagai Bahan Bakar Kapal Pengangkut Gas Ikhwan, Ikhwan; Hamdani, Hamdani; Syuhada, Ahmad
Jurnal Teknik Mesin Unsyiah Vol 2, No 1 (2014)
Publisher : Jurnal Teknik Mesin Unsyiah

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (17.41 KB)

Abstract

LNG carrier is the most reliable primary means of transportation of LNG in the world. In operation, each LNG carrier would result in boil-off gas from the cargo hold due to the expansion. BOG The average amount that can be produced is 0.15% of the tank capacity and unloading space per day. For that, there is great opportunity in the use of BOG as fuel in LNG carrier resulting in fuel savings. One of the driving forces that can take advantage of BOG is a Combined Cycle Propulsion Plant (CCPP) of a gas turbine and a steam turbine, a gas turbine with HRSG and dual fuel technology for generating thermal energy from the exhaust gas of gas turbines. Improved efficiency and are able to use as fuel BOG will be able to lower the fuel oil consumption of the driving force. The study was conducted by comparing the fuel consumption of LNG carrier propulsion system with a conventional steam turbines, compared to the LNG carrier using the CCPP. CCPP eventually be an option with the highest fuel economy both in terms of BOG utilization, efficiency and fuel use. For the 138,000 m3 LNG carrier of the same, with the CCPP do MDO-fueled fuel savings of U.S. $ 46,117.80 per day and for using the CCPP BOG, fuel savings of U.S. $ 56,472.70 per day.
UNGKAPAN DALAM NASKAH BOCCO TALLU: SEMANTIK Wahyuddin, Wahyuddin; Nurhayati, Nurhayati; Ikhwan, Ikhwan
JURNAL ILMU BUDAYA JIB Volume 5, No 1 Januari - Juni 2017
Publisher : Universitas Hasanuddin

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Abstract

This study used the qualitative descriptive method. The data was collected through observation and interview. The data was analyzed through coding and reducing. The researcher interviewed the cultural observer and drew the conclusion of manuscript contribution aspects. The result is as follows. First, the analysis of manuscript discourse aspects was observed with two methods, linguistic and structural methods. The linguistic aspect consist of, intentionality, and acceptability of Bocco Tallu manuscript. The structural method consist of words, phrases, sentences, stanzas. Second,the analysis of social cultural context of Bocco Tallu manuscript consist of social level (class social), traditional marriage, leadership concepts, arts, and religious system of Mandar tribe. Third, social cultural context of Bocco Tallu manuscript gave contribution to harmonious society in sociallife of Mandar tribe that is signed with ceremony performed once four years in the presence of all public figures and no other nobles. Having done some analyzes on this text shows the phrases that lead to the concept of power and history in Mandar, especially the kingdom of Alu, Tara Manu andSendana.Key words: Manuscripst, Bocco tallu, semantic, culture, structural methode
The Typology of Babad Zaman (Chronicle of Times) Discourse in the Perspective of Mikhail Mikhailovic Bakhtin Ikhwan, Ikhwan
TAWARIKH Vol 7, No 1 (2015)
Publisher : ASPENSI in Bandung, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (585.491 KB)

Abstract

ABSTRACT: Nusantara or Indonesian archipelago’s ancient manuscript is a precious cultural inheritance of the past. Apart from the content, that includes various topics concerning the life of society in the past, it also becomes a part of the tradition that constructs the recent society of Nusantara. One of the witnesses to the struggle of Nusantara’s past Islamic society, in spreading Islam, is “Babad Zaman” (BZ) or Chronicle of Times’ manuscript. Observing from the content aspect, the manuscript is regarded distinctive. If generally Islamic manuscripts are taken from Arab, either copies or adaptations, BZ manuscript is an original work of the people in Nusantara. The author tried to contextualize the Islamic basic teaching concerning faith to the local context of Cirebon in West Java. Its tradition is a combination of three different traditions: Islam, Hindu, and Javanese beliefs. The paper specifically studies the form of discourse in the manuscript. The method employed is a discourse typology approach in the perspective of Mikhail Mikhailovic Bakhtin. The result of the research shows that BZ manuscript does not only contain either a single-voiced discourse or a double-voiced discourse, but it also contains a plural-voiced discourse. The discourse is differentiated into two types: linear discourse and parallel discourse. The linear discourse consists of vertical transmissive speech and horizontal transmissive speech, while the parallel discourse consists of contaminative speech and deflecting speech. The findings of the research complement the previous studies on Mikhail Mikhailovic Bakhtin’s double-voiced discourse in his work entitled “Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics” (1984).KEY WORDS: Chronicle of Times, Nusantara’s Islamic manuscripts, Bakhtinian discourse analysis, double-voiced discourse, and polyphony.About the Author: Ikhwan, M.Hum. is a Doctoral Student at the Graduate Program, Faculty of Humanities UNPAD (Padjadjaran University) Bandung, Jalan Raya Jatinangor-Sumedang Km.21, West Java, Indonesia. For academic interests, the author is able to be contacted via e-mail at: ikhwanikhwan08@yahoo.comHow to cite this article? Ikhwan. (2015). “The Typology of Babad Zaman (Chronicle of Times) Discourse in the Perspective of Mikhail Mikhailovic Bakhtin” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Vol.7(1) October, pp.15-32. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press, ISSN 2085-0980.Chronicle of the article: Accepted (January 2, 2015); Revised (May 20, 2015); and Published (October 28, 2015).
PERAN PERPUSTAKAAN DALAM PROSES BELAJAR MENGAJAR DI SMKN 3 MATARAM ikhwan, ikhwan
JURNAL PENELITIAN DAN KAJIAN ILMIAH KESEHATAN POLITEKNIK MEDICA FARMA HUSADA MATARAM Vol 1, No 2 (2015): JURNAL PENELITIAN DAN KAJIAN ILMIAH KESEHATAN POLITEKNIK MEDICA FARMA HUSADA MA
Publisher : JURNAL PENELITIAN DAN KAJIAN ILMIAH KESEHATAN POLITEKNIK MEDICA FARMA HUSADA MATARAM

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Abstract

Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui peran perpustakaan dalam proses belajar mengajar di SMKN 3 Mataram. Untuk memperoleh data yang akurat dari jenis penelitian lapangan ini menggunakan teknik pengumpulan data Observasi,Wawancara dan dokumentasi secara kualitataif yang diperoleh dari sumber data langsung maupun tidak langsung dari situasi social berupa tempat, objek, aktifitas,dan buku-buku yang berkaitan dengan peran perpustakaan sekolah.Dari data yang di peroleh kemudian dianalisis dengan menggunakan metode analisis kualitatif dan dideskripsi dalam bentuk kalimat. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa peran perpustakaan dalam proses belajar mengajar SMKN 3 antara lain Pelayanan informasi, media pengajaran, pengembagan minat belajar dan menjadi sumber belajar. Simpulannya adalah  Keberadaan Perpustakaan selain sebagai sarana penunjang pendidikan  juga dapat meningkatakan kualitas dan mutu pendidikan di SMKN 3 Mataram,
Peranan Wilāyat al-Maẓālim dan Relevansinya dengan Penyelesaian Kasus Pelanggaran Hak Asasi Manusia di Indonesia Ikhwan, Ikhwan
ISLAMICA: Jurnal Studi Keislaman Vol 12 No 1 (2017): September
Publisher : Pascasarjana Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Ampel Surabaya

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (334.749 KB) | DOI: 10.15642/islamica.2017.12.1.258-278

Abstract

This article discusses the institution and the aplication of human rights court in Islamic court system based on data revealed from the books of ḥadīth, sīrah nabawīyah, history, Islamic law, and others. From a comparative analysis it can be concluded that the institution of wilāyat al-maẓālim can be seen as human rights court in Islam due to the similarity with the jurisdiction of Indonesian human rights court. If the authority of Indonesian human rights court is limited, that of wilāyat al-maẓālim is much wider as to cover the duties and authorities of other state bodies like the Commission of Truth and Reconciliation, State Administration Court, and the Commission of Ombudsman. Various regulation and practices of human rights in Islamic court as played by wilāyat al-maẓālim can be used as positive input for building the institution of human rights court.