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THE APPLICATION OF PHYTOREMEDIATION LEMNA PERPUSILLA TO INCREASE THE PRODUCTION PERFORMANCE OF NILE TILAPIA OREOCHROMIS NILOTICUS IN A RECIRCULATION SYSTEM Utami, Rina Hesti; Nirmala, Kukuh; Rusmana, Iman; Djokosetiyanto, Daniel; Hastuti, Yuni Puji
Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia Vol. 17 No. 1 (2018): Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia
Publisher : ISSA

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (3531.939 KB) | DOI: 10.19027/jai.17.1.34-42

Abstract

ABSTRACTThis study aimed to evaluate the production performance and physiological of Nile tilapia using Lemna perpusilla as a phytoremediator in a recirculation system.  A completely randomized design with two treatments and three replications was applied. The treatments were Nile tilapia cultured with L. perpusilla (TL) and without L. perpusilla (L). The experimental fish in this study was the juvenile of Nile tilapia with a body length of 9.98 ± 0.08 cm and an average weight of 36.27 ± 1.07 g. The stocking density was 46 fish/pond and the container size was 275×100×60 cm3 and was separated in two areas using a fiber separator screen of 55.9% area for fish culture and 44.1% for L. perpusilla.  The Nile tilapias were reared for 60 days, fed with commercial diet and fresh L. Perpusilla with amount 2% and 1% of biomass, respectively. They were fed three times a day with fresh L. perpusilla  at noon and commercial diet in the morning and afternoon. The results showed that the Nile tilapia reared with L. perpusilla phytoremediation had normal physiological condition and production performance. The predominances of this system were lower feed conversion ratio value, more optimal values of feeding efficiency, and higher coefficient of weight uniformity. Keywords: Lemna perpusilla, physiological condition, phytoremediation, production performance.  ABSTRAKPenelitian ini bertujuan mengevaluasi kinerja produksi dan fisiologi ikan nila dengan penggunaan Lemna perpusilla sebagai fitoremediator pada sistem resirkulasi. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah acak lengkap dengan dua perlakuan dan tiga ulangan. Ikan nila dipelihara pada kolam tanpa L. perpusilla (TL) dan ikan nila dipelihara pada kolam dengan L. perpusilla (L). Ikan yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah benih ikan nila dengan panjang baku 9,98 ± 0,08 cm dan bobot rata-rata 36,27 ± 1,07 g. Padat tebar ikan tiap kolam pemeliharaan 46 ekor/kolamdengan ukuran kolam 275×100×60 cm3. Setiap kolam diberi sekat dengan luasan 44,1% L. perpusilla dari luasan kolam. Ikan nila dipelihara selama 60 hari pemeliharaan dengan pakan berupa pakan komersial dan L. perpusilla dengan jumlah pakan masing-masing 2% dan 1% dari biomassa. Pada pagi dan sore hari diberi pakan komersial, dan siang hari ikan diberi pakan L. perpusilla. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ikan nila yang dipelihara dengan fitoremediasi L. perpusilla menghasilkan kinerja produksi dan kondisi fisiologis yang normal. Keunggulan sistem ini adalah menghasilkan nilai konversi pakan yang lebih rendah, nilai efisiensi pemberian pakan, dan koefisien keseragaman bobot yang lebih tinggi. Kata kunci : fitoremediasi, Lemna perpusilla, kondisi fisiologis, kinerja produksi. 
ESTIMASI STOK DAN SERAPAN KARBON PADA MANGROVE DI SUNGAI TALLO, MAKASSAR Rahman, Rahman; Effendi, Hefni; Rusmana, Iman
Jurnal Ilmu Kehutanan Vol 11, No 1 (2017)
Publisher : Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Gadjah Mada

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (484.575 KB) | DOI: 10.22146/jik.24867

Abstract

Ekosistem mangrove memiliki kemampuan menyerap CO2 lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan vegetasi tumbuhan lainnya. Namun upaya pengelolaannya sebagai kawasan penyimpan stok karbon masih belum maksimal. Kota Makassar memiliki Sungai Tallo yang sepanjang bantarannya ditumbuhi oleh vegetasi mangrove dan sangat potensial untuk dikelola sebagai ruang terbuka hijau. Hasil pengamatan menunjukkan bahwa Sungai Tallo terletak tepat di tengah kota Makassar dan sepanjang bantaran sungai didominasi oleh spesies Nypa fruticans dengan jumlah 18.514 pohon dan kerapatan 4.256 pohon/ha, menyimpan karbon sebesar 21,82 ton C/ha, menyerap 80,02 ton CO2/ha. Spesies dominan kedua adalah Rhizophora mucronata dengan jumlah 8.492 pohon dan kerapatan 2.352 pohon/ha, menyimpan karbon sebesar 19,94 ton C/ha, menyerap 73,13 ton CO2/ha. Spesies dominan ketiga yaitu Avicennia alba dengan jumlah 2.421 pohon dan kerapatan 3.228 pohon/ha, menyimpan karbon sebesar 53,96 ton C/ha, menyerap 197,87 ton CO2/ha. Nilai kerapatan dan kemampuan serapan mangrove tersebut sangat sesuai untuk dikelola pada ruang terbuka hijau penyuplai udara segar dan penyerap CO2.Stock Estimation and Carbon Absorption of Mangrove in Tallo River, MakassarAbstractThe mangrove ecosystem has a higher ability of CO2 absorption than other vegetations. However, the effort to establish the mangrove to be a carbon stock area has not been achieved. Makassar has Tallo River, covered with mangrove vegetation along its riverbank, which is potent to be managed as a green open space. The observations indicated that Tallo River was located in the center part of Makassar city and was dominated by Nypa fruticans along the riverbanks in 18,514 trees and a density of 4,256 trees/ha, stored carbon of 21.82 tons C/ha, and absorbs 80.02 tons CO2/ha. Rhizophora mucronata was the second dominant species in 8.492 trees and density of 2,352 trees/ha, stored carbon of 19.94 tons C/ha, and absorbs 73.13 tons CO2/ha. The third dominant species was Avicennia alba in 2,421 trees and density of 3,228 trees/ha, stored carbon of 263.85 tons C/ha, and absorbs 197.89 tons CO2/ha. The density and ability to absorb values of the mangrove is highly suitable to be managed for a green open space to supply fresh air and CO2.
Salmonella population in waste water treatment installation (IPAK) at Pulo Gebang DKI Jakarta Budiarti, Sri; Rusmana, Iman
Medical Journal of Indonesia Vol 7 (1998): Supplement 1
Publisher : Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (82.759 KB) | DOI: 10.13181/mji.v7iSupp1.1124

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[no abstract available]
CHARACTERISTICS OF LACTIC ACID BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT OF CEMANI CHICKEN AND THEIR POTENTIAL USE AS PROBIOTICS Jannah, Siti Nur; Dinoto, Achmad; Wiryawan, Komang Gede; Rusmana, Iman
Media Peternakan Vol. 37 No. 3 (2014): Media Peternakan
Publisher : Faculty of Animal Science, Bogor Agricultural University

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (5594.722 KB) | DOI: 10.5398/medpet.2014.37.3.182

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The aims of this study were to screen and characterize lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from gastrointestinal (GI) tract of Cemani chicken, one of Indonesian local chicken and to investigate their potential use as probiotics. LAB were isolated from GI tract using MRSA and GYPA media and incubated anaerobically. Selected LAB were determined their probiotic properties with several assays. Identification of selected LAB was based on 16S rDNA sequences, morphological and biochemical characteristics. Ninety five bacteria  were isolated and characterized as lactic acid bacteria (Gram positive, catalase negative, non sporeforming and acid producing). Twenty four isolates of LAB demonstrated antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli JCM 1649 and Salmonella enteritidis B2586, and three selected isolates, i.e. CCM011, CSP004, and CVM002 showed the highest inhibition activity. The isolates had characters of high cell surface hydrophobicity and inter-isolate coaggregation ability of LAB, high survival at low pH, high  phytase and protease activity (but no amylase and lipase activity), weak coaggregation with pathogen and no resistance to the examined antibiotics. The isolates were identified based on sequence analysis of 16S rRNA gene as Lactobacillus salivarius, however, each isolate had different profiles of sugar fermentation. Therefore the three LAB isolates had potential application as probiotics for chicken.Key words: Cemani chicken, gastrointestinal tract, lactic acid bacteria, probiotic
CHARACTERIZATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF CELLULOLYTIC BACTERIA FROM GUT OF WORKER MACROTERMES GILVUS Ferbiyanto, Andri; Rusmana, Iman; Raffiudin, Rika
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 22 No. 4 (2015): October 2015
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (760.677 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.22.4.197

Abstract

As a social insect, termite colony consists of three castes, i.e. reproductive, soldier, and worker castes. In their role of cellulose digestion, the worker termites use two sources of cellulolytic enzyme that include cellulases produced by the termite and the gut symbions. Macrotermes gilvus classified in mound builder termite, mostly depend on cellulolytic bacteria for cellulose digestion. This study aims to characterize cellulolytic bacteria of termite gut symbionts of worker M. gilvus and to identify the cellulolytic bacteria based on sequences of 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene. Cellulolytic bacteria of termite gut were isolated and cultured in CMC (Carboxymethyl cellulose) media. The biochemical characters of bacterial isolates were assayed using Microbact 12A and 12B. Cellulolytic activity was determined based on formation of clear zone and cellulolytic index on CMC plate media. The bacterial isolate that has the highest cellulolytic index was analyzed for its 16S rRNA gene sequences. Four isolates of cellulolytic bacteria were successfully isolated from gut of M. gilvus with aerobic and anaerobic conditions. The highest formation of cellulolytic index (2.5) was revealed by RA2. BLAST-N (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool for Nucleotides) result of 16S rRNA gene sequences of RU4 and RA2 isolates showed that the isolate has similarity with Bacillus megaterium and Paracoccus yeei, respectively. This result indicated that RA2 isolate was P. yeei, a cellulolytic bacterium of a termite gut of M. gilvus.
METAGENOMIC OF ACTINOMYCETES BASED ON 16S RRNA AND NIFH GENES IN SOIL AND ROOTS OF FOUR INDONESIAN RICE CULTIVARS USING PCR-DGGE Mahyarudin, .; Rusmana, Iman; Lestari, Yulin
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 22 No. 3 (2015): July 2015
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1377.267 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.22.3.113

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The research was conducted to study the metagenomic of actinomycetes based on 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) and bacterial nifH genes in soil and roots of four rice cultivars. The denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis profile based on 16S rRNA gene showed that the diversity of actinomycetes in roots was higher than soil samples. The profile also showed that the diversity of actinomycetes was similar in four varieties of rice plant and three types of agroecosystem. The profile was partially sequenced and compared to GenBank database indicating their identity with closely related microbes. The blast results showed that 17 bands were closely related ranging from 93% to 100% of maximum identity with five genera of actinomycetes, which is Geodermatophilus, Actinokineospora, Actinoplanes, Streptomyces and Kocuria. Our study found that Streptomyces species in soil and roots of rice plants were more varied than other genera, with a dominance of Streptomyces alboniger and Streptomyces acidiscabies in almost all the samples. Bacterial community analyses based on nifH gene denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis showed that diversity of bacteria in soils which have nifH gene was higher than that in rice plant roots. The profile also showed that the diversity of those bacteria was similar in four varieties of rice plant and three types of agroecosystem. Five bands were closely related with nifH gene from uncultured bacterium clone J50, uncultured bacterium clone clod-38, and uncultured bacterium clone BG2.37 with maximum identity 99%, 98%, and 92%, respectively. The diversity analysis based on 16S rRNA gene differed from nifH gene and may not correlate with each other. The findings indicated the diversity of actinomycetes and several bacterial genomes analyzed here have an ability to fix nitrogen in soil and roots of rice plant.
ANALYSIS OF INTESTINAL MUCOSAL IMMUNOGLOBULIN A IN SPRAGUE DAWLEY RATS SUPPLEMENTED WITH TEMPEH SOKA, SUSAN; SUWANTO, ANTONIUS; RUSMANA, IMAN; SAJUTHI, DONDIN; ISKANDRIATI, DIAH; JESSICA, KATHARINA
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 22 No. 1 (2015): January 2015
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (1507.883 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.22.1.48

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Tempeh is a well-known Indonesian fermented food made from soybean. During the fermentation process, microorganisms play an important role in the flavor, texture, and nutritional quality of tempeh. Tempeh has been show to have immuno-modulatory and immune-stimulating properties that may also be caused by the microorganisms in tempeh as they interact between the microbial population in the intestinal tract. The objective of this study was to quantify IgA gene expression at both the transcription and translation levels in Sprague Dawley (SD) rats supplemented with tempeh. A total of 6 female SD rats were divided into 3 groups of 2 rats. The first group was the control and was fed a standard diet without tempeh. The second- and third group were fed with a standard diet supplemented with raw and cooked tempeh, respectively. Ileum tissue samples were collected after tempeh supplementation for 28 days. RNA was extracted from ileum samples, and measurement of IgA gene expression was further analyzed using semi quantitative real-time PCR. The concentration of IgA protein was quantified from ileum lysate using the half sandwich ELISA method. IgA gene expressions in rats supplemented with raw, and with cooked tempeh, were 1.18 and 1.17 fold higher, respectively, compared to the control group. Moreover, IgA protein secretion levels also increased 2.46 and 2.08 fold, respectively, compared to the control group. The result of this study indicates that both raw and cooked tempeh may stimulate IgA secretion, and also that both viable and non-viable microorganisms might stimulate IgA gene expression.
CHARACTERIZATION OF BACTERIOPHAGE SPECIFIC TO BACILLUS PUMILUS FROM CIAPUS RIVER IN BOGOR, WEST JAVA, INDONESIA KUSMIATUN, ANIK; RUSMANA, IMAN; BUDIARTI, SRI
HAYATI Journal of Biosciences Vol. 22 No. 1 (2015): January 2015
Publisher : Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (2344.168 KB) | DOI: 10.4308/hjb.22.1.27

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Bacillus pumilus is a spore-forming bacteria that is rod-shaped, gram positive, and aerobic. B. pumilus produced pumilacidins, known to have toxic effects on epithelial cells. Antibiotics were usually used to treat the disease caused by bacteria. Antibiotic typing test of B. pumilus indigenous from sewage water showed that this isolate was resistant to ampicillin and clindamycin. An alternative way was by application of bacteriophages as biocontrol agents to reduce B. pumilus in environment. The aim of this study were to isolate and characterize B. pumilus bacteriophage isolated from Ciapus River in Bogor, West Java. Bacteriophages infecting B. pumilus were isolated from river water using the double agar overlay method. Phages were defined by plaque morphology, structure, host range, and characteristic of molecular weight protein phage. Phage FBa1, FBa2, and FBa3 had narrow host range and they were specific for infecting B. pumilus. Electron microscope observation showed that phage FBa1 had icosahedral head without tail (166.67 nm in diameter), so it is called phage-like particles. Characterization of phage FBa1 by SDS-PAGE showed five proteins band. Molecular weight of FBa1 proteins was 70.9, 54.9, 33.8, 28.3, and 21.4 kDa.
PENAPISAN DAN IDENTIFIKASI BAKTERI KITINOLITIK PENGHAMBAT PERTUMBUHAN GANODERMA BONINENSE IN VITRO Wibowo, Risky Hadi; Mubarik, Nisa Rachmania; Rusmana, Iman; Thenawidjaya, Maggy
Jurnal Fitopatologi Indonesia Vol 13 No 3 (2017)
Publisher : The Indonesian Phytopathological Society (Perhimpunan Fitopatologi Indonesia)

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (383.406 KB) | DOI: 10.14692/jfi.13.3.105

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Chitinolytic bacteria have been reported as biocontrol agents and have the ability to produce chitinase enzymes. The objective of the research was to obtain chitinase producing bacteria that had antagonistic activity to Ganoderma boninense, a causal agent of basal stem rot on oil palm. A total of 63 isolates of chitinase producing bacteria were isolated from soil of Bukit Dua Belas National Park and oil palm plantation in Jambi Province; all was screened for their potency in inhibiting G. boninense in vitro. Three isolates designated TB04-05, SW01-11, and SW02-08 were potentially suppressed and inhibited the mycelium growth of G. boninense in vitro. Based on their specific chitinase activity, these three isolates produced the highest level of chitinase enzyme of 6.3072 U mg-1 protein, 6.0385 U mg-1 protein and 6.1279 U mg-1 protein, respectively after 24 hr incubation. Based on 16S RNA identification, strain TB04-05 had similarity with Bacillus cereus, whereas strains SW01 and SW02-08 had similarity with Bacillus thuringiensis.
Identifikasi Entomopatogen Bakteri Merah pada Wereng Batang Coklat (Nilaparvata lugens Stål.) Priyatno, Tri Puji; Dahliani, Yohana A; Suryadi, Yadi; Samudra, I Made; Susilowati, Dwi Ningsih; Rusmana, Iman; Wibowo, Baskoro S; Irwan, Cahyadi
Jurnal AgroBiogen Vol 7, No 2 (2011): Oktober
Publisher : Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Bioteknologi dan Sumber Daya Genetik Pertanian

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Abstract

Indentification of Entomopathogenic Red Bacterial fromBrown Planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens Stål.). Tri P.Priyatno, Yohana A. Dahliani, Yadi Suryadi, I MadeSamudra, Dwi N. Susilowati, Iman Rusmana, Baskoro S.Wibowo, and Cahyadi Irwan. Red bacteria isolated frombrown planthopper (BPH) has been proven pathogenicagainst BPH and others insects. Application of 106 to 107cells/ml of red bacteria caused 65.6-78.2% mortality of BPH.The 50% effective concentration (EC50) and lethal time of redbacteria against BPH is 2.8 x 105 cells/ml and 6.8 days,respectively. Based on phenotypic characters tested on GNMicroPlateTM Biolog kit and 16S rRNA sequneces analysis,red bacteria was identified as Serratia marcescens with 99%similarity. Red pigmen produced by S. marcescens strainBPH is secondary metabolite determined as prodigiosinshowing bactericidal activities against Xanthomonas oryzaepv. oryzae. We concluded that S. marcescens did not onlypotent as biocontrol agent to BPH, but also it can be used tocontrol plant pathogenic bacteria.