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Kecernaan In Vitro Ransum Berbasis Rumput Kumpai (Hymenachne acutigluma) Fermentasi Disuplementasi Legum Berbeda(IN VITRO DIGESTIBILITY OF FERMENTED HYMENACNE ACUTIGLUMA-BASED RATIONS SUPPLEMENTED WITH DIFFERENT LEGUMES) Riswandi, Riswandi; Priyanto, Langgeng; Imsya, Afnur; Nopiyanti, Meilia
Jurnal Veteriner Vol 18 No 2 (2017)
Publisher : Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Udayana University and Published in collaboration with the Indonesia Veterinarian Association

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (113.472 KB) | DOI: 10.19087/jveteriner.2017.18.2.303

Abstract

The aim of this research was to study the effects on different supplementation legumes in the digestibility of fermented kumpai grass (Hymenachne acutigluma) based rations through in vitro technique. This study was conducted in Animal Feed and Nutrition Laboratory of Agriculture Faculty, Sriwijaya University. This study was done in 3 months. A completely randomized design with four treatments and four replicates was used in this study. The treatments were R0= 70% fermented kumpai grass + 30% concentrate + 0% legume, R1= 55% fermented kumpai grass + 7,5% lamtoro leaves + 7,5% water mimmosa + 30% concentrate, R2= 55% fermented kumpai grass + 7,5% acacia leaves + 30% concentrate , and R3=55% fermented kumpai grass + 5% lamtoro leaves + 5% acacia leaves + 5 % water mimmosa + 30% concentrate. Variables measured were dry matter digestibility, organic matter digestibility, volatile fatty acid (VFA), N-ammonia and pH. The result indicated that The adding of different legumes in the ration significantly (P<0.05) affected the dry matter digestibility, organic matter digestibility, N-ammonia and VFA. Duncan Multirange Range Test showed that treatment of control (R0) had the highest digestibility in dry matter (65,88%) and organic matter (65,34 %). The highest content of N-Ammonia, VFA was obtained in the treatment of adding lamtoro, acacia and water mimmosa (R3), namely 11 mM N-ammonia, and 158 mM VFA. It was concluded that the treatment R3 with adding lamtoro, acacia and water mimosa had the lowest digestibility but increased the ammonia and VFA of ration. ABSTRAK Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mempelajari pengaruh suplementasi legum yang berbeda pada ransum berbasis rumput kumpai terhadap nilai kecernaan in vitro. Penelitian dilaksanakan selama tiga bulan di Laboratorium Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sriwijaya. Rancangan penelitian yang digunakan adalah Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) dengan empat perlakuan dan empat ulangan. Masing-masing perlakuan adalah Perlakuan R0 = Ransum Kontrol (70% rumput kumpai fermentasi + 30% Konsentrat + 0% leguminosa (kontrol), R1 = 55% rumput kumpai fermentasi + 7,5% lamtoro + 7,5% kemon air + 30 % Konsentrat, R2 = 55% rumput kumpai fermentasi + 7,5% daun akasia + 7,5% kemon air + 30 % Konsentrat, R3 = 55% rumput kumpai fermentasi + 5% lamtoro + 5% kemon air + 5% daun akasia + 30 % konsentrat. Peubah yang diamati adalah koefisien cerna bahan kering (KCBK), koefisien cerna bahan organik (KCBO), N-Amonia,Volatile Fatty Acid (VFA), dan pH. Hasil penelitian memperlihatkan bahwa perlakuan berpengaruh nyata (P<0,05) terhadap KCBK, KCBO), N-Amonia dan VFA, sedangkan pH tidak nyata (P>0,05). Hasil uji lanjut menunjukkan bahwa perlakuan R0 memiliki nilai kecernaan bahan kering dan bahan organik tertinggi; KCBK 65,88 %, KCBO = 65,34 %. Kandungan N-Amonia dan VFA tertinggi terdapat pada perlakuan R3 yaitu N-Amonia: 11,00 mM dan VFA: 158 mM. Simpulan dari penelitian ini adalah penambahan kombinasi daun lamtoro, kemon air, dan akasia dapat menurunkan nilai KCBK, KCBO, sedangkan kadar N-Amonia dan VFA terjadi peningkatan.
The change of lignin, neutral detergent fiber, and acid detergent fiber of palm frond with biodegumming process as fiber source feedstuff for ruminantia Imsya, Afnur; Paluli, Rizki
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences Vol 14, No 4 (2009)
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.843 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v14i4.328

Abstract

This research was conducted to study the effect of substrat levels and incubation time on changes of mean of: lignin, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber content of palm frond. This research was done based on completely randomized design with 2 factors as treatments. The first factor was substrate levels ie: 5, 10 and 15 litters, the second factor was incubation times: 3, 5 and 7 days of incubation which resulted in reduction content of lignin. Result of this research showed that treatments gave significantly different influence (P<0.05) on lignin, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber of palm frond. The best treatment was 15 litter of substrate with 7 days incubation, resulted in: 9.22 % lignin, 38.56% neutral detergent fiber, and 32.19% acid detergent fiber of palm frond. It is concluded that substrate level and incubation time interaction in biodegumming process decreased the level of lignin, NDF and ADF in palm frond. Key words: Biodegumming, Lignin, Neutral Detergent Fiber, Acid Detergent Fiber
The change of lignin, neutral detergent fiber, and acid detergent fiber of palm frond with biodegumming process as fiber source feedstuff for ruminantia Imsya, Afnur; Paluli, Rizki
Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner Vol 14, No 4 (2009): DECEMBER 2009
Publisher : Indonesian Animal Sciences Society

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | Full PDF (96.843 KB) | DOI: 10.14334/jitv.v14i4.328

Abstract

This research was conducted to study the effect of substrat levels and incubation time on changes of mean of: lignin, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber content of palm frond. This research was done based on completely randomized design with 2 factors as treatments. The first factor was substrate levels ie: 5, 10 and 15 litters, the second factor was incubation times: 3, 5 and 7 days of incubation which resulted in reduction content of lignin. Result of this research showed that treatments gave significantly different influence (P<0.05) on lignin, neutral detergent fiber and acid detergent fiber of palm frond. The best treatment was 15 litter of substrate with 7 days incubation, resulted in: 9.22 % lignin, 38.56% neutral detergent fiber, and 32.19% acid detergent fiber of palm frond. It is concluded that substrate level and incubation time interaction in biodegumming process decreased the level of lignin, NDF and ADF in palm frond. Key words: Biodegumming, Lignin, Neutral Detergent Fiber, Acid Detergent Fiber
Nutrient Digestibility of Beef Cattle Ration with Total Mixed Fiber Amoniation (TMFA) as Basal Feed and Organic Mineral Supplementation by In Vitro Imsya, Afnur; Windusari, Yuanita; Riswandi, Riswandi
Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry Vol 3, No 1 (2018): February 2018
Publisher : Indonesian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Chemistry

Show Abstract | Download Original | Original Source | Check in Google Scholar | DOI: 10.24845/ijfac.v3.i1.12

Abstract

The research was aimed to obtain the level of organic minerals supplementation with Total mixed fiber Amoniation (TMFA) as basal feeding for the improvement of nutrient digestibility in rumen. Technique of research conducted by In Vitro technique. The method used in this research is a Completely Randomly Designed (CRD) with 4 treatments and 4 replications. P1: 60% amoniation TMF + 0 x Organic macro minerals (Ca, P, and S) NRC (2000) + 15% Swamp Legumes. P2: 60% ammonia TMF + 0.75 x Organic macro minerals (Ca, P, and S) NRC (2000) + 15% Swamp Legum, P3: 60% ammonia TMF + 1 x Organic macro minerals (Ca, P, and S) NRC (2000) + 15% Legum Swamp P4: 60% amoniation TMF + 1.5 x Organic macro minerals (Ca, P, and S) NRC (2000) + 15% Swamp Legum. Each treatment was added with an organic micro-mineral consisting of 40 ppm organic Zn, 10 ppm organic Cu, 0.10 ppm organic Se, and 0.30 ppm organic Cr. The parameters measured in the in-vitro technique were, measurement of nutrient digestibility which consists of dry matter and organic matter, crude protein, crude fiber, NDF and ADF. The results showed that organic mineral supplementation had significantly different effect (P <0.05) on nutrient digestibility (dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, crude fiber, ADF, NDF). The conclusion of this study was that organic mineral supplementation of Ca, P and S 1.5 times of requirement according to NRC (2000) gave the best results for in vitro nutrient beef digestion with Total mixed fiber ammoniation (TMFA) as basal feed and supplementation of l5% legume swamp (Kemon air).Keywords: Amoniation, total mixed fiber, organic mineral, nutrient digestibility